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The Advent Of The Algorithm

Author : David Berlinski
ISBN : 0156013916
Genre : Computers
File Size : 44.51 MB
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Describes the invention of the algorithm, first theorized by Leibniz, and the dramatic implications of this mathematical discovery on the development of computer technology and the working of DNA.
Category: Computers

Computations And Computing Devices In Mathematics Education Before The Advent Of Electronic Calculators

Author : Alexei Volkov
ISBN : 9783319733968
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.24 MB
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This volume traces back the history of interaction between the “computational” or “algorithmic” aspects of elementary mathematics and mathematics education throughout ages. More specifically, the examples of mathematical practices analyzed by the historians of mathematics and mathematics education who authored the chapters in the present collection show that the development (and, in some cases, decline) of counting devices and related computational practices needs to be considered within a particular context to which they arguably belonged, namely, the context of mathematics instruction; in their contributions the authors also explore the role that the instruments played in formation of didactical approaches in various mathematical traditions, stretching from Ancient Mesopotamia to the 20th century Europe and North America.
Category: Education

Denver Health Medical Center Handbook Of Surgical Critical Care

Author : Fredric M Pieracci
ISBN : 9789814602204
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.54 MB
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As surgical critical care continues to evolve, this handbook provides the framework for the surgical intensivist, and focuses specifically on the surgical considerations encountered in the care of the critically ill patient. Drawing from decades of experience at one of the world's busiest and most innovative trauma/ surgical intensive care units, the handbook systematically addresses all aspects of surgical critical care. Chapters are presented in an easy-to-access, bullet point format, with each chapter ending in a practical algorithm and review of recent literature. This text will serve as a guide, learning tool, and reference manual for all levels of practitioners, from aspiring student to seasoned attending. Contents:Background:Critical Care Responsibility in Healthcare ReformInitial Approach to the Trauma PatientSystems-based Approach to the Critically Ill Surgical PatientSystem-Based Management:Central Nervous SystemCardiovascularRespiratoryRenalGastrointestinalHematologyInfectious DiseaseICU Procedures:Principles of UltrasoundEchocardiographyCentral Venous CannulationArterial CannulationTube ThoracostomyLumbar PunctureInferior Vena Cava FilterPercutaneous TracheostomyPercutaneous Endoscopic GastrostomyDifficult Urinary CatheterizationBedside LaparotomySpecial Populations:PediatricGeriatricBariatricCardiothoracicObstetricsSpecial Issues:BurnHypothermiaOrthopaedicsPharmacologyFree Flap MonitoringEthics of Surgical Critical Care Readership: Surgical Intensivists (ICU Doctors). Key Features:Specific to surgical critical careBullet point format for easy accessCumulative knowledge/ experience from a world-renown center (Denver Health Medical Center)Keywords:Surgical Critical Care;Trauma;Acute Care Surgery
Category: Medical

The Algorithm Design Manual

Author : Steven S Skiena
ISBN : 9781848000704
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86.47 MB
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This newly expanded and updated second edition of the best-selling classic continues to take the "mystery" out of designing algorithms, and analyzing their efficacy and efficiency. Expanding on the first edition, the book now serves as the primary textbook of choice for algorithm design courses while maintaining its status as the premier practical reference guide to algorithms for programmers, researchers, and students. The reader-friendly Algorithm Design Manual provides straightforward access to combinatorial algorithms technology, stressing design over analysis. The first part, Techniques, provides accessible instruction on methods for designing and analyzing computer algorithms. The second part, Resources, is intended for browsing and reference, and comprises the catalog of algorithmic resources, implementations and an extensive bibliography. NEW to the second edition: • Doubles the tutorial material and exercises over the first edition • Provides full online support for lecturers, and a completely updated and improved website component with lecture slides, audio and video • Contains a unique catalog identifying the 75 algorithmic problems that arise most often in practice, leading the reader down the right path to solve them • Includes several NEW "war stories" relating experiences from real-world applications • Provides up-to-date links leading to the very best algorithm implementations available in C, C++, and Java
Category: Computers

The Algorithm

Author : Jason Ford
ISBN : 9781312126817
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 47.76 MB
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James Heart is a fresh talented programmer who has taken his first job with a multibillion dollar tech company in the middle of silicon valley. He is paid well, drives an expensive car, and is loved by a beautiful fiancé. All is going well in James life, until his morale conscience is used against him. James is catapulted into a complex web of plots that will ultimately threaten his life and the well being of millions of others.
Category: Fiction

Computer Algebra Handbook

Author : Johannes Grabmeier
ISBN : 3540654666
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.64 MB
Format : PDF
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This Handbook gives a comprehensive snapshot of a field at the intersection of mathematics and computer science with applications in physics, engineering and education. Reviews 67 software systems and offers 100 pages on applications in physics, mathematics, computer science, engineering chemistry and education.
Category: Computers

High Performance Algorithms For Structured Matrix Problems

Author : Peter Arbenz
ISBN : 156072594X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49.96 MB
Format : PDF
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The main aim of this volume is to summarise the state of the art in the area of high performance solutions of structured linear systems as well as the area of structured eigenvalue and singular-value problems. The volume highlights research directions perceived to be the most important for computing the structured problems. The topics covered range from parallel solvers for sparse or banded linear systems to parallel computation of eigenvalues and singular values of tridiagonal and bidiagonal matrices. In addition, the volume contains articles on specialised solution techniques for dense Toeplitz and Hankel matrices. The papers also discuss implementation issues on numerous parallel architectures such as vector computers, shared and distributed memory multiprocessors, and clusters of workstations.
Category: Computers

One Two Three

Author : David Berlinski
ISBN : 9780307379856
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 43.53 MB
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From the acclaimed author of A Tour of the Calculus and The Advent of the Algorithm, here is a riveting look at mathematics that reveals a hidden world in some of its most fundamental concepts. In his latest foray into mathematics, David Berlinski takes on the simplest questions that can be asked: What is a number? How do addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division actually work? What are geometry and logic? As he delves into these subjects, he discovers and lucidly describes the beauty and complexity behind their seemingly simple exteriors, making clear how and why these mercurial, often slippery concepts are essential to who we are. Filled with illuminating historical anecdotes and asides on some of the most fascinating mathematicians through the ages, One, Two, Three is a captivating exploration of the foundation of mathematics: how it originated, who thought of it, and why it matters.
Category: Mathematics

The Em Algorithm And Related Statistical Models

Author : Michiko Watanabe
ISBN : 0203913051
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 40.30 MB
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Exploring the application and formulation of the EM algorithm, The EM Algorithm and Related Statistical Models offers a valuable method for constructing statistical models when only incomplete information is available, and proposes specific estimation algorithms for solutions to incomplete data problems. The text covers current topics including statistical models with latent variables, as well as neural network models, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. It describes software resources valuable for the processing of the EM algorithm with incomplete data and for general analysis of latent structure models of categorical data, and studies accelerated versions of the EM algorithm.
Category: Mathematics

Algorithm Soc Design For Automotive Vision Systems

Author : Jaeseok Kim
ISBN : 9789401790758
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87.37 MB
Format : PDF
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An emerging trend in the automobile industry is its convergence with information technology (IT). Indeed, it has been estimated that almost 90% of new automobile technologies involve IT in some form. Smart driving technologies that improve safety as well as green fuel technologies are quite representative of the convergence between IT and automobiles. The smart driving technologies include three key elements: sensing of driving environments, detection of objects and potential hazards and the generation of driving control signals including warning signals. Although radar-based systems are primarily used for sensing the driving environments, the camera has gained importance in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). This book covers system-on-a-chip (SoC) designs—including both algorithms and hardware—related with image sensing and object detection by using the camera for smart driving systems. It introduces a variety of algorithms such as lens correction, super resolution, image enhancement and object detections from the images captured by low-cost vehicle camera. This is followed by implementation issues such as SoC architecture, hardware accelerator, software development environment and reliability techniques for automobile vision systems. This book is aimed for the new and practicing engineers in automotive and chip-design industries to provide some overall guidelines for the development of automotive vision systems. It will also help graduate students understand and get started for the research work in this field.
Category: Technology & Engineering