The Mechanics Of The Circulation

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The Mechanics Of The Circulation

Author : C. G. Caro
ISBN : 9780521151771
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60.32 MB
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This classic book outlines the anatomy and physiology of the circulation and explains the mechanical principles that govern it.
Category: Mathematics

Biofluid Mechanics

Author : Krishnan B. Chandran
ISBN : 084937328X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.60 MB
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Part medicine, part biology, and part engineering, biomedicine and bioengineering are by their nature hybrid disciplines. To make these disciplines work, engineers need to speak "medicine," and clinicians and scientists need to speak "engineering." Building a bridge between these two worlds, Biofluid Mechanics: The Human Circulation integrates fluid and solid mechanics relationships and cardiovascular physiology. The book focuses on blood rheology, steady and unsteady flow models in the arterial circulation, and fluid mechanics through native heart valves. The authors delineate the relationship between fluid mechanics and the development of arterial diseases in the coronary, carotid, and ileo-femoral arteries. They go on to elucidate methods used to evaluate the design of circulatory implants such as artificial heart valves, stents, and vascular grafts. The book covers design requirements for the development of an ideal artificial valve, including a discussion of the currently available mechanical and bioprosthetic valves. It concludes with a detailed description of common fluid mechanical measurements used for diagnosing arterial and valvular diseases as well as research studies that examine the possible interactions between hemodynamics and arterial disease. Drawing on a wide range of material, the authors cover both theory and practical applications. The book breaks down fluid mechanics into key definitions and specific properties and then uses these pieces to construct a solid foundation for analyzing biofluid mechanics in both normal and diseased conditions.
Category: Medical

Biomechanics

Author : Y.C. Fung
ISBN : 0387943846
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.95 MB
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The theory of blood circulation is the oldest and most advanced branch of biomechanics, with roots extending back to Huangti and Aristotle, and with contributions from Galileo, Santori, Descartes, Borelli, Harvey, Euler, Hales, Poiseuille, Helmholtz, and many others. It represents a major part of humanity's concept of itself. This book presents selected topics of this great body of ideas from a historical perspective, binding important experiments together with mathematical threads. The objectives and scope of this book remain the same as in the first edition: to present a treatment of circulatory biomechanics from the stand points of engineering, physiology, and medical science, and to develop the subject through a sequence of problems and examples. The name is changed from Biodynamics: Circulation to Biomechanics: Circulation to unify the book with its sister volumes, Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues, and Biomechanics: Motion, Flow, Stress, and Growth. The major changes made in the new edition are the following: When the first edition went to press in 1984, the question of residual stress in the heart was raised for the first time, and the lung was the only organ analyzed on the basis of solid morphologic data and constitutive equations. The detailed analysis of blood flow in the lung had been done, but the physiological validation experiments had not yet been completed.
Category: Science

Mechanics Of The Circulation

Author : Henk Keurs
ISBN : 9789400933118
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.88 MB
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This volume constitutes the proceedings of a satellite symposium of the XXXth congress of the International Union of Physiological Sciences. The symposium has been held In Banff, Alberta Canada July 9-11 1986. The program was organized to provide a selective overview of current developments in cardiac biophysics, biochemistry, and physiology. In order to highlight areas of develop ing ideas and to stimulate the participants' inquisitiveness into the nature and complexity of the integrated cardiovascular system, lectures and discussions were presented that emphasized evolving and sometimes provocative concepts in the field. With the same goal in mind we have, for the readers of this volume, briefly summarized the general discussions. We would like to thank several individuals whose dedication made this sym posium and publication of the proceedings possible. Mrs. Lois Kokoski and Mrs. Madeleine Aldridge of the Conference Office of the University of Calgary seemingly effortlessly handled the details of the symposium. Peter de Tombe, Dr. Peter Backx and Dr. Jeroen Bucx transcribed the general discussions. Finally, we appreciate the extra effort of our secretaries, Lenore Doell and Gregory Douglas, and the work of Anna Tyberg who prepared the final manuscripts for publication. Henk E.D.J. ter Keurs, M.D. Ph.D. John V. Tyberg, M.D. Ph.D.
Category: Medical

An Introduction To The Mechanics Of Fluids

Author : C. Truesdell
ISBN : 9780817648466
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.24 MB
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A compact, moderately general book which encompasses many fluid models of current interest...The book is written very clearly and contains a large number of exercises and their solutions. The level of mathematics is that commonly taught to undergraduates in mathematics departments.. —Mathematical Reviews The book should be useful for graduates and researchers not only in applied mathematics and mechanical engineering but also in advanced materials science and technology...Each public scientific library as well as hydrodynamics hand libraries should own this timeless book...Everyone who decides to buy this book can be sure to have bought a classic of science and the heritage of an outstanding scientist. —Silikáty All applied mathematicians, mechanical engineers, aerospace engineers, and engineering mechanics graduates and researchers will find the book an essential reading resource for fluids. —Simulation News Europe
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biofluid Mechanics

Author : David Rubenstein
ISBN : 9780128011690
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.8 MB
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Biofluid Mechanics: An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Macrocirculation, and Microcirculation shows how fluid mechanics principles can be applied not only to blood circulation, but also to air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement, renal transport among other specialty circulations. This new second edition increases the breadth and depth of the original by expanding chapters to cover additional biofluid mechanics principles, disease criteria, and medical management of disease, with supporting discussions of the relevance and importance of current research. Calculations related both to the disease and the material covered in the chapter are also now provided. Uses language and math that is appropriate and conducive for undergraduate learning, containing many worked examples and end-of-chapter problems Develops all engineering concepts and equations within a biological context Covers topics in the traditional biofluids curriculum, and addresses other systems in the body that can be described by biofluid mechanics principles Discusses clinical applications throughout the book, providing practical applications for the concepts discussed NEW: Additional worked examples with a stronger connection to relevant disease conditions and experimental techniques NEW: Improved pedagogy, with more end-of-chapter problems, images, tables, and headings, to better facilitate learning and comprehension of the material
Category: Science

Biofluid Mechanics

Author : David A. Rubenstein
ISBN : 9780123813831
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43.75 MB
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Both broad and deep in coverage, Rubenstein shows that fluid mechanics principles can be applied not only to blood circulation, but also to air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement and renal transport. Each section initiates discussion with governing equations, derives the state equations and then shows examples of their usage. Clinical applications, extensive worked examples, and numerous end of chapter problems clearly show the applications of fluid mechanics to biomedical engineering situations. A section on experimental techniques provides a springboard for future research efforts in the subject area. Uses language and math that is appropriate and conducive for undergraduate learning, containing many worked examples and end of chapter problems All engineering concepts and equations are developed within a biological context Covers topics in the traditional biofluids curriculum, as well as addressing other systems in the body that can be described by biofluid mechanics principles, such as air flow through the lungs, joint lubrication, intraocular fluid movement, and renal transport Clinical applications are discussed throughout the book, providing practical applications for the concepts discussed.
Category: Medical

Biology And Mechanics Of Blood Flows

Author : Marc Thiriet
ISBN : 0387748474
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.61 MB
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This authoritative work presents the basic knowledge and state-of-the-art techniques necessary to carry out investigations of the cardiovascular system using modeling and simulation. The book provides a survey of relevant cell components and processes, with detailed coverage of the electrical and mechanical behaviors of vascular cells, tissues, and organs. Biological and mechanical glossaries are provided.
Category: Science

Biodynamics

Author : Y. C. Fung
ISBN : 9781475738841
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.76 MB
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This book is a continuation ofmy Biomechanics.The first volume deals with the mechanical properties of living tissues. The present volume deals with the mechanics ofcirculation. A third volume willdeal with respiration, fluid balance, locomotion, growth, and strength. This volume is called Bio dynamics in order to distinguish it from the first volume. The same style is followed. My objective is to present the mechanical aspects ofphysiology in precise terms ofmechanics so that the subject can become as lucid as physics. The motivation of writing this series of books is, as I have said in the preface to the first volume, to bring biomechanics to students ofbioengineer ing, physiology, medicine, and mechanics. I have long felt a need for a set of books that willinform the students ofthe physiological and medical applica tions ofbiomechanics,and at the same time develop their training in mechan ics. In writing these books I have assumed that the reader already has some basic training in mechanics, to a level about equivalent to the first seven chapters of my First Course in Continuum Mechanics (Prentice Hall, 1977). The subject is then presented from the point of view of life science while mechanics is developed through a sequence of problems and examples. The main text reads like physiology, while the exercises are planned like a mechanics textbook.The instructor may filla dual role :teaching an essential branch of life science, and gradually developing the student's knowledge in mechanics.
Category: Science

Coronary Blood Flow

Author : J.A. Spaan
ISBN : 9789401131483
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65.50 MB
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by JULIEN IE HOFFMAN One of the earliest coronary physiologists was Scaramucci who, in 1695, postu lated that during systole the contracting myocardium inhibited coronary blood flow. Since then, the many contributions that have been made to our knowledge of the coronary circulation can be arbitrarily divided into three phases based on advances in technical methods. The early phase of research into the coronary circulation, done with great difficulty with crude methods, may be regarded as ending in the 1940s, and it included major discoveries made by such well known investigators as Georg von Anrep, Ernest Starling, Carl Wiggers, and Louis Katz, who formulated much of our basic understanding of the field. After 1940, the field of coronary physiology entered a new phase when instruments for high fidelity registration of coronary flow and pressure became available. This era was domi nated by Donald Gregg who combined careful attention to the function of these instruments (some of which he helped to develop) with an extraordinary ability to discern mechanisms from apparently minor changes in coronary flow and pressure patterns. His book 'The Coronary Circulation in Health and Disease' set a new standard in the field. After 1960, techniques for measuring regional myocardial blood flow became available, and enabled a large group of eminent investigators to make major advances in understanding the physiology and pathophysiology of myocardial blood flow.
Category: Medical

Angiology In Practice

Author : A-M. Salmasi
ISBN : 9789401154062
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22.25 MB
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Arterial and venous diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in most of the world, especially in the western hemisphere. Not only of interest to angiologists, these illnesses are also of concern to most physicians in various fields ranging from cardiology, general medicine and cardiovascular surgery to physiology, pathology and clinical pharmacology. Specialists in diabetes, hypertension and epidemiology find these illnesses as challenging in their own fields of interest due to the gross interrelation of these diseases with their specialities. This book of 35 chapters contains an up-to-date discussion of various arterial and venous illnesses presenting major clinical applications ranging from basic pathology, haemodynamics and haemorheology to clinical features and management. Special attention has also been paid to epidemiology and prevention, discussing all the issues concerned. A special section on vascular emergency has also been included, thereby extending its usefulness to physicians and surgeons working in accident and emergency units.
Category: Medical

Recent Advances In Fluid Mechanics

Author : P.L. Sachdev
ISBN : 9056991531
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.13 MB
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This unique monograph presents a collection of papers by leading international fluid dynamicists and applied mathematicians demonstrating the latest state of the art in fluid mechanics. The vast scope and breadth of this subject is illustrated with sections covering evolution in flow problems, convection and transport phenomena, dynamics of atmosphere, and wave propagation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Arterial System In Hypertension

Author : Michel Emile Safar
ISBN : 9789401109000
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36.72 MB
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MICHEL E. SAFAR and MICHAEL F. O'ROURKE One of the principal problems of hypertension is the precise definition of blood pressure as a cardiovascular risk factor. Clinicians indicate peak systolic pressure and end diastolic pressure in the brachial artery as the principal criteria for blood pressure measurement. Consequently, these values are as indicators for clinical management and therapeutic adjustment. This used methodology, based on indirect blood pressure measurements at the site of the brachial artery relates only to the highest and lowest pressure in that vessel, and does not give any information of the blood pressure curve itself; this carries more information than peak systolic pressure and end diastolic pressure. As a first step in better analysis of the blood pressure curve, research workers in experimental hypertension defined in addition to peak systolic pressure and end diastolic, another blood pressure value, mean arterial pressure, i. e. the average pressure throughout the cardiac cycle, and about which pressure fluctuates. This is the pressure recorded by Hales [1] and by Poiseuille [2] in their pioneering studies. By application of Poiseuille's Law, this definition of mean arterial pressure led to the concept that increased mean arterial pressure (and therefore hypertension) was related, at any given value of cardiac output, to an increase in vascular resistance, i. e. to a reduc tion in the caliber of the small arteries.
Category: Medical

C O G I T O

Author : G E R A R D U S R A M C
ISBN : 9781466915831
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.65 MB
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The eternal dichotomy between science and religion. Are they compatible? YESNOMAYBE! The theory of creation and the theory of evolution are fundamentally at loggerheads with each other. The one being based on faith, the other on reason. The fact remains that the supernatural explanation of the universe is a fantasy; the purpose of our existence, an unresolved mystery; the question of where we are going, the back-pain enigma and gaping hole in the postulate of intelligent design. Are we lost somewhere on a cosmic road to nowhere? If God exists, why does he need all these gigantic fiery celestial marbles to play with? If there is no god, what else is out there, and what shall we call it, him, her? This force can have no gender and must be beyond time as we know it. OCTOPUS MAGNUS!
Category: Science

Vascular Ultrasound E Book

Author : Abigail Thrush
ISBN : 9780080982571
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55.1 MB
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This book provides an understanding of the underlying scientific principles in the production of B-mode and Colour Flow imaging and Spectral Doppler sonograms. A basic description of common vascular diseases is given along with a practical guide as to how ultrasound is used to detect and quantify the disease. Possible treatments of common vascular diseases and disorders are outlined. Ultrasound is often used in post-treatment assessment and this is also discussed. The role of ultrasound in the formation and follow-up of haemodialysis access is a growing field and is covered in detail. Practical step-by-step guide to peripheral vascular ultrasound. Explains the basic scientific principles of ultrasound instrumention and blood flow. Fully illustrated with 175 black and white scans, 150 colour scans and 220 black and white and colour line drawings. Contributions from leading names in peripheral vascular ultrasound. Accompanying DVD includes cine loops of ultrasound scans in normal and diseased vessels and of optimum scans to show potential pitfalls and common mistakes. Four new chapters and two new contributors, both clinical lecturers in vascular ultrasound. New chapter on treatment techniques of particular interest to vascular surgeons who increasingly are required to learn basic scanning skills. Sections on ultrasound instrumentation updated to cover new developments in equipment such as broadband colour imaging. Current practices in all the vascular ultrasound applications covered are reviewed and updated.
Category: Medical