Terminological Ontologies

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Terminological Ontologies

Author : Javier Lacasta
ISBN : 1441969810
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86.58 MB
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Information infrastructures are integrated solutions based on the fusion of information and communication technologies. They are characterized by the large amount of data that must be managed accordingly. An information infrastructure requires an efficient and effective information retrieval system to provide access to the items stored in the infrastructure. Terminological Ontologies: Design, Management and Practical Applications presents the main problems that affect the discovery systems of information infrastructures to manage terminological models, and introduces a combination of research tools and applications in Semantic Web technologies. This book specifically analyzes the need to create, relate, and integrate the models required for an infrastructure by elaborating on the problem of accessing these models in an efficient manner via interoperable services and components. Terminological Ontologies: Design, Management and Practical Applications is geared toward information management systems and semantic web professionals working as project managers, application developers, government workers and more. Advanced undergraduate and graduate level students, professors and researchers focusing on computer science will also find this book valuable as a secondary text or reference book.
Category: Computers

Indeterminacy In Terminology And Lsp

Author : Bassey Edem Antia
ISBN : 9027223327
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 21.25 MB
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This book deals with the oft-neglected tensions between perspicuity and fuzziness in specialised communication. It describes the manifestations, functions and implications of indeterminacy phenomena in a range of LSP specialisations where it has been customary to expect precision and consistency. The volume presents case studies and methodological frameworks that draw on theoretical, anthropological and cognitive linguistics, safety-critical translating, history and theory of terminology studies, development of ontologies, software localisation, jurisprudence, macroeconomics and interoperability of digital knowledge representation resources. With chapters by leading scholars drawn from eleven countries, this book contributes to the benchmarking of indeterminacy scholarship in LSP studies and is a fitting tribute to its dedicatee, Professor Heribert Picht who, even in retirement, remains a constant presence in LSP and terminology studies. The book should be of interest to scholars of the aforementioned areas.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook Of Terminology

Author : Hendrik J. Kockaert
ISBN : 9789027269560
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 69.89 MB
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Terminology has started to explore unbeaten paths since Wüster, and has nowadays grown into a multi-facetted science, which seems to have reached adulthood, thanks to integrating multiple contributions not only from different linguistic schools, including computer, corpus, variational, socio-cognitive and socio-communicative linguistics, and frame-based semantics, but also from engineering and formal language developers. In this ever changing and diverse context, Terminology offers a wide range of opportunities ranging from standardized and prescriptive to prototype and user-based approaches. At this point of its road map, Terminology can nowadays claim to offer user-based and user-oriented, hence user-friendly, approaches to terminological phenomenona, when searching, extracting and analysing relevant terminology in online corpora, when building term bases that contribute to efficient communication among domain experts in languages for special purposes, or even when proposing terms and definitions formed on the basis of a generally agreed consensus in international standard bodies. Terminology is now ready to advance further, thanks to the integration of meaning description taking into account dynamic natural language phenomena, and of consensus-based terminology management in order to help experts communicate in their domain-specific languages. In this Handbook of Terminology (HoT), the symbiosis of Terminology with Linguistics allows a mature and multi-dimensional reflection on terminological phenomena, which will eventually generate future applications which have not been tested yet in natural language. The HoT aims at disseminating knowledge about terminology (management) and at providing easy access to a large range of topics, traditions, best practices, and methods to a broad audience: students, researchers, professionals and lecturers in Terminology, scholars and experts from other disciplines (among which linguistics, life sciences, metrology, chemistry, law studies, machine engineering, and actually any expert domain). In addition, the HoT addresses any of those with a professional or personal interest in (multilingual) terminology, translation, interpreting, localization, editing, etc., such as communication specialists, translators, scientists, editors, public servants, brand managers, engineers, (intercultural) organization specialists, and experts in any field. Moreover, the HoT offers added value, in that it is the first handbook with this scope in Terminology which has both a print edition (also available as a PDF e-book) and an online version. For access to the Handbook of Terminology Online, please visit ahref="HTTP: DESIGNTIMESP="27189" www.benjamins.com online hot ?http://www.benjamins.com/online/hot//a . The HoT is linked to the Handbook of Translation Studies, not in the least because of its interdisciplinary approaches, but also because of the inevitable intertwining between translation and terminology. All chapters are written by specialists in the different subfields and are peer-reviewed.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Contrastive Analysis Of English And Polish Surveying Terminology

Author : Ewelina Kwiatek
ISBN : 9781443867115
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.41 MB
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This book, with a focus on English and Polish, is a study of surveying terminology, which may be considered as an under-researched area when compared to legal, medical or business terminologies. It examines differences between terms and concepts in the two languages. The purpose of the book is three-fold: firstly, to investigate how surveying terms are created and how they are named in English and Polish; secondly, to analyse concept systems of the two languages with respect to surveying terminology; and thirdly, to indicate the areas of surveying in which terminological and conceptual differences occur, the factors that trigger them and translation strategies which are used to solve them. The book offers a systematic, corpus-based approach to terminology. Data for analyses come from the English and Polish surveying corpora compiled specifically for this project. The author of the book attempts to provide a wide picture of surveying terminology by looking at problems that diversified groups of users may identify. The book is directed towards terminologists and lexicographers, for whom it provides a set of guidelines on how to enrich the content of surveying dictionaries, translators and technical writers, who may find information on how to deal with conceptual mismatches, and to specialists in the surveying field, who are interested in finding equivalents for problematic terms.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Building The Knowledge Society On The Internet Sharing And Exchanging Knowledge In Networked Environments

Author : Bolisani, Ettore
ISBN : 9781599048185
Genre : Education
File Size : 45.60 MB
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"In today's networked societies, a key factor of the social and economic success is the capability to exchange, transfer, and share knowledge. This book provides research on the topic providing a foundation of an emerging and multidisciplinary field"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Education

Terminology And Terminological Systems

Author : Peter L. Elkin
ISBN : 9781447128168
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60.3 MB
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This book will provide readers with the essential information needed to understand knowledge representation with a focus on healthcare. The book will use health sector real world examples to delineate the principal issues and solutions for the field of data representation. The book will include a history of terminologies and in particular their use in healthcare. This book will cover the basis, authoring and use of reference terminologies including the formalisms needed to use them safely. The editor will exhaustively cover the field of concept-based indexing and will provide readers with an understanding of natural language processing and its application to health terminologies. The book will discuss terminology services and the architecture for terminological servers. This text will serve as the basis for a course or equally well as a reference text.
Category: Medical

Towards Very Large Knowledge Bases

Author : N. J. I. Mars
ISBN : 9051992173
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69.32 MB
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In the early days of artificial intelligence it was widely believed that powerful computers would, in the future, enable mankind to solve many real-world problems through the use of very general inference procedures and very little domain-specific knowledge. With the benefit of hindsight, this view can now be called quite naive. The field of expert systems, which developed during the early 1970s, embraced the paradigm that Knowledge is Power - even very fast computers require very large amounts of very specific knowledge to solve non-trivial problems. Thus, the field of large knowledge bases has emerged.
Category: Computers

Anatomy Ontologies For Bioinformatics

Author : Albert Burger
ISBN : 1846288851
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20.88 MB
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This book provides a timely and first-of-its-kind collection of papers on anatomy ontologies. It is interdisciplinary in its approach, bringing together the relevant expertise from computing and biomedical studies. The book aims to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of the foundations of anatomical ontologies and the-state-of-the-art in terms of existing tools and applications. It also highlights challenges that remain today.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computational Intelligence

Author : De-Shuang Huang
ISBN : 9783540372745
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.50 MB
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This is the proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2006, Kunming, China, August 2006. The book presents 165 revised full papers, carefully chosen and reviewed, organized in topical sections on fuzzy systems, fuzzy-neuro-evolutionary hybrids, supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning, intelligent agent and Web applications, intelligent fault diagnosis, natural language processing and expert systems, natural language human-machine interface using artificial neural networks, and intelligent financial engineering.
Category: Computers

Application Driven Terminology Engineering

Author : Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan
ISBN : 9027222320
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 23.58 MB
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A common framework under which the various studies on terminology processing can be viewed is to consider not only the texts from which the terminological resources are built but particularly the applications targeted. The current book, first published as a Special Issue of Terminology 11:1 (2005), analyses the influence of applications on term definition and processing. Two types of applications have been identified: intermediary and terminal applications (involving end users). Intermediary applications concern the building of terminological knowledge resources such as domain-specific dictionaries, ontologies, thesaurus or taxonomies. These knowledge resources then form the inputs to terminal applications such as information extraction, information retrieval, science and technology watch or automated book index building. Most of the applications dealt with in the book fall into the first category. This book represents the first attempt, from a pluridisciplinary viewpoint, to take into account the role of applications in the processing of terminology.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Theory And Applications Of Ontology Computer Applications

Author : Roberto Poli
ISBN : 9048188474
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76.57 MB
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Ontology was once understood to be the philosophical inquiry into the structure of reality: the analysis and categorization of ‘what there is’. Recently, however, a field called ‘ontology’ has become part of the rapidly growing research industry in information technology. The two fields have more in common than just their name. Theory and Applications of Ontology is a two-volume anthology that aims to further an informed discussion about the relationship between ontology in philosophy and ontology in information technology. It fills an important lacuna in cutting-edge research on ontology in both fields, supplying stage-setting overview articles on history and method, presenting directions of current research in either field, and highlighting areas of productive interdisciplinary contact. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications presents ontology in ways that philosophers are not likely to find elsewhere. The volume offers an overview of current research in ontology, distinguishing basic conceptual issues, domain applications, general frameworks, and mathematical formalisms. It introduces the reader to current research on frameworks and applications in information technology in ways that are sure to invite reflection and constructive responses from ontologists in philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Reasoning Web Semantic Technologies For Advanced Query Answering

Author : Thomas Eiter
ISBN : 9783642331589
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61.83 MB
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This volume contains the lecture notes of the 8th Reasoning Web Summer School 2012, held in Vienna, Austria, in September 2012, in the form of worked out tutorial papers on the various topics that have been covered in that school. The 2012 summer school program had been put together under the general leitmotif of advanced query answering topics for the Web. The idea was to address on the one hand foundations and computational aspects of query answering, in formalisms, methods and technology, and on the other hand to also spotlight some rising or emerging application fields relating to the Semantic Web in which query answering plays a role, and which by their nature also pose new challenges and problems for this task; linked stream processing, geospatial data, semantic wikis, and argumentation on the web fall in this category.
Category: Computers

Ontology Representation

Author : R. Hoekstra
ISBN : 9781607504344
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39.32 MB
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As the (in)famous definition states: "An ontology is an explicit specification of a conceptualization". However, an ontology is also a philosophical theory of existence, a knowledge management resource, a database schema, or a type of knowledge representation artefact on the semantic web. Over the years the term 'ontology' has been used in so many different ways that one can no longer be sure what is meant by it at any given occasion. This book clarifies the role ontologies play in knowledge representation; it discusses the distinctions with their use in philosophy, gives insight in the features, rationale and limitations of the OWL 2 web ontology language, and provides a critical review of methodologies and design principles advocated to improve the quality of ontologies. It covers both theory and practice of knowledge acquisition, representation and ontologies; it emphasises human understanding as knowledge structuring principle, and demonstrates this approach in the development of a core ontology of basic legal concepts (LKIF Core) and in the exploration of expressive ontology design patterns for the representation of social reality, change and causation, actions and transactions. In doing so it contributes to a better understanding of the representation of ontologies; or rather, what it means to do ontology representation.
Category: Computers

Intelligent Information Integration For The Semantic Web

Author : Ubbo Visser
ISBN : 9783540229933
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52.15 MB
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The semantic Web offers new opportunities for information processes. This book is devoted to the core issue of data integration at the semantic level and demonstrates the applicability of the techniques developed to spatio-temporal representation and reasoning and geographic information systems. Preceded by a motivating introduction and an overview of the state of the art in the field of information integration, fundamental problems of terminological representation, terminological reasoning, and semantic translation are treated in detail. The theoretical results and techniques developed are applied to intelligent conceptual and spatio-temporal queries of heterogeneous geographic information systems.
Category: Computers

Data Mining In Biomedicine Using Ontologies

Author : Mihail Popescu
ISBN : 9781596933712
Genre : Bioinformatics
File Size : 73.25 MB
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Presently, a growing number of ontologies are being built and used for annotating data in biomedical research. Thanks to the tremendous amount of data being generated, ontologies are now being used in numerous ways, including connecting different databases, refining search capabilities, interpreting experimental/clinical data, and inferring knowledge. This cutting-edge resource introduces you to latest developments in bio-ontologies. The book provides you with the theoretical foundations and examples of ontologies, as well as applications of ontologies in biomedicine, from molecular levels to clinical levels. You also find details on technological infrastructure for bio-ontologies. This comprehensive, one-stop volume presents a wide range of practical bio-ontology information, offering you detailed guidance in the clustering of biological data, protein classification, gene and pathway prediction, and text mining. More than 160 illustrations support key topics throughout the book.
Category: Bioinformatics

Data Mining And Medical Knowledge Management Cases And Applications

Author : Berka, Petr
ISBN : 9781605662190
Genre : Computers
File Size : 38.98 MB
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The healthcare industry produces a constant flow of data, creating a need for deep analysis of databases through data mining tools and techniques resulting in expanded medical research, diagnosis, and treatment. Data Mining and Medical Knowledge Management: Cases and Applications presents case studies on applications of various modern data mining methods in several important areas of medicine, covering classical data mining methods, elaborated approaches related to mining in electroencephalogram and electrocardiogram data, and methods related to mining in genetic data. A premier resource for those involved in data mining and medical knowledge management, this book tackles ethical issues related to cost-sensitive learning in medicine and produces theoretical contributions concerning general problems of data, information, knowledge, and ontologies.
Category: Computers

Semantic Grid Model Methodology And Applications

Author : Zhaohui Wu
ISBN : 9783540794547
Genre : Computers
File Size : 67.18 MB
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Semantic Grid: Model, Methodology, and Applications introduces to the science, core technologies, and killer applications. First, scientific issues of semantic grid systems are covered, followed by two basic technical issues, data-level semantic mapping, and service-level semantic interoperating. Two killer applications are then introduced to show how to build a semantic grid for specific application domains. Although this book is organized in a step by step manner, each chapter is independent. Detailed application scenarios are also presented. In 1990, Prof. Wu invented the first KB-system tool, ZIPE, based on C on a SUN platform. He proposed the first coupling knowledge representing model, Couplingua, which embodies Rule, Frame, Semantic Network and Nerve Cell Network, and supports symbol computing and data processing computing. His current focus is on semantic web, grid & ubiquitous computing, and their applications in the life sciences.
Category: Computers

Pricai 2002 Trends In Artificial Intelligence

Author : Mitsuru Ishizuka
ISBN : 9783540440383
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.50 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, PRICAI 2002, held in Tokyo, Japan in August 2002. The 57 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited contributions and 26 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 161 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on logic and AI foundations, representation and reasoning of actions, constraint satisfaction, foundations of agents, foundations of learning, reinforcement learning, knowledge acquisition and management, data mining and knowledge discovery, neural network learning, learning for robots, multi-agent applications, document analysis, Web intelligence, bioinformatics, intelligent learning environments, face recognition, and multimedia and emotion.
Category: Computers

Building And Evaluating Domain Ontologies

Author : Gintare Grigonyte
ISBN : 9783832526573
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.47 MB
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An ontology is a knowledge representation structure made up of concepts and their interrelations. It represents shared understanding delineated by some domain. The building of an ontology can be addressed from the perspective of natural language processing. This thesis discusses the validity and theoretical background of knowledge acquisition from natural language. It also presents the theoretical and experimental framework for NLP-driven ontology building and evaluation tasks.
Category: Computers