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Articulating The Elephant Man

Author : Peter W. Graham
ISBN : UOM:39015022285293
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 43.80 MB
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The surgeon Frederick Treves and the anthropologist Ashley Montagu helped make him famous. Filmmaker David Lynch and playwright Bernard Pomerance made him a star. According to the popular press, singer Michael Jackson wanted to buy his bones from London Hospital. Stories about Joseph Merrick--the "Elephant Man" of Victorian England--combine elements of myth and fable, tragedy and melodrama, freak show and farce. And they seem to have perennial appeal. In Articulating the Elephant Man, Peter W. Graham and Fritz H. Oehlschlaeger examine how the phenomenon called "the Elephant Man" has been constructed and reconstructed--how Joseph Merrick has been transformed from a suffering individual into an exhibit, a shape-shifting curiosity whose different guises variously suit the needs of particular audiences, genres, and interpreters. Merrick's "presenters" have been a varied group of artists, medical experts, scholars, and biographers. But preceding them all is Merrick himself, no mere passive sufferer but an individual who bravely endured--and, when he had to, successfully exploited--his outrageous bodily disorder. According to Graham and Oehlschlaeger, each account--starting with Merrick's autobiographical pamphlet--blends description and creation, observation and self-revelation, and the selective recording, alteration, and suppression of details. Telling the story of the Elephant Man, whether as a drama, a film, a sequence of poems, or a medical case study, often reveals as much about the observer as it does about the subject. The Victorians' accounts of Merrick, for example, reflect that era's tendency to normalize the extraordinary, to colonize the exotic. For them, Merrick was both an ideal object of charity and a challenge to their most basic assumptions about humanity. In our own time, Merrick is cast as the ultimate outsider. If it was culturally convenient for the Victorians to patronize Merrick and congratulate his "benefactors," contemporary cultural biases make it easier for us to admire him as a subversive hero and to debunk his "exploiters." Like the hero of a folk tale, the real Merrick suffered indignities but enjoyed a dramatic change of fortune. At the end of his life, he had attained a measure of comfort, a small portion of fame, and the courteous notice of the eminent, the beautiful, even the royal. At the heart of his story, the authors suggest, is Merrick's humanity--and telling his story helps us define our own. Merrick faced what every human being who grows old or falls ill must endure, the sufferer's painful questions about cause and effect, about personal guilt or cosmic cruelty. He knew the isolation felt by every outsider--the poor, the homeless, the victimized, even the modern "superstar." And, like each of us, he must have wondered if appearance is, after all, a misleading mask.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Elephant Man

Author : Ashley Montagu
ISBN : 0925417416
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 89.90 MB
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?The Elephant Man? has touched the hearts and imaginations of readers since the day his name was first mentioned in the mass media, in a letter to the editor of The Times of London in 1886. For a number of years Joseph Merrick, who was terribly deformed due to a genetic disorder, earned his living by being exhibited as a curiosity in traveling freak shows. He was billed as ?The Great Freak of Nature! Half a Man & Half an Elephant.? Merrick was rescued from his demeaning occupation by Frederick Treves, the head surgeon at the London Hospital. Treves took him in, befriended him, helped to make a permanent home for him in the hospital, and generally treated him like a human being rather than an animal. And in the course of this humane treatment, Merrick?s personality was radically transformed ? from that of a frightened, withdrawn, inarticulate creature into that of a cordial, conversant, gentle human being. Treves never did understand how such a transformation was possible ? particularly since he assumed that Merrick had been abandoned by his mother at an early age and had led a life of near total deprivation. It was a mystery to him. And it remained a mystery to the public at large for the better part of a century, until the question was addressed by anthropologist Ashley Montagu, whose first book on the Elephant Man appeared in 1971. Now, in this Third Edition of The Elephant Man, Dr. Montagu defines and solves the mystery surrounding Joseph Merrick?s personality in a clearer, more definitive fashion than ever before.How could this poor creature turn out to be such a kind, gentle, even refined person after being subjected to so much tribulation? Montagu explains: ?The answer can almost certainly be found, more than anywhere else, in the person of Mary Jane Merrick, his mother, and in the loving manner in which she reared and nurtured him.? Montagu?s new writings in this Third Edition deal with ? indeed, they celebrate ? the supreme importance of a mother?s love for her child. They recognize and pay tribute to the role that mothers everywhere play in the creation and development of whole, healthy, loving human beings. And they bring new meaning and understanding to the old adage, ?The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.?
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Words For Elephant Man

Author : Kenneth Sherman
ISBN : 9780889843509
Genre : Poetry
File Size : 54.54 MB
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Kenneth Sherman's collection Words for Elephant Man delves into the fascinating life of Joseph Merrick, the titular `Elephant Man' who came to prominence as a sideshow curiosity in England in the late nineteenth century. Sherman's spare, captivating verse gives a voice to Merrick's fraught and complex existence, and couples it with a genuine compassion quite distant from the chill of a gawking public.
Category: Poetry

The Elephant Man

Author : Christine Sparks
ISBN : 9780307804501
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 62.79 MB
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John Merrick had lived for more than twenty years imprisoned in a body that condemned him to a miserable life in the workhouse and to humiliation as a circus sideshow freak. But beneath that tragic exterior, within that enormous and deformed head, thrived the soul of a poet, the heart of a dreamer, the longings of a man. Based on the extraordinary motion picture that captured the heart of America.
Category: Fiction

Making The Elephant Man

Author : Jonathan Sanger
ISBN : 9781476627311
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 80.42 MB
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The true story of John (Joseph) Merrick—a.k.a. the Elephant Man—has captured the imagination of generations of audiences, critics, actors and filmmakers. In 1978, producer Jonathan Sanger received a screenplay from two unknown writers about a hideously disfigured man who refused to fall victim to despair and instead exemplified human dignity. Reading it (twice), Sanger was determined that Merrick’s story would be told. This book is Sanger’s unvarnished first-person account of how The Elephant Man (1980) was made. His adventure in filmmaking—itself a study in triumph over despair—involved special effects nightmares, scheduling conflicts, location issues and many risky decisions. Assembling a team that included Mel Brooks (executive producer), David Lynch (director) and actors John Hurt and Anthony Hopkins, Sanger persevered in making this inspiring, award-winning film.
Category: Performing Arts

Elephant Man

Author : Bernard Pomerance
ISBN : 9780802196019
Genre : Drama
File Size : 69.95 MB
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"The Elephant Man" is based on the life of John Merrick, who lived in London during the latter part of the nineteenth century. A horribly deformed young man, who has been a freak attraction in traveling side shows, is found abandoned and helpless and is admitted for observation to Whitechapel, a prestigious London hospital. Under the care of a famous young doctor, who educates him and introduces him to London society, Merrick changes from a sensational object of pity to the urbane and witty favorite of the aristocracy and literati. But his belief that he can become a man like any other is a dream never to be realized.
Category: Drama

The True History Of The Elephant Man

Author : Michael Howell
ISBN : 9781626367722
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 84.43 MB
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The amazing life of the medical marvel who fascinated Victorian London. Due to horrible physical deformities, he spent much of his life as a fairground freak. He was hounded, persecuted, and starving, until his fortune changed and he was rescued, housed, and fed by the distinguished surgeon, Frederick Treves. The subject of several books, a Broadway hit, and a film, Joseph Merrick has become part of popular mythology. Here, in this fully revised edition containing much fresh information, are the true and unromanticized facts of his life.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Elephant Man

Author : Bernard Pomerance
ISBN : 0802130410
Genre : Drama
File Size : 30.54 MB
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The award-winning drama based on the life of John Merrick focuses on a horribly deformed man's introduction to London society and his transformation from a sensational object of pity to the witty favorite of the aristocracy and literati
Category: Drama

The Elephant Man With Audio Level 1 Oxford Bookworms Library

Author : Tim Vicary
ISBN : 9780194631587
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 55.84 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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A level 1 Oxford Bookworms Library graded reader. This version includes an audio book: listen to the story as you read. Written for Learners of English by Tim Vicary. He is not beautiful. His mother does not want him, children run away from him. People laugh at him, and call him 'The Elephant Man'. Then someone speaks to him - and listens to him! At the age of 27, Joseph Merrick finds a friend for the first time in his life. This is a true and tragic story. It is also a famous film.
Category: Foreign Language Study

The Elephant Man

Author : Tim Vicary
ISBN : 0194237435
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 52.92 MB
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He is not beautiful, his mother doesn't want him, children run away from him, people laugh at him. He's called "The Elephant Man." Then someone speaks to him and befriends him. Includes activities at the end of the story.
Category: Foreign Language Study