The Battle For Heraklion Crete 1941

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The Battle For Heraklion Crete 1941

Author : Yannis Prekatsounakis
ISBN : 9781913118464
Genre : History
File Size : 65.9 MB
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Crete, 20 May 1941: the first campaign-sized airborne assault is launched. Many books have been written about this famous invasion, with the emphasis mainly on the battles for Maleme and Chania. The Battle for Heraklion - an epic struggle - remained largely forgotten and widely unstudied. Yet the desperate fight for Heraklion had everything: street-fighting in the town; heroic attacks against well-fortified positions and medieval walls; heavy losses on all sides; and tragic stories involving famous German aristocratic families like the von Blüchers and members of the Bismarck family. This book highlights personal stories and accounts - and the author’s access to records from all three sides allowed accounts to be placed in their correct place and time. Finally, the history of the battle is written with the added perspective of extensive Greek accounts and sources. In contrast, earlier books were based solely on British and German sources - totally ignoring the Greek side. Many of these accounts are from people who were fighting directly against each other - and some reveal what the enemies were discussing and thinking while they were shooting at or attacking each other. Some accounts are so accurate and detailed that we can even identify who killed whom. In addition, long-lost stories behind both well known and previously unpublished pictures are revealed. For the first time, 75 year-old mysteries are solved: what were the names of the paratroopers in the planes seen crashing in famous pictures? What was the fate of soldiers seen in pictures taken just before the battle? The author has studied the battlefield in every detail - thus giving the reader the opportunity to understand actions and incidents by examining what happened on the actual field of battle. For example, how was it possible for a whole platoon to be trapped and annihilated, as in the fate of Wolfgang Graf von Blücher? Such a question is not easily answered even by people with a military background. How was it possible for the paratroopers to fail in their attempt to occupy the town? The answers to questions like these became very clear when the author walked through the battlefields - following the accounts of the people from all sides who had fought there and which describe the same incidents. The author’s extensive research is vividly presented via detailed maps and photographs, both from the era of the battle and today; even battlefield archaeology plays a role in revealing what really happened on the battlefield. The author’s approach addresses two different types of readers: those who are largely unfamiliar with the battle - hence the emphasis on personal stories, accounts and pictures - and the researcher who wants a reliable source of firsthand material and perhaps a different point of view, such as is offered by Greek accounts and sources (and by the writer’s detailed analysis of the battle). This fresh account of one of the Second World War’s most memorable battles is given added authority by the writer’s military background, together with his deep knowledge of the battlefield and his access to Greek accounts and sources.
Category: History

Crete 1941

Author : Antony Beevor
ISBN : 9780698154285
Genre : History
File Size : 56.78 MB
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The bestselling author of Stalingrad and D-Day vividly reconstructs the epic WWII struggle for Crete – reissued with a new introduction Beevor's Ardennes 1944: The Battle of the Bulge is now available from Viking Books Nazi Germany expected its airborne attack on Crete in 1941 to be a textbook victory based on tactical surprise. Little did they know that the British, using Ultra intercepts, had already laid a careful trap. It should have been the first German defeat of the war when a fatal misunderstanding turned the battle around. Prize-winning historian and bestselling author Antony Beevor lends his gift for storytelling to this important conflict, showing not only how the situation turned bad for Allied forces, but also how ferocious Cretan freedom fighters mounted a heroic resistance. Originally published in 1991, Crete 1941 is a breathtaking account of a momentous battle of World War II. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Category: History

Diggers And Greeks

Author : Maria Hill
ISBN : 9781742230146
Genre : History
File Size : 59.53 MB
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Much has been written about the ill-fated Australian campaigns in Greece and Crete during World War II, but this book is the first account from the perspective of the Greeks. This compelling history combines details of the campaigns, as well as responses from Greeks and Cretans to the Allied forces on their soil. While miscommunication between the Greek General Staff and the Allied forces was frequent, this study reveals that situation on the ground was far more complex: the personal relations that developed between Australian soldiers and Greek civilians and soldiers were sometimes hostile but in other cases developed into friendships that lasted decades after the war had finished. Elucidating why the campaigns on mainland Greece and Crete compelled people to behave in altruistic ways--even when it meant placing themselves in danger--this insightful chronicle proves that it is possible to form successful relations with people of a completely different culture in conflict situations, and that those relationships are important to the well-being of all involved.
Category: History

Kidnap In Crete

Author : Rick Stroud
ISBN : 9781632861948
Genre : History
File Size : 85.4 MB
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This is the story of how a small SOE unit led by Patrick Leigh Fermor kidnapped a German general on the Nazi-occupied island of Crete in 1944. For thirty-two days, they were chased across the mountains as they headed for the coast and a rendezvous with a Royal Navy launch waiting to spirit the general to Cairo. Rick Stroud, whose Phantom Army of Alamein won plaudits for its meticulous research and its lightness of touch in the telling, brings these same gifts to bear in this new project. From the adrenalin rush of the kidnapping, to the help provided by the Cretan partisans and people, he explains the overall context of Crete's role in World War II and reveals the devastating consequences of this mission for them all. There have been other accounts, but Kidnap in Crete is the first book to draw on all the sources, notably those in Crete as well as SOE files and the accounts, letters, and private papers of its operatives in London and Edinburgh.
Category: History

Crete 1941

Author : Peter Antill
ISBN : 9781782007104
Genre : History
File Size : 46.76 MB
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Operation Mercury, the German airborne assault on the island of Crete in May 1941, was the first strategic use of airborne forces in history. The assault began on 20 May, with landings near the island's key airports, and reinforcements the next day allowed the German forces to capture one end of the runway at Maleme. By 24 May, the Germans were being reinforced by air on a huge scale and on 1 June Crete surrendered. This book describes how desperately close the battle had been and explains how German losses so shocked the Führer that he never again authorised a major airborne operation.
Category: History

Crete 1941 The Battle At Sea

Author : David Arthur Thomas
ISBN : UOM:39015027339848
Genre : World War, 1939-1945
File Size : 64.91 MB
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Category: World War, 1939-1945

The Battle For Crete

Author : S. W. C. Pack
ISBN : STANFORD:36105081190188
Genre : World War, 1939-1945
File Size : 89.38 MB
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Category: World War, 1939-1945

War In The Balkans

Author : Jeffrey Plowman
ISBN : 9781473831377
Genre : History
File Size : 21.4 MB
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This WWII pictorial history presents a vivid look at the Balkan campaign from Italy’s invasion of Greece to the Nazi airborne assault on Crete. Through rare wartime photographs, War in the Balkans traces the course of the entire Balkan campaign. Beginning with Mussolini’s first act of aggression, the narrative continues through Albania, the invasions of Yugoslavia and Bulgaria by German forces, and on to the battle for Greece and the final airborne assault on Crete. Historian Jeffrey Plowman gives equal weight to every stage of the campaign and covers all the forces involved: the Italians, Germans, Greeks, and British Commonwealth troops. By shifting the focus to the mainland—rather than the culminating Battle of Crete—Plowman views the campaign as a whole, offering a balanced portrayal of a conflict that is often overlooked in histories of the Second World War. Most of the photographs included here have never been published before, and many come from private sources. They are a unique visual record of the military vehicles, tanks, aircraft, artillery and other equipment used by the opposing armies. They also show the conditions the soldiers faced, and the landscape of the Balkans over which they fought.
Category: History

Self Inflicted Wound Allied Defeat In Crete May 1941

Author : Samuel J. Kostic
ISBN : 9781608880379
Genre : History
File Size : 42.58 MB
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Leadership failures in the defense of Crete were essential factors contributing to Allied defeat on the island in May 1941. The Germans appeared unstoppable during the early stages of World War II. Inexperienced Allied forces were willing to fight, but the sentiment was the Germans were too powerful. Defeat became a foregone conclusion. To defend at all costs no longer appeared viable. Withdrawal and evacuation seemed almost commonplace in Allied strategy. Great Britain and Germany identified early in the war the strategic importance of the island of Crete for conducting military operations in the Mediterranean. Operationally the British maintained naval supremacy in the Mediterranean, while the German Luftwaffe ruled the skies. The Allies began defending Crete in November 1940. However, the Middle East Command put little effort into defending the island and changed Crete Force Commanders on a monthly basis. Allied intelligence uncovered the details of the German invasion plan for Crete. In a last ditch effort, forces evacuated from Greece were sent to Crete to bolster the defenses. This brought the total number of Allied defenders to 42,500 to repel an estimated enemy assault of 5,000 men. The German plan for the occupation of Crete, Operation MERCURY, called for gliders and Hitler's elite paratroops to conduct the largest airborne operation to date. The plan pitted 22,000 men and 1280 aircraft against an erroneously estimated enemy strength of 5,000 men. The success of this plan relied upon surprise and the paratroops securing one of the three airfields on the island so reinforcements could be flown in. A reluctant Crete Force Commander set the tone for subordinate commanders' leadership failures. The invasion began the morning of 20 May 1941. The Germans suffered heavy casualties. At the end of the first day of fighting, they were short ammunition, and the Allies maintained control of the airfields. However, the battalion commander defending the airfield at Maleme, lacking communications and situational awareness, was unaware of the success of his unit and that night mistakenly ordered its withdrawal from the airfield. The Germans occupied the airfield in the morning and reinforcements were flown in. The Allies conducted an attack the night of 21 May to retake the airfield, but poor Allied leadership at the Brigade and Division level resulted in failure. Consequently, the Germans were able to mass combat power on the island and defeat the Allies. The defenders outnumbered the attackers nearly 2 to 1, knew the invasion plan, and established their defense accordingly. By all accounts, the Allies should have defeated the Germans and in fact came quite close to doing so. However, failures in Allied leadership afforded the Germans opportunities that were quickly exploited. Subsequently, they were able to defeat the Allies within 12 days. Failure in Allied leadership, not overwhelming German combat power, was responsible for the Allied defeat on Crete.
Category: History

Air War For Yugoslavia Greece And Crete 1940 41

Author : Christopher Shores
ISBN : 9781909808454
Genre : History
File Size : 87.50 MB
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The air battle for Yugoslavia, Greece and Crete began in June 1940 with the Italian declaration of war. In the past, there has been much controversy amongst air historians on many of the details of the operations. It was here, for example, that "Pat" Pattie believed by many to be the Royal Air Force's "unknown" top-scoring fighter pilot of the whole war, saw most of his action. Just how many kills did he achieve and how? Taken from extensive research into available British, Italian and German records, and interviews and correspondence with survivors or relatives of those present, this book seeks to provide an accurate portrait of the air war for Yugoslavia, Greece and Crete from 1940-41.
Category: History

The First Bloody Battles

Author : Marshall Cavendish
ISBN : 0761449469
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 23.65 MB
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Covers the outbreak of World War II from 1939 to 1941 including Germany's blitzkrieg tactics, the bombing raids on London, the North African campaign, the Battle of the Atlantic, and the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

The Struggle For Crete 20 May 1 June 1941

Author : I. M. Stewart
ISBN : WISC:89034908020
Genre : Crete (Greece)
File Size : 29.15 MB
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Ian Stewart once Medical Officer to the 1st Welch, revisited the scenes of battle in Crete after World War II. He began a detailed study of the relevant documents, using many fresh sources to examine the battle more comprehensively than any previous writer. He reconstructs the succession of problems that faced the leaders on each side, assessing their characters in the light of their actions, and in the end, comes to the conclusion that great opportunities were lost to the Allies to retain Crete against Hitler.
Category: Crete (Greece)

Trouble Ahead

Author : Rob Lofthouse
ISBN : 9781784293550
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 46.32 MB
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Heraklion, May 1941. On the north coast of Crete, the British forces are redeploying troops, ahead of a German invasion of the island. A brutal defeat in Greece has forced them to withdraw from the mainland, weakened and dejected. For Captain Bentley Paine, of the Yorks & Lancs Regiment, the planned assault is a chance to finally prove himself in this war, not least to his infuriating assistant, Corporal Hallmark. But when the attack begins at dawn, no one can be prepared for the death and bloody fighting that will ensue. As German paratroopers fire at will, victory is decided in a matter of days. But both sides will face devastating losses, in a game-changing campaign, that will become one of the most intense and horrific battles of the Second World War.
Category: Fiction

The Oxford Companion To Military History

Author : Richard Holmes
ISBN : UOM:49015002851344
Genre : History
File Size : 64.25 MB
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"This Oxford companion does much to untangle the long and complicated history of military events in Europe and North America since the 18th century. The thoughtful entries are clear, concise, and readable, with a number of extended entries on such subject
Category: History

Encyclopedia Of World War Ii

Author : Spencer Tucker
ISBN : 1576079996
Genre : History
File Size : 38.60 MB
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An unprecedented achievement in publishing—a multivolume encyclopedic resource, for both the general reader and specialist—on the central conflict of the 20th century,The Encyclopedia of World War II covers the entire scope of the Second World War from its earliest roots to its continuing impact on global politics and human society.
Category: History

The Air War 1939 1945

Author : Janusz Piekalkiewicz
ISBN : 0713711329
Genre : World War, 1939-1945
File Size : 83.34 MB
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En kronologisk gennemgang af luftoperationerne bygget på såvel allierede som tyske kilder samt referater fra neutrale lande. Alle fronter omtales. Mange gode illustrationer. Oversigter og opstillinger.
Category: World War, 1939-1945

The Rash Adventurer

Author : Imogen Grundon
ISBN : UOM:39015068804304
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 79.28 MB
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Pendlebury was an extraordinary man, every inch a real life Indiana Jones. As an archaeologist he succeeded Sir Arthur Evans at Knossos, travelling all over the island in search of ancient sites. He was later director of excavations at Tell el-Amarna in Egypt. He was also an athlete, gaining a blue for Cambridge, and a guerilla commander in Crete under Nazi occupation where he died fighting. Written by archaeologist Imogen Grundon this is his first biography.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Nazi Victory Crete 1941

Author : David Arthur Thomas
ISBN : STANFORD:36105080710390
Genre : World War, 1939-1945
File Size : 54.15 MB
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Category: World War, 1939-1945