The Concept Of Abuse In Eu Competition Law

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The Concept Of Abuse In Eu Competition Law

Author : Pinar Akman
ISBN : 9781847318893
Genre : Law
File Size : 72.59 MB
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The objective(s) of Article 102 TFEU, what exactly makes a practice abusive and the standard of harm under Article 102 TFEU have not yet been settled. This lack of clarity creates uncertainty for businesses and, coupled with the current state of economics in this area, raises an important question of legitimacy. Using law and economic approaches, this book inquires into the possible objectives of Article 102 TFEU and proposes a modern approach to interpreting 'abuse'. In doing so, this book establishes an overarching concept of 'abuse' that conforms to the historical roots of the provision, to the text of the provision itself, and to modern economic thinking on unilateral conduct. This book therefore inquires into what Article 102 TFEU is about, what it can be about and what it should be about regarding both objectives and scope. The book demonstrates that the separation of exploitative abuse from exclusionary abuse is artificial and unsound. It examines the roots of Article 102 TFEU and the historical context of the adoption of the Treaty, the case law, policy and literature on exploitative abuses and, where relevant, on exclusionary abuses. The book investigates potential objectives, such as fairness and welfare, as well as the potential conflict between such objectives. Finally, it critically assesses the European Commission's modernisation of Article 102 TFEU, before proposing a reformed approach to 'abuse' which is centred on three necessary and sufficient conditions: exploitation, exclusion and a lack of an increase in efficiency.
Category: Law

Abusive Practices In Competition Law

Author : Fabiana Di Porto
ISBN : 9781788117340
Genre :
File Size : 83.78 MB
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Abusive Practices in Competition Law tackles the difficult questions presented to competition lawyers and economists regarding abusive practices: where and when is the red line crossed in competitive advances? When is a company explicitly dominant? How do you handle those who hold superior bargaining power over others but are not classed as dominant?

Abuse Of Dominance In Eu Competition Law

Author : Pier Luigi Parcu
ISBN : 9781785367625
File Size : 72.92 MB
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Granting rebates to a customer or refusing to supply a competitor are examples of ordinary commercial practices, which become ‘abusive’ under Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) when carried out by ‘dominant’ firms. This topical book provides an up-to-date account of the emerging trends in the enforcement and interpretation of this provision at both the EU and national level.

The Foundations Of European Union Competition Law

Author : Renato Nazzini
ISBN : 9780199226153
Genre : Law
File Size : 67.92 MB
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Article 82 of the EC Treaty prohibits the abuse of a dominant position as incompatible with the common market. Its application in practice has been wide-ranging with goals as diverse as the preservation of an undistorted competitive process, the protection of economic freedom, the maximisation of consumer welfare, total welfare, or economic efficiency all cited as possible or desirable objectives. These conflicting aims have raised complex, conceptual questions such as how a dominant position should be defined, and how abuses can be assessed. This book addresses the conceptual questions underlying the test to be applied under Article 82 in light of the objectives of EU competition law. Adopting a comparative and interdisciplinary approach, the book covers all the main issues relating to Article 82, including the definition of dominance, the taxonomy of abuses, and the criteria for the assessment of individual abusive practices. It provides an in-depth doctrinal and normativecommentary of the case law with the aim of establishing an intellectually robust and practically workable analytical framework for abuse of dominance.
Category: Law

Eu Competition Law

Author : Alison Jones
ISBN : 9780198824657
Genre : Law
File Size : 89.70 MB
Format : PDF
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The essential guide to EU competition law for students in one volume; extracts from key cases, academic works, and legislation are paired with incisive critique and commentary from an expert author team. In this fast-paced subject area, the authors carefully highlight the most important cases, legislation, and developments to allow students to navigate the breadth of legislation and case law. With their clear explanations and commentary, the authors provide invaluable support to students as they approach this complex and highly technical area of law. Extracts provide opportunities for students to understand the law in practice, and to see its relevance to business. Indispensable for undergraduate and postgraduate students alike, this is the standalone guide to the competition law of the EU. Online resources: The text is accompanied by online resources containing: -An additional chapter on State Aid -Web links -Updates in the law
Category: Law

Handbook On European Competition Law

Author : Ioannis Lianos
ISBN : 9781781006023
Genre : Law
File Size : 76.81 MB
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This Handbook will be an indispensable reference work for practitioners and scholars, as well as for those in an enforcement environment.
Category: Law

Abuse Of Dominant Position New Interpretation New Enforcement Mechanisms

Author : Mark-Oliver Mackenrodt
ISBN : 9783540699651
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.89 MB
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As part of its review of competition law that started in the late 1990s, the European Commission proposes to revise its interpretation and application of the Treaty’s prohibition of abuses of dominant positions. Also, it has instigated a debate about the promotion of private enforcement of EC competition law. On the former subject, the Commission published a Discussion Paper in 2005; on the latter, a Green Paper in 2005, followed by a White Paper in 2008. The chapters in this volume critically appraise the Commission’s proposals, including the most recent ones. The authors also highlight the repercussions of the proposed ‘more economic approach’ to abuses of dominant positions on private litigants’ opportunities to bring damages actions in national courts for such abuses.
Category: Political Science

Competition Law Of The Eu And Uk

Author : Sandra Marco Colino
ISBN : 9780198725053
Genre : Law
File Size : 40.59 MB
Format : PDF
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Competition Law of the EU and UK is the essential introduction to competition law. Clear and accessible, without compromising on rigor, it helps students to navigate all of the technicalities of competition law. With strong coverage of the economics underpinning the law, this text leads students through the complexities of competition law and helps them to understand its principles. Designed to bring the law to life, a range of learning features aid comprehension and invite students to think about the many applications of competition law. Key cases boxes provide lively discussion, and user-friendly flow charts and visual aids offer a stimulating approach to competition law, making it an ideal introduction to the subject for undergraduates and postgraduates new to this area of law. An Online Resource Centre accompanies this book and provides: Summary maps and key cases - downloadable for ease of use Multiple choice questions - to help students to self-check progress and understanding Table of OFT decisions - for quick reference Web links - to enable students to take their learning further
Category: Law

European Competition Law Annual 2003

Author : Claus-Dieter Ehlermann
ISBN : 9781847310507
Genre : Law
File Size : 42.67 MB
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The European Competition Law Annual 2003 is the eighth in a series of volumes following the annual workshops on EU Competition Law and Policy held at the Robert Schuman Centre of the European University in Florence. The volume reproduces the materials of the roundtable debate that took place at the eighth Workshop and is dedicated to the question What is an Abuse of a Dominant Position?. It contains the usual mix of expert discussion and expert papers presented by the participants at this annual gathering of leading EU and international experts on competition law.
Category: Law

An Introduction To Eu Competition Law

Author : Moritz Lorenz
ISBN : 9781107018174
Genre : Law
File Size : 52.56 MB
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"Section on the Economic Foundations of EU competition law contributed by Julia Dietrich."
Category: Law

Sourcebook On Eu Competition Law

Author : Anne-Marie Van den Bossche
ISBN : 9782804485610
Genre : Law
File Size : 90.23 MB
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One risks to drown in the flood of ever more regulatory texts, judgments, books and articles on European competition law. The Sourcebook on EU Competition Law brings some order to this subject. It combines the advantages of a practical one-volume overview of the law as it stands with an extensive bibliography which puts the reader on the right track towards in-depth research. The Sourcebook on EU Competition Law offers: (a) a full-text collection of EU documents on competition law: core Articles of the post-Lisbon Treaties, relevant Protocols, secondary legislation, Commission notices and communications; (b) excerpts of relevant judgments of the General Court and the European Court of Justice; (c) an extensive bibliography with books, articles and overviews of case law in several EU languages; and (d) notification forms, brought together in a separate section for easy reference. The Sourcebook on EU Competition Law covers all areas of competition law: restrictive practices, abuse of dominant position, merger control, state aid and services of general economic interest. The book’s structure allows the reader to distinguish easily between the essential provisions and the implementing measures.
Category: Law

Rethinking Exclusionary Abuses In Eu Competition Law

Author : Ekaterina Rousseva
ISBN : 1841139262
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.4 MB
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This book offers an original interpretation of the case law on exclusionary abuses under Article 82 EC (now Article 102 TFEU, according to the numbering introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon), and it identifies the various factors that have shaped the application of this provision through its history. The book provides an in-depth analysis of the European Commission's Guidance on enforcement priorities under Article 82 and it makes a provocative proposal for further modernisation of the analysis of exclusionary abuses by recasting the prohibition of abuse of dominance as a norm which deals only with unilateral conduct. The first part of the book reconsiders fundamental legal and economic concepts underpinning the assessment of exclusionary abuses and identifies the difficulties posed by the principal forms of abusive practices (refusals to deal, predatory pricing, rebates and tying). The EU case law is compared with the US experience under Section 2 of the Sherman Act. The second part of the book explores solutions, based on the premise that the reform of Article 82 (now Article 102 TFEU) should be in line with the modernisation of Article 81 (now Article 101 TFEU) and the EU merger control rules. The last chapter demonstrates the gradual convergence of the application of Articles 81 and 82 in the area of vertical restraints. It points towards a redefined division of labour between these two provisions with a view to ensuring efficient enforcement, better protection of consumer interests, and clearer incentives for dominant firms to invest in desirable commercial practices. The book will be of interest to students and practitioners of EU competition law, and to those in other jurisdictions where the application of competition law to practices of dominant firms is controversial.
Category: Law

Eu Competition Law

Author : Eleanor M. Fox
ISBN : 9781786430847
Genre : Law
File Size : 25.45 MB
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This clear and concise textbook presents EU competition law in political, economic and comparative context. It combines excerpts from key EU rulings with discussions of enforcement policy issues and comparisons with US antitrust cases. Untangling the complex set of factors driving individual outcomes, it is the perfect companion for any student or practitioner in the field.
Category: Law

Competition Law In The Eu

Author : Johan W. van de Gronden
ISBN : 9781788974752
Genre : Law
File Size : 76.47 MB
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This incisive textbook enhances understanding of EU competition law, exploring significant substantive and enforcement issues relating to antitrust, merger control and state aid law. Providing an examination of well-established doctrines, landmark judgements and the impact of recent developments, this textbook also emphasises the importance of the interplay between domestic and European competition law by discussing national competition rules and frameworks.
Category: Law

A Principled Approach To Abuse Of Dominance In European Competition Law

Author : Liza Lovdahl Gormsen
ISBN : 9781139486842
Genre : Law
File Size : 52.79 MB
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Three questions surround the interpretation and application of Article 82 of the EC Treaty. What is its underlying purpose? Is it necessary to demonstrate actual or likely anticompetitive effects on the market place when applying Article 82? And how can dominant undertakings defend themselves against a finding of abuse? Instead of the usual discussion of objectives, Liza Lovdahl Gormsen questions whether the Commission's chosen objective of consumer welfare is legitimate. While many Community lawyers would readily accept and indeed welcome the objective of consumer welfare, this is not supported by case law. The Community Courts do not always favour consumer welfare at the expense of economic freedom. This is important for dominant undertakings' ability to advance efficiencies and for understanding why the Chicago and post-Chicago School arguments cannot be injected into Article 82.
Category: Law

Neue Wohnungsgemeinn Tzigkeit

Author : Jan Kuhnert
ISBN : 9783658175702
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.57 MB
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In diesem Buch werden umsetzungsorientierte Konzepte zur Einführung einer neuen Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit in Deutschland auf der Grundlage der Erfahrungen in ihrer langen Geschichte (1851 bis 1989) entwickelt. Hierfür werden historische, rechtliche und politische Gesichtspunkte sowie die europarechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen aufbereitet. Anhand der Beispiele von Österreich und den Niederlanden werden auch zwei aktuelle Wege einer sozialen Wohnraumversorgung analysiert und nutzbar gemacht. Für eine neue Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit werden schnell umsetzbare Maßnahmen sowie ein detailliertes Konzept für den Aufbau eines größeren gemeinwohlorientierten Wohnungsangebotes vorgeschlagen.
Category: Political Science

Competition Law In Developing Countries

Author : Thomas K. Cheng
ISBN : 9780198862697
Genre : Law
File Size : 34.13 MB
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This book brings together perspectives of development economics and law to tackle the relationship between competition law enforcement and economic development. It addresses the question of whether, and how, competition law enforcement helps to promote economic growth and development. This question is highly pertinent for developing countries largely because many developing countries have only adopted competition law in recent years: about thirty jurisdictions had in place a competition law in the early 1980s, and there are now more than 130 competition law regimes across the world, of which many are developing countries. The book proposes a customized approach to competition law enforcement for developing countries, set against the background of the academic and policy debate concerning convergence of competition law. The implicit premise of convergence is that there may exist one, or a few, correct approaches to competition law enforcement, which in most cases emanate from developed jurisdictions, that are applicable to all. This book rejects this assumption and argues that developing countries ought to tailor competition law enforcement to their own economic and political circumstances. In particular, it suggests how competition law enforcement can better incorporate development concerns without causing undue dilution of its traditional focus on protecting consumer welfare. It proposes ways in which approaches to competition law enforcement need to be adjusted to reflect the special economic characteristics of developing country economies and the more limited enforcement capacity of developing country competition authorities. Finally, it also addresses the long-running debate concerning the desirability and viability of industrial policy for developing countries.
Category: Law

The Roles Of Innovation In Competition Law Analysis

Author : Paul Nihoul
ISBN : 9781788972444
Genre :
File Size : 87.92 MB
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Rapid technological innovations have challenged the conventional application of antitrust and competition law across the globe. Acknowledging these challenges, this original work analyses the roles of innovation in competition law analysis and reflects on how competition and antitrust law can be refined and tailored to innovation.

Handbook Of Eu Competition Law

Author : Walter Frenz
ISBN : 9783662485934
Genre : Law
File Size : 26.87 MB
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This handbook offers detailed descriptions of EU competition law, including mergers and public authorities. Above all, it analyzes and discusses recent decisions of the ECJ and the General Court. Presenting systematically structured and theoretically founded content, the book also includes recommendations for practitioners. Special attention is paid to the scope of penalties and the influence on fundamental rights. Rounding out the book, the conflict between safeguarding confidential information and the effectiveness of private and public enforcement is discussed intensively in the context of the new Directive 2014/104/EU.
Category: Law