Technology And Urbanism In Late Bronze Age Egypt

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Technology And Urbanism In Late Bronze Age Egypt

Author : Anna K. Hodgkinson
ISBN : 9780198803591
Genre : History
File Size : 65.53 MB
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This book provides the first systematic and comprehensive discussion of the intra-urban distribution of high-status goods, and their production or role as a marker of the nature of the settlements known as royal cities of New Kingdom Egypt (c.1550-1069 BC). Using spatial analysis to detect patterns of artefact distribution, the study focuses on Amarna, Gurob, and Malqata, incorporating Qantir/Pi-Ramesse for comparison. Being royal cities, these three settlements had a great need for luxury goods. Such items were made of either highly valuable materials, or materials that were not easily produced and therefore required a certain set of skills. Specifically, the industries discussed are those of glass, faience, metal, sculpture, and textiles. Analysis of the evidence of high-status industrial processes throughout the urban settlements, has demonstrated that industrial activities took place in institutionalized buildings, in houses of the elite, and also in small domestic complexes. This leads to the conclusion that materials were processed at different levels throughout the settlements and were subject to a strict pattern of control. The methodological approach to each settlement necessarily varies, depending on the nature and quality of the available data. By examining the distribution of high-status or luxury materials, in addition to archaeological and artefactual evidence of their production, a deeper understanding has been achieved of how industries were organized and how they influenced urban life in New Kingdom Egypt.
Category: History

Tomb Robberies At The End Of The New Kingdom

Author : Valentina Gasperini
ISBN : 9780192550804
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.22 MB
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At the end of the 19th century W.M.F. Petrie excavated a series of assemblages at the New Kingdom Fayum site of Gurob. These deposits, known in the Egyptological literature as 'Burnt Groups', were composed by several and varied materials (mainly Egyptian and imported pottery, faience, stone and wood vessels, jewellery), all deliberately burnt and buried in the harem palace area of the settlement. Since their discovery these deposits have been considered peculiar and unparalleled. Many scholars were challenged by them and different theories were formulated to explain these enigmatic 'Burnt Groups'. The materials excavated from these assemblages are now curated at several Museum collections across England: Ashmolean Museum, British Museum, Manchester Museum, and Petrie Museum. For the first time since their discovery, this book presents these materials all together. Gasperini has studied and visually analysed all the items. This research sheds new light on the chronology of deposition of these assemblages, additionally a new interpretation of their nature, primary deposition, and function is presented in the conclusive chapter. The current study also gives new information on the abandonment of the Gurob settlement and adds new social perspective on a crucial phase of the ancient Egyptian history: the transition between the late New Kingdom and the early Third Intermediate Period. Beside the traditional archaeological sources, literary evidence ('The Great Tomb Robberies Papyri') is taken into account to formulate a new theory on the deposition of these assemblages.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology Of The Levant

Author : Margreet L. Steiner
ISBN : 9780191662553
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.29 MB
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This Handbook aims to serve as a research guide to the archaeology of the Levant, an area situated at the crossroads of the ancient world that linked the eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. The Levant as used here is a historical geographical term referring to a large area which today comprises the modern states of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, western Syria, and Cyprus, as well as the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and the Sinai Peninsula. Unique in its treatment of the entire region, it offers a comprehensive overview and analysis of the current state of the archaeology of the Levant within its larger cultural, historical, and socio-economic contexts. The Handbook also attempts to bridge the modern scholarly and political divide between archaeologists working in this highly contested region. Written by leading international scholars in the field, it focuses chronologically on the Neolithic through Persian periods - a time span during which the Levant was often in close contact with the imperial powers of Egypt, Anatolia, Assyria, Babylon, and Persia. This volume will serve as an invaluable reference work for those interested in a contextualised archaeological account of this region, beginning with the 'agricultural revolution' until the conquest of Alexander the Great that marked the end of the Persian period.
Category: Social Science

Rome

Author : Greg Woolf
ISBN : 9780199972173
Genre : History
File Size : 34.68 MB
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The very idea of empire was created in ancient Rome and even today traces of its monuments, literature, and institutions can be found across Europe, the Near East, and North Africa--and sometimes even further afield. In Rome, historian Greg Woolf expertly recounts how this mammoth empire was created, how it was sustained in crisis, and how it shaped the world of its rulers and subjects--a story spanning a millennium and a half of history. The personalities and events of Roman history have become part of the West's cultural lexicon, and Woolf provides brilliant retellings of each of these, from the war with Carthage to Octavian's victory over Cleopatra, from the height of territorial expansion under the emperors Trajan and Hadrian to the founding of Constantinople and the barbarian invasions which resulted in Rome's ultimate collapse. Throughout, Woolf carefully considers the conditions that made Rome's success possible and so durable, covering topics as diverse as ecology, slavery, and religion. Woolf also compares Rome to other ancient empires and to its many later imitators, bringing into vivid relief the Empire's most distinctive and enduring features. As Woolf demonstrates, nobody ever planned to create a state that would last more than a millennium and a half, yet Rome was able, in the end, to survive barbarian migrations, economic collapse and even the conflicts between a series of world religions that had grown up within its borders, in the process generating an image and a myth of empire that is apparently indestructible. Based on new research and compellingly told, this sweeping account promises to eclipse all previously published histories of the empire.
Category: History

Petra

Author : Jaakko Frösén
ISBN : UOM:39015056948683
Genre : Excavations (Archaeology)
File Size : 47.21 MB
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Category: Excavations (Archaeology)

Author : Irit Ziffer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105043088702
Genre : Bronze age
File Size : 53.57 MB
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Category: Bronze age

The Mediterranean Context Of Early Greek History

Author : Nancy H. Demand
ISBN : 9781444342345
Genre : History
File Size : 49.81 MB
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The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History reveals the role of the complex interaction of Mediterranean seafaring and maritime connections in the development of the ancient Greek city-states. Offers fascinating insights into the origins of urbanization in the ancient Mediterranean, including the Greek city-state Based on the most recent research on the ancient Mediterranean Features a novel approach to theories of civilization change - foregoing the traditional isolationists model of development in favor of a maritime based network Argues for cultural interactions set in motion by exchange and trade by sea
Category: History

Identification Of Ancient Olive Oil Processing Methods Based On Olive Remains

Author : Peter Warnock
ISBN : UOM:39015070947638
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45.38 MB
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This research focuses on the complex issue of olive oil processing and the resulting technological changes associated with the olive oil industry during this industry's expansion from a small scale domestic to large-scale industrial technology during the Chalcolithic through Iron Ages (c. 4300-586 BC) in Syro-Palestine. The ultimate goal is to see if the level or type of olive oil technology used at sites can be determined based on their olive remains. However, before this could occur, the author prepares a methodology, the components of which include 1) an ethnographic study investigating how traditional oil pressing and processing affect olive remains, and the incorporation of those remains into the archaeological record, and 2) experimental studies to determine how different processing methods might affect olive remains and their incorporation into the archaeological record. The results from the experimental and ethnographic studies are then applied to archaeological remains from a Late Neolithic site to determine the possible type of processing technology. The type of processing indicated by the comparison of the experimental to the archaeological remains, crushing in a small basin, matches the olive oil processing artifacts and features found at the site. The methods used in this study can be applied to other paleoethnobotanical remains and technologies. Contents: Introduction; Origins and early history of the olive; Ethnographic research; Experimental research; Testing an archaeological sample; Olive oil, trade, and the city state; Conclusions.
Category: Social Science

The Early Bronze Age

Author : Peter M. Fischer
ISBN : UOM:39015075638687
Genre : Abu al-Kharaz, Tell (Jordan)
File Size : 62.94 MB
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Category: Abu al-Kharaz, Tell (Jordan)

Author : Jordan. Dāʼirat al-Āthār al-ʻĀmmah
ISBN : UOM:39015072444626
Genre : Jordan
File Size : 88.22 MB
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Category: Jordan

Lithics After The Stone Age

Author : Steven A. Rosen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105019239065
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.2 MB
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The first in-depth analysis of post-Stone-Age tools. Rosen provides the first comprehensive typology and description of post-Neolithic tools allowing for the easy identification of lithic materials. For lithics specialists of all geographical regions, he offers insightful interpretive essays on the organization of production and distribution, tool function, style, and the complex relationship between lithic and metal technology. Over 100 illustrations.
Category: Social Science

Tel Aviv

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822039142781
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 88.14 MB
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Category: Archaeology

Archeomaterials

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4398457
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 89.43 MB
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Category: Anthropology