The Central Nervous System

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Isolated Central Nervous System Circuits

Author : Klaus Ballanyi
ISBN : 1493961837
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35.94 MB
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Advances in methodologies and experimental models are pivotal to furthering our understanding of central nervous system (CNS) functions in mammals. Isolated Central Nervous System Circuits examines the application a variety of technologies to mostly active in vitro preparations from basically different CNS regions with a diversity of functions. From patch-clamp, multiphoton imaging, live fluorescent protein expression, or immunohistochemistry techniques to acute or 'organotypic' slices and en bloc preparations, this detailed volume features key protocols and examples for exciting results from the labs of renowned experts. Written for the popular Neuromethods series, chapters include the kind of thorough implementation advice that is vital for achieving successful results. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Isolated Central Nervous System Circuits will greatly aid scientists to further improve models and to develop corresponding models of not yet intensively studied structures such as nucleus ruber, superior colliculus, or basal ganglia.
Category: Medical

Central Nervous System Diseases And Inflammation

Author : Thomas E. Lane
ISBN : 144194480X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24.56 MB
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Edited and authored by top names in the field, this book provides a succinct reference on inflammatory central nervous system disease. It focuses on current areas of investigation in the fields of neuroimmunology, virology, pharmacology, and disease. Sections focus on specific categories of diseases, examining the pharmacological, virological, and immunological effects of and on the disease. This book’s unique organization provides a concise overview of inflammatory CNS disease.
Category: Medical

Infections Of The Central Nervous System

Author : W. Michael Scheld
ISBN : 0781743273
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26.68 MB
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The "gold standard" clinical reference on central nervous system infections is now in its thoroughly revised, updated Third Edition. More than 70 leading experts provide comprehensive, current information on all infections—both neural-specific and systemic—that involve the central nervous system. This edition includes new information on botulinum toxin as a biological weapon and a therapeutic agent, neurologic effects of viruses causing hemorrhagic fevers, and infections that have recently become more prevalent or been found in new geographic locations. The updated coverage of therapeutics includes AIDS/HIV medications and other antiviral drugs, new antifungal medications, and vaccinations against Lyme disease and bacterial meningitis.
Category: Medical

Tumors Of The Central Nervous System Volume 4

Author : M.A. Hayat
ISBN : 9400717067
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.15 MB
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This volume mainly contains information on the diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis of brain tumors. Insights on the understanding of molecular pathways involved in tumor biology are explained, which should lead to the development of effective drugs. Information on pathways (e.g., hedgehog) facilitates targeted therapies in cancer. Tumor models are also presented, which utilize expression data, pathway sensitivity, and genetic abnormalities, representing targets in cancer. For example, rat model of malignant brain tumors using implantation of doxorubicin with drug eluting beads for delivery is explained. The future of pathway-driven therapies for tumors is summarized. The importance of personalizing cancer care is emphasized. The need for supportive measures for survivors of brain cancer is pointed out, so is the quality of life monitoring. The need of rehabilitation therapy for patients with primary and metastatic brain tumors is also emphasized. Role of MicroRNA in distinguishing primary tumors from metastatic primary tumors is discussed. Advantages and limitations of chemotherapy (e.g., temozolomide and doxorubicin) are discussed. The complexity of tumor to tumor transfer is explained; examples discussed are: brain metastases from breast cancer and brain metastases fro non-small cell lung carcinoma. Identification and characterization of biomarkers, including those for metastatic brain tumors, are presented. Genomic analysis for identifying clinically relevant subtypes of glioblastoma is included. A large number of imaging modalities are detailed to study progression and invasion of gliomas
Category: Medical

The Central Nervous System

Author : Per Brodal
ISBN : 9780195165609
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57.46 MB
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Providing clear, well-illustrated descriptions of brain structures in light of their functions, this cohesive and well-established textbook fosters understanding of the intimate relationship between the structure and function of the nervous system. Its focus on the integration of basic sciences with their clinical applications makes the book particularly well-suited for medical students needing knowledge of neuroscience as a basis for clinical thinking. For the third edition, two new chapters have been added on the vestibular system and control of eye movements, and all other chapters have been thoroughly revised.
Category: Medical

The Cell Cycle In The Central Nervous System

Author : Damir Janigro
ISBN : 1597450219
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.37 MB
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Cell Cycle in the Central Nervous System overviews the changes in cell cycle as they relate to prenatal and post natal brain development, progression to neurological disease or tumor formation.Topics covered range from the cell cycle during the prenatal development of the mammalian central nervous system to future directions in postnatal neurogenesis through gene transfer, electrical stimulation, and stem cell introduction. Additional chapters examine the postnatal development of neurons and glia, the regulation of cell cycle in glia, and how that regulation may fail in pretumor conditions or following a nonneoplastic CNS response to injury. Highlights include treatments of the effects of deep brain stimulation on brain development and repair; the connection between the electrophysiological properties of neuroglia, cell cycle, and tumor progression; and the varied immunological responses and their regulation by cell cycle.
Category: Medical

Gene Therapy Of The Central Nervous System From Bench To Bedside

Author : Michael G. Kaplitt
ISBN : 0123976324
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41.82 MB
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Few areas of biomedical research provide greater opportunities for radically new therapies for devastating diseases that have evaded treatment so far than gene therapy. This is particularly true for the brain and nervous system, where gene transfer has become a key technology for basic research and has recently been translated to human therapy in several landmark clinical trials. Gene Therapy of the Central Nervous System: From Bench to Bedside represents the first definitive volume on this subject. Edited by two pioneers of neurological gene therapy, this volume contains contributions by leaders who helped create this field and are expanding the promise of gene therapy for the future of basic and clinical neuroscience. Drawing upon this extensive collective experience, this book provides clear and informative reviews on a variety of subjects of interest to anyone exploring or using gene therapy for neurobiological applications in research and clinical praxis. * Presents gene transfer technologies with particular emphases upon novel vehicles, immunological issues and the role of gene therapy in stem cells * Discusses preclinical areas that are likely to translate into clinical studies in the near future, including epilepsy, pain and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis * Includes "insider" information on technological and regulatory issues which can often limit effective translation of even the most promising idea into clinical use
Category: Medical

Tumors Of The Central Nervous System Volume 3

Author : M.A. Hayat
ISBN : 9400713991
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80.41 MB
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The classification of brain tumors is up-dated using magnetic resonance spectroscopy technology. The role of cellular immortality in brain tumors is reviewed. Tumor to tumor metastases are a common occurrence; for example, , brain metastasis from breast cancer, lung cancer, and renal cancer is discussed. Genetic profiling and treatment (including neurosurgery) of such brain cancers are explained. Breast cancer patients treated with certain drugs (e.g., capecitabine and lapatinib can develop CNS tumors. Role of brain tumor suppressor genes (e.g., NRP/B gene) is pointed out. Biomarkers used to diagnose brain malignancies are explained in detail. A number of imaging modalities used for diagnosing and assessing the effectiveness of treatments of brain tumors are presented. The imaging methods discussed include MRI, PET, CT, MRSi, and SPECT. Also, is discussed the impact of PET using radiolabeled amino acids on brain tumors.
Category: Medical

The Human Central Nervous System

Author : Rudolf Nieuwenhuys
ISBN : 9783540346869
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55.94 MB
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The present edition of The Human Central Nervous System differs considerably from its predecessors. In previous editions, the text was essentially confined to a section dealing with the various functional systems of the brain. This section, which has been rewritten and updated, is now preceded by 15 newly written chapters, which introduce the pictorial material of the gross anatomy, the blood vessels and meninges and the microstructure of its various parts and deal with the development, topography and functional anatomy of the spinal cord, the brain stem and the cerebellum, the diencephalon and the telencephalon. Great pains have been taken to cover the most recent concepts and data. As suggested by the front cover, there is a focus on the evolutionary development of the human brain. Throughout the text numerous correlations with neuropathology and clinical n- rology have been made. After much thought, we decided to replace the full Latin terminology, cherished in all previous editions, with English and Anglicized Latin terms. It has been an emotional farewell from beautiful terms such as decussatio hipposideriformis W- nekinkii and pontes grisei caudatolenticulares. Not only the text, but also the p- torial material has been extended and brought into harmony with the present state of knowledge. More than 230 new illustrations have been added and many others have been revised. The number of macroscopical sections through the brain has been extended considerably. Together, these illustrations now comprise a complete and convenient atlas for interpreting neuroimaging studies.
Category: Medical

The Central Nervous System Of Vertebrates

Author : Rudolf Nieuwenhuys
ISBN : 3540560130
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.53 MB
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This comprehensive reference is clearly destined to become the definitive anatomical basis for all neuroscience research. The three-volume set provides a complete overview and comparison of the structural organization of all vertebrate groups, ranging from amphioxus and lamprey through fishes, amphibians and birds to mammals. The large specialised section of the work, devoted to the CNS of the various vertebrate groups, is preceded by introductory chapters on neurons, cell masses, fibre tracts, morphogenesis, methodology, and techniques. Although focusing on structure, the authors provide functional correlations throughout. This monumental work is, and will remain, unique; the only source of such brilliant illustrations at both the macroscopic and microscopic levels.
Category: Science

The Central Nervous System In Pediatric Critical Illness And Injury

Author : Derek S. Wheeler
ISBN : 1848009933
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46.47 MB
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Neurologic emergencies are a common reason for admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). A thorough understanding of the diseases and disorders affecting the pediatric central nervous system is vital for any physician or healthcare provider working in the PICU. In the following pages, an international panel of experts provides an in-depth discussion on the res- citation, stabilization, and ongoing care of the critically ill or injured child with central nervous system dysfunction. Once again, we would like to dedicate this textbook to our families and to the physicians and nurses who provide steadfast care every day in pediatric intensive care units across the globe. Derek S. Wheeler Hector R. Wong Thomas P. Shanley v Preface to Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence The ? eld of critical care medicine is growing at a tremendous pace, and tremendous advances in the understanding of critical illness have been realized in the last decade. My family has directly bene? ted from some of the technological and scienti? c advances made in the care of critically ill children. My son Ryan was born during my third year of medical school. By some peculiar happenstance, I was nearing completion of a 4-week rotation in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU).
Category: Medical

Stem And Progenitor Cells In The Central Nervous System

Author : R.S. Nowakowski
ISBN : 9783805578707
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.49 MB
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This publication focuses on the biology of stem and progenitor cells in the developing and mature central nervous system, their response to trauma and potential uses in therapy. The authors, who are leading experts in the field, address topical questions from both basic and clinical neuroscience perspectives such as: non-invasive imaging of stem cell division; the origins of regional diversity in cell types and cell numbers in the stem cell progeny; factors that regulate generation of neurons and glial cells from stem cells during normal development; the role of genetic and environmental factors in the regulation of stem cell function; the role of stem cells in mediating the effects of brain trauma and its recovery, and the therapeutic uses of stem cells. Offering a unique compilation of articles on the biology and the therapeutic applications of stem cells in the embryonic and mature nervous systems, this volume will be of great value to neuroscientists, developmental biologists, cancer biologists and clinical neurologists.
Category: Medical

Smart Electromechanical Systems The Central Nervous System

Author : Andrey E. Gorodetskiy
ISBN : 9783319533278
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37.36 MB
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This book describes approaches to solving the problems of developing the central nervous system of robots (CNSR) based on smart electromechanical systems (SEMS) modules, principles of construction of the various modules of the central nervous system and variants of mathematical software CNSR in control systems for intelligent robots. It presents the latest advances in theory and practice at the Russian Academy of Sciences. Developers of intelligent robots to solve modern problems in robotics are increasingly addressing the use of the bionic approach to create robots that mimic the complexity and adaptability of biological systems. These have smart electromechanical system (SEMS), which are used in various cyber-physical systems (CPhS), and allow the functions of calculation, control, communications, information storage, monitoring, measurement and control of parameters and environmental parameters to be integrated. The behavior of such systems is based on the information received from the central nervous system of the robot (CNSR) on the state of the environment and system state. Recent advances in computer science, measuring and computing techniques have stimulated the practical realization of the CNSR, providing a fundamentally new approach to the methods and algorithms of formation of appropriate robot behavior. Intelligent robots with CNSR occupy a special place among the highly efficient robotic systems with parallel structures and play an important role in modern automated industries, and this timely book is a valuable resource for specialists in the field of robotics and control, as well as for students majoring in “Robots”, “System analysis and management”, and “Automation and control”.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Tuberculosis Of The Central Nervous System

Author : Mehmet Turgut
ISBN : 9783319507125
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24.11 MB
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Written and edited by leading international authorities in the field, this book provides an in-depth review of knowledge of tuberculosis of the central nervous system, with emphasis on clinical, diagnostics, and therapeutic features. Tuberculosis, one of the most lethal diseases in human history, still poses a serious threat in the world together with economic and social problems, although a great progress in the fight against this infectious disease in the last century. It covers the full range of tuberculosis of central nervous system and the chapters are organized into six sections: (1) the cranial; (2) the spinal; and (3) the peripheral portions of the nervous system; followed by (4) a section on the laboratory studies in tuberculosis; (5) a section on medical and surgical therapy; and (6) further insights into tuberculosis. This comprehensive reference book will be an ideal source for neurosurgeons, neurologists and specialists upon infectious diseases seeking both basic and more sophisticated information and surgical procedures relating to the complications associated with tuberculosis involving the spine, brain and peripheral nerves.
Category: Medical