THE INVISIBLE COMPUTER

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The Invisible Computer

Author : Donald A. Norman
ISBN : 0262640414
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60.50 MB
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This text argues that companies must start with an understanding of people in relation to the development of products: user needs first, technology last - the opposite of how things are done now.
Category: Computers

People And Computers Xvi Memorable Yet Invisible

Author : Xristine Faulkner
ISBN : 1852336595
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86.75 MB
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For the last 20 years the dominant form of user interface has been the Graphical User Interface (GUl) with direct manipulation. As software gets more complicated and more and more inexperienced users come into contact with computers, enticed by the World Wide Web and smaller mobile devices, new interface metaphors are required. The increasing complexity of software has introduced more options to the user. This seemingly increased control actually decreases control as the number of options and features available to them overwhelms the users and 'information overload' can occur (Lachman, 1997). Conversational anthropomorphic interfaces provide a possible alternative to the direct manipulation metaphor. The aim of this paper is to investigate users reactions and assumptions when interacting with anthropomorphic agents. Here we consider how the level of anthropomorphism exhibited by the character and the level of interaction affects these assumptions. We compared characters of different levels of anthropomorphic abstraction, from a very abstract character to a realistic yet not human character. As more software is released for general use with anthropomorphic interfaces there seems to be no consensus of what the characters should look like and what look is more suited for different applications. Some software and research opts for realistic looking characters (for example, Haptek Inc., see http://www.haptek.com). others opt for cartoon characters (Microsoft, 1999) others opt for floating heads (Dohi & Ishizuka, 1997; Takama & Ishizuka, 1998; Koda, 1996; Koda & Maes, 1996a; Koda & Maes, 1996b).
Category: Computers

Human Computer Interaction

Author : Serengul Smith-Atakan
ISBN : 1844804542
Genre : Computers
File Size : 25.98 MB
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The aim of [this book] is to introduce you to the fundamentals ... of human-computer interaction (HCI) and to prepare you for more advanced reading on this subject. The aim is to understand better the designs that people need, and to understand the design processes better.-Pref. [This book is] for a one semester course.-Back cover.
Category: Computers

Computers And Computer Systems

Author : The Open University
ISBN :
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80.63 MB
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This 20-hour free course looked at how computerised devices process data and respond to instruction, taking kitchen scales and a camera as examples.
Category: Computers

User Error

Author : Ellen Rose
ISBN : 9781896357799
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.69 MB
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User Error doesn't argue that we should simply reject computers, but neither does it uncritically embrace the current state of affairs but offers other options.
Category: Computers

Handbook On Information Technologies For Education And Training

Author : Heimo H. Adelsberger
ISBN : 3540678034
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75.53 MB
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Information Technologies for Education and Training have gained increasing atten tion and significance in the past decade. Accordingly, the availability of an enormous amount of information sources through the Internet, the technological progress in the ICT sector, and an increasing flexibility in organizations and enterprises have accelerated the information and knowledge growth in our society. Knowledge and Lifelong Learning have become critical success factors for the long-term positioning on the global market. Recent mergers of globally distributed enterprises show that knowledge has to be available and transferable within a short time frame. Global, flexible, and service-oriented organizations need highly qualified employees. These trends also show the rapidly growing significance of new aspects of ba sie and further education. Traditional education, ending with a graduation, will be complemented by a lifelong leaming process. Every individual is required to contin uously leam new and changing knowledge. Consequently, the support of leaming processes through innovative technologies becomes an elementary component of every educationallevel. The Handbook is a comprehensive guide for researchers and practitioners work ing with Educational Technologies. lts overall goal is to enable the reader to gain a deep understanding of past, current, and future research and applications in the field of Educational Technologies. It will provide a reference source for both practitioners and researchers in the enterprise and educational sector. From a research perspective, the reader will gain an in-depth understanding of complex theories, strategies, concepts, and methods of Educational Technologies.
Category: Computers

Text Comparison And Digital Creativity

Author : W. Th. van Peursen
ISBN : 9789004188655
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76.67 MB
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Combining both case studies and theoretical reflections, this book offers a varied range of assessments about digital conditions of philological inquiry. The book details instruments and processes of digital text criticism along with reflection on the increasingly unstable reconstructions of authorship and presence in e-philology.
Category: Computers

Frontiers Of Human Centered Computing Online Communities And Virtual Environments

Author : Rae Earnshaw
ISBN : 1852332387
Genre : Computers
File Size : 87.83 MB
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This volume presents the results of a joint National Science Foundation and European Commission Workshop which was set up to identify the future key strategic research directions in the areas of human-centred interaction, online communities and virtual environments. A research agenda is proposed for each area. There is an urgent need to make interaction more centred around human needs and capabilities, and to consider the human environment in virtual environments and in other contextual information-processing activities. The overall goal is to make users more effective in their information or communication tasks by reducing learning times, speeding up performance, lowering error rates, facilitating retention, and increasing subjective satisfaction. Online communities is an area of rapid and dynamic growth with new kinds of interaction, behaviours, communication, and relationship to the world of users and information. Guidelines for basic user interface design need to be extended to accommodate these new technologies and interfaces to users. Fruitful lines of research investigation in all these areas are set out in this book.
Category: Computers

The Invisible Caring Hand

Author : Ram Cnaan
ISBN : 9780814772676
Genre : Religion
File Size : 88.21 MB
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Popular calls to transform our current welfare system and supplant it with effective and inexpensive faith-based providers are gaining political support and engendering heated debate about the separation of church and state. Yet we lack concrete information from which to anticipate how such initiatives might actually work if adopted. Despite the assumption that congregations can help many needy people in our society, it remains to be seen how extensive they wish their involvement to be, or if they have the necessary tools to become significant providers in the social service arena. Moreover, how will such practices, which will move faith-based organizations towards professionalization, ultimately affect the spirit of volunteerism now prevalent in America's religious institutions? We lack sufficient knowledge about congregational life and its ability to play a key role in social service provision. The Invisible Caring Hand attempts to fill that void. Based on in-depth interviews with clergy and lay leaders in 251 congregations nationwide, it reveals the many ways in which congregations are already working, beneath the radar, to care for people in need. This ground-breaking volume will provide much-sought empirical data to social scientists, religious studies scholars, and those involved in the debates over the role of faith-based organizations in faith-based services, as well as to clergy and congregation members themselves.
Category: Religion

What Technology Wants

Author : Kevin Kelly
ISBN : 1101444460
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.55 MB
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From the author of the New York Times bestseller The Inevitable— a sweeping vision oftechnology as a living force that can expand our individual potential This provocative book introduces a brand-new view of technology. It suggests that technology as a whole is not a jumble of wires and metal but a living, evolving organism that has its own unconscious needs and tendencies. Kevin Kelly looks out through the eyes of this global technological system to discover "what it wants." He uses vivid examples from the past to trace technology's long course and then follows a dozen trajectories of technology into the near future to project where technology is headed. This new theory of technology offers three practical lessons: By listening to what technology wants we can better prepare ourselves and our children for the inevitable technologies to come. By adopting the principles of pro-action and engagement, we can steer technologies into their best roles. And by aligning ourselves with the long-term imperatives of this near-living system, we can capture its full gifts. Written in intelligent and accessible language, this is a fascinating, innovative, and optimistic look at how humanity and technology join to produce increasing opportunities in the world and how technology can give our lives greater meaning. From the Hardcover edition.
Category: Technology & Engineering