THE LANGUAGE OF THE GENES

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The Language Of The Genes

Author : Steve Jones
ISBN : 9780007389278
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.70 MB
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Steve Jones’s highly acclaimed, double prize-winning, bestselling first book is now fully revised to cover all the new genetic breakthroughs from GM food to Dolly the sheep. ’An essential sightseer’s guide to our own genetic terrain.’ Peter Tallack, Sunday Telegraph
Category: Science

The Language Of Genetics

Author : David Botstein
ISBN : 1621820920
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.63 MB
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In this book, the distinguished geneticist David Botstein offers help and advice to scientists and physicians daunted by the arcane technical terms that flourish in his discipline. As knowledge of gene function has progressed over the past century, it has acquired a vocabulary of specialized, sometimes confusing, terms to explain some of its fundamental principles; how traits and diseases are inherited; how genes are organized and regulated in the genome; and how the genetic code is read and translated by cells. These terms often prevent the less expert from fully understanding the concepts that underlie the power of genetic studies. This is not just a theoretical handicap. As more and more individuals learn about their genomes, the information these sequences contain cannot be understood or explained without reference to the basic ideas of genetics. Botstein draws on his long experience as a teacher and pioneering scientist to explain and illuminate what many genetic terms mean and how they entered common usage. To colleagues in the field, his message is one of encouragement, to "make our work more generally accessible by modernizing, clarifying, and simplifying the language we use and teach."
Category: Science

The Language Of Life

Author : Francis Collins
ISBN : 9781847652096
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29.2 MB
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We are in the midst of a medical revolution: in just a few years, we will be able to have our complete DNA sequenced at an affordable cost. Analysing the content of our genomes will allow a powerful estimate of our future risks of illness - from cystic fibrosis and Huntington's disease, to cancer and diabetes - which will help us devise our own personalised blueprint of preventive medicine. This will have enormous implications on everything from our day-to-day choices like diet and exercise, to childbearing and health insurance - and it may even challenge what we thought we knew about our ethnic histories. Combining cutting-edge scientific research with practical advice, Francis Collins examines this remarkable phenomenon, which will transform healthcare worldwide. We now know that the language spoken by our DNA is the language of life itself, and in this important book Collins shows how reading that language will help save lives.
Category: Medical

Dealing With Genes

Author : Paul Berg
ISBN : 0935702695
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.69 MB
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This text is a primer on modern genetics, and shows how a detailed knowledge of the workings of genes can be applied to some of the most pressing problems of our time. It is suitable for general readers, as well as undergraduates.
Category: Science

In The Blood

Author : Steve Jones
ISBN : 0002555123
Genre : Heredity, Human
File Size : 84.33 MB
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This work is about human origins. It draws on all the latest knowledge from anthropology and archaeology, via genetics and evolution, to psychology and medicine. It tackles issues such as hereditary genes in criminal behaviour and homosexuality.
Category: Heredity, Human

The Art Of Genes

Author : Enrico Coen
ISBN : 9780191500565
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.63 MB
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'Coen's book is spiced with historic quotations and examples of plants' and animals' intriguing behaviour contains a wealth of interesting material Coen communicates his immense learning with a hundred appealing tales' Max Perutz How is a tiny fertilised egg able to turn itself into a human being? How can an acorn transform itself into an oak tree? Over the past twenty years there has been a revolution in biology. For the first time we have begun to understand how organisms make themselves. The Art of Genes gives an account of these new and exciting findings, and of their broader significance for how we view ourselves. Through a highly original synthesis of science and art, Enrico Coen vividly describes this revolution in our understanding of how plants and animals develop. Drawing on a wide range of examples–from flowers growing petals instead of sex organs, and flies that develop an extra pair of wings, to works of art by Leonardo and Magritte–he explains in lively, accessible prose the language and meaning of genes. 'I would have loved this book at 16, and so should anyone–aged 16 to 60–who really wants to understand development.' John Maynard Smith, Nature
Category: Science

Eyewitness To Science

Author : John Carey
ISBN : 067428755X
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.35 MB
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Using essays, arguments and investigations by scientists such as Darwin, Huxley and Fabre, this text plots the development of modern science from Leonardo da Vinci to the chaos theory. It explores areas as diverse as da Vinci's observations of nocturnal birds to Asimov's explication of black holes.
Category: Science

Invasion Of The Genes Genetic Heritage Of India

Author : B. S. Ahloowalia
ISBN : 9781608606917
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.44 MB
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Many historical events such as invasions, wars, civil unrests, migrations, and religious conversions have shaped the genetic heritage of India. These events created a potpourri of cultures and genes. The invaders came from Central Asia, Afghanistan, Arabia, Iran, Greece, Britain, France, and Portugal to loot and plunder wealth, but also left their genes behind among Indians irrespective of their caste or creed. The origin and migration of early man from Africa across the planet, the impact of the caste system and Indian religions on restricting gene flow, and the repeated breakdown of the caste system during the past 5,000 years are explained in Invasion of the Genes. A biologist and a geneticist, Prof. B.S. Ahloowalia says the prime motivation in writing the book was based on observing the similarity in culture, language, and resemblance of physical features between people of Persia, Arabia and North India. Dr. Ahloowalia did his Ph.D. from University of Chicago, and worked for the Agriculture and Food Development Authority, Dublin, Ireland. Later, he also worked for the International Atomic Energy Agency and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Category: Social Science

Towards New Ways Of Terminology Description

Author : Rita Temmerman
ISBN : 9789027298638
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40.82 MB
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Based on an empirical study of categorisation and lexicalisation processes in a corpus of scientific publications on the life sciences, Rita Temmerman questions the validity of traditional terminology theory. Her findings are that the traditional approach impedes a pragmatic and realistic description of a large number of categories and terms. Inspired by the cognitive sciences, she develops an alternative. The main principles of this new theory imply: a combined semasiological and onomasiological perspective; only few categories can be clearly delineated; form and content of definitions vary according to category types and user's requirements; synonymy and polysemy are functional in special language and a diachronic approach is unavoidable. This last principle implies the varying importance of historical information in definitions, the non-arbitrariness of lexicalisation and the importance of cognitive models. In a last chapter the author shows how the methods and principles of the alternative approach are applicable in terminography and how this is going to have an impact on software for terminological database construction. This book will be valuable for specialists in terminology theory, practising terminographers and for anybody interested in special language, cognitive models and prototype theory.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Toward A Genetics Of Language

Author : Mabel L. Rice
ISBN : 9781134789252
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72.2 MB
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The past decade has brought important new advances in the fields of genetics, behavioral genetics, linguistics, language acquisition, studies of language impairment, and brain imaging. Although these advances are each highly relevant to the determination of what a child is innately prepared to bring to language acquisition, the contributing fields of endeavor have traditionally been relatively self-contained, with little cross communication. This volume was developed with the belief that there is considerable value to be gained in the creation of a shared platform for a dialogue across the disciplines. Leading experts in genetics, linguistics, language acquisition, language impairment, and brain imaging are brought together for the purpose of exploring the current evidence, theoretical issues, and research challenges in a way that bridges disciplinary boundaries and points toward future developments in the search for the genetic and environmental bases of language acquisition and impairments. This collection provides discussions and summaries of: *breakthrough findings of the genetic underpinnings of dyslexia; *theoretical and empirical developments in the specification of a phenotype of language acquisition and impairment; *evidence of familiarity and twin concordances of specific language impairment; and *new evidence from brain imaging. It concludes with a critical response from an advocate of rational empiricism.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines