The Body In Early Modern Italy

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The Body In Early Modern Italy

Author : Julia L. Hairston
ISBN : 9780801894145
Genre : Art
File Size : 32.31 MB
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Human bodies have been represented and defined in various ways across different cultures and historical periods. As an object of interpretation and site of social interaction, the body has throughout history attracted more attention than perhaps any other element of human experience. The essays in this volume explore the manifestations of the body in Italian society from the fourteenth through the seventeenth centuries. Adopting a variety of interdisciplinary approaches, these fresh and thought-provoking essays offer original perspectives on corporeality as understood in the early modern literature, art, architecture, science, and politics of Italy. An impressively diverse group of contributors comment on a broad range and variety of conceptualizations of the body, creating a rich dialogue among scholars of early modern Italy. Contributors: Albert R. Ascoli, University of California, Berkeley; Douglas Biow, The University of Texas at Austin; Margaret Brose, University of California, Santa Cruz; Anthony Colantuono, University of Maryland, College Park; Elizabeth Horodowich, New Mexico State University; Sergius Kodera, New Design University, St. Pölten, Austria; Jeanette Kohl, University of California, Riverside; D. Medina Lasansky, Cornell University; Luca Marcozzi, Roma Tre University; Ronald L. Martinez, Brown University; Katharine Park, Harvard University; Sandra Schmidt, Free University of Berlin; Bette Talvacchia, University of Connecticut
Category: Art

Artisans Of The Body In Early Modern Italy

Author : Sandra Cavallo
ISBN : 0719081513
Genre : History
File Size : 57.18 MB
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This groundbreaking study explores the role of those involved in various aspects of the care, comfort and appearance of the body in seventeenth and early eighteenth-century Italy, bringing to light the strong cultural affinities and social ties between barber-surgeons and the apparently distant trades of jeweller, tailor, wigmaker and upholsterer. Drawing on contemporary understandings of the body, the author shows that shared concerns about health and well-being permeated the professional cultures of these medical and non-medical occupations. At the same time the detailed analysis of the life-course, career patterns and family experience of ‘artisans of the body’ offers unprecedented insight into the world of the urban middling sorts. The book is essential reading for scholars and students of gender, family and urban history in the early modern age, and will equally appeal to historians of the body and of the medical occupations.
Category: History

Abortion In Early Modern Italy

Author : John Christopoulos
ISBN : 9780674248090
Genre : Abortion
File Size : 61.41 MB
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Introduction: The meanings of abortion -- Abortion and women's bodies: Rosana and Giovanni -- Abortion and the Church: Femia and Antino -- Abortion and the law: Maria and Superio.
Category: Abortion

Healers And Healing In Early Modern Italy

Author : David Gentilcore
ISBN : 0719041996
Genre : History
File Size : 72.28 MB
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How did people of the past explain and deal with illness? This pioneering new book explores the wide range of healers and forms of healing in the southern half of the Italian peninsula that was the kingdom of Naples between 1600 and 1800. Drawing on numerous sources, the book uncovers religious and popular ideas about disease and its causation and cures--and uncovers new territory in the history of medicine.
Category: History

Monteverdi S Unruly Women

Author : Bonnie Gordon
ISBN : 0521845297
Genre : Music
File Size : 32.13 MB
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Publisher Description
Category: Music

Creative Women In Medieval And Early Modern Italy

Author : E. Ann Matter
ISBN : UOM:39015032354329
Genre : History
File Size : 41.84 MB
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Several essays document and discuss new discoveries, such as the extraordinary collection of musical compositions written by women in Bologna and Milan in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and the convent theater of sixteenth-century Tuscany.
Category: History

Authority Gender And Midwifery In Early Modern Italy

Author : Jennifer F. Kosmin
ISBN : 9781000174663
Genre : History
File Size : 51.55 MB
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Authority, Gender, and Midwifery in Early Modern Italy: Contested Deliveries explores attempts by church, state, and medical authorities to regulate and professionalize the practice of midwifery in Italy from the late sixteenth to the late eighteenth century. Medical writers in this period devoted countless pages to investigating the secrets of women’s sexuality and the processes of generation. By the eighteenth century, male practitioners in Britain and France were even successfully advancing careers as male midwives. Yet, female midwives continued to manage the vast majority of all early modern births. An examination of developments in Italy, where male practitioners never made successful inroads into childbirth, brings into focus the complex social, religious, and political contexts that shaped the management of reproduction in early modern Europe. Authority, Gender, and Midwifery in Early Modern Italy argues that new institutional spaces to care for pregnant women and educate midwives in Italy during the eighteenth century were not strictly medical developments but rather socio-political responses both to long standing concerns about honor, shame, and illegitimacy, and contemporary unease about population growth and productivity. In so doing, this book complicates our understanding of such sites, situating them within a longer genealogy of institutional spaces in Italy aimed at regulating sexual morality and protecting female honor. It will be of interest to scholars of the history of medicine, religious history, social history, and Early Modern Italy.
Category: History

Festive Funerals In Early Modern Italy

Author : Minou Schraven
ISBN : 9781351567077
Genre : Art
File Size : 77.16 MB
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Celebrated at the heart of a notoriously unstable period, the Vacant See, papal funerals in early modern Rome easily fell prey to ceremonial chaos and disorder. Charged with maintaining decorum, papal Masters of Ceremonies supervised all aspects of the funeral, from the correct handling of the papal body to the construction of the funeral apparato: the temporary decorations used during the funeral masses in St Peter?s. The visual and liturgical centre of this apparato was the chapelle ardente or castrum doloris: a baldachin-like structure standing over the body of the deceased, decorated with coats of arms, precious textiles and hundreds of burning candles. Drawing from printed festival books and previously unpublished sources, such as ceremonial diaries and diplomatic correspondence, this book offers the first comprehensive overview of the development of early modern funeral apparati. What was their function in funeral liturgy and early modern festival culture at large? How did the papal funeral apparati compare to those of cardinals, the Spanish and French monarchy, and the Medici court in Florence? And most importantly, how did contemporaries perceive and judge them? By the late sixteenth century, new trends in conspicuous commemoration had rendered the traditional papal funeral apparati in St Peter?s obsolete. The author shows how papal families wishing to honor their uncles according to the new standards needed to invent ceremonial opportunities from scratch, showing off dynastic resilience, while modelling the deceased?s memoria after carefully constructed ideals of post-Tridentine sainthood.
Category: Art

Spaces Objects And Identities In Early Modern Italian Medicine

Author : Sandra Cavallo
ISBN : 9781444306644
Genre : History
File Size : 52.71 MB
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This collection, by an international team of scholars, presentsexciting research currently being undertaken on early modern Italywhich questions the conventional boundaries of medical history. Brings together historians of medicine and scholars ofdifferent backgrounds who are re-visiting the field from newperspectives and with the support of innovative questions andunexplored sources Explores crucial areas of intersection between the territory ofmedicine and that of law, politics, religion, art and materialculture and highlights the connections between these apparentlyseparate fields Challenges our understanding of what we regard as medicalactivities, medical identities, spaces and objects Addresses the study of medical careers, medical identities andspaces where medical activities were performed e.g. apothecaryshops, courtrooms, convents and museums
Category: History

Healthy Living In Late Renaissance Italy

Author : Sandra Cavallo
ISBN : 9780199678136
Genre : History
File Size : 85.99 MB
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Healthy Living in Late Renaissance Italy explores in detail the efforts made by men and women in late Renaissance Italy to stay healthy and prolong their lives. Drawing on a wide variety of sources - ranging from cheap healthy living guides in the vernacular to personal letters, conduct literature, household inventories, and surviving images and objects - this volume demonstrates that a sophisticated culture of prevention was being developed insixteenth-century Italian cities. The chapters of the title reflect the six key areas which were thought to influence the balance of 'humours' within the body: Air, Exercise, Sleep, Food and Drink, Managing theEmotions, and Bodily Hygiene. The volume is richly illustrated, and offers an accessible but fascinating glimpse into both the domestic lives and health preoccupations of the early modern Italians.
Category: History

Writing Fashion In Early Modern Italy

Author : Eugenia Paulicelli
ISBN : 9781134787104
Genre : Art
File Size : 39.60 MB
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The first comprehensive study on the role of Italian fashion and Italian literature, this book analyzes clothing and fashion as described and represented in literary texts and costume books in the Italy of the 16th and 17th centuries. Writing Fashion in Early Modern Italy emphasizes the centrality of Italian literature and culture for understanding modern theories of fashion and gauging its impact in the shaping of codes of civility and taste in Europe and the West. Using literature to uncover what has been called the ’animatedness of clothing,’ author Eugenia Paulicelli explores the political meanings that clothing produces in public space. At the core of the book is the idea that the texts examined here act as maps that, first, pinpoint the establishment of fashion as a social institution of modernity; and, second, gauge the meaning of clothing at a personal and a political level. As well as Castiglione’s The Book of the Courtier and Cesare Vecellio’s The Clothing of the Renaissance World, the author looks at works by Italian writers whose books are not yet available in English translation, such as those by Giacomo Franco, Arcangela Tarabotti, and Agostino Lampugnani. Paying particular attention to literature and the relevance of clothing in the shaping of codes of civility and style, this volume complements the existing and important works on Italian fashion and material culture in the Renaissance. It makes the case for the centrality of Italian literature and the interconnectedness of texts from a variety of genres for an understanding of the history of Italian style, and serves to contextualize the debate on dress in other European literatures.
Category: Art

Voices And Texts In Early Modern Italian Society

Author : Stefano Dall'Aglio
ISBN : 9781317001003
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 68.37 MB
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This book studies the uses of orality in Italian society, across all classes, from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, with an emphasis on the interrelationships between oral communication and the written word. The Introduction provides an overview of the topic as a whole and links the chapters together. Part 1 concerns public life in the states of northern, central, and southern Italy. The chapters examine a range of performances that used the spoken word or song: concerted shouts that expressed the feelings of the lower classes and were then recorded in writing; the proclamation of state policy by town criers; songs that gave news of executions; the exercise of power relations in society as recorded in trial records; and diplomatic orations and interactions. Part 2 centres on private entertainments. It considers the practices of the performance of poetry sung in social gatherings and on stage with and without improvisation; the extent to which lyric poets anticipated the singing of their verse and collaborated with composers; performances of comedies given as dinner entertainments for the governing body of republican Florence; and a reading of a prose work in a house in Venice, subsequently made famous through a printed account. Part 3 concerns collective religious practices. Its chapters study sermons in their own right and in relation to written texts, the battle to control spaces for public performance by civic and religious authorities, and singing texts in sacred spaces.
Category: Literary Criticism

Domestic Institutional Interiors In Early Modern Europe

Author : Sandra Cavallo
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215305983
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 84.52 MB
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Early modern Europe witnessed the expansion of religious, charitable and educational structures, yet little is known about the domestic experience of those who lived in convents or almshouses, orphanages or colleges. Through specific case studies dealing with both Catholic and Protestant settings, this interdisciplinary collection explores the institutional, individual and family strategies that contributed to shaping the spatial and material dimensions of institutional life and expands considerably the notion of 'domestic interior'.
Category: Architecture

Tortured Subjects

Author : Lisa Silverman
ISBN : 0226757528
Genre : History
File Size : 75.21 MB
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At one time in Europe, there was a point to pain: physical suffering could be a path to redemption. This religious notion suggested that truth was lodged in the body and could be achieved through torture. In Tortured Subjects, Lisa Silverman tells the haunting story of how this idea became a fixed part of the French legal system during the early modern period. Looking closely at the theory and practice of judicial torture in France from 1600 to 1788, the year in which it was formally abolished, Silverman revisits dossiers compiled in criminal cases, including transcripts of interrogations conducted under torture, as well as the writings of physicians and surgeons concerned with the problem of pain, records of religious confraternities, diaries and letters of witnesses to public executions, and the writings of torture's abolitionists and apologists. She contends that torture was at the center of an epistemological crisis that forced French jurists and intellectuals to reconsider the relationship between coercion and sincerity, or between free will and evidence. As the philosophical consensus on which torture rested broke down, and definitions of truth and pain shifted, so too did the foundation of torture, until by the eighteenth century, it became an indefensible practice.
Category: History

Conserving Health In Early Modern Culture

Author : Sandra Cavallo
ISBN : 1526113473
Genre : Great Britain
File Size : 86.45 MB
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Conserving health in early modern culture explores the impact of ideas about healthy living in early modern England and Italy. The attention of medical historians has largely been focussed on the study of illness and medical treatment, yet prevention was one of the cornerstones of early modern medicine. According to Galenic-Hippocratic thought, the preservation of health depended on the careful management of the so-called six ?Non-Naturals?: the air one breathed; food and drink; excretions; sleep; movement and rest; and emotions. Drawing on visual, material and textual sources, the contributors show the pervasiveness of the preventive paradigm in early modern culture and society. In particular it becomes apparent that concern for the non-naturals informed lay people?s daily lives and routines as well as stimulating innovation in material culture and painting, and influencing discourses in fields as diverse as geology, natural philosophy and religion. At the same time the volume challenges the common assumption that health advice was a uniform and stable body of knowledge, showing instead that models of healthy living were tailored to different genders, age-groups and categories of patients; they also varied over time and depended on the geographical context. In particular, significant differences emerge between what was regarded as beneficial or harmful to health in England and Italy. As well as showing the value of a comparative perspective of study, this interdisciplinary volume will appeal to a wide readership, interested not just in health practices, but in print culture, histories of women, infancy, the environment and of art and material culture.
Category: Great Britain

A Cultural History Of Childhood And Family In The Early Modern Age

Author : Sandra Cavallo
ISBN : 1472554698
Genre : History
File Size : 69.61 MB
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The period spanning the 15th to the 17th Centuries saw an unprecedented interest in childrearing and the family. Renaissance humanist thought valued the education of children while promoting the family as a mirror of a well-ordered society, based on class, gender, and age hierarchies. Protestant and Catholic reformers and state-sponsored disciplinary measures further reinforced authority within the family, with marriage seen as a primary instrument for moralizing sexual customs. The proliferation of printed books and artworks representing the family popularized models of domestic life across Europe and its newly acquired colonies. At the same time, high mortality, repeated wars, poverty, increased migration, and geographical mobility severely undermined these idealized notions of family and childhood, giving rise to a wide range of unconventional and highly unstable households. As with all the volumes in the illustrated Cultural History of Childhood and Family set, this volume presents essays on family relationships, community, economy, geography and the environment, education, life cycle, the state, faith and religion, health and science, and world contexts.
Category: History

Domestic Devotions In Early Modern Italy

Author : Maya Corry
ISBN : 9004342567
Genre : Religion
File Size : 71.50 MB
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This volume illuminates the vibrancy of religious beliefs and practices which profoundly shaped family life in this era. Drawing on a wide range of sources, it affirms the central place of the household to Catholic spirituality.
Category: Religion

Bodies And Maps

Author : Maryanne Cline Horowitz
ISBN : 9789004438033
Genre : History
File Size : 42.2 MB
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An exploration of the ways early modern European artists have visualized continents through the female (sometimes male) body to express their perceptions of newly encountered peoples. Often stereotypical, these personifications are however more complex than what they seem.
Category: History