THE CLASS CEILING

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The Class Ceiling

Author : Friedman, Sam
ISBN : 9781447336082
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30.71 MB
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Politicians continually tell us that anyone can get ahead. But is that really true? This important book takes readers behind the closed doors of elite employers to reveal how class affects who gets to the top. Friedman and Laurison show that a powerful ‘class pay gap’ exists in Britain’s elite occupations. Even when those from working-class backgrounds make it into prestigious jobs, they earn, on average, 16% less than colleagues from privileged backgrounds. But why is this the case? . Drawing on 200 interviews across four case studies - television, accountancy, architecture, and acting – they explore the complex barriers facing the upwardly mobile. This is a rich, ambitious book that demands we take seriously not just the glass but also the class ceiling.
Category: Social Science

Breaking The Glass Ceiling

Author : Jocelyn Hezekiah
ISBN : 9781466958876
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 62.74 MB
Format : PDF
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Breaking the Glass Ceiling documents the achievements of three leaders in Caribbean nurshing at the time of the nascent struggle for indigenous leadership in all areas of West Indian society. It is a narrative of the lives of three extraordinary women who gained both regional and international recognition: Dame Nita Barrow of Barbados, Berenice Dolly of Trinidad and Tobago, and Dr. Mary Sievwright of Jamaica. A feminist and colonialist theoretical perspective is used for the exploration of political, social and economic structures of the societies prior and during the nurses' era in order to provide a context for their achievements and contributions. They were bright, black women who embraced each challenge that came their way as an opportunity for growth. This growth was not for personal gain or self-aggrandizement but for the good of womankind and the nursing profession...The single common distinguishing feature of these three women was their selfless devotion to service. They worked relentlessly to improve the image of nursing, the nursing profession, and the status of women. Each one did so in her own unique way, and each had a deep, abiding religious faith. Their stories depict their different approaches to their service to women generally and nursing specifically, whether it was in the international arena, in the Caribbean setting or in their own native land. They were outstanding role models. They rose to prominence in a society in which racism, gender and class distinctions existed and did so with continued vitality and political savvy then most women at the time. They defied tradition within a traditional woman's occupation. They blazed the way for black women and nurses in particular to reach for the top. They were the first black women in nursing in the Caribbean to receive national and international acclaim, albeit not all to the same extent, and were the acknowledged role models for black nurses and women in the region.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Glass Ceilings And Asian Americans

Author : Deborah Woo
ISBN : 0742503356
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.88 MB
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Throughout the history of the United States, fluctuations in cultural diversity, immigration, and ethnic group status have been closely linked to shifts in the economy and labor market. Over three decades after the beginning of the civil rights movement, and in the midst of significant socioeconomic change at the end of this century, scholars search for new ways to describe the persistent roadblocks to upward mobility that women and people of color still encounter in the workforce. In Glass Ceilings and Asian Americans, Deborah Woo analyzes current scholarship and controversies on the glass ceiling and labor market discrimination in conjunction with the specific labor histories of Asian American ethnic groups. She then presents unique, in-depth studies of two current sites--a high tech firm and higher education--to argue that a glass ceiling does in fact exist for Asian Americans, both according to quantifiable data and to Asian American workers' own perceptions of their workplace experiences. Woo's studies make an important contribution to understanding the increasingly complex and subtle interactions between ethnicity and organizational cultures in today's economic institutions and labor markets.
Category: Business & Economics

The Art Of The Metaobject Protocol

Author : Gregor Kiczales
ISBN : 0262610744
Genre : Computers
File Size : 33.42 MB
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The CLOS metaobject protocol is an elegant, high-performance extension to theCommonLisp Object System. The authors, who developed the metaobject protocol and who were among thegroup that developed CLOS, introduce this new approach to programming language design, describe itsevolution and design principles, and present a formal specification of a metaobject protocol forCLOS.Kiczales, des Rivières, and Bobrow show that the "art of metaobject protocol design" lies increating a synthetic combination of object-oriented and reflective techniques that can be appliedunder existing software engineering considerations to yield a new approach to programming languagedesign that meets a broad set of design criteria.One of the major benefits of including themetaobject protocol in programming languages is that it allows users to adjust the language tobetter suit their needs. Metaobject protocols also disprove the adage that adding more flexibilityto a programming language reduces its performance. In presenting the principles of metaobjectprotocols, the authors work with actual code for a simplified implementation of CLOS and itsmetaobject protocol, providing an opportunity for the reader to gain hands-on experience with thedesign process. They also include a number of exercises that address important concerns and openissues.Gregor Kiczales and Jim des Rivières, are Members of the Research Staff, and Daniel Bobrow isa Research Fellow, in the System Sciences Laboratory at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center.
Category: Computers

Class Reunion

Author : Lois Weis
ISBN : 9781135932985
Genre : Education
File Size : 54.43 MB
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Noted scholar Lois Weis first visited the town of "Freeway" in her 1990 book, Working Class Without Work. In that book we met the students and teachers of Freeway's high school to understand how these working-class folks made sense of their lives. Now, fifteen years later, Weis has gone back to Freeway for Class Reunion. This time her focus is on the now grown-up students who are, for the most part, still working class and now struggling to survive the challenges of the global economy. Class Reunion is a rare and valuable longitudinal ethnographic study that provides powerful, provocative insight into how the lives of these men and women have changed over the last two decades--and what their prospects might be for the future.
Category: Education

Class Lives

Author : Chuck Collins
ISBN : 9780801454523
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.26 MB
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Class Lives is an anthology of narratives dramatizing the lived experience of class in America. It includes forty original essays from authors who represent a range of classes, genders, races, ethnicities, ages, and occupations across the United States. Born into poverty, working class, the middle class, and the owning class—and every place in between—the contributors describe their class journeys in narrative form, recounting one or two key stories that illustrate their growing awareness of class and their place, changing or stable, within the class system. The stories in Class Lives are both gripping and moving. One contributor grows up in hunger and as an adult becomes an advocate for the poor and homeless. Another acknowledges the truth that her working-class father's achievements afforded her and the rest of the family access to people with power. A gifted child from a working-class home soon understands that intelligence is a commodity but finds his background incompatible with his aspirations and so attempts to divide his life into separate worlds. Together, these essays form a powerful narrative about the experience of class and the importance of learning about classism, class cultures, and the intersections of class, race, and gender. Class Lives will be a helpful resource for students, teachers, sociologists, diversity trainers, activists, and a general audience. It will leave readers with an appreciation of the poignancy and power of class and the journeys that Americans grapple with on a daily basis.
Category: Social Science

The Class Insecta

Author : Georges baron Cuvier
ISBN : OSU:32435078272812
Genre : Insects
File Size : 82.1 MB
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Category: Insects

Breaking The Political Glass Ceiling

Author : Barbara Palmer
ISBN : 9781135891756
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.67 MB
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Why has the integration of women into Congress been so slow? Is there a "political glass ceiling" for women? Although women use the same strategic calculations as men to decide when to run, the decision regarding where to run is something else. While redistricting has increasingly protected incumbents, it also has the unintended consequence of shaping the opportunities for female candidates. The political geography and socio-economic profile of districts that elect women differ substantially from districts that elect men. With data on over 10,000 elections and 30,000 candidates from 1916 to the present, Palmer and Simon explore how strategy and the power of incumbency affect women’s decisions to run for office. Breaking the Political Glass Ceiling is the most comprehensive analysis of women in congressional elections available. The Second Edition is fully updated to reflect the pivotal 2006 mid-term elections, including Nancy Pelosi’s rise to Speaker of the House, Hillary Clinton’s bid for the presidency, and a record number of women serving as committee chairs. Additionally, the authors have created a website, found at politicsandwomen.com, to highlight key features of the book and provide updates throughout the election cycle.
Category: Political Science

The Other Glass Ceiling

Author : Charles S Areni
ISBN : 9781921364235
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.73 MB
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The other glass ceiling offers an insightful male perspective to a debate on the lack of work-family balance in modern day families. Based on research and full of entertaining anecdotes, this book challenges the predominant gender roles that expect a mother to care for her family and doubt her commitment to a career, while at the same time requiring a father to provide for his family financially and doubting his ability to look after his own children. This is the other glass ceiling - the one reflected in gender inequity in the family home and preventing equality in parenting. The other glass ceiling is perpetuated by both genders equally, and the solution requires compromises from both sides. Charles Areni and Stephen Holden encourage dads to 'step up', to take on a bigger share of the burden of home duties. They encourage mums to 'let go', to let dad get involved in child-rearing, and to bring to the task his own skills and approaches. Breaking through this other glass ceiling will be good for mum, good for dad - oh, and good for the children too!
Category: Social Science