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The Evolution Of Beauty

Author : Richard O. Prum
ISBN : 9780385537223
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.98 MB
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A FINALIST FOR THE PULITZER PRIZE NAMED A BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR BY THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW, SMITHSONIAN, AND WALL STREET JOURNAL A major reimagining of how evolutionary forces work, revealing how mating preferences—what Darwin termed "the taste for the beautiful"—create the extraordinary range of ornament in the animal world. In the great halls of science, dogma holds that Darwin's theory of natural selection explains every branch on the tree of life: which species thrive, which wither away to extinction, and what features each evolves. But can adaptation by natural selection really account for everything we see in nature? Yale University ornithologist Richard Prum—reviving Darwin's own views—thinks not. Deep in tropical jungles around the world are birds with a dizzying array of appearances and mating displays: Club-winged Manakins who sing with their wings, Great Argus Pheasants who dazzle prospective mates with a four-foot-wide cone of feathers covered in golden 3D spheres, Red-capped Manakins who moonwalk. In thirty years of fieldwork, Prum has seen numerous display traits that seem disconnected from, if not outright contrary to, selection for individual survival. To explain this, he dusts off Darwin's long-neglected theory of sexual selection in which the act of choosing a mate for purely aesthetic reasons—for the mere pleasure of it—is an independent engine of evolutionary change. Mate choice can drive ornamental traits from the constraints of adaptive evolution, allowing them to grow ever more elaborate. It also sets the stakes for sexual conflict, in which the sexual autonomy of the female evolves in response to male sexual control. Most crucially, this framework provides important insights into the evolution of human sexuality, particularly the ways in which female preferences have changed male bodies, and even maleness itself, through evolutionary time. The Evolution of Beauty presents a unique scientific vision for how nature's splendor contributes to a more complete understanding of evolution and of ourselves.
Category: Science

A Taste For The Beautiful

Author : Michael Ryan
ISBN : 9780691191393
Genre : Nature
File Size : 37.36 MB
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From one of the world’s leading authorities on animal behavior, the astonishing story of how the brain drives the evolution of beauty in animals and humans In A Taste for the Beautiful, Michael Ryan, one of the world’s leading authorities on animal behavior, tells the remarkable story of how he and other scientists have taken up where Darwin left off, transforming our understanding of sexual selection and shedding new light on animal and human behavior. Drawing on cutting-edge science, Ryan explores key questions: Why do animals perceive certain traits as beautiful and others not? Do animals have an inherent sexual aesthetic and, if so, where is it rooted? Ryan argues that the answers lie in the brain—particularly of females, who act as biological puppeteers, spurring the development of beautiful traits in males. Vividly written and filled with fascinating stories, A Taste for the Beautiful will change how you think about beauty and attraction in the animal world and beyond.
Category: Nature

The Evolution Of Beauty Ingredients In Food And Drinks

Author : Mark J. Tallon
ISBN : OCLC:1117506435
Genre :
File Size : 76.53 MB
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The concept of what is good for the inside must be good for the outside is a mantra captured by the evolving market of beauty through better nutrition. Nutricosmetics are used to describe the application of ingredients traditionally found in foods.

Animal Beauty

Author : Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard
ISBN : 9780262353366
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.48 MB
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An illustrated exploration of colors and patterns in the animal kingdom, what they communicate, and how they function in the social life of animals. Are animals able to appreciate what humans refer to as “beauty”? The term scarcely ever appears nowadays in a scientific description of living things, but we humans may nonetheless find the colors, patterns, and songs of animals to be beautiful in apparently the same way that we see beauty in works of art. In Animal Beauty, Nobel Prize–winning biologist Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard describes how the colors and patterns displayed by animals arise, what they communicate, and how they function in the social life of animals. Watercolor drawings illustrate these amazing instances of animal beauty. Darwin addressed the topic of ornament in his 1871 book The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, and did not hesitate to engage with criteria of beauty, convinced that animals experienced color and ornament as attractive and agreeable in the same way that we do, and that the role this played in mate choice pointed to a “sexual selection” distinct from natural selection. Nüsslein-Volhard examines key examples of ornament and sexual selection in the animal kingdom and lays the groundwork for biological aesthetics. Noting that color patterns have not been a research priority—perhaps because they appeared to be nonessential luxuries rather than functional necessities—Nüsslein-Volhard looks at recent scientific developments on the topic. In part because of Nüsslein-Volhard's own research on the zebrafish, it is now possible to decipher the molecular genetic mechanisms that lead to production of colors in animal skin and its appendages and control its pattern and distribution.
Category: Science

The Evolution Of Love

Author : Ada Lampert
ISBN : 0275959074
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 78.96 MB
Format : PDF
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Lampert presents the story of love: when, why, and how love became a central experience of humans. She sheds new insights as to who we fall in love with, why our sexual life is so full of contradictions, and from where the behavioral repertoire of lovers came. Based upon the most current scientific information, this book is written for every educated person.
Category: Family & Relationships

Phylogensesis Of Beauty

Author : Pietro Gaietto
ISBN : 9781291842951
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.90 MB
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Phylogenesis of beauty by Pietro Gaietto is a scientific treatise on the origins and general evolutionary outcome of beauty, from the beginning of the world to the present. Beauty has never before been the object of scientific study, nor has its evolution. Gaietto has integrated human products, including art, into the general evolution of beauty in nature, noting that man's object follow the same rules of evolutionary transformation found in organic and inorganic physical forms. Gaietto's hypothesis on the transformation of beauty concerns all the kingdoms of nature as they have appeared in chronological order from the earliest geological ages, and as discovered by geologists, paleontologists, and paletnologists. The book's scientific analysis of beauty in human artifacts excludes questions of quality, even if they exist, as well as the idea of ugliness, because man intentionally produces only beautiful things.
Category: Science

Aesthetic Conflict And The Evolution Of A Riot

Author : B. Marie Brady-Whitcanack Ph. D.
ISBN : 9781456735562
Genre : Education
File Size : 81.58 MB
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The text is a hermeneutic and field theory analysis of events that occurred during the first of two doctoral degree programs at a major state university. The study considers challenges to traditional curriculum in higher education and possible links to conflicts occurring at some major university campuses.
Category: Education

The Abuse Of Beauty

Author : Arthur Coleman Danto
ISBN : 0812695402
Genre : Art
File Size : 24.5 MB
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In The Abuse of Beauty, art critic and philosopher Arthur Danto explains how the notion of beauty as anathema to art arose and flourished and offers a new way of looking at art and beauty. He draws on the thought of artists, critics, and philosophers such as Rimbaud, Fry, Matisse, and Greenberg, to reposition beauty as one of many modes ? along with sexuality, sublimity, disgust, and horror ? through which the human sensibility expresses itself. 20 black-and-white illustrations are included.
Category: Art

The Red Queen

Author : Matt Ridley
ISBN : 9780062200716
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.70 MB
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Referring to Lewis Carroll's Red Queen from Through the Looking-Glass, a character who has to keep running to stay in the same place, Matt Ridley demonstrates why sex is humanity's best strategy for outwitting its constantly mutating internal predators. The Red Queen answers dozens of other riddles of human nature and culture -- including why men propose marriage, the method behind our maddening notions of beauty, and the disquieting fact that a woman is more likely to conceive a child by an adulterous lover than by her husband. Brilliantly written, The Red Queen offers an extraordinary new way of interpreting the human condition and how it has evolved.
Category: Science