The Current Digest Of The Soviet Press

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Work Without Wages

Author : Padma Desai
ISBN : 0262262363
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 71.9 MB
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Focusing on the roots and scale of wage nonpayment, the book is an indispensable guide to understanding Russia's economic restructuring and of the social costs of the transition born by the general population. The seventy-year-old Soviet tradition of "wages without work" soon turned into "work without wages" when the planned economy began switching to a market system in 1992. Lack of budget discipline, the breakdown of contractual obligations at all levels, and the failure of state agencies to enforce laws among businesses led to pervasive wage nonpayment to workers in both the public and private sectors. In this book Padma Desai and Todd Idson combine econometric rigor, policy analysis, and empirical evidence to analyze wage nonpayment patterns across demographic groups defined by gender, age, and education, and in various occupations, industries, and regions of Russia. They also examine wage nonpayment to Russia's military personnel, in the wider context of a disintegrating military. Focusing on the roots and scale of wage nonpayment, the book is an indispensable guide to understanding Russia's economic restructuring and of the social costs of the transition born by the general population. Among the questions addressed are: How did Russia's factory managers decide who, among various categories of workers, would not get paid? Did wage denial push people below the poverty line? How did families survive when denied wages? Did strikes lead to reduced wage arrears? The authors describe a variety of survival strategies on the part of Russian families, including informal paid activity, the selling of family assets, home production for consumption and sale, and the receiving of cash from relatives.
Category: Business & Economics

Current Soviet Policies

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105014694546
Genre : Soviet Union
File Size : 64.47 MB
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Category: Soviet Union

Naval War College Review

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89067890319
Genre : International relations
File Size : 47.70 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Category: International relations

The Impact Of European Rights On National Legal Cultures

Author : Miriam Aziz
ISBN : 9781841133096
Genre : Law
File Size : 49.69 MB
Format : PDF
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This book contributes to the debate about the impact of European Community Law on the national constitutional orders and cultures of the respective Member States. The author examines the doctrine of sovereignty as a mechanism within which this impact may be best assessed and in particular how it underwrites the tension between European Union rights and the rights provided by the respective legal orders of the Member States. In particular the book focuses on political,social and civil rights, drawing from T.H. Marshall's typology. In endorsing an appropriate analytical framework, the book challenges both existing law and secondary literature in order to argue that the terminology, the concepts and the tools which are used to assess the impact of the EC law on the national constitutional orders are to be selected with great care. This is particularly apposite given the complexity of constitutional diversity, in terms of national constitutions and their reception of EC law. It is also important because of the variety of approaches involved in the constitutional adjustment of the acquis of the Union within the context of the increasing drive to constitutionalisation of the Union on the one hand and enlargement on the other.
Category: Law

Unchained Reactions

Author : Arthur T. Hopkins
ISBN : 0788112570
Genre : Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, Chornobylʹ, Ukraine, 1986
File Size : 25.9 MB
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Covers the 1986 explosion of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and its aftermath. Recounts a string of significant events that hurried the effects of Glasnost along: the inept efforts to clean up the site, and the growing realization by Soviet citizens of what really happened. Appendix includes a complete chronology of recovery cost estimates. Illustrated.
Category: Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, Chornobylʹ, Ukraine, 1986

Readings In Russian Civilization Volume 3

Author : Thomas Riha
ISBN : 0226718468
Genre : History
File Size : 76.67 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 208
Read : 990

"This new and enlarged version of Readings in Russian Civilization is the result of fairly extensive revisions. There are now 72 instead of 64 items; 20 of the selections are new. The first volume has undergone the least change with 3 new items, of which 2 appear in English for the first time. In the second volume there are 6 new items; all of them appear in English for the first time. The third volume has undergone the greatest revision, with 11 new items, of which 6 are newly translated from the Russian. It is the editor's hope that items left out in the new edition will not be sorely missed, and that the new selections will turn out to be useful and illuminating. The aim, throughout, has been to cover areas of knowledge and periods which had been neglected in the first edition, and to include topics which are important in the study of the Russian past and present. "The bibliographical headnotes have been enlarged, with the result that there are now approximately twice as many entries as in the old edition. New citations include not only works which have appeared since 1963, but also older books and articles which have come to the editor's attention."—From the Editor's Preface ". . . a judicious combination of seminal works and more recent commentaries that achieves the editor's purpose of stimulating curiosity and developing a point of view."—C. Bickford O'Brien, The Russian Review "These three volumes cover quite well the main periods of Russian civilization. The choice of the articles and other material is made by a competent and unbiased scholar."—Ivan A. Lopatin, Professor of Asian and Slavic Studies, University of Southern California
Category: History

The Stages Of Economic Growth

Author : Walt Whitman Rostow
ISBN : 0521409284
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.34 MB
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This volume will be of interest not only to those concerned with the theory of economic growth but also to students of policy since the 1960s
Category: Business & Economics

Russian Foreign Policy In The Twenty First Century And The Shadow Of The Past

Author : Robert Legvold
ISBN : 9780231512176
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.7 MB
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Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.
Category: Political Science

Ukrainian Nationalism In The Post Stalin Era

Author : K.C. Farmer
ISBN : 9789400989078
Genre : History
File Size : 85.25 MB
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It is a truism that, with only a few notable exceptions, western scholars only belatedly turned their attention to the phenomenon of minority nationalism in the USSR. In the last two decades, however, the topic has increasingly occupied the attention of specialists on the Soviet Union, not only because its depths and implications have not yet been adequately plumbed, but also because it is clearly a potentially explosive problem for the Soviet system itself. The problem that minority nationalism poses is perceived rather differently at the "top" of Soviet society than at the "bottom. " The elite views - or at least rationalize- the problem through the lens of Marxism-Leninism, which explains nationalist sentiment as a part of the "super structure," a temporary phenomenon that will disappear in the course of building communism. That it has not done so is a primary source of concern for the Soviet leadership, who do not seem to understand it and do not wish to accept its reality. This is based on a fallacious conceptuali zation of ethnic nationalism as determined wholly by external, or objective, factors and therefore subject to corrective measures. In terms of origins, it is believed to be the result of past oppression and discrimination; it is thus seen as a negative attitudinal set the essence of which lies in tangible, rather than psychological, factors. Below the level of the leadership, however, ethnic nationalism reflects entrenched identifications and meanings which lend continuity and authenticity to human existence.
Category: History

Crime And Punishment In Soviet Officialdom

Author : William A. Clark
ISBN : 1563240564
Genre : History
File Size : 89.23 MB
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An analysis of political corruption and attempts to battle it in the Soviet elite, without the usual baggage of moral indignation and finger-pointing. Examines how corruption fit into the structure of the bureaucracy and the society, attitudes toward it, data on its prevalence, the politics and methods of combating it, and the future of reform in the successor states. Paper edition (unseen), $16.50. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Category: History

The Soviet Linguistic Controversy

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015008172853
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 38.76 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 599
Read : 1075

"... Thirty-one articles which... were originally translated for, and appeared in, The Current digest of the Soviet press. All are complete translations of articles published in Pravda during 1950."-p.[4] of cover.
Category: Language and languages

Soviet Fates And Lost Alternatives

Author : Stephen F. Cohen
ISBN : 9780231520423
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50.81 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this wide-ranging and acclaimed book, Stephen F. Cohen challenges conventional wisdom about the course of Soviet and post-Soviet history. Reexamining leaders from Nikolai Bukharin, Stalin's preeminent opponent, and Nikita Khrushchev to Mikhail Gorbachev and his rival Yegor Ligachev, Cohen shows that their defeated policies were viable alternatives and that their tragic personal fates shaped the Soviet Union and Russia today. Cohen's ramifying arguments include that Stalinism was not the predetermined outcome of the Communist Revolution; that the Soviet Union was reformable and its breakup avoidable; and that the opportunity for a real post-Cold War relationship with Russia was squandered in Washington, not in Moscow. This is revisionist history at its best, compelling readers to rethink fateful events of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and the possibilities ahead. In his new epilogue, Cohen expands his analysis of U.S. policy toward post-Soviet Russia, tracing its development in the Clinton and Obama administrations and pointing to its initiation of a "new Cold War" that, he implies, has led to a fateful confrontation over Ukraine.
Category: Political Science

Philosophical Sovietology

Author : Helmut Dahm
ISBN : 9789400940314
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76.25 MB
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On February 24-25, 1956, in a closed session of the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Nikita S. Khrushchev made his now famous speech on the crimes of the Stalin era. That speech marked a break with the past and it marked the end of what J.M. Bochenski dubbed the "dead period" of Soviet philosophy. Soviet philosophy changed abruptly after 1956, especially in the area of dialectical materialism. Yet most philosophers in the West neither noticed nor cared. For them, the resurrection of Soviet philosophy, even if believable, was of little interest. The reasons for the lack of belief and interest were multiple. Soviet philosophy had been dull for so long that subtle differences made little difference. The Cold War was in a frigid period and reinforced the attitude of avoiding anything Soviet. Phenomenology and exis tentialism were booming in Europe and analytic philosophy was king on the Anglo-American philosophical scene. Moreover, not many philosophers in the West knew or could read Russian or were motivated to learn it to be able to read Soviet philosophical works. The launching of Sputnik awakened the West from its self complacent slumbers. Academic interest in the Soviet Union grew.
Category: Philosophy

The Conduct Of Soviet Foreign Policy

Author : Erik Peter Hoffmann
ISBN : 0202365042
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89.72 MB
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Articles by Brzezinski, Pipes, Schulman, Gati and two new chapters written by Hoffmann and Laird, bring new information to this edition on geo-politics, SALT, China and the scientific-technological revolution's effects in the Soviet Union. The last three sections of the book include updated selections such as a "Retrospect and Prospect" on the use/abuse of Soviet power.
Category: Political Science

Readings In Russian Civilization Volume I

Author : Thomas Riha
ISBN : 0226718433
Genre : History
File Size : 26.56 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 634
Read : 365

"This new and enlarged version of Readings in Russian Civilization is the result of fairly extensive revisions. There are now 72 instead of 64 items; 20 of the selections are new. The first volume has undergone the least change with 3 new items, of which 2 appear in English for the first time. In the second volume there are 6 new items; all of them appear in English for the first time. The third volume has undergone the greatest revision, with 11 new items, of which 6 are newly translated from the Russian. It is the editor's hope that items left out in the new edition will not be sorely missed, and that the new selections will turn out to be useful and illuminating. The aim, throughout, has been to cover areas of knowledge and periods which had been neglected in the first edition, and to include topics which are important in the study of the Russian past and present. "The bibliographical headnotes have been enlarged, with the result that there are now approximately twice as many entries as in the old edition. New citations include not only works which have appeared since 1963, but also older books and articles which have come to the editor's attention."—From the Editor's Preface ". . . a judicious combination of seminal works and more recent commentaries that achieves the editor's purpose of stimulating curiosity and developing a point of view."—C. Bickford O'Brien, The Russian Review "These three volumes cover quite well the main periods of Russian civilization. The choice of the articles and other material is made by a competent and unbiased scholar."—Ivan A. Lopatin, Professor of Asian and Slavic Studies, University of Southern California
Category: History