The Highbush Blueberry And Its Management

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The Highbush Blueberry And Its Management

Author : Robert E Gough
ISBN : 156022021X
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.19 MB
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Here is a book that sets forth vital information growers need to produce highbush blueberries effectively and efficiently. Written from the grower?s point of view, The Highbush Blueberry and Its Management presents technical information in a highly readable manner that is easy to understand. It helps growers make proper decisions before they plant--saving them both time and money. Simply by following the directions on planting, a grower could cut his post-plant mortality rate to less than ten-percent. The Highbush Blueberry and Its Management provides detailed information that growers can apply directly to their work. The author addresses various aspects of blueberry management, including how to select new cultivars, pruning techniques, soil preparation and management, harvesting, pest control, and marketing. He describes over four-dozen cultivars and discusses blueberry growth and development, fruit production, propagation, and more. The problem of pests such as birds, nematodes, and insects and mites is addressed and strategies for control of these pests are included. An appendix provides a chart, the first of its kind, to help diagnose disorders of highbush blueberries. The chart contains descriptions and discussions of these disorders to help growers identify and treat them quickly and effectively. Appendixes also include handy tables, equivalence charts, and calculations for fast and easy reference. An overview of world production of highbush blueberries informs readers of developments in other countries. This thorough and readable book is sure to become a trusted guide for growers of highbush blueberries worldwide. The book is international in scope and contains information useful to growers from Australia and Japan to Chile, Poland, and Finland, places where such information is often scarce, if available at all. Bursting with practical, helpful knowledge, The Highbush Blueberry and Its Management is a vital guidebook not just for professional growers, but for cooperative extension personnel and university-level small fruit researchers as well. With its readable style, it can also be used as an ancillary text at the graduate and advanced undergraduate level.
Category: Science

Blueberries

Author : Jorge B. Retamales
ISBN : 9781845938260
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.86 MB
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This book covers various aspects of blueberry (Vaccinium sp.) science and culture. The basic science behind the growth and development of blueberries, their botanical characteristics, and the implications and effects of various management practices and environmental conditions on blueberry production are discussed. Specific topics included are: the blueberry industry (chapter 1); taxonomy and breeding (chapter 2); growth and development (chapter 3); light, photosynthesis, quality and yield (chapter 4); nutrition (chapter 5); field management and harvesting (chapter 6); growth regulators (chapter 7); pests, their management, and cultivar resistance (chapter 8); and pre- and postharvest management of fruit quality (chapter 9). This book is targeted towards blueberry researchers and students in horticulture, but it should also be useful for growers and people in the industry who want to update their knowledge on this crop.
Category: Science

Blueberries 2nd Edition

Author : Jorge B Retamales
ISBN : 9781780647265
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.66 MB
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Blueberry cultivation has increased dramatically as production has shifted into new regions. Blueberries are now widely available as food and also processed to be used in medicine and pharmaceuticals for their antioxidant properties. This new and updated edition covers the major topics of interest to blueberry breeders and researchers including botany, physiology, nutrition, growth regulation, photosynthesis, environment, weeds, pests, diseases and postharvest management. The main focus is on the most important cultivated species, the highbush blueberry, although information on other blueberries and related species is also provided. It is an essential resource for soft fruit researchers, extension workers, academics, breeders, growers, and students.
Category: Science

Proceedings Of The Ninth North American Blueberry Research And Extension Workers Conference

Author : Leonard Eaton
ISBN : 9781482282856
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.93 MB
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Improve yield and quality to give consumers the best blueberries on the market! Proceedings of the 9th North American Blueberry Research and Extension Workers Conference presents the current status of the blueberry industry and recent developments in the biology, breeding, and production of blueberries throughout all of North America. In t
Category: Science

Water And Soil Management Practices To Enhance Plant Growth Berry Development And Fruit Quality Of Northern Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium Corymbosum L

Author : Khalid F. Almutairi
ISBN : OCLC:970665705
Genre : Blueberries
File Size : 43.41 MB
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Drought and mandatory water restrictions are limiting the availability of irrigation water in many important blueberry growing regions and new strategies are needed to maintain yield and fruit quality with less water. Three potential options for reducing water use, including deficit irrigation, irrigation cut-offs, and crop thinning, were evaluated for 2 years in a mature planting of northern highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L. ‘Elliott’). Treatments consisted of no thinning and 50% crop removal in combination with either full irrigation at 100% of estimated crop evapotranspiration (ETsubscript c]), deficit irrigation at 50% ET[subscript c] (applied for the entire growing season), or full irrigation with irrigation cut-off for 4–6 weeks during early or late stages of fruit development. Stem water potential was similar with full and deficit irrigation but, regardless of crop thinning, declined by 0.5–0.6 MPa when irrigation was cut-off early and by > 2.0 MPa when irrigation was cut-off late. In one or both years, the fruiting season was advanced with either deficit irrigation or late cut-off, whereas cutting off irrigation early delayed the season. Yield was not affected by deficit irrigation in plants with a full crop load but was reduced by an average of 35% when irrigation was cut-off late each year. Cutting off irrigation early likewise reduced yield, but only in the second year when the plants were not thinned; however, early cut-off also reduced fruit soluble solids and berry weight by 7% to 24%compared to full irrigation. Cutting off irrigation late produced the smallest and firmest fruit with the highest soluble solids and total acidity among the treatments, as well as the slowest rate of fruit loss in cold storage. Deficit irrigation had the least effect on fruit quality and, based on these results, appears to be the most viable option for maintaining yield with less water (2.5 ML·ha−1 less water per season). A second study was conducted in a 7-year-old field of certified organic highbush blueberry. Two cultivars (‘Duke’ and ‘Liberty’) mulched with either porous polyethylene ground cover (“weed mat”) or yard debris compost topped with sawdust (sawdust+compost) and each fertilized with either feather meal or fish emulsion were evaluated. One-year-old fruiting laterals were randomly-selected at three heights (top, middle, and bottom) on the east and west side of the plants. Bud, flower, and fruit development were monitored through fruit harvest. There was relatively little effect of mulch type or fertilizer source on the measured variables. Fruit harvest occurred ≈8 d after the fruit were fully blue and ranged from 2-25 July 2012 and 26 June-3 July 2013 in ‘Duke’ and from 1-20 Aug. 2012 and 17 July-7 Aug. 2013 in ‘Liberty’. Proportionally more fruit buds occurred on middle laterals than upper and lower laterals. The dates of bud swell and bud break were not affected by cultivar or lateral position. ‘Duke’ and ‘Liberty’ produced 6-8 and 7-9 flowers/bud, respectively. Fruit set was high in both cultivars, averaging ≈95%. However, 13-18% and 29-38 % of the initial set fruit dropped in ’Duke’ and ‘Liberty’ in late May to early June. Fruit ripening was more uniform within clusters in ‘Duke’ than in ‘Liberty’, and average fruit size was similar among harvests in ‘Duke’ but decreased by 25-40% between the first and last harvest in ‘Liberty’. Fruit matured 3−5 d earlier on the east side of the canopy than on the west side. The results suggest that pruning proportionally more on the lower part of the canopy than on the upper part will result in larger fruit at harvest than uniform pruning throughout the bush. The final study was conducted to determine the potential of applying micronized elemental sulfur (S°) by chemigation through the drip system to reduce high soil pH in a new planting of ‘Duke’ blueberry. The S° was mixed with water and injected weekly for 2 months prior to planting, as well as 2 years after planting, atrates of 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg·ha−1 per year, and was compared to the conventional practice of incorporating prilled S° into the soil prior to planting (two applications of 750 kg·ha−1 each). Chemigation quickly reduced soil pH (0-10 cm) within a month from 6.6 with no S° to 6.1 with 50 kg·ha-1 S° and 5.8 with 100 or 150 kg·ha−1 S°. The change was short-term, however, and by May of the following year, soil pH averaged 6.7, 6.5, 6.2, and 6.1 with each increasing rate of S° chemigation, respectively. The conventional treatment, in comparison, averaged 6.6 on the first date and 6.3 on the second date. In July of the following year, soil pH ranged from an average of 6.4 with no S° to 6.2 with 150 kg·ha−1 S° and 5.5 with prilled S°. Soil pH declined thereafter to as low as 5.9 with additional S° chemigation and at lower depths (10-30 cm) was similar to the conventional treatment. None of the treatments had any effect on winter pruning weight in year 1 or on yield, berry weight, and plant dry weight in year 2. Chemigation with S° can be used to quickly reduce soil pH following planting and, therefore, may be a useful practice to correct high pH problems in established blueberry fields. However, it was less effective and more time consuming than applying prilled S° prior to planting.
Category: Blueberries

Blueberries

Author : Ronald Korcak
ISBN : 9781351463430
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.56 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Blueberries: A Century of Research presents the results of basic and applied research into blueberry science and culture around the world. It contains technical reports on genetics, nutrition, physiology, culture, and harvesting of several blueberry species. Readers will find much current, helpful, and interesting information for their work with blueberries. General areas covered in the book are the blueberry culture and its future, blueberry genetics and diseases, blueberry nutrition, and blueberry fruit quality. Specific chapters address a variety of topics including: utilization of wild blueberry germplasm use of sparkleberry in breeding highbush cultivars identification of markers linked to genes controlling chilling requirement and cold hardiness detection of blueberry scorch virus and red ringspot virus methods of controlling blueberry gall midge damage control of bunchberry in wild blueberry fields blueberry nitrate reductase activity use of gibberellic acid as a management tool for increasing yield of rabbiteye blueberry blueberry culture and research in Japan In Blueberries: A Century of Research, small fruit researchers, extension workers, and blueberry specialists will find important new information for continued improvement of blueberry culture and specialization. The book is a vital resource that appeals to a professional audience worldwide.
Category: Science

Proceedings

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112117995263
Genre : Berries
File Size : 88.86 MB
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Category: Berries

Acta Horticulturae

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924077317547
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 57.97 MB
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Category: Agriculture

The Pollination Ecology Of Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium Corymbosum In British Columbia

Author : Kyle Bobiwash
ISBN : OCLC:1125762353
Genre :
File Size : 47.29 MB
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Agricultural systems often support low beneficial insect diversity because they reduce habitat quality. Agricultural management increases landscape homogeneity resulting in low habitat and resource diversity. Crops that rely on wild pollinators for fruit production or predators and parasitoids for pest control may lose access to these services as the agroecosystem becomes increasingly managed. I used yield data from pollination experiments conducted over four years, along with insect surveys, to better understand the dynamics between insect communities in agroecosystems and their use of the agricultural landscape in highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) in the Fraser Valley of southern British Columbia, Canada. Regional land use was identified as being an important component in structuring beneficial insect communities. Semi-natural habitat, such as pasture or fallow, was found to support greater abundances and diversity of all beneficial insects. Land use with greater disturbance, like conventional non-flowering agriculture, reduced pollinator species richness but increased the abundance of generalist predators. The differences between groups in their response to land use types might be driven by variability in access to resources (ex. floral resources or pest insects) in the larger agricultural landscape. However, surrounding landscape composition did not affect blueberry yield deficit, which was instead determined primarily by bumble bee visits and minimum daily temperatures. This finding highlights the importance of weather conducive to pollinator foraging for crop production. Despite the importance of bumble bees for reducing yield deficit, experimental introduction of two managed bumble bee species did not mitigate these deficits. Differences in bumble bee species characteristics associated with reproduction predicted pollen forager recruitment, which when coupled with differences in foraging preferences (blueberry pollen comprised 50% of pollen loads in one species, but less than 20% in the other and in managed honey bees) provides some insight into which managed species is best suited for further commercial development. My results highlight the complexity associated with predicting crop pollination levels and demonstrate how the impact of wild insects on production will vary with surrounding land-use, species characteristics, and abiotic factors. In crops highly reliant on wild pollinators, like highbush blueberry, understanding the needs of beneficial insects may allow farmers to modify practices to improve ecosystem services.
Category:

An Encyclopedia Of Small Fruit

Author : Bob Gough
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131741931
Genre : Encyclopedias and dictionaries, Azerbaijani
File Size : 43.38 MB
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"As practical as it is informative, An Encyclopedia of Small Fruit offers the home grower and layperson access to the hard-to-find facts on the history and use of our most important - and most obscure - small fruit. Complete with over 400 easy-to-understand entries, a helpful glossary covering the most commonly used terms, cultural suggestions for the fruit given wherever possible, and a detailed reference section for further reading, this handy listing is the unique text that is both practical guide and enlightening resource." -- BOOK JACKET.
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries, Azerbaijani