The British Regulatory State

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The British Regulatory State

Author : Michael Moran
ISBN : 9780191530074
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.47 MB
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For the first two thirds of the twentieth century, British government was among the most stable in the advanced industrial world. In the last three decades, the governing arrangements have been in turmoil and the country has been a pioneer in economic reform, and in public sector change. In his major new book, Michael Moran examines and explains the contrast between these two epochs. What turned Britain into a laboratory of political innovation? Britain became a formal democracy at the start of the twentieth century but the practice of government remained oligarchic. From the 1970s this oligarchy collapsed under the pressure of economic crisis. The British regulatory state is being constructed in its place. Moran challenges the prevailing view that this new state is liberal or decentralizing. Instead he argues that it is a new, threatening kind of interventionist state which is colonizing, dominating, and centralizing hitherto independent domains of civil society. The book is essential reading for all those interested in British political development and in the nature and impact of regulation
Category: Political Science

The Regulatory State In An Age Of Governance

Author : R. King
ISBN : 9780230591721
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.43 MB
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Presents an account of the regulatory state and governance. This book examines both key concepts and theories, and important policy domains, and utilizes comparative, historical and transnational perspectives. It questions whether the regulatory state that has developed over the decades is an authoritarian or a liberalizing mode of governance.
Category: Political Science

The Regulatory State

Author : Dawn Oliver
ISBN : 9780199593170
Genre : Law
File Size : 66.4 MB
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This collection of fifteen essays by leading experts in regulation is unique in its focus on the constitutional implications of recent regulatory developments in the UK, the EU, and the US. The chapters reflect current developments and crises which are significant in many areas of public policy, not only regulation. These include the development of governance in place of government in many policy areas, the emergence of networks of public and private actors, the credit crunch, techniques for countering climate change, the implications for fundamental rights of regulatory arrangements and the development of complex accountability mechanisms designed to promote policy objectives. Constitutional issues discussed in The Regulatory State include regulatory governance, models of economic and social regulation, non-parliamentary rule-making, the UK's devolution arrangements and regulation, the credit crisis, the rationing of common resources, regulation and fundamental rights, the European Competition Network, private law making and European integration, innovative regulator sanctions recently introduced in the UK, the auditing of regulatory reform, and parliamentary oversight and judicial review of regulators. The introductory chapter focuses on testing times for regulation, and the concluding chapter draws ten lessons from the substantive chapters, noting the importance of regulatory diversity, the complexity of networks and relations between regulatory actors and the executive, the new challenges to regulatory habits posed by climate change and the credit crisis, the wider economic and legal context in which regulation takes place and the accountability networks - including judicial review, parliamentary oversight and audit - within which regulation operates.
Category: Law

The New Regulatory State

Author : L. Leisering
ISBN : 9780230343504
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.51 MB
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Explores the role of governments in creating and regulating private pensions in the UK and Germany since the 1980s. Private pensions have given rise to a new regulatory state in this area. The contributing authors compare pension regulation and utility regulation, while others analyse the regulatory role of the EU.
Category: Social Science

Taming The Regulatory State

Author : Noralv Veggeland
ISBN : 9781848447509
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.34 MB
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. . . offering a concise and illuminative account of the regulatory state . Particularly impressive is its excellent contextualisation of the birth and spread of a regulatory paradigm as well as its potential impact equally on traditional welfare concerns and emerging problems involving the environment. . . it provides a good introduction into regulatory politics. Its historical and intellectual background to this transition is superb and offers insights for the uninitiated and knowledgeable alike. Moreover, it is excellent in its sustained description of the potential problems of regulation and the ways it may be tamed for achieving broader social and the ethical objectives. . . a welcome addition to the current interest on regulation. . . it provides readers with a comprehensive description of regulation and the ways in which it may be improved. Peter Bloom, In-Spire, Journal of Law, Politics and Societies Professor Veggeland s ambitious study of the regulatory state is an exceptionally timely and apposite analysis. It combines theoretical, historical, and empirical perspectives on the evolution of state regulation of the economy over the past century with an emphasis on the past thirty years. It covers issues such as the rise and fall of indicative and central planning (in the context of democratic capitalism), the loss of national sovereignty in the era of European and global integration, and new theories and practice in public administration. Rich with contemporary cases it will contribute to the agonizing reappraisal of policy trends in western democracies. Eric S. Einhorn, University of Massachusetts Amherst, US It is not often that the experience of a Northern European semi-periphery speaks directly to a core European, and indeed increasingly global, problematic. Taming the Regulatory State is just such an achievement, combining a comprehensive treatment of the European governance literature with a keen eye for the political as well as ethical dimensions of contemporary state re-structuring. A signally important book. Olivier Kramsch, Radboud Universiteit, the Netherlands Taming the Regulatory State incisively analyses the regulatory top-down regimes that are currently dominant and in crisis. Taking a critical perspective, the book offers an account of the inherent vulnerability of the regulatory state caused by one-sided economic thinking and the predominance of governing through hard regulation. Regulatory governance is inclined to eliminate transparency and downgrades the importance of social forces. One striking case that exposes these underlying tensions is the activity of the state-run international investment funds. This volume sets the Norwegian Pension Fund Global (formerly the Norwegian Petroleum Fund) into this context and shows how the attempt to regulate through ethical guidelines is an illuminating example of an effort, however imperfect, to revive politics and ethics in areas where the market focus usually obscures other considerations. This state-of-the-art book will be invaluable for students and scholars of political science and political economy and will also provide an engaging read for civil servants and policymakers.
Category: Political Science

The End Of British Politics

Author : Michael Moran
ISBN : 9783319499659
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.82 MB
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This book explores the crisis of the British state. Though it has been particularly apparent since the outcome of both the 2014 Scottish independence and 2016 ‘Brexit’ referendums, it stems from deep historical roots. The book traces the origins of the state to the original Act of Union of 1707 and demonstrates how different notions of British destiny - Protestant, imperial, social democratic – have held the state together at different times. The present crisis, it is argued, is due to the exhaustion of these senses of destiny. Moran shows how the United Kingdom is now held together as a militarised state prone to disastrous adventures like the invasion of Iraq, and concludes by examining some alternative futures for the state. This book will appeal to students, scholars and the general reader interested in British politics and political history.
Category: Political Science

Pluralism By Design

Author : George Hoberg
ISBN : 0275941264
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.40 MB
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The rise of social regulation and the advent of public interest movements during the 1960s and 1970s led to a significant change in policy outcomes as the influence of governmental actors and political activists increased at the expense of business. Recently, this policy system has come under harsh attack as a result of changing economic conditions, extensive lobbying by business, and the election of presidents openly hostile to the American regulatory state. By focusing on two specific areas, pesticide regulation and air pollution control, this study describes and explains policy changes by examining recent controversies in the context of empirical political theory.
Category: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Political Science

Author : Robert E. Goodin
ISBN : 9780191619793
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.56 MB
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Drawing on the rich resources of the ten-volume series of The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science, this one-volume distillation provides a comprehensive overview of all the main branches of contemporary political science: political theory; political institutions; political behavior; comparative politics; international relations; political economy; law and politics; public policy; contextual political analysis; and political methodology. Sixty-seven of the top political scientists worldwide survey recent developments in those fields and provide penetrating introductions to exciting new fields of study. Following in the footsteps of the New Handbook of Political Science edited by Robert Goodin and Hans-Dieter Klingemann a decade before, this Oxford Handbook will become an indispensable guide to the scope and methods of political science as a whole. It will serve as the reference book of record for political scientists and for those following their work for years to come.
Category: Political Science

Getting Results

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Regulatory Reform Committee
ISBN : 021552201X
Genre : Industrial policy
File Size : 79.55 MB
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Getting Results : The Better Regulation Executive and the impact of the Regulatory Reform Agenda , fifth report of session 2007-08, Vol. 2: Oral and written Evidence
Category: Industrial policy

The Regulatory Enterprise

Author : Tony Prosser
ISBN : 9780199579839
Genre : Law
File Size : 38.53 MB
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The use of regulation to control behaviour is a defining feature of modern government, penetrating a wide range of social and economic life. This book offers a detailed study of how regulation works in practice, its legal framework, and the arguments surrounding its economic and social impact
Category: Law

Regulating The British Economy 1660 1850

Author : Perry Gauci
ISBN : 9781317068730
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44.96 MB
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This collection of chapters focuses on the regulation of the British economy in the long eighteenth century as a means to understand the synergies between political, social and economic change as Britain was transformed into a global power. Inspired by recent research on consumerism and credit, an international team of leading academics examine the ways in which state and society both advanced and responded to fundamental economic changes. The studies embrace all aspects of the regulatory process, from developing ideas on the economy, to the passage of legislation, and to the negotiation of economic policy and change in practice. They range broadly over Britain and its empire and also consider Britain's exceptionality through comparative studies. Together, the book challenges the general characterization of the period as a shift from a regulated economy to a more laissez-faire system, highlighting the uncertain relationship between the state and economic interests across the long eighteenth century.
Category: Business & Economics

The Changing Constitution

Author : Sir Jeffrey Jowell
ISBN : 0199205116
Genre : Law
File Size : 49.19 MB
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Since its first edition in 1985, The Changing Constitution has cemented its reputation for providing concise, scholarly and thought-provoking essays on the key issues surrounding the UK's constitutional development, and the current debates around reform. The sixth edition of a highly successful volume provides a thorough review of the latest developments in constitutional reform. It includes a new chapter on 'Constitutional Watchdogs' and expanded consideration of freedom of information and the control of public expenditure. Professors Jowell and Oliver have brought together nineteen expert contributors to offer an invaluable source of material and analysis for all students of public law.
Category: Law

Executive Politics In Times Of Crisis

Author : M. Lodge
ISBN : 9781137010261
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.8 MB
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Executive Politics in Times of Crisis brings together leading international scholars to consider key trends and challenges that have defined executive politics over the past decade. It showcases key debates in executive politics and contributes to an understanding of the 'executive factor' in political life.
Category: Political Science

Freer Markets More Rules

Author : Steven Kent Vogel
ISBN : 0801485347
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55.29 MB
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In defiance of conventional wisdom, Vogel contends that the deregulation revolution of the 1980s and 1990s never happened. The advanced industrial countries moved toward liberalization or freer markets at the same time that they imposed reregulation or more rules. Moreover, the countries involved did not converge in regulatory practice but combined liberalization and reregulation in markedly different ways. The state itself, far more than private interest groups, drove the process of regulatory reform. Thus, the story of deregulation is one rich in paradox: a movement aimed at reducing regulation increased it; a movement propelled by global forces reinforced national differences; and a movement that purported to reduce state power was led by the state itself.
Category: Business & Economics

The Politics Of Regulation In The Uk

Author : Daniel Fitzpatrick
ISBN : 9781137461995
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.2 MB
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This book explores the discourse of regulatory crisis in the UK and examines why, despite the increasing contestation of the principles underpinning the regulatory state, its institutions and practices continue to be firmly embedded within the governance of the British state. It considers its implications for our understanding of the contemporary nature of the British state, and to the study of regulation which is no longer confined to the domain of low politics, populated by technocrats, but is scrutinised by elected politicians, and the subject of the front pages rather than the financial pages. The author sets the British regulatory tradition in a wider context, both spatially, in terms of the challenges presented by Europeanisation, and temporally, critically analysing the process of crisis construction in the narratives of neoliberalism and participatory democracy in the contemporary era.
Category: Political Science

Towards A Market In Broadcasting

Author : C. Potschka
ISBN : 9780230370197
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 58.35 MB
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A comparative analysis of the evolution ofUK and German broadcasting policies, adding to the developing area of comparative research on media and communications policy. The book focuses on processes of marketization and liberalization as they have affected policy-making, national regulatory frameworks and media structures.
Category: Performing Arts

Regulating Contracts

Author : Hugh Collins
ISBN : 019829817X
Genre : Law
File Size : 24.37 MB
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This study is an examination of the purposes, efficiency, and efficacy of legal regulation of contracts that draws on economics, sociology, and law to suggest how legal regulation fails and how it might be improved.
Category: Law

Making Accountability Work

Author : Maria L. Bemelmans-Videc
ISBN : 0765803992
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.57 MB
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Like honesty and clean water, "accountability" is invariably seen as a good thing. Conversely, the absence of accountability is associated with most of the greatest abuses in human history. Accountability is thus closely linked with the exercise of power and the legitimacy of policies and those pursuing them. This book looks at the role of evaluation and of audit as key elements in democratic accountability processes. The contributors explore the apparent paradox of there being more accountability-related activities today than ever before, at the same time as much public debate laments what is seen as a lack of actual accountability. Such a situation raises a number of questions: Is there a need for different approaches to establishing accountability or can current arrangements be modified to make them more effective? Are present practices part of the problem and are they preventing a mature debate about performance improvement taking place? How can systems awash with performance information ensure that at least some of it makes sense to a wide range of potential users? How is it that greater accountability and transparency can so quickly have become associated with concerns about perverse incentives and be seen by some as a costly burden? The volume includes detailed case studies and synthesizes up-to-date research evidence drawn from very different governmental systems, ending with practical advice for those involved in the accountability processes. In doing so, it attempts to address both conceptual ambiguities about the notion of "accountability" and the practical uncertainties over its implications for democratic government. This book is aimed at serious people who think about trends in the use of evaluation and audit in seeking to hold governments accountable for their actions and performance.
Category: Political Science

Dynamics Of Energy Governance In Europe And Russia

Author : C. Kuzemko
ISBN : 9780230370944
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57.34 MB
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Energy in Europe and Russia is in flux. This book presents a rich set of case studies for analyzing the complex and intertwined regional dynamics of multiple actors, levels, and policy fields in energy throughout Europe and Russia, with the aim of offering an alternative view to the prevalent geopolitical or neoliberal approaches.
Category: Political Science