The History And Philosophy Of Earthquakes

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The History And Philosophy Of Earthquakes

Author : Member of the Royal Academy of Berlin
ISBN : 9781108059909
Genre : Nature
File Size : 69.87 MB
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The aftershocks of the devastating Lisbon earthquake of 1755 were not only physical: the scientific investigations undertaken in its wake formed the basis of the science of seismology. Published in 1757, the present work is, in the words of its presumed editor, John Bevis (1695–1771), 'a repertory of all that has been written of earthquakes and their causes', and includes several recent papers published by the Royal Society. At the time, scientists suggested subterranean fires or electrical shocks in the atmosphere as possible causes of earthquakes. This reissue also incorporates a brief 1760 work by John Michell (1724/5–93), which uses Bevis' collection as a source and suggests that earthquakes were caused by seismic waves through the earth: it was one of the first to propose that tsunamis were the result of undersea earthquakes. Both these works rank as important steps in the developing understanding of one of nature's most destructive phenomena.
Category: Nature

The Illustrated History Of Natural Disasters

Author : Jan Kozák
ISBN : 9048133254
Genre : Nature
File Size : 47.76 MB
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This book tells the story of the Earth itself, explaining the interplay of its gradual geologi- levolution, presented as a generally slow and safe process, with the sudden manifestations of natural hazards, which involve disasters that affect the environment and lead to huge material damage and human losses. The natural forces at play, whether they are violent explosions ofvolcanic eruptions or almost imperceptible deformations of subsurface rock strata, nally- sulting in devastating earthquakes, all control the existence and destiny of a certain part of the global population. The development of man’s existence down through history has depended upon his understanding of the world in which he lives, and upon his ability to turn to his own best use the materials that were there for the taking. However, he has had not only to furnish himself with food, water, building materials, and energy to protect himself against occasional natural adversities. Protecting himself from them meant comprehending their causes, and the essential core of his understanding was in recording and depicting them. This book is written for anyone interested in the Earth in general, and in natural disasters in particular, presenting a unique collection of historical illustrations of volcanic eruptions and earthquake events and their repercussions. The book represents a golden mean between sci- ti c and popular works.
Category: Nature

The Founders Of Seismology

Author : Charles Davison
ISBN : 9781107691490
Genre : Nature
File Size : 41.55 MB
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Charles Davison (1858-1940) was a renowned British mathematician and seismologist. In this book, which was first published in 1927, Davison provides a historical study regarding the origins of seismology and the key figures in its development. The text was based upon a series of articles which appeared in the Geological Magazine during 1921, although more material was added subsequently. Illustrative figures and notes are incorporated throughout. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in earthquakes, seismology and the history of science.
Category: Nature

Science In The Enlightenment

Author : William E. Burns
ISBN : 9781576078860
Genre : Reference
File Size : 70.25 MB
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Provides a look at the studies, innovations, key figures, and controversy in the world of science during the eigteenth-century, discussing astronomy, chemistry, botany, and medicine.
Category: Reference

A History Of British Earthquakes

Author : Charles Davison
ISBN : 9780521140997
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.22 MB
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First published in 1924, this classic volume details the history of British earthquakes from the year 974 to the beginning of the twentieth century. Building on material laid out in his 1912 volume The Origin of British Earthquakes, Charles Davison based his method of investigation on the theory that earthquakes were the results of successive steps in the growth of faults. Using a modification of the well-known Rossi-Forel scale, and with reference to the latest scientific studies of his time, he compiled a catalogue of all known British earthquakes. Davison was at pains to include only those earthquakes that were undoubtedly British, omitting many disturbances which had been doubtfully placed in other British lists of his time. His aim was to trace the zones in which crust-changes occurred and where the faults were still live, and to uncover some of the laws that govern the growth of faults. Additionally, Davison included a chapter describing 'Extra-British' earthquakes, examining disturbances felt in Britain that originated in Ireland, the Channel Islands, Norway, and as far away as Lisbon. His concluding chapters address the sound phenomena, distribution, and origin of different types of earthquakes.
Category: Science

International Handbook Of Research In History Philosophy And Science Teaching

Author : Michael R. Matthews
ISBN : 9789400776548
Genre : Education
File Size : 80.12 MB
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This inaugural handbook documents the distinctive research field that utilizes history and philosophy in investigation of theoretical, curricular and pedagogical issues in the teaching of science and mathematics. It is contributed to by 130 researchers from 30 countries; it provides a logically structured, fully referenced guide to the ways in which science and mathematics education is, informed by the history and philosophy of these disciplines, as well as by the philosophy of education more generally. The first handbook to cover the field, it lays down a much-needed marker of progress to date and provides a platform for informed and coherent future analysis and research of the subject. The publication comes at a time of heightened worldwide concern over the standard of science and mathematics education, attended by fierce debate over how best to reform curricula and enliven student engagement in the subjects. There is a growing recognition among educators and policy makers that the learning of science must dovetail with learning about science; this handbook is uniquely positioned as a locus for the discussion. The handbook features sections on pedagogical, theoretical, national, and biographical research, setting the literature of each tradition in its historical context. It reminds readers at a crucial juncture that there has been a long and rich tradition of historical and philosophical engagements with science and mathematics teaching, and that lessons can be learnt from these engagements for the resolution of current theoretical, curricular and pedagogical questions that face teachers and administrators. Science educators will be grateful for this unique, encyclopaedic handbook, Gerald Holton, Physics Department, Harvard University This handbook gathers the fruits of over thirty years’ research by a growing international and cosmopolitan community Fabio Bevilacqua, Physics Department, University of Pavia
Category: Education

California Earthquakes

Author : Carl-Henry Geschwind
ISBN : 9780801865961
Genre : History
File Size : 72.68 MB
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In 1906, after an earthquake wiped out much of San Francisco, leading California officials and scientists described the disaster as a one-time occurrence and assured the public that it had nothing to worry about. California Earthquakes explains how, over time, this attitude changed, and Californians came to accept earthquakes as a significant threat, as well as to understand how science and technology could reduce this threat. Carl-Henry Geschwind tells the story of the small group of scientists and engineers who -- in tension with real estate speculators and other pro-growth forces, private and public -- developed the scientific and political infrastructure necessary to implement greater earthquake awareness. Through their political connections, these reformers succeeded in building a state apparatus in which regulators could work together with scientists and engineers to reduce earthquake hazards. Geschwind details the conflicts among scientists and engineers about how best to reduce these risks, and he outlines the dramatic twentieth-century advances in our understanding of earthquakes -- their causes and how we can try to prepare for them. Tracing the history of seismology and the rise of the regulatory state and of environmental awareness, California Earthquakes tells how earthquake-hazard management came about, why some groups assisted and others fought it, and how scientists and engineers helped shape it. -- Seth Stein, Northwestern University
Category: History

The Earthquake Handbook

Author : Peter Verney
ISBN : STANFORD:36105006459924
Genre : Earthquakes
File Size : 43.83 MB
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Category: Earthquakes

A History Of Philosophy

Author : Frederick Charles Copleston
ISBN : 0809100657
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34.32 MB
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A detailed study, designed for use in Catholic seminaries, of classical philosophy, stressing the theories of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and their followers
Category: Philosophy

Earth Sciences History

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009263641
Genre : Earth sciences
File Size : 82.26 MB
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Category: Earth sciences

A Little History Of Philosophy

Author : Nigel Warburton
ISBN : 9780300177541
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 72.1 MB
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Presents an introduction to the ideas of major Western philosophers, including Aristotle, Augustine, John Locke, and Karl Marx.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

History Of Philosophy Volume 1

Author : Frederick Copleston
ISBN : 0826468950
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73.10 MB
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No Marketing Blurb
Category: Philosophy

Routledge History Of Philosophy Volume Iv

Author : G.H.R. Parkinson
ISBN : 9781134938735
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48.67 MB
Format : PDF
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First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Philosophy

The New Heidegger

Author : Miguel de Beistegui
ISBN : 9781441114280
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49.60 MB
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Martin Heidegger's work is pivotal in the history of modern European philosophy. The New Heidegger presents a comprehensive and stimulating overview of, and introduction to, the work of one of the most influential and controversial philosophers of our time. Heidegger has had an extraordinary impact on contemporary philosophical and extra-philosophical life: on deconstruction, hermeneutics, ontology, technology and techno-science, art and architecture, politics, psychotherapy, and ecology. The New Heidegger takes a thematic approach to Heidegger's work, covering not only the seminal Being and Time, but also Heidegger's lesser known works. Lively, clear and succinct, the book requires no prior knowledge of Heidegger and is an essential resource for anyone studying or teaching the work of this major modern philosopher.
Category: Philosophy