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The Myth Of Mars And Venus Do Men And Women Really Speak Different Languages

Author : Deborah Cameron
ISBN : 9780191650543
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32.77 MB
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Popular assumptions about gender and communication - famously summed up in the title of the massively influential 1992 bestseller Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus - can have unforeseen but far-reaching consequences in many spheres of life, from attitudes to the phenomenon of 'date-rape' to expectations of achievement at school, and potential discrimination in the work-place. In this wide-ranging and thoroughly readable book, Deborah Cameron, Rupert Murdoch Professor of Language and Communication at Oxford University and author of a number of leading texts in the field of language and gender studies, draws on over 30 years of scientific research to explain what we really know and to demonstrate how this is often very different from the accounts we are familiar with from recent popular writing. Ambitious in scope and exceptionally accessible, The Myth of Mars and Venus tells it like it is: widely accepted attitudes from the past and from other cultures are at heart related to assumptions about language and the place of men and women in society; and there is as much similarity and variation within each gender as between men and women, often associated with social roles and relationships. The author goes on to consider the influence of Darwinian theories of natural selection and the notion that girls and boys are socialized during childhood into different ways of using language, before addressing problems of 'miscommunication' surrounding, for example, sex and consent to sex, and women's relative lack of success in work and politics. Arguing that what linguistic differences there are between men and women are driven by the need to construct and project personal meaning and identity, Cameron concludes that we have an urgent need to think about gender in more complex ways than the prevailing myths and stereotypes allow. A compelling and insightful read for anyone with an interest in communication, language, and the sexes.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Myth Of Mars And Venus

Author : Geoffrey Buckley
ISBN : OCLC:57728415
Genre :
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Contrary to a recent popular book by John Gray (1992), all men are not from Mars, nor are all women from Venus. The popularity of the book reveals a prevalent myth in this country that people fit into types and categories. The myth surfaces in everyday conversation in terms such as "conservative," "liberal," "yuppie," "intellectual," "chauvinist," "blue-collar," "co- dependent," "hacker," and so forth. Unfortunately, even disciples of Jungian typology, like myself, are susceptible to the myth. It is easy to lapse into using terms such as "thinking type," "intuitive," or "extrovert" as if, by themselves, those terms said anything useful about an individual. Too often typology falls victim to yet another Mars/Venus project. In an effort to help people recognize and affirm differences in personality styles, typology is often presented in a reductionistic way that minimizes the complexity and versatility of human nature. Applying the tools of hermeneutics to Jung's text itself, one finds that Jung developed typology in order to facilitate the process of individuation, the effort to become conscious of, and to integrate, the diverse aspects of one's nature. Jung also wanted to show how people of good will could fall into misunderstandings and conflicts because of differences in outlook and judgment. He did not intend his work on typology to be a facile tool for the purpose of classifying people in type boxes. Rather, Jung's typology provides a language for listening to soul. Following Gadamer's dialectical hermeneutics, the text is heard through subject-object dialogue when the text is subject encountered in the open space of shared understanding created by language. It is in this sense that typology provides a hermeneutical language that is able to create a space in which the complexity of human being may be more dynamically expressed and experienced. There are many applications for typology, but this work will focus on the use of typology as a tool to better understand the complexities of human perception and judgment, especially as it relates to interpersonal communication. Typology, in this context, serves to facilitate understanding and acceptance of the diverse values and communication styles of people. A number of illustrations will serve to "flesh out" the theory of type as hermeneutic. These illustrations will be taken from literature as well as from historical personalities. In this thematic hermeneutic study, my hope is to show that Jung's work on typology is a superbly creative form of "hermeneutical language" uniquely suited to interpret the "sacred text" of human being.

The Myths Of Love

Author : Katherine Heinrichs
ISBN : 0271006897
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 75.61 MB
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This study seeks to define the medieval literary conventions governing allusions to certain Ovidian and Virgilian tales of love in the works of Boccaccio, Machaut, Froissart, and Chaucer. Using evidence from the Latin mythographers, it addresses several much-debated critical issues in medieval scholarship: questions of narrative voice, thematic unity, and purpose. Its principal contribution is to the discussion and evaluation of the French and Italian poems of love to which Chaucer was most heavily indebted. The author suggests that the love poems of Boccaccio, Machaut, and Froissart, rather than being ponderous didactic productions designed to instruct medieval audiences in the art of love, are true progeny of the Roman de la Rose,complex jeux d'esprit much closer in spirit and intention to the works of Chaucer than has been supposed.
Category: Literary Criticism

Shakespeare And The Classical Tradition

Author : John Lewis Walker
ISBN : 0824066979
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 84.47 MB
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This bibliography will give comprehensive coverage to published commentary in English on Shakespeare and the Classical Tradition during the period from 1961-1985. Doctoral dissertations will also be included. Each entry will provide a clear and detailed summary of an item's contents. For pomes and plays based directly on classical sources like Antony and Cleopatra and The Rape of Lucrece, virtually all significant scholarly work during the period covered will be annotated. For other works such as Hamlet, any scholarship that deals with classical connotations will be annotated. Any other bibliographies used in the compiling of this volume will be described with emphasis on their value to a student of Shakespeare and the Classics.
Category: Literary Criticism


Author : B. A. Hoena
ISBN : 0736816127
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 41.14 MB
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Relates the exploits of Venus and her importance in Roman mythology, including her connection to such figures as Aeneus and Adonis, and describes the role of myths in the modern world.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Aphrodite And Venus In Myth And Mimesis

Author : Nora Clark
ISBN : 9781443876780
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 24.3 MB
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Aphrodite and Venus in Myth and Mimesis is a broad, flexible source book of comparative literature and cultural studies. It promotes the wide-ranging presence and impact of prominent idiosyncratic personalities in fabled goddess mythology and its emphatic notions of endearment and allure. The book brings together seven hundred acknowledged sources drawn from successive historical, global and literary eras, including principal commentaries, along with factual information and important renditions in art, prose and verse, within and beyond mainstream western culture. A lengthy, detailed introduction presents a copious documented preview of the viable adaptation and mimesis of ‘divine’ characterization and its respective centrality from the long distant past to the present day. Myth, rarely latent, demonstrates varied modes of expression and open-ended flexibility throughout the six comprehensive chapters which illuminate and probe, in turn, aspects of the ideological presence, sensibilities, trials and triumphs and interventions of the goddess, whether sacred or profane. Particular literary extracts and episodes range across ancient cultures alongside quite recent expressions of hermeneutics, blending myth with the contemporary in the multi-layered reception or admonishment of the goddess, whether by one designation or the other. As such, this book is wholly relevant to all stages of the evolution and expansion of a dynamic European literary culture and its leading authors and personalities.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Cabinet Of Eros

Author : Stephen John Campbell
ISBN : 0300117531
Genre : Art
File Size : 79.94 MB
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The Renaissance studiolo was a space devoted in theory to private reading and contemplation, but at the Italian courts of the fifteenth century, it had become a space of luxury, as much devoted to displaying the taste and culture of its occupant as to studious withdrawal. The most famous studiolo of all was that of Isabella d’Este, marchioness of Mantua (1474-1539). A chief component of its decoration was a series of seven paintings by some of the most noteworthy artists of the time, including Andrea Mantegna, Pietro Perugino, Lorenzo Costa, and Correggio. These paintings encapsulated the principles of an emerging Renaissance artistic genre--the mythological image. Using these paintings as an exemplary case, and drawing on other important examples made by Giorgione in Venice and by Titian and Michelangelo for the Duke of Ferrara, Stephen Campbell explores the function of the mythological image within a Renaissance culture of readers and collectors.
Category: Art

Language Society And Power

Author : Annabelle Mooney
ISBN : 9781136864223
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.97 MB
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Language, Society and Power is the essential introductory text for students studying language in a variety of social contexts. This book examines the ways in which language functions, how it influences thought and how it varies according to age, ethnicity, class and gender. It seeks to answer such questions as: How can a language reflect the status of children and older people? Do men and women talk differently? How can our use of language mark our ethnic identity? It also looks at language use in politics and the media and investigates how language affects and constructs our identities, exploring notions of correctness and attitudes towards language use. This third edition of this bestselling book has been completely revised to include recent developments in theory and research and offers the following features: a range of new and engaging international examples drawn from everyday life: beauty advertisements, conversation transcripts, newspaper headlines reporting on asylum seekers, language themed cartoons, and excerpts from the television programme South Park and satirical news website The Onion new activities designed to give students a real understanding of the topic a new chapter covering 'Student Projects' – giving readers suggestions on how to further explore the topics covered in the book updated and expanded further reading sections for each chapter and a glossary. While it can be used as a stand-alone text, this edition of Language, Society and Power has also been fully cross-referenced with the new companion title: The Language, Society and Power Reader. Together these books provide the complete resource for students of English language and linguistics, media, communication, cultural studies, sociology and psychology.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook Of Historical Sociolinguistics

Author : Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy
ISBN : 9781118257265
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 44.12 MB
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Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Stance And Voice In Written Academic Genres

Author : Carmen Sancho Guinda
ISBN : 9781137030825
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.71 MB
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Stance and Voice in Written Academic Genres brings together a range of perspectives on two of the most important and contested concepts in applied linguistics: stance and voice. International experts provide an accessible, yet authoritative introduction to key issues and debates surrounding these terms.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines