The 8 Calendars Of The Maya

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The 8 Calendars Of The Maya

Author : Hunbatz Men
ISBN : 9781591439875
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 85.27 MB
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Mayan daykeeper Hunbatz Men reveals the multi-calendar system of the Maya that guided the lives of his ancestors and how it can guide us today • The first book to reveal the secrets of the Mayan Pleiades calendar: the Tzek’eb • Explains how the Maya used their astronomical knowledge to guide their lives on Earth The Mayan Calendar has taken on special prominence with the imminent arrival of 2012, a date that many claim is the end of that calendar. However, as Mayan elder and daykeeper Hunbatz Men shows, the cosmological understanding of his ancestors was so sophisticated that they had not one, but many calendars, each based on the cycles of different systems in the cosmos. In this book he reveals for the first time the Tzek’eb, or Pleiades, Calendar of 26,000 years, which charts the revolution of our solar system around Alcyone, the central star of the Pleiades system. He also discusses the K’uuk’ulcan Calendar of the 4 seasons of the solar year and the wheel of the K’altunes Calendar, which is composed of 13 cycles of 20 years each that form a calendar of 260 years. In traditional Mayan culture the computation of time was not determined by simple economic or social motives. The calendars served the higher purpose of synchronizing the lives of human beings and their societies to the great cosmic pulsation, to the rhythm of the annual seasons, and to the other cycles that dictate changes upon Earth. Mayan understanding of the cosmic cycles was so exact that this knowledge could be used to influence all stages of life--from planning when to conceive (parents could choose not only the sex of their child but its vocation and future destiny) to plotting out the course of the entire society. Pyramids played a crucial role in applying this wisdom because, as Hunbatz Men shows, they were able to produce and transform energy in accordance with the cosmic cycles charted by the calendars. This book reveals for the first time the wisdom of the multi-calendar Mayan system and how it can help guide our modern world.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Maya Calendar Origins

Author : Prudence M. Rice
ISBN : 0292774494
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.90 MB
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In Maya Political Science: Time, Astronomy, and the Cosmos, Prudence M. Rice proposed a new model of Maya political organization in which geopolitical seats of power rotated according to a 256-year calendar cycle known as the May. This fundamental connection between timekeeping and Maya political organization sparked Rice's interest in the origins of the two major calendars used by the ancient lowland Maya, one 260 days long, and the other having 365 days. In Maya Calendar Origins, she presents a provocative new thesis about the origins and development of the calendrical system. Integrating data from anthropology, archaeology, art history, astronomy, ethnohistory, myth, and linguistics, Rice argues that the Maya calendars developed about a millennium earlier than commonly thought, around 1200 BC, as an outgrowth of observations of the natural phenomena that scheduled the movements of late Archaic hunter-gatherer-collectors throughout what became Mesoamerica. She asserts that an understanding of the cycles of weather and celestial movements became the basis of power for early rulers, who could thereby claim "control" over supernatural cosmic forces. Rice shows how time became materialized—transformed into status objects such as monuments that encoded calendrical or temporal concerns—as well as politicized, becoming the foundation for societal order, political legitimization, and wealth. Rice's research also sheds new light on the origins of the Popol Vuh, which, Rice believes, encodes the history of the development of the Mesoamerican calendars. She also explores the connections between the Maya and early Olmec and Izapan cultures in the Isthmian region, who shared with the Maya the cosmovision and ideology incorporated into the calendrical systems.
Category: Social Science

Mayan Incan And Aztec Civilizations Grades 5 8

Author : Michael Kramme
ISBN : 9781580376587
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 79.44 MB
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Bring history to life for students in grades 5 and up using Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations! This 96-page book features reading selections and assessments that utilize a variety of questioning strategies, such as matching, true or false, critical thinking, and constructed response. Hands-on activities, research opportunities, and mapping exercises engage students in learning about the history and culture of Mayan, Incan, and Aztecan civilizations. For struggling readers, the book includes a downloadable version of the reading selections at a fourth- to fifth-grade reading level. This book aligns with state, national, and Canadian provincial standards.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

The Mayan Calendar And The Transformation Of Consciousness

Author : Carl Johan Calleman
ISBN : 9781591438960
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 87.41 MB
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Reveals the Mayan calendar to be a spiritual device that describes the evolution of human consciousness from ancient times into the future • Shows the connection between cosmic evolution and actual human history • Provides a new science of time that explains why time not only seems to be speeding up in the modern world but is actually getting faster • Explains how the end of the Mayan calendar is not the end of the world, but a path toward enlightenment The prophetic Mayan calendar is not keyed to the movement of planetary bodies. Instead, it functions as a metaphysical map of the evolution of consciousness and records how spiritual time flows--providing a new science of time. The calendar is associated with nine creation cycles, which represent nine levels of consciousness or Underworlds on the Mayan cosmic pyramid. Through empirical research Calleman shows how this pyramidal structure of the development of consciousness can explain things as disparate as the common origin of world religions and the modern complaint that time seems to be moving faster. Time, in fact, is speeding up as we transition from the materialist Planetary Underworld of time that governs us today to a new and higher frequency of consciousness--the Galactic Underworld--in preparation for the final Universal level of conscious enlightenment. Calleman reveals how the Mayan calendar is a spiritual device that enables a greater understanding of the nature of conscious evolution throughout human history and the concrete steps we can take to align ourselves with this growth toward enlightenment.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Maya Cosmogenesis 2012

Author : John Major Jenkins
ISBN : 9781591438090
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 29.20 MB
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While researching the 2012 end-date of the Maya Calendar, John Major Jenkins decoded the Maya's galactic cosmology. The Maya discovered that the periodic alignment of the Sun with the center of the Milky Way galaxy is the formative influence on human evolution. These alignments also define a series of World Ages. The fourth age ends on December 21, 2012, when an epoch chapter in human history will come to an end. Maya Cosmogenisis 2012 reveals the Maya's insight into the cyclic nature of time, and prepares us for our own cosmogenesis--the birth of a new world.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

The Mayan And Other Ancient Calendars

Author : Geoff Stray
ISBN : 9780802716347
Genre : Art
File Size : 24.54 MB
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A much-needed guide to the Mayan calendar systems and the essentials of calendar development throughout the world.
Category: Art

Ancient Maya

Author : Arthur Demarest
ISBN : 0521592240
Genre : History
File Size : 83.91 MB
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In this archaeological study, Arthur Demarest brings the lost pre-Columbian civilization of the Maya to life. In applying a holistic perspective to the most recent evidence from archaeology, paleoecology, and epigraphy, this theoretical interpretation emphasizes both the brilliant rain forest adaptations of the ancient Maya and the Native American spirituality that permeated all aspects of their daily life.
Category: History

Christ The Maya Calendar

Author : Robert Powell
ISBN : 9781584204572
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75.47 MB
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In The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel, it is said: Katun 11 Ahau is set upon the mat, set upon the throne, when their ruler is set up.... The heavenly fan, the heavenly wreath and the heavenly bouquet shall descend. The drum and rattle of the lord of 11 Ahau shall resound, when flint knives are set into his mantle.... Ahau 11 is the beginning of the count, because this was the katun when the foreigners arrived. They came from the east when they arrived. Then Christianity also began. The fulfillment of its prophecy is [ascribed] to the east.... This is a record of the things which they did. After it had all passed, they told of it in their [own] words, but its meaning is not plain. Despite the explosion of books, videos and TV shows that claim to penetrate the mystery of "2012"--the numerical shorthand for the completion on December 21, 2012, of the thirteenth B'ak'tun cycle in the Long Count of the Maya calendar--consensus about its meaning seems to remain elusive. The discussion about the significance of 2012 falls generally into two distinct camps: "New Age" authors who see this date as marking the advent of an imminent, universally accelerated psychic/spiritual evolution and professional astronomers and ethnologists who generally discount such metaphysical claims. Christ and the Maya Calendar approaches the significance of 2012 by spiritually penetrating phenomena of today. Drawing on the book of Revelation--which provides an archetype for understanding spiritual history, as well as Rudolf Steiner's Apocalyptic indications--a completely new context for grasping the end date of the Maya calendar emerges. In a November 1919 lecture, Steiner made a stunning remark: "Ahriman skilfully prepares his goal beforehand...[and] will find an important instrument for preparing his incarnation. His incarnation is undoubtedly coming, and this lack of insight will enable him to prepare it triumphantly." The subtitle of this book--"2012 and the Coming of the Antichrist"--refers to this coming incarnation of Ahriman. In fact, Steiner narrowed the timeline for Ahriman's incarnation, saying it would come "before only a part of the third millennium has run its course." Just after Christmas 1919, Steiner revealed more about the impending incarnation of Ahriman, saying almost offhandedly that Ahriman's name might be "John William Smith." With this remark, he clearly pointed to the incarnation occurring in the English-speaking West, while other remarks made it is certain Steiner meant that the incarnation would take place in America. In addition to penetrating the spiritual background of our time in relation to the coming of the Antichrist (the incarnation of Ahriman), the authors explore the significance of the Mexican mysteries and present a wealth of new research with the intention of helping the reader to navigate the Apocalyptic scenario currently shaping up, with the global financial crisis as one important expression. Most important, the authors refer to the Second Coming of Christ as the true event of our time; the incarnation of Satan/Ahriman is its shadow. The authors also show the significance of Divine Sophia as the antidote to negative consequences of Ahriman's incarnation. Finally, as a positive manifestation of the world of spirit in our time, the book discusses the significance of the young anthroposophist, Judith von Halle, who since Easter 2004 has born the stigmata, the visible signs of the wounds of Christ. A Note on the Title The word Antichrist is used in the title and throughout this book, and there are at least two ways in which this word may be understood. The more general use of the word is found in the Bible and in Christian tradition, in which the Antichrist is understood to be the human being who bears the incarnated Satan (also called "Ahriman" in Persian tradition and, in Revelation 13 in the Bible, "The Beast"). This is how the word Antichrist is used in this book. However, this general meaning should be distinguished from another, more specialized use of the word, as found in the spiritual science of Anthroposophy, which often uses the word Antichrist to designate the Sun Demon, known as Sorath in the Hebrew tradition, referred to as the "Beast whose number is 666," and as "the two-horned Beast" in Revelation 13. In this connection, Rudolf Steiner refers to "the False Prophet who represents the teachings of The Beast." The authors of this book discuss the significance of Sorath in chapters 7 and 8. Authors' Note Rudolf Steiner's large body of spiritual research has paved the way for further research encompassing thousands of volumes and numerous projects and social endeavors around the world. This book focuses upon Steiner's indications about the return of Christ, on the one hand, and the coming of the Antichrist, on the other hand. Both events, according to Steiner, are taking place, or will take place, in our time. Our endeavor is to provide a context in which the reader can find help to be able to grasp the larger picture as to the nature of the time in which we live. The purpose of the book is to draw attention to Christ's return in the realm of life forces known as the etheric, as well as to the impending physical incarnation of Ahriman as the Antichrist. The book is carefully written in the spirit of the age of the clear, critical consciousness of modern humanity to allow people to draw their own conclusions. Thus, it is not a matter of pointing the finger and pronouncing slogan-like statements. Rather, it is a matter of providing a context for the reader to arrive at a deeper grasp of what is taking place in the world at the present time, which can be attained only by way of hard study and the honest endeavor to attain a higher level of cognition. The main point is that the coming of the Antichrist is actually the shadow side of the much greater event of Christ's coming in the etheric realm, whereby Divine Sophia is actively working to help humanity to become aware of this greatest event of our time. Central to Rudolf Steiner's impulse is the development of intuitive faculties, which he named Imagination, Inspiration, and Intuition. This means that, when research is presented, people--through the exercise of their intuitive faculties--come to their own cognition of the truth and do not depend simply upon what is said by those presenting the research. The goal is--and must be--to arrive at truth for oneself, not based upon anyone else's statements. Although, of course, the statements of others can be taken as a starting point for arriving at the truth. However, cognition of the truth depends upon the development of intuitive faculties going beyond intellectual speculation. Since the publication of this book, various pronouncements--many of a speculative nature--have been made concerning the content of the book. The authors fully support the expression of freedom of thought and freedom of speech underlying statements about the book but obviously cannot be held responsible for the conclusions drawn by others from the research presented in this book. Their concern is truth--in the spirit of the words: "You shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free" (John 8:32). In relation to the Antichrist, called the Beast in chapter 13 of the Book of Revelation, his way (Revelation 13) is prepared by the Prophet of the Beast. Nowhere in this book are statements made identifying specific individuals as the Beast (Antichrist) or as the Prophet of the Beast. Yet, in this age of the Internet, all kinds of pro
Category: Religion

Maya Political Science

Author : Prudence M. Rice
ISBN : 9780292757844
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.5 MB
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How did the ancient Maya rule their world? Despite more than a century of archaeological investigation and glyphic decipherment, the nature of Maya political organization and political geography has remained an open question. Many debates have raged over models of centralization versus decentralization, superordinate and subordinate status—with far-flung analogies to emerging states in Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Prudence Rice asserts that neither the model of two giant "superpowers" nor that which postulates scores of small, weakly independent polities fits the accumulating body of material and cultural evidence. In this groundbreaking book, Rice builds a new model of Classic lowland Maya (AD 179-948) political organization and political geography. Using the method of direct historical analogy, she integrates ethnohistoric and ethnographic knowledge of the Colonial-period and modern Maya with archaeological, epigraphic, and iconographic data from the ancient Maya. On this basis of cultural continuity, she constructs a convincing case that the fundamental ordering principles of Classic Maya geopolitical organization were the calendar (specifically a 256-year cycle of time known as the may) and the concept of quadripartition, or the division of the cosmos into four cardinal directions. Rice also examines this new model of geopolitical organization in the Preclassic and Postclassic periods and demonstrates that it offers fresh insights into the nature of rulership, ballgame ritual, and warfare among the Classic lowland Maya.
Category: Social Science

The Living Maya

Author : Robert Sitler
ISBN : 9781556439391
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 59.31 MB
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" ... Explaining how we can use the era of 2012 as a unique opportunity for growth, Sitler proposes that following the Mayan way has "the potential to ground our lives more harmoniously in nature's infinitely complex ways, to broaden our perspectives on human existence, and to connect us more substantively with our innate capacity for comassion.""--Back cover.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Mayan Calendar Prophecies Predictions For 2012 2052

Author : Gary C. Daniels
ISBN : 9781300266464
Genre : History
File Size : 43.54 MB
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Take a look at the science behind the Mayan calendar, prophecies and mythology. The Maya believed multiple cycles governed civilization. They created various calendars to track these cycles. Their short count calendar tracked a 256-year cycle believed to control epidemics, famines, warfare and more. Scientists have found a 250-year solar cycle that also appears to affect epidemics, famines, warfare and more. Their long count calendar tracked a 5000-year cycle related to natural disasters and cosmic catastrophes. Scientists have also discovered that the Earth is subjected to periodic bombardment by comets and asteroids that plunges the world into long periods of darkness and cold. Mayan mythology appears to record such events and in some instances even the exact dates on which these catastrophes occurred in the past. By comparing these dates with ice core records, sedimentary records, and climate records, this book reveals the truth about civilization's darkest days. And what may lie ahead in the future.
Category: History

Heaven Born Merida And Its Destiny

Author :
ISBN : 9780292789302
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.33 MB
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When the Spaniards conquered the Yucatan Peninsula in the early 1500s, they made a great effort to destroy or Christianize the native cultures flourishing there. That they were in large part unsuccessful is evidenced by the survival of a number of documents written in Maya and preserved and added to by literate Mayas up to the 1830s. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel is such a document, literally the history of Yucatan written by and for Mayas, and it contains much information not available from Spanish sources because it was part of an underground resistance movement of which the Spanish were largely unaware. Well known to Mayanists, The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel is presented here in Munro S. Edmonson's English translation, extensively annotated. Edmonson reinterprets the book as literature and as history, placing it in chronological order and translating it as poetry. The ritual nature of Mayan history clearly emerges and casts new light on Mexican and Spanish acculturation of the Yucatecan Maya in the post-Classic and colonial periods. Centered in the city of Merida, the Chumayel provides the western (Xiu) perspective on Yucatecan history, as Edmonson's earlier book The Ancient Future of the Itza: The Book of Chilam Balam of Tizimin presented the eastern (Itza) viewpoint. Both document the changing calendar of the colonial period and the continuing vitality of pre-Columbian ritual thought down to the nineteenth century. Perhaps the biggest surprise is the survival of the long-count dating system down to the Baktun Ceremonial of 1618 (12.0.0.0.0). But there are others: the use of rebus writing, the survival of the tun until 1752, graphic if oblique accounts of Mayan ceremonial drama, and the depiction of the Spanish conquest as a long-term inter-Mayan civil war.
Category: Social Science

Archaeoastronomy And The Maya

Author : Gerardo Aldana y V.
ISBN : 9781782976462
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.55 MB
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Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical approaches to ancient Mayan cultural production. The book is contextualized through a history of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan sites, originating in the 19th century discovery of astronomical tables within hieroglyphic books. Early 20th century archaeological excavations revealed inscriptions carved into stone that also preserved astronomical records, along with architecture that was built to reflect astronomical orientations. These materials provided the basis of a growing professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming in the 1970s and expanding into recent years. The chapters here exemplify the advances made in the field during the early 21st century as well as the on-going diversity of approaches, presenting new perspectives and discoveries in ancient Mayan astronomy that result from recent studies of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. More than just investigations of esoteric ancient sciences, studies of ancient Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our understanding of Mayan worldviews. Concepts of time and space, meanings encoded in religious art, intentions underlying architectural alignments, and even methods of political legitimization are all illuminated through the study of Mayan astronomy.
Category: Social Science

The Ancient Maya

Author : Robert J. Sharer
ISBN : 0804748179
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.1 MB
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The rich findings of recent exploration and research are incorporated in this completely revised and greatly expanded sixth edition of this standard work on the Maya people. New field discoveries, new technical advances, new successes in the decipherment of Maya writing, and new theoretical perspectives on the Maya past have made this new edition necessary.
Category: Social Science

The Maya Year

Author : Cyrus Thomas
ISBN : UOM:39015030744174
Genre :
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Category:

How To Survive 2012

Author : Patrick Geryl
ISBN : 1931882681
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 68.60 MB
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In this book, Geryl provides the blueprint for those wishing to survive the 2012 diaster to prepare themselves and prevail. He explains in detail the myriad problems survivors will encounter, and the precautions that need to be taken to overcome them.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit