THE EMPERORS NEW DRUGS

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The Emperor S New Drugs

Author : Irving Kirsch
ISBN : 9780465021048
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20.23 MB
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Do antidepressants work? Of course—everyone knows it. Like his colleagues, Irving Kirsch, a researcher and clinical psychologist, for years referred patients to psychiatrists to have their depression treated with drugs before deciding to investigate for himself just how effective the drugs actually were. Over the course of the past fifteen years, however, Kirsch's research—a thorough analysis of decades of Food and Drug Administration data—has demonstrated that what everyone knew about antidepressants was wrong. Instead of treating depression with drugs, we've been treating it with suggestion. The Emperor's New Drugs makes an overwhelming case that what had seemed a cornerstone of psychiatric treatment is little more than a faulty consensus. But Kirsch does more than just criticize: he offers a path society can follow so that we stop popping pills and start proper treatment for depression.
Category: Psychology

Medical Nihilism

Author : Jacob Stegenga
ISBN : 9780198747048
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.75 MB
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Medical nihilism is the view that we should have little confidence in the effectiveness of medical interventions. This book argues that medical nihilism is a compelling view of modern medicine. If we consider the frequency of failed medical interventions, the extent of misleading evidence inmedical research, the thin theoretical basis of many interventions, and the malleability of empirical methods in medicine, and if we employ our best inductive framework, then our confidence in the effectiveness of medical interventions ought to be low. Part I articulates theoretical and conceptual groundwork, in which Jacob Stegenga offers a defence of a hybrid theory of disease, which forms the basis of a novel account of effectiveness, and applies this to pharmacological science and to issues such as medicalization. Part II critically examinesdetails of medical research. Even the very best methods in medical research, such as randomized trials and meta-analyses, are malleable and suffer from various biases. Methods of measuring the effectiveness of medical interventions systematically overestimate benefits and underestimate harms. PartIII summarizes the arguments for medical nihilism and what this position entails for medical research and practice. To evaluate medical nihilism with care, Stegenga states the argument in formal terms. Medical nihilism suggests that medical research must be modified, that clinical practice should beless aggressive in its therapeutic approaches, and that regulatory standards should be enhanced.
Category: Science

The Hormone Shift

Author : Dawn M. Cutillo
ISBN : 9781452542287
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 31.53 MB
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Would you like to lose five pounds, stop your hot flashes and sleep better, THIS WEEK? These results are attainable when your hormones get into balance. The author explains how natural, safe solutions can bring fast results that last. From her twenty-three years of experience in the health field, and after helping thousands of women at her Lancaster, Pa. health center, she has noted growing trends that ALL stem from a simple hormone imbalance: The inability for women to lose weight efficiently after the age of 35 due to a slowed metabolism. The increased use of strong mood medications for depression/anxiety that do not improve mood satisfactorily for most women and also cause unpleasant side effects. The increase in fatigue experienced by women and the increased use of synthetic thyroid medication that does not satisfactorily resolve all the woman's symptoms. The increased use of the birth control pill for heavy, painful periods and menstrual irregularity that temporarily solves the problem but will cause health issues over time. The increased number of ablations, hysterectomies and other invasive procedures performed for cysts, fibroids, endometriosis. Women still fear breast cancer due to not knowing its true cause. CONCLUSION: Frustration is rising due to NOT getting validation about concerns or answers on these issues from the medical field or health/nutrition industry! Are Your Hormones Imbalanced? Perhaps your hormones have "shifted" a bit due to stress, age, pregnancy or menopause. Are you left feeling frustrated from trying to deal with many issues that do not seem to respond to diet, exercise, herbs, medication or even surgical procedures? Learn the ONE MAIN hormonal "shift" that occurs in almost all American women, starting at puberty and peaking around menopause along with its ONE MAIN origin. The author will give you simple steps on how to reverse this hormonal "shift" so that within a month you can be: Losing weight quickly (even if NOTHING worked up until now) Relieving your hot flashes/night sweats Deepening your sleep Easing your anxiety/irritability and mood swings Seeing your depression lift Regulating your menstrual cycle - easing symptoms of PMS Decreasing your chance of female-related cancers Reversing your other PMS/menopausal symptoms or conditions that affect your overall health. You will understand that when hormones are balanced you will look and feel your best while preventing female-related cancers...and slowing the aging process as an extra benefit! If you are one of the many women saying.... These constant hot flashes are driving me crazy! Is everyone around me trying to get on my last nerve? I'm counting FLOCKS of sheep and still can't sleep! I'm working out, eating like a bird and can't lose a single pound! Sex? Are you kidding? I'd rather be sleeping or eating. My thyroid medicine just doesn't seem like it's helping me lose weight. Depressed? That's an understatement, nothing is really fun anymore.This book is a must-read!
Category: Health & Fitness

Dope Double Agent

Author : Michael Agar
ISBN : 9781411681033
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.84 MB
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Dope Double Agent is a war on drugs story, one that starts in the 60s and only ends with the last lines of the book. More than this, it is the story of a young Berkeley student--and occasional drug user--who turns into an insider expert in the drug war with a personal agenda to subvert and correct it. He checks in as a heroin patient, works the streets of New York, dips into worlds of PCP and LSD, and seeks the sources of crack, heroin and ecstasy. The delusions of the experts, the public and the politicians amaze him and make him think the double agent job will be easy. Instead it is impossible. He fails, spectacularly so on such hallowed ground as the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institutes of Health. Come behind the scenes and watch the drug policy emperor march along for decades thinking he wears a new suit of clothes.
Category: Law

Before You Take That Pill

Author : J. Douglas Bremner
ISBN : 9781440630057
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 47.47 MB
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A medical expert reveals risks of the most commonly prescribed drugs-and why the drug industry doesn't want consumers to know about them. Recent scandals involving diabetes drugs, Vioxx, and many other medications reveal the serious and undisclosed risks of some of the most commonly used prescription drugs in this country. In Before You Take That Pill, Dr. J. Douglas Bremner, a researcher and clinician at Emory University whose study on Accutane and depression made headlines, offers an inside look at the pharmaceutical industry, as well as a scientifically backed assessment of the risks of more than three hundred prescribed medications, vitamins, and supplements. While many drugs are essential to the health of consumers, as Dr. Bremner explains, for many people, the benefits may not outweigh the potential side effects. This book contains warnings that are not on the drug labels. It also exposes tricks of the trade that demonstrate how the profit-making interests of "big pharma" may not always be in line with the safety of the public - from the corruption that exists in the drug approval process to the tactics drug companies use to encourage doctors to prescribe their products. Most important, Before You Take That Pill empowers readers by giving them sound information on specific medications so they can understand and weigh the potential risk themselves. Backed by the latest studies, as well as insight from a doctor who is in the trenches, this book should be on the shelf of every drug consumer.
Category: Health & Fitness

Emperors Of Dreams

Author : Mike Jay
ISBN : 1907650180
Genre : History
File Size : 63.7 MB
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The text of Emperors of Dreams has been revised, updated and with new material added. It paints a fresh and startling picture both of today's illicit drugs and of the nineteenth century in general. It is a fascinating book... Jay is excellent is on the emergence of medical science as a social force. W.N.Herbert in Scotland on Sunday As well as exploding the fantasy that a society without drugs used to exist, Jay clarifies the question of why so many of them were outlawed...in the process, he tells a series of fascinating stories about the first individuals to describe their effects, and how their use spread. Peter Carty in Time Out Intelligent, witty, cogent and a bit pissed off, Emperors of Dreams is one of the best books on drugs I have come across, and should be mandatory reading for anyone concerned with drug legalisation. Julian Keeling in The New Statesman The changing status of the coca leaf is one of the many stories told by Mike Jay in his engaging survey of drug use in the 19th century.... Fear of pleasure, as Jay shows in this splendid book, is perhaps the most powerful motive in the hysterical anti-drug rhetoric that has created the mess we are in today. Joan Smith in The Independent on Sunday Meticulously researched, compulsively readable and unfailingly fascinating...more than just an inebriating travelogue of days gone by, Jay's book is important in its even-handed, dispassionate and intelligent discussion of such incendiary topics as decriminalisation and legalisation. His closing chapter on temperance and prohibition is perhaps the most level-headed prose ever written on the subject. Gary Lachman in The Fortean Times
Category: History

Drugs In American Society An Encyclopedia Of History Politics Culture And The Law 3 Volumes

Author : Nancy E. Marion
ISBN : 9781610695961
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.21 MB
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Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades
Category: Political Science

Emperors In The Jungle

Author : John Lindsay-Poland
ISBN : 9780822384601
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.77 MB
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Emperors in the Jungle is an exposé of key episodes in the military involvement of the United States in Panama. Investigative journalism at its best, this book reveals how U.S. ideas about taming tropical jungles and people, combined with commercial and military objectives, shaped more than a century of intervention and environmental engineering in a small, strategically located nation. Whether uncovering the U.S. Army’s decades-long program of chemical weapons tests in Panama or recounting the invasion in December 1989 which was the U.S. military’s twentieth intervention in Panama since 1856, John Lindsay-Poland vividly portrays the extent and costs of U.S. involvement. Analyzing new evidence gathered through interviews, archival research, and Freedom of Information Act requests, Lindsay-Poland discloses the hidden history of U.S.–Panama relations, including the human and environmental toll of the massive canal building project from 1904 to 1914. In stunning detail he describes secret chemical weapons tests—of toxins including nerve agent and Agent Orange—as well as plans developed in the 1960s to use nuclear blasts to create a second canal in Panama. He chronicles sustained efforts by Panamanians and international environmental groups to hold the United States responsible for the disposal of the tens of thousands of explosives it left undetonated on the land it turned over to Panama in 1999. In the context of a relationship increasingly driven by the U.S. antidrug campaigns, Lindsay-Poland reports on the myriad issues that surrounded Panama’s takeover of the canal in accordance with the 1977 Panama Canal Treaty, and he assesses the future prospects for the Panamanian people, land, and canal area. Bringing to light historical legacies unknown to most U.S. citizens or even to many Panamanians, Emperors in the Jungle is a major contribution toward a new, more open relationship between Panama and the United States.
Category: Political Science