The Invisible Gorilla

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The Invisible Gorilla

Author : Christopher Chabris
ISBN : 0307459675
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 30.31 MB
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Reading this book will make you less sure of yourself—and that’s a good thing. In The Invisible Gorilla, Christopher Chabris and Daniel Simons, creators of one of psychology’s most famous experiments, use remarkable stories and counterintuitive scientific findings to demonstrate an important truth: Our minds don’t work the way we think they do. We think we see ourselves and the world as they really are, but we’re actually missing a whole lot. Chabris and Simons combine the work of other researchers with their own findings on attention, perception, memory, and reasoning to reveal how faulty intuitions often get us into trouble. In the process, they explain: • Why a company would spend billions to launch a product that its own analysts know will fail • How a police officer could run right past a brutal assault without seeing it • Why award-winning movies are full of editing mistakes • What criminals have in common with chess masters • Why measles and other childhood diseases are making a comeback • Why money managers could learn a lot from weather forecasters Again and again, we think we experience and understand the world as it is, but our thoughts are beset by everyday illusions. We write traffic laws and build criminal cases on the assumption that people will notice when something unusual happens right in front of them. We’re sure we know where we were on 9/11, falsely believing that vivid memories are seared into our minds with perfect fidelity. And as a society, we spend billions on devices to train our brains because we’re continually tempted by the lure of quick fixes and effortless self-improvement. The Invisible Gorilla reveals the myriad ways that our intuitions can deceive us, but it’s much more than a catalog of human failings. Chabris and Simons explain why we succumb to these everyday illusions and what we can do to inoculate ourselves against their effects. Ultimately, the book provides a kind of x-ray vision into our own minds, making it possible to pierce the veil of illusions that clouds our thoughts and to think clearly for perhaps the first time. From the Hardcover edition.
Category: Psychology

The Invisible Gorilla

Author : Christopher F. Chabris
ISBN : 9780307459657
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 79.17 MB
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The Ig Nobel Prize in Psychology-winning creators of the famous "gorilla experiment" that demonstrated people's inattention to obvious facts draw on hundreds of creative experiments to whimsically reveal how the human race overrates its mental capacity.
Category: Psychology

Freudian Slips

Author : Joel Levy
ISBN : 9781782430704
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 33.51 MB
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Freudian Slips presents the essential facts and findings of the fascinating subject of psychology in an accessible and enjoyable way, leaving no slip or phallic symbol unexamined. From psychoanalysis to behaviour therapy, via the subconscious and the unconscious, the book charts a path through the subject's controversial history, and encounters the work of all the big names in the field, such as Freud, Jung, Skinner, Bandura, Piaget and Köhler. There are many phrases and experiments from psychology that have made it into the public consciousness, although the meaning behind such examples is seldom commonly known. Featuring entries such as Milgram's experiment, in which 62 per cent of participants willingly electrocuted another person, cognitive dissonance, the Oedipus and Electra complexes, nature versus nurture and the Rorschach test, Freudian Slips will cover everything you need to know about this mercurial branch of science.
Category: Psychology

Psy Q

Author : Ben Ambridge
ISBN : 9781782830238
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38.8 MB
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Psychology is everywhere. Our emotions and desires, the decisions we make on a daily basis - absolutely every aspect of the way we think and feel has been studied by psychologists. Through dozens of interactive puzzles, IQ tests, quizzes, jokes, puns and visual illusions, Ben Ambridge guides us through this wealth of research, showing us how we can better understand ourselves. Debunking tabloid speculation, revisiting old favourites such as the Stanford Prison Experiment and unearthing bleeding edge research unknown to the general reader, renowned psychologist Ben Ambridge blows away the received wisdom to reveal to enthusiasts and novices alike the psychology behind our daily lives. With wit and humour aplenty, he explains whether your blue eyes make you more or less trustworthy, how analogies can help cure cancer, whether Rorschach's famous inkblot tests really work, what your love for heavy metal (or Mozart) says about you, how psychology could help solve the obesity crisis and countless other revealing, entertaining and downright astonishing tests of your Psy-Q. Visit Ben's accompanying website, http://benambridge.wordpress.com/, and test yourself - and your friends.
Category: Psychology

Reframe

Author : Eric Knight
ISBN : 9781849544481
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42.34 MB
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Why can't we eliminate terrorism by killing terrorists? Why can't we learn anything about climate change by discussing the weather? And what do fishermen in Turkey have to teach us about international relations? Often we compound our problems by focusing on the apparent crux of the matter. In Reframe, Eric Knight encourages us to step back and observe our world from afar. By tackling problems from original perspectives and discarding the magnifying glass, we will discover hidden solutions. A remarkably innovative and compelling book from one of the world's most exciting young thinkers, Reframe illustrates how we can cast a fresh eye on seemingly insoluble difficulties by seeing the wood for the trees.
Category: Philosophy

Perception

Author : Nicola Bruno
ISBN : 9780191038112
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60.55 MB
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The way that we interact with the environment on a daily basis is inherently multisensory. Even a simple task such as judging the location of a light in a dark room depends not only on vision but also on proprioceptive cues about the position of our body in space. The way that we experience food can be influenced not just by taste and smell, but by visual and auditory cues. Perception: A multisensory perspective adopts a multisensory approach to understanding perception. Rather than discussing each sense separately, this book defines perception as intrinsically multisensory from the start and examines multisensory interactions as the key process behind how we perceive our own body, control its movements, and perceive and recognise objects, space, and time. But the book delves even deeper. It discusses multisensory processing in conditions such as synaesthesia. It addresses attention and the role of multisensory processing in learning. By focussing on these domains, the authors highlight and identify general principles in the field of perception study and introduce models, experimental methods and pathologies that will be of interest to all those studying within the field of perception. The authors also illustrate applications that will be of interest to professionals whose work takes multisensory processing into account. As an introduction to the topic of multisensory perception, Perception: A multisensory perspective will be essential reading for students, from advanced undergraduate level through to postgraduate level in psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience. Those studying physiotherapy and neurological rehabilitation, human-computer interface development, or the design of products or services will also find this book of interest.
Category: Psychology

The Power Of Context

Author : Daniel R. Stalder
ISBN : 9781633884021
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 42.9 MB
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A social psychologist focuses on a very common yet rarely discussed bias called the "fundamental attribution error," showing how being aware of this bias can improve our day-to-day understanding of others. Social life involves making judgments about other people. Often these snap judgments turn out to be wrong when we overlook context. Social psychologists call this pervasive bias the "fundamental attribution error." This book explores the many ways in which this error creeps into our social interactions, frequently causing misunderstanding, hurt feelings, and negative treatment of others. Psychologist Daniel R. Stalder examines common examples of this error, from road rage and misinterpreting facial expressions to "gaydar," victim blaming, and prejudice. The common denominator in these diverse examples is that we falsely assume inherent traits or intentions while overlooking situational factors that might explain a person's behavior. Conversely in the actor-observer bias, we explain our own sometimes questionable behaviors by appealing to situational factors. For example, when you tailgate others, there's always a good reason, but when others tailgate you, they are obviously in the wrong. Stalder also reveals little-known information about classic studies of context, considers both the upsides and downsides to bias, and shares numerous strategies to reduce bias. Filled with interesting examples, new insights, and an abundance of research, this informative and entertaining book will help us understand each other and reduce conflict.
Category: Psychology

Simpler

Author : Cass R. Sunstein
ISBN : 9781476726618
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28.81 MB
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Simpler government arrived four years ago. It helped put money in your pocket. It saved hours of your time. It improved your children’s diet, lengthened your life span, and benefited businesses large and small. It did so by issuing fewer regulations, by insisting on smarter regulations, and by eliminating or improving old regulations. Cass R. Sunstein, as administrator of the most powerful White House office you’ve never heard of, oversaw it and explains how it works, why government will never be the same again (thank goodness), and what must happen in the future. Cutting-edge research in behavioral economics has influenced business and politics. Long at the forefront of that research, Sunstein, for three years President Obama’s “regulatory czar” heading the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, oversaw a far-reaching restructuring of America’s regulatory state. In this highly anticipated book, Sunstein pulls back the curtain to show what was done, why Americans are better off as a result, and what the future has in store. The evidence is all around you, and more is coming soon. Simplified mortgages and student loan applications. Scorecards for colleges and universities. Improved labeling of food and energy-efficient appliances and cars. Calories printed on chain restaurant menus. Healthier food in public schools. Backed by historic executive orders ensuring transparency and accountability, simpler government can be found in new initiatives that save money and time, improve health, and lengthen lives. Simpler: The Future of Government will transform what you think government can and should accomplish.
Category: Political Science

Global Cities Governance And Diplomacy

Author : Michele Acuto
ISBN : 9781135105228
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.28 MB
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This book illustrates the importance of global cities for world politics and highlights the diplomatic connections between cities and global governance. While there is a growing body of literature concerned with explaining the transformations of the international order, little theorisation has taken into account the key metropolises of our time as elements of these revolutions. The volume seeks to fill this gap by demonstrating how global cities have a pervasive agency in contemporary global governance. The book argues that looking at global cities can bring about three fundamental advantages on traditional IR paradigms. First, it facilitates an eclectic turn towards more nuanced analyses of world politics. Second, it widens the horizon of the discipline through a multiscalar image of global governance. Third, it underscores how global cities have a strategic diplomatic positioning when it comes to core contemporary challenges such as climate change. This book will be of much interest to students of urban studies, global governance, diplomacy and international relations in general.
Category: Political Science

Hidden In Plain Sight

Author : Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN : 9780199366637
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 44.18 MB
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Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.
Category: Social Science

Change Leader

Author : Michael Fullan
ISBN : 1118106571
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67.77 MB
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We live in a challenging, complex, inter-connected andunpredictable world beset by a range of seemingly insolubleproblems. But, says Michael Fullan—an internationallyacclaimed authority on organizational change—we have anincreasing understanding of how to tackle complex change. Thisinvolves developing a new kind of leader: one who recognizes whatis needed to bring about deep and lasting changes in living systemsat all levels. These leaders need a deep understanding of whatmotivates us as human beings and how we tap into and influenceother people's self-motivation. In his previous best-selling books The Six Secrets ofChange, Leading in a Culture of Change, andTurnaround Leadership, Michael Fullan examined the conceptsand processes of change. In Change Leader he turns his focusto the core practices of leadership that are so vital for leadingin today's complex world. He reveals seven core practices fortoday's leaders, all of which appear to be deceptively simple butactually get to the essence of what differentiates a powerfulleader from one who is merely competent: Practice Drives Theory Be Resolute Motivate the Masses Collaborate to Compete Learn Confidently Know Your Impact Sustain Simplexity Throughout the book Fullan argues that powerful leaders havebuilt bedrocks of credibility, have learned how to identify the fewthings that matter most, and know how to leverage their skills inways that benefit their entire organization. The author showsleaders how to avoid policies and strategies that focus on shallowand short-term goals and develop leadership skills for long-termsuccess. With a wealth of illustrative examples from business, education,nonprofit, and government sectors Change Leader provides amuch-needed leadership guide for today's turbulent climate.
Category: Business & Economics

The Brain A Very Short Introduction

Author : Michael O'Shea
ISBN : 9780191578359
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86.92 MB
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How does the brain work? How different is a human brain from other creatures' brains? Is the human brain still evolving? In this fascinating book, Michael O'Shea provides a non-technical introduction to the main issues and findings in current brain research, and gives a sense of how neuroscience addresses questions about the relationship between the brain and the mind. Chapters tackle subjects such as brain processes, perception, memory, motor control and the causes of 'altered mental states'. A final section discusses possible future developments in neuroscience, touching on artificial intelligence, gene therapy, the importance of the Human Genome Project, drugs by design, and transplants. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Category: Medical

100 Things Every Designer Needs To Know About People

Author : Susan Weinschenk
ISBN : 0132658607
Genre : Computers
File Size : 46.9 MB
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We design to elicit responses from people. We want them to buy something, read more, or take action of some kind. Designing without understanding what makes people act the way they do is like exploring a new city without a map: results will be haphazard, confusing, and inefficient. This book combines real science and research with practical examples to deliver a guide every designer needs. With it you’ll be able to design more intuitive and engaging work for print, websites, applications, and products that matches the way people think, work, and play. Learn to increase the effectiveness, conversion rates, and usability of your own design projects by finding the answers to questions such as: What grabs and holds attention on a page or screen? What makes memories stick? What is more important, peripheral or central vision? How can you predict the types of errors that people will make? What is the limit to someone’s social circle? How do you motivate people to continue on to (the next step? What line length for text is best? Are some fonts better than others? These are just a few of the questions that the book answers in its deep-dive exploration of what makes people tick.
Category: Computers

The Necessity Of Strangers

Author : Alan Gregerman
ISBN : 9781118534557
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.32 MB
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A counterintuitive approach to fostering greater innovation, collaboration, and engagement Most of us assume our success relies on a network of friends and close contacts. But innovative thinking requires a steady stream of fresh ideas and new possibilities, which strangers are more likely to introduce. Our survival instincts naturally cause us to look upon strangers with suspicion and distrust, but in The Necessity of Strangers, Alan Gregerman offers the provocative idea that engaging with strangers is an opportunity, not a threat, and that engaging with the right strangers is essential to unlocking our real potential. The Necessity of Strangers reveals how strangers challenge us to think differently about ourselves and the problems we face. Shows how strangers can help us innovate better, get the most out of each other, and achieve genuine collaboration Presents principles for developing a "stranger-centric" mindset to develop new markets and stronger customer relationships, leverage the full potential of partnerships, and become more effective leaders Includes practical guidance and a toolkit for being more open, creating new ideas that matter, finding the right strangers in all walks of life, and tapping the real brilliance in yourself To stay competitive, you and your business need access to more new ideas, insights, and perspectives than ever before. The Necessity of Strangers offers an essential guide to discovering the most exciting opportunities you haven't met yet.
Category: Business & Economics

The Work Of Invisible Helpers

Author : Amber M. Tuttle
ISBN : 0787309028
Genre :
File Size : 71.45 MB
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This is a collection of stories. The student of occult and mystic teaching can use this as a text book, or as a course of instruction. The author shows how a person may become an occult helper of humanity and the animal kingdom. Partial Contents: The Way; How may I become a helper? Invisible helpers in action; Some strange occult stories; Devas, Nature Spirits and Angels; How helpers assist the animal kingdom; How helpers work with the dead; Reincarnation is a fact; Catastrophes, their cause and cure; Is Spiritual healing possible? Are animals subject to spiritual influence; Thoughts of children shape their future lives; How the mystic accounts for genius; Miscellaneous stories of helpers; Are angels real? Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.
Category:

Consciousness And The Brain

Author : Stanislas Dehaene
ISBN : 9780698151406
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.98 MB
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WINNER OF THE 2014 BRAIN PRIZE From the acclaimed author of Reading in the Brain, a breathtaking look at the new science that can track consciousness deep in the brain How does our brain generate a conscious thought? And why does so much of our knowledge remain unconscious? Thanks to clever psychological and brain-imaging experiments, scientists are closer to cracking this mystery than ever before. In this lively book, Stanislas Dehaene describes the pioneering work his lab and the labs of other cognitive neuroscientists worldwide have accomplished in defining, testing, and explaining the brain events behind a conscious state. We can now pin down the neurons that fire when a person reports becoming aware of a piece of information and understand the crucial role unconscious computations play in how we make decisions. The emerging theory enables a test of consciousness in animals, babies, and those with severe brain injuries. A joyous exploration of the mind and its thrilling complexities, Consciousness and the Brain will excite anyone interested in cutting-edge science and technology and the vast philosophical, personal, and ethical implications of finally quantifying consciousness. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Category: Science

An Indomitable Beast

Author : Alan Rabinowitz
ISBN : 9781610912273
Genre : Nature
File Size : 49.34 MB
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The jaguar is one of the most mysterious and least-known big cats of the world. The largest cat in the Americas, it has survived an onslaught of environmental and human threats partly because of an evolutionary history unique among wild felines, but also because of a power and indomitable spirit so strong, the jaguar has shaped indigenous cultures and the beliefs of early civilizations on two continents.In An Indomitable Beast: The Remarkable Journey of the Jaguar, big-cat expert Alan Rabinowitz shares his own personal journey to conserve a species that, despite its past resilience, is now on a slide toward extinction if something is not done to preserve the pathways it prowls through an ever-changing, ever-shifting landscape dominated by humans. Rabinowitz reveals how he learned from newly available genetic data that the jaguar was a single species connected genetically throughout its entire range from Mexico to Argentina, making it unique among all other large carnivores in the world. In a mix of personal discovery and scientific inquiry, he sweeps his readers deep into the realm of the jaguar, offering fascinating accounts from the field. Enhanced with maps, tables, and color plates, An Indomitable Beast brings important new research to life for scientists, anthropologists, and animal lovers alike.This book is not only about jaguars, but also about tenacity and survival. From the jaguar we can learn better strategies for saving other species and also how to save ourselves when faced with immediate and long-term catastrophic changes to our environment.
Category: Nature

Art Of Advocacy Series Demonstrative Evidence

Author : Ashley S. Lipson
ISBN : 9781579119393
Genre : Law
File Size : 56.50 MB
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Here's invaluable guidance for the litigator on how and when to use demonstrative evidence in a personal injury case. Complete with sample testimony and arguments, illustrations, charts and diagrams, the volume covers: • Technical and practical problems involved in obtaining and handling demonstrative exhibits • The legal principles related to the use, admissibility and opposition of virtually every type of demonstrative presentation First published in 1988. 1 Volume; updated with revisions.
Category: Law

Mindwise

Author : Nicholas Epley
ISBN : 9780385351676
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54.83 MB
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You are a mind reader, born with an extraordinary ability to understand what others think, feel, believe, want, and know. It’s a sixth sense you use every day, in every personal and professional relationship you have. At its best, this ability allows you to achieve the most important goal in almost any life: connecting, deeply and intimately and honestly, to other human beings. At its worst, it is a source of misunderstanding and unnecessary conflict, leading to damaged relationships and broken dreams. How good are you at knowing the minds of others? How well can you guess what others think of you, know who really likes you, or tell when someone is lying? How well do you really understand the minds of those closest to you, from your spouse to your kids to your best friends? Do you really know what your coworkers, employees, competitors, or clients want? In this illuminating exploration of one of the great mysteries of the human mind, University of Chicago psychologist Nicholas Epley introduces us to what scientists have learned about our ability to understand the most complicated puzzle on the planet—other people—and the surprising mistakes we so routinely make. Why are we sometimes blind to the minds of others, treating them like objects or animals? Why do we sometimes talk to our cars, or the stars, as if there is a mind that can hear us? Why do we so routinely believe that others think, feel, and want what we do when, in fact, they do not? And why do we believe we understand our spouses, family, and friends so much better than we actually do? Mindwise will not turn other people into open books, but it will give you the wisdom to revolutionize how you think about them—and yourself. From the Hardcover edition.
Category: Psychology

The Grave Robber

Author : Mark Batterson
ISBN : 9781441221131
Genre : Religion
File Size : 89.58 MB
Format : PDF
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Do we believe that God still does miracles? Do we expect him to move in miraculous ways in our day-in, day-out lives? Maybe we'd like to see miracles, but it's hard to see past our problems. All that is about to change, like water into wine. "There are miracles all around us all the time," says Mark Batterson, "but you won't see them if you don't know how to look for them." Now the bestselling author of The Circle Maker reveals the incredible power of the seven miraculous signs of Jesus found in the Gospel of John. Batterson shows how they were not simply something Jesus did in the past, but something he wants to do now, in the present. He shares true stories of people today who are experiencing miracles in their lives. And he brings to light countless miracles, big and small, that we take for granted every day that point us toward the One who healed the sick, calmed the storm, and yes, even raised the dead. But this is more than a book about miracles. It's a book about the only One who can perform them. Batterson cautions readers, "Don't just seek miracles. Seek Jesus. And if you seek Jesus, miracles will find you." Nothing has changed since Jesus called Lazarus out of his tomb four days after his funeral. Our impossible situations still double as God's greatest opportunity to reveal his glory. No matter how big the problem is, God is bigger still. Anyone who longs to see God work in miraculous ways today will love Batterson's faith-building, life-giving message.
Category: Religion