The Age Of Smart Information

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In The Age Of The Smart Machine

Author : Shoshana Zuboff
ISBN : UOM:39015050393282
Genre : Automation
File Size : 79.43 MB
Format : PDF
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A Harvard social scientist documents the pitfalls and promise of computerized technology in business life, warning that advanced information technologies present us with a fateful choice: to continue automation at the risk of robbing workers of gratification and self image, or to informate and empower ordinary working people to make critical and collaborative judgments.
Category: Automation

Smart Information Systems

Author : Frank Hopfgartner
ISBN : 9783319141787
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35.36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This text presents an overview of smart information systems for both the private and public sector, highlighting the research questions that can be studied by applying computational intelligence. The book demonstrates how to transform raw data into effective smart information services, covering the challenges and potential of this approach. Each chapter describes the algorithms, tools, measures and evaluations used to answer important questions. This is then further illustrated by a diverse selection of case studies reflecting genuine problems faced by SMEs, multinational manufacturers, service companies, and the public sector. Features: provides a state-of-the-art introduction to the field, integrating contributions from both academia and industry; reviews novel information aggregation services; discusses personalization and recommendation systems; examines sensor-based knowledge acquisition services, describing how the analysis of sensor data can be used to provide a clear picture of our world.
Category: Computers

Smart City Being Smart

Author : Dr Sonali Sarnobat
ISBN : 9781482886290
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 68.82 MB
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The mainstream media is responsible to raise the level of consciousness of the general populace. But in reality there is a big void here. The media is so engulfed in its TRP ratings that politics, Bollywood, and cricket take the center stage. Hardly any space is spared for opinions, scholarly inputs, and the likes. The book offers an in-depth analysis of the concept of Smart City. The intention of the author is twofold: one, to propagate the concept of Smart City; two, to explain what it takes to be a smart city from the conventional city.
Category: Health & Fitness

Only Humans Need Apply

Author : Thomas H. Davenport
ISBN : 9780062438607
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.93 MB
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An invigorating, thought-provoking, and positive look at the rise of automation that explores how professionals across industries can find sustainable careers in the near future. Nearly half of all working Americans could risk losing their jobs because of technology. It’s not only blue-collar jobs at stake. Millions of educated knowledge workers—writers, paralegals, assistants, medical technicians—are threatened by accelerating advances in artificial intelligence. The industrial revolution shifted workers from farms to factories. In the first era of automation, machines relieved humans of manually exhausting work. Today, Era Two of automation continues to wash across the entire services-based economy that has replaced jobs in agriculture and manufacturing. Era Three, and the rise of AI, is dawning. Smart computers are demonstrating they are capable of making better decisions than humans. Brilliant technologies can now decide, learn, predict, and even comprehend much faster and more accurately than the human brain, and their progress is accelerating. Where will this leave lawyers, nurses, teachers, and editors? In Only Humans Need Apply, Thomas Hayes Davenport and Julia Kirby reframe the conversation about automation, arguing that the future of increased productivity and business success isn’t either human or machine. It’s both. The key is augmentation, utilizing technology to help humans work better, smarter, and faster. Instead of viewing these machines as competitive interlopers, we can see them as partners and collaborators in creative problem solving as we move into the next era. The choice is ours.
Category: Business & Economics

Information Security And Auditing In The Digital Age

Author : Amjad Umar
ISBN : 097274147X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49.77 MB
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This book provides a recent and relevant coverage based on a systematic approach. Especially suitable for practitioners and managers, the book has also been classroom tested in IS/IT courses on security. It presents a systematic approach to build total systems solutions that combine policies, procedures, risk analysis, threat assessment through attack trees, honeypots, audits, and commercially available security packages to secure the modern IT assets (applications, databases, hosts, middleware services and platforms) as well as the paths (the wireless plus wired network) to these assets. After covering the security management and technology principles, the book shows how these principles can be used to protect the digital enterprise assets. The emphasis is on modern issues such as e-commerce, e-business and mobile application security; wireless security that includes security of Wi-Fi LANs, cellular networks, satellites, wireless home networks, wireless middleware, and mobile application servers; semantic Web security with a discussion of XML security; Web Services security, SAML (Security Assertion Markup Language)and .NET security; integration of control and audit concepts in establishing a secure environment. Numerous real-life examples and a single case study that is developed throughout the book highlight a case-oriented approach. Complete instructor materials (PowerPoint slides, course outline, project assignments) to support an academic or industrial course are provided. Additional details can be found at the author website (www.amjadumar.com)
Category: Computers

Things That Make Us Smart

Author : Don Norman
ISBN : 9781626815377
Genre : Design
File Size : 41.22 MB
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By the author of THE DESIGN OF EVERYDAY THINGS. Insightful and whimsical, profoundly intelligent and easily accessible, Don Norman has been exploring the design of our world for decades, exploring this complex relationship between humans and machines. In this seminal work, fully revised and updated, Norman gives us the first steps towards demanding a person-centered redesign of the machines we use every day. Humans have always worked with objects to extend our cognitive powers, from counting on our fingers to designing massive supercomputers. But advanced technology does more than merely assist with memory—the machines we create begin to shape how we think and, at times, even what we value. In THINGS THAT MAKE US SMART, Donald Norman explores the complex interaction between human thought and the technology it creates, arguing for the development of machines that fit our minds, rather than minds that must conform to the machine.
Category: Design

Public Administration In An Information Age

Author : I. Th. M. Snellen
ISBN : 9051993951
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64.79 MB
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This book is a joint effort of researchers who have been involved in research-projects and programmes that have been trying to chart and reflect upon the implications of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Public Administration (Tilburg/Rotterdam, Kassel, Irvine, Nottingham/Glasgow). Since the fifties, computers had largely facilitated and the transformation of the minimal 'Night-Watch-state' into the modern 'Welfare-state', through their contribution to their effectivity, productivity and efficiency. In most Handbooks of Public Administration, computers are seen as neutral instruments and, most of the time, the role of computer technologies in the transformation of public administration is completely neglected. This 'deafening silence' is a great contrast with the way ICT's are actually changing public administration. The faster the developments in a field of study are, the more difficult it is to let the theories, related to that field of study, mature. In such circumstances, most statements will remain provisial and context-dependent. 25 years of research in Irvine (California) and Kassel (Germany) and more than 10 years of research in Tilburg/Rotterdam (The Netherlands) and about seven years of research in Glasgow/Nottingham (the United Kingdom) nonetheless enables the presentation of a modest image of public administration as it is entering the information age. Researchers in each of these groups have, nevertheless, not stopped trying to phrase theories about the implications of informatization for public administration with a more or less larges scope, that are robust in different contexts and over longer periods of time. These results and theories, covering a broad set of elements of the body of knowledge of public administration, are presented in this volume. As the authors try to demonstrate in this book, informatization developments in public administration do not only challenge the existing body of knowledge of the public administration discipline, but they are also opening up new perspectives and paradigms for the study of public administration.
Category: Political Science

Ubiquitous Information Technologies And Applications

Author : Young-Sik Jeong
ISBN : 9783642416712
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.96 MB
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The theme of CUTE is focused on the various aspects of ubiquitous computing for advances in ubiquitous computing and provides an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in the area of ubiquitous computing. Therefore this book will be include the various theories and practical applications in ubiquitous computing
Category: Technology & Engineering

Security And Privacy In The Age Of Ubiquitous Computing

Author : Ryoichi Sasaki
ISBN : 038725658X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75.48 MB
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Even in the age of ubiquitous computing, the importance of the Internet will not change and we still need to solve conventional security issues. In addition, we need to deal with new issues such as security in the P2P environment, privacy issues in the use of smart cards, and RFID systems. Security and Privacy in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing addresses these issues and more by exploring a wide scope of topics. The volume presents a selection of papers from the proceedings of the 20th IFIP International Information Security Conference held from May 30 to June 1, 2005 in Chiba, Japan. Topics covered include cryptography applications, authentication, privacy and anonymity, DRM and content security, computer forensics, Internet and web security, security in sensor networks, intrusion detection, commercial and industrial security, authorization and access control, information warfare and critical protection infrastructure. These papers represent the most current research in information security, including research funded in part by DARPA and the National Science Foundation.
Category: Computers

Strategic Information Technology And Portfolio Management

Author : Tan, Albert Wee Kwan
ISBN : 9781599046891
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.41 MB
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"The objectives of the proposed book are to provide techniques and tools appropriate for building application portfolios and develop strategies that increase financial performance"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Computers

Age Smart

Author : Jeffrey Rosensweig
ISBN : 0132703165
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 63.9 MB
Format : PDF
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Americans are embracing an entirely new way of aging: one that's based on staying productive, staying active, and staying young in body and mind. Jeffrey A. Rosensweig and Betty Liu share strategies for bringing together all the elements of a long, happy, fulfilling, connected life. Starting today, you'll learn how to take advantage of the latest sciences of health and longevity... leverage today's most powerful techniques for protecting your financial security... find or keep the work you love... pursue a path to deepen your own personal spirituality, whatever form it may take. No Pink Pants is packed with easy-to-use tips and guidelines for everything from your portfolio to your medical insurance. The heart of the book: intimate interviews with individuals celebrated for what they've learned about getting better with age: powerful role models ranging from Jimmy Carter to Helen Gurley Brown, Robert Mondavi to C. Everett Koop. Learn from their experiences; then use this book's easy worksheets to take control of your own future!
Category: Self-Help

Ambient Commons

Author : Malcolm McCullough
ISBN : 9780262018807
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 41.57 MB
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The world is filling with ever more kinds of media, in ever more contexts andformats. Glowing rectangles have become part of the scene; screens, large and small, appeareverywhere. Physical locations are increasingly tagged and digitally augmented. Sensors, processors,and memory are not found only in chic smart phones but also built into everyday objects. Amid thisflood, your attention practices matter more than ever. You might not be able to tune this world out.So it is worth remembering that underneath all these augmentations and data flows, fixed formspersist, and that to notice them can improve other sensibilities. In AmbientCommons, Malcolm McCullough explores the workings of attention though a rediscovery ofsurroundings. Not all that informs has been written and sent; not all attention involves deliberatethought. The intrinsic structure of space -- the layout of a studio, for example, or a plaza --becomes part of any mental engagement with it. McCullough describes what he calls the Ambient: anincreasing tendency to perceive information superabundance whole, where individual signals matterless and at least some mediation assumes inhabitable form. He explores how the fixed forms ofarchitecture and the city play a cognitive role in the flow of ambient information. As apersistently inhabited world, can the Ambient be understood as a shared cultural resource, to besocially curated, voluntarily limited, and self-governed as if a commons? AmbientCommons invites you to look past current obsessions with smart phones to rethink attentionitself, to care for more situated, often inescapable forms of information.
Category: Architecture

The Fourth Age

Author : Byron Reese
ISBN : 9781501158582
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.94 MB
Format : PDF
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“The Fourth Age not only discusses what the rise of A.I. will mean for us, it also forces readers to challenge their preconceptions. And it manages to do all this in a way that is both entertaining and engaging.” —The New York Times As we approach a great turning point in history when technology is poised to redefine what it means to be human, The Fourth Age offers fascinating insight into AI, robotics, and their extraordinary implications for our species. In The Fourth Age, Byron Reese makes the case that technology has reshaped humanity just three times in history: - 100,000 years ago, we harnessed fire, which led to language. - 10,000 years ago, we developed agriculture, which led to cities and warfare. - 5,000 years ago, we invented the wheel and writing, which lead to the nation state. We are now on the doorstep of a fourth change brought about by two technologies: AI and robotics. The Fourth Age provides extraordinary background information on how we got to this point, and how—rather than what—we should think about the topics we’ll soon all be facing: machine consciousness, automation, employment, creative computers, radical life extension, artificial life, AI ethics, the future of warfare, superintelligence, and the implications of extreme prosperity. By asking questions like “Are you a machine?” and “Could a computer feel anything?”, Reese leads you through a discussion along the cutting edge in robotics and AI, and, provides a framework by which we can all understand, discuss, and act on the issues of the Fourth Age, and how they’ll transform humanity.
Category: Social Science

Supply Chain Management In The Big Data Era

Author : Chan, Hing Kai
ISBN : 9781522509578
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.92 MB
Format : PDF
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Technological advancements in recent years have led to significant developments within a variety of business applications. In particular, data-driven research provides ample opportunity for enterprise growth, if utilized efficiently. Supply Chain Management in the Big Data Era is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly material on the implementation of big data analytics for improved operations and supply chain processes. Highlighting emerging strategies from different industry perspectives, this book is ideally designed for managers, professionals, practitioners, and students interested in the most recent research on supply chain innovations.
Category: Business & Economics

Cyber Defence In The Age Of Ai Smart Societies And Augmented Humanity

Author : Hamid Jahankhani
ISBN : 9783030357467
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.92 MB
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This publication highlights the fast-moving technological advancement and infiltration of Artificial Intelligence into society. Concepts of evolution of society through interconnectivity are explored, together with how the fusion of human and technological interaction leading to Augmented Humanity is fast becoming more than just an endemic phase, but a cultural phase shift to digital societies. It aims to balance both the positive progressive outlooks such developments bring with potential issues that may stem from innovation of this kind, such as the invasive procedures of bio hacking or ethical connotations concerning the usage of digital twins. This publication will also give the reader a good level of understanding on fundamental cyber defence principles, interactions with Critical National Infrastructure (CNI) and the Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (C3I) decision-making framework. A detailed view of the cyber-attack landscape will be garnered; touching on the tactics, techniques and procedures used, red and blue teaming initiatives, cyber resilience and the protection of larger scale systems. The integration of AI, smart societies, the human-centric approach and Augmented Humanity is discernible in the exponential growth, collection and use of [big] data; concepts woven throughout the diversity of topics covered in this publication; which also discusses the privacy and transparency of data ownership, and the potential dangers of exploitation through social media. As humans are become ever more interconnected, with the prolificacy of smart wearable devices and wearable body area networks, the availability of and abundance of user data and metadata derived from individuals has grown exponentially. The notion of data ownership, privacy and situational awareness are now at the forefront in this new age.
Category: Computers

From Information To Smart Society

Author : Lapo Mola
ISBN : 9783319094502
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 25.48 MB
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This book presents a collection of research papers focusing on issues emerging from the interaction of information technologies and organizational systems. In particular, the individual contributions examine digital platforms and artifacts currently adopted in both the business world and society at large (people, communities, firms, governments, etc.). The topics covered include: virtual organizations, virtual communities, smart societies, smart cities, ecological sustainability, e-healthcare, e-government, and interactive policy-making (IPM). The book offers a multidisciplinary perspective on a variety of information systems topics. It is also particularly relevant to information systems practitioners such as IS managers, business managers and policy makers. The content is based on a selection of the best papers (original double-blind peer-reviewed contributions) presented at the annual conference of the Italian chapter of AIS, which was held in Milan, Italy in December 2013.
Category: Business & Economics

National Security In The Information Age

Author : Emily O. Goldman
ISBN : 9781135754617
Genre : History
File Size : 50.73 MB
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As the activities of individuals, organizations, and nations increasingly occur in cyberspace, the security of those activities is becoming a growing concern. Political, economic and military leaders must manage and reduce the level of risk associated with threats from hostile states, malevolent nonstate actors such as organized terrorist groups or individual hackers, and high-tech accidents. The impact of the information technology revolution on warfare, global stability, governance, and even the meaning of existing security constructs like deterrence is significant. These essays examine the ways in which the information technology revolution has affected the logic of deterrence and crisis management, definitions of peace and war, democratic constraints on conflict, the conduct of and military organization for war, and the growing role of the private sector in providing security.
Category: History

The Age Of Intelligent Cities

Author : Nicos Komninos
ISBN : 9781317669166
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.31 MB
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This book concludes a trilogy that began with Intelligent Cities: Innovation, Knowledge Systems and digital spaces (Routledge 2002) and Intelligent Cities and Globalisation of Innovation Networks (Routledge 2008). Together these books examine intelligent cities as environments of innovation and collaborative problem-solving. In this final book, the focus is on planning, strategy and governance of intelligent cities. Divided into three parts, each section elaborates upon complementary aspects of intelligent city strategy and planning. Part I is about the drivers and architectures of the spatial intelligence of cities, while Part II turns to planning processes and discusses top-down and bottom-up planning for intelligent cities. Cities such as Amsterdam, Manchester, Stockholm and Helsinki are examples of cities that have used bottom-up planning through the gradual implementation of successive initiatives for regeneration. On the other hand, Living PlanIT, Neapolis in Cyprus, and Saudi Arabia intelligent cities have started with the top-down approach, setting up urban operating systems and common central platforms. Part III focuses on intelligent city strategies; how cities should manage the drivers of spatial intelligence, create smart environments, mobilise communities, and offer new solutions to address city problems. Main findings of the book are related to a series of models which capture fundamental aspects of intelligent cities making and operation. These models consider structure, function, planning, strategies toward intelligent environments and a model of governance based on mobilisation of communities, knowledge architectures, and innovation cycles.
Category: Business & Economics