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Japan S Built In Lexicon Of English Based Loanwords

Author : Frank E Daulton
ISBN : 9781847690302
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 86.32 MB
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This book is a valuable contribution to SLA research. Apart from the obvious target of the book, SLA researchers and teachers anywhere in the world, it will be of particular interest to the Japanese community and to Westerners interested in Japanese language and culture. It is not easy to write a book appealing to audiences as disparate as this, but Daulton has managed to do this very well. He writes clearly and lucidly and makes good use of his teaching experience in Japan (Hakan Ringbom, Abo Akademi University). Japan offers a prime example of lexical borrowing which relates to language transfer in second and foreign language learning. The insights gained by examining language borrowing in Japan can be applied wherever language contact has occurred and foreign languages are learned.Many of the most important English vocabulary may already exist in native lexicons. This pioneering book examines Japanese lexical borrowing, clarifies the effect of cognates on foreign language acquisition, assesses Japanese cognates that correspond to high-frequency and academic English, and discusses using this resource in teaching. It includes extensive lists of loanword cognates.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Why The Japanese Are A Superior People

Author : Boye Lafayette De Mente
ISBN : 9780914778554
Genre : Business etiquette
File Size : 50.83 MB
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Boye Lafayette De Mente-author of more than 50 books on the business practices, cultures and languages of China, Japan, Korea and Mexico-identifies and describes the cultural elements that made the Japanese an extraordinary people-elements based on the fact that the Japanese are right-brain oriented but are able to use both sides of their brain...with remarkable results that are responsible for their economic prowess, their aesthetic prowess, and the seductive nature of their culture. He pinpoints the areas where the Japanese have conspicuous advantages over Americans and other left-brain oriented people. A Must Read for anyone interested in understanding the character and mindset of the Japanese for whatever purpose."
Category: Business etiquette

Handbook Of Japanese Lexicon And Word Formation

Author : Taro Kageyama
ISBN : 9781614512097
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 83.67 MB
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This volume presents a comprehensive survey of the lexicon and word formation processes in contemporary Japanese, with particular emphasis on their typologically characteristic features and their interactions with syntax and semantics. Through contacts with a variety of languages over more than two thousand years of history, Japanese has developed a complex vocabulary system that is composed of four lexical strata: (i) native Japanese, (ii) mimetic, (iii) Sino-Japanese, and (iv) foreign (especially English). This hybrid composition of the lexicon, coupled with the agglutinative character of the language by which morphology is closely associated with syntax, gives rise to theoretically intriguing interactions with word formation processes that are not easily found with inflectional, isolate, or polysynthetic types of languages.
Category: Foreign Language Study

English Loanwords In Japanese

Author : Akira Miura
ISBN : 9781462902965
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 80.75 MB
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Toriningu-pantsu are not training pants for babies who have not yet been toilet-trained. Toreningu-pantsu are sweat pants. When you jump into a swimming pool you will get wet, but not necessarily uetto. Volleyball, which was invented in the United States, is known as bareboru in Japan, but the tennis volley was the English gentleman's pride before it was America's . A tennis volley is therefore pronounced in British style, bore, not as American bare. Oru means "all" but has a more limited usage. Bosu is often used more negatively than English boss. Many people imagine that speakers of English who study the Japanese language find their way eased by the profusion of "English words" the Japanese have borrowed. Students of the language, however, often complain that borrowed words are more problematic than the older terms in the Japanese word pool. One of the biggest problems is the lack of adequate reference materials on the terms. Many of the existing works do little more than define the terms. This book handles the problematic areas. Here a reader will find sample sentences, tips on usage, and warnings against easy-to-commit mistakes. There are fascinating studies of how certain "English" terms were coined in Japan and of what led the Japanese to redefine certain common English words. Miura examines how certain words entered Japanese, and why they became popular. He theorizes on why an unexpected pronunciation developed. In discussing the borrowed terms, the author draws on many linguistic scholars, discusses prevailing beliefs on etymology and pronunciation, and uses his own considerable experience with both English and Japanese to help the student gain control of some of the most problematic words borrowed by J apanese from English . Each of the 850 words discussed under the text's more than 350 main headings is included in a n index for quick reference. The detail and currency of the explanations contained in this book are unmatched by other books on the subject. For the student hard put to use these borrowed words, this text offers real help.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Japan S Cultural Code Words

Author : Boye Lafayette De Mente
ISBN : 9781462900626
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.1 MB
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Japan's Cultural Code Words is a study of Japanese society through the understanding of the key terms and concepts that define their attitudes and behaviors. Japan's traditional culture is still so powerful that it continues to be the prevailing force in molding and tuning the national character of the Japanese, with the result that they still have two faces—one modern and rational, the other traditional and emotional. The best and fastest way to an understanding of the traditional and emotional side of Japanese attitudes and behavior is through their "business and cultural code words"—key terms that reveal, in depth, their psychology and philosophy. In 234 essays, arranged alphabetically from "Ageashi / Tripping on Your Own Tongue" to "Zenrei / Breaking the Molds of the Past". Long term expatriate and internationally renowned expert on Japan, Boye Lafayette De Mente offers personal insights into the extremes of Japanese behavior and into the dynamics of one of the world's most fascinating societies.
Category: Social Science

Using Japanese

Author : William McClure
ISBN : 0521646146
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 21.38 MB
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This book, first published in 2000, is a guide to Japanese usage for intermediate students approaching the finer nuances of the language.
Category: Foreign Language Study

The Japanese Police System Today A Comparative Study

Author : L. Craig-Parker
ISBN : 9781317456087
Genre : History
File Size : 44.8 MB
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What role do their respective police systems play in the very different crime rates of Japan and the United States? This study draws on direct observation of Japanese police practices combined with interviews of police officials, criminal justice practitioners, legal scholars, and private citizens. It compares many Japanese police practices side by side with U.S. police practices, and places the role of the police in the broader cultural and historical Japanese framework.
Category: History

Japanese Beyond Words

Author : Andrew Horvat
ISBN : UVA:X004422266
Genre : Education
File Size : 67.2 MB
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Japanese Beyond Words How to Walk and Talk Like a Native Speaker Andrew Horvat Lively anecdotes and smart observations on over 70 often-overlooked areas of physical and situational communication in Japanese (gestures, bowing, humor, visiting, socializing, disagreeing). This material is rarely covered in classrooms, but is key to natural and effective communication. Japanese Beyond Words is the perfect classroom complement to standard texts, and can equally hold the interest of anyone interested language and culture.
Category: Education

The 6 Keys To A Good Life What You Must Know Do To Live A Full Life

Author : Boye Lafayette De Mente
ISBN : 9780914778882
Genre :
File Size : 60.64 MB
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Author Boye Lafayette De Mente identifies and describes the six overlapping elements in life--the physical, emotional, sexual, intellectual, spiritual and philosophical--that determine the quality of life, and provides specific and provocative guidelines for understanding, coping with, and making the best use of these elements. De Mente is internationally known for his 60-plus books on business ethics, culture, the influence of language on human behavior and the role of sex in human affairs. He has received numerous accolades for the clarity and impact of his writing style.

A Frequency Dictionary Of Japanese

Author : Yukio Tono
ISBN : 9781317831419
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 88.88 MB
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A Frequency Dictionary of Japanese is an invaluable tool for all learners of Japanese, providing a list of the 5,000 most commonly used words in the language. Based on a100 million word corpus, composed of spoken, fiction, non-fiction and news texts in current use, the dictionary provides the user with a detailed frequency-based list, as well as alphabetical and part-of-speech indices. All entries in the frequency list feature the English equivalent and a sample sentence with English translation. The dictionary also contains 25 thematically organised lists of frequently used words on a variety of topics such as food, weather, occupations and leisure. Numerous bar charts are also included to highlight the phonetic and spelling variants across register. A Frequency Dictionary of Japanese enables students of all levels to maximise their study of Japanese vocabulary in an efficient and engaging way. It is also an excellent resource for teachers of the language.
Category: Foreign Language Study