The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The English Language

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The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The English Language

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 9781108423595
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33.89 MB
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Now in its third edition, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language provides the most comprehensive coverage of the history, structure and worldwide use of English. Fully updated and expanded, with a fresh redesigned layout, and over sixty audio resources to bring language extracts to life, it covers all aspects of the English language including the history of English, with new pages on Shakespeare's vocabulary and pronunciation, updated statistics on global English use that now cover all countries and the future of English in a post-Brexit Europe, regional and social variations, with fresh insights into the growing cultural identities of 'new Englishes', English in everyday use with new sections on gender identities, forensic studies, and 'big data' in corpus linguistics, and digital developments, including the emergence of new online varieties in social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp. Packed with brand new colour illustrations, photographs, maps, tables and graphs, this new edition is an essential tool for a new generation of twenty-first-century English language enthusiasts.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The English Language

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0521401798
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.44 MB
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English is arguably the nearest thing we have to a world language, and yet it is a language with a wealth of varieties, dialects, and traditions, all developing in different ways and at different speeds. This book is a superbly written and illustrated exploration of the history, structure, and use of English throughout the world. World-renowned linguist and author, David Crystal, explores the many facets and varieties of the English language, bringing life to this large and complex subject. He begins with the origins of English in Anglo-Saxon times and follows the growth of the language to the present. Every major English-speaking country is included, and the book abounds with insights into how English evolved and how it works. The author pays particular attention to the use of language in literature and how it permeates humor. He allows language to "speak for itself" by using quotations, photographs, newspaper clippings, poems, advertisements, cartoons, and many other types of illustrative material that vividly complement his narrative. Author Crystal systematically covers the structural features of English, and includes a complete description of grammar, a summary of pronunciation and writing systems, and a thorough treatment of the size and complexity of vocabulary. He explains technical aspects in simple and accessible terms and includes a glossary to assist the reader with unclear language terminology. Highly visual with striking color illustrations, panels and boxed features throughout, this book is fascinating reading for the widest possible audience. David Crystal is the author of The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (CUP, 1987) and the editor of The Cambridge Encyclopedia (CUP, 1990, 1994).
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Language

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0521736501
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.45 MB
Format : PDF
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This new, thoroughly revised edition of the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language incorporates the major developments in language study which have taken place since the mid 1990s. Two main new areas have been added: the rise of electronic communication in all its current forms from email to texting, and the crisis affecting the world's languages, of which half are thought to be so seriously endangered that they will die out this century. • All language statistics have been updated, and additional information provided about their linguistic affiliation • All topics involving technology have been revised to take account of recent developments, notably in phonetics, language disability, and computing • Maps have been revised to include new countries or country names • Special attention has been paid to fast-moving areas such as language teaching and learning • The text design has been completely updated with many new illustrations throughout
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The Language Sciences

Author : Patrick Colm Hogan
ISBN : 0521866898
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 58.81 MB
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Have you lost track of developments in generative linguistics, finding yourself unsure about the distinctive features of Minimalism? Would you like to know more about recent advances in the genetics of language, or about right hemisphere linguistic operation? Has your interest in narrative drawn you to question the relation between stories and grammars? The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences addresses these issues, along with hundreds of others. It includes basic entries for those unfamiliar with a given topic and more specific entries for those seeking more specialized knowledge. It incorporates both well-established findings and cutting-edge research and classical approaches and new theoretical innovations. The volume is aimed at readers who have an interest in some aspect of language science but wish to learn more about the broad range of ideas, findings, practices, and prospects that constitute this rapidly expanding field, a field arguably at the center of current research on the human mind and human society.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

English As A Global Language

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0521530326
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42.51 MB
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Explores the history, current status, and potential of English as an international language of communication, featuring in the new edition coverage of English on the Internet and the concept of an English "family" of languages. Simultaneous. (Language)
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language And The Internet

Author : Honorary Professor of Linguistics David Crystal
ISBN : 0521802121
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79.54 MB
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The first popular examination of language on the Internet by a leading authority.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Death

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0521012716
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.86 MB
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Looks at the reasons languages fall into disuse and often become extinct.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Prosodic Systems And Intonation In English

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0521290589
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 52.21 MB
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David Crystal OBE provides the reader with a thorough and fascinating analysis of the patterns of intonation and prosody found within the English language. He begins by contextualising his work on prosody within existing studies, before going on to discuss voice quality and sound attributes in prosodic systems.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Encyclopedia Of Bilingualism And Bilingual Education

Author : Colin Baker
ISBN : 1853593621
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42.7 MB
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This encyclopedia is divided into three sections: individual bilingualism; bilingualism in society and bilingual education. It includes many pictures, graphs, maps and diagrams. The book concludes with a comprehensive bibliography on bilingualism.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Penguin Encyclopedia

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 014051578X
Genre : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
File Size : 36.98 MB
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Now in its third edition, Penguin Encyclopedia is the one reference book that every family and office needs. It contains over 28,000 entries on the facts, events, issues, people, beliefs and achievements that make up the sum of human knowledge and experience written in a clear, direct style that illuminates even the most intricate concept. The book is designed so that it is easy to locate the information you require quickly and there are over 350 maps and diagrams to aid understanding. Penguin Encyclopedia is part of the Penguin Reference Library and draws on over 70 years of experience in bringing reliable, useful and clear information to millions of readers around the world - making knowledge everybody's property.
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

A Dictionary Of Linguistics And Phonetics

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0631226648
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56.81 MB
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Completely revised and updated in its fifth edition, A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics is the standard single-volume reference for its field. Incorporates new words or senses that have developed in linguistics during the past 5 years, based on recommendations from a team of experts. Includes increased coverage of terms arising from recent theoretical formalizations. Contains a separate table of abbreviations and table of symbols at the end of the book. Remains the standard single-volume reference for the field of linguistics and phonetics. Fifth edition now includes more than 5,000 terms.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Stories Of English

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 9780141015934
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 23.76 MB
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Crystal turns the history of the language on its head and provides a startlingly original view of where the richness, creativity, and diversity of the language truly lies: in the accents and dialects of nonstandard English users all over the globe.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Encyclopedia Of Language And Linguistics

Author :
ISBN : 9780080547848
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 74.50 MB
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The first edition of ELL (1993, Ron Asher, Editor) was hailed as "the field's standard reference work for a generation". Now the all-new second edition matches ELL's comprehensiveness and high quality, expanded for a new generation, while being the first encyclopedia to really exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics. * The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field * An entirely new work, with new editors, new authors, new topics and newly commissioned articles with a handful of classic articles * The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics through the online edition * Ground-breaking and International in scope and approach * Alphabetically arranged with extensive cross-referencing * Available in print and online, priced separately. The online version will include updates as subjects develop ELL2 includes: * c. 7,500,000 words * c. 11,000 pages * c. 3,000 articles * c. 1,500 figures: 130 halftones and 150 colour * Supplementary audio, video and text files online * c. 3,500 glossary definitions * c. 39,000 references * Extensive list of commonly used abbreviations * List of languages of the world (including information on no. of speakers, language family, etc.) * Approximately 700 biographical entries (now includes contemporary linguists) * 200 language maps in print and online Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. The first Encyclopedia to exploit the multimedia potential of linguistics Ground-breaking in scope - wider than any predecessor An invaluable resource for researchers, academics, students and professionals in the fields of: linguistics, anthropology, education, psychology, language acquisition, language pathology, cognitive science, sociology, the law, the media, medicine & computer science. The most authoritative, up-to-date, comprehensive, and international reference source in its field
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Evolving English

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0712350993
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 66.82 MB
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Presents an illustrated history of the English language from the earliest runic inscriptions in Old English to modern day cell phone text messages and includes coverage of everyday English, English in the workplace, and regional and international varieties.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Routledge Encyclopedia Of Language Teaching And Learning

Author : Michael Byram
ISBN : 9781136235535
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 21.39 MB
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The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an authoritative reference dealing with all aspects of this increasingly important field of study. Offering a comprehensive range of articles on contemporary language teaching and its history, it has been produced specifically for language teaching professionals and as a reference work for academic studies at postgraduate level. In this new edition, every single entry has been reviewed and updated with reference to new developments and publications. Coverage has been expanded to reflect new technological, global and academic developments, with particular attention to areas such as online and distance learning, teacher and learner cognition, testing, assessment and evaluation, global English and teacher education. Themes and disciplines covered include: Methods and materials, including new technologies and materials development Contexts and concepts, such as mediation, risk-taking in language learning and intercomprehension Influential figures from the early days of language teaching to the contemporary Related disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology and corpus linguistics? It covers the teaching of specific languages, including Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and African languages, as well as English, French, German and Spanish. There are thirty five overview articles dealing with issues such as communicative language teaching, early language learning, teacher education and syllabus and curriculum design. A further 160 entries focus on topics such as bilingualism, language laboratories and study abroad. Numerous shorter items examine language and cultural institutions, professional associations and acronyms. Multiple cross-references enable the user to browse from one entry to another, and there are suggestions for further reading. Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an invaluable resource and reference manual for anyone with a professional or academic interest in the subject.
Category: Foreign Language Study

The Penguin Concise Encyclopedia

Author : David Crystal
ISBN : 0141026219
Genre : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
File Size : 59.93 MB
Format : PDF
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World-renowned linguist and reference editor, David Crystal, brings us the third edition of Penguin's Concise Encyclopedia. This abridgement condenses the core material in the third edition of the Penguin Encyclopedia which has already reached a world sales total of over 23,000 copies in hardback. David Crystal has a gift for clarity and concision which enables him to illuminate even the most intricate concepts. Here he offers over 22,000 alphabatised entries on the facts, events, issues, people, beliefs and achievements that make up the sum of human knowledge. Entries have been written by over 350 specialist contributors from universities, museums and other institutions of excellence around the world. The Concise Encyclopedia is part of the Penguin Reference Library and draws on over 70 years of experience in bringing reliable, useful and clear information to millions of readers around the world.
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The English Languages

Author : Tom McArthur
ISBN : 0521481309
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33.44 MB
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Plural? monolithic? legion? - Tom McArthur explores the nature of English in its local and global contexts.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Collected Works Of Braj B Kachru

Author : Braj Kachru
ISBN : 9781441138729
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 84.70 MB
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Professor Braj Kachru (b. 1932) has pioneered, shaped and defined the scholarly field of world Englishes. He is the founder and co-editor of World Englishes, the associate editor of the Oxford Companion to the English Language and contributor to the Cambridge History of the English Language. His research on world Englishes, the Kashmiri language and literature, and theoretical and applied studies on language and society has resulted in more than 25 authored and edited volumes and more than 100 research papers, review articles, and reviews. The second volume of these Collected Works contains selections of some of Kachru's most important work in the field of World Englishes from the years between the 1992 and 2001.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines