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Author : Samuel H. Gruber
ISBN : 9781489912190
Genre : Science
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The Symposium ·Symmetries in Science VI: From the Rotation Group to Quantum Algebras· was held at the Cloister Mehrerau, Bregenz, Austria, during the period August 2-7, 1992. The Symposium was held in honor of Professor Lawrence C. Biedenharn on the occasion of his 70th birthday. During the academic year 1966/67 I worked as research associate with Larry at Duke University and we have ever since maintained close contact. It was thus natural for me to take the initiative and to organize this Symposium in honor of Larry as a great scientist and friend. The response which the Symposium received showed the favorable reaction by the scientific community to the opportunity provided by the Symposium to honor our colleague, teacher and friend. Equally, the scientific contributions contained in this volume illustrate the high esteem in which he is held. I wish to thank all the scientists who participated in the Symposium and who contributed to this volume. It is due to their commitment that the Symposium was successful. Finally I need to thank those who provided financial and logistical assistance to the Symposium: Dr. John H. Guyon, President of Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Dr. Russell R. Dutcher, Dean, College of Science at SIUC, Dr. Maurice A. Wright, Chairman, Department of Physics, SIUC, Dr. Victoria J. Molfese, Office of Research Developement and Administration, SIUC, as well as Dr. Martin Purtscher, Landeshauptmann, Land Vorarlberg Dr. Guntram Lins, Landesrat, Land Vorarlberg.

Author : Bruno Gruber
ISBN : 9781461519157
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 41.66 MB
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Thf3 symposium "Symmetries in Science VIII" was held in August of 1994 at the Cloister Mehrerau in Bregenz, Austria. The symposium was supported by Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, the Land Vorarlberg, and the Landeshaupstaot Bregenz. I wish to thank Dr. John C. Guyon, President of Southern Illinois University at Carbondale; Dr. Hubert Regner, Amt der Vorarlberger Landesregierung; and Dipl. Vw. Siegfried Gasser, Buergermeister der Landeshauptstadt Bregenz and Lantagsabgeordneter, for their generous support of the symposium. Finally I wish to thank Frater Albin of the Cloister Mehrerau for his support and cooperation in this endeavor, which made for a successful meeting in a most pleasant environment. Bruno Gruber v CONTENTS On Om x Gin Highest Weight Vectors Helmer Aslaksen, Eng-Chye Tan, and Chen-bo Zhu ... ... ... ... . Invariant Theory of Matrices Helmer Aslaksen, Eng-Chye Tan, and Chen-bo Zhu ... ... ... ... . 1 3 Symmetries of Elementary Particles Revisited A.O. Barut ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 21 Perturbative SU(1,1) Haluk Seker ... ... ... ... . ... ... ... ., . ... ... 25 A Dual Structure for the Quantal Rotation Group, SU(2) L.C. Biedenharn and M.A. Lohe ... ., . ... ... ... ... ... 37 Some Points in the Quantization of Relativistic Grassmann Dependent Interaction Systems A. Del Sol Mesa and R, P. Martinez y Romero ... ... ... ..., . ... 49 for Uq(sl(4)) and q-Conformal q-Difference Intertwining Operators I nvariant Equations V.K. Dobrev ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 55 A Quantum Mechanical Evolution Equation for Mixed States from Symmetry and Kinematics H.-D. Doebner and J.D. Hennig ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 85 vii Quantum Mechanical Motions over the Group Manifolds and Related Potentials I.H. Duru -. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Author : Bruno Gruber
ISBN : 140202634X
Genre : Science
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This book is a collection of reviews and essays about the recent developments in the area of Symmetries and applications of Group Theory. Contributions have been written mostly at the graduate level but some are accessible to advanced undergraduates. The book is of interest to a wide audience and covers a broad range of topics with a strong degree of thematical unity. The book is part of a Series of books on Symmetries in Science and may be compared to the published Proceedings of the Colloquia on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics. Here, however, prevails a distinguished character for presenting extended reviews on present applications to Science, not restricted to Theoretical Physics.

Author : Bruno Gruber
ISBN : 9781461529569
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.1 MB
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The Symposium "Symmetries in Science VII: Spectrum Generating Algebras and Dynamic Symmetries in Physics" was held at the Southern Illinois University at Carbondale in Niigata, Japan Campus, during the period August 28-31, 1992. The Symposium was held in honor of Professor Francesco lachello on the occasion of his 50th birthday. We wish to thank the colleagues and friends of Franco for their participation in the Symposium as well as for contributing articles to this volume honoring him. It was their commitment and involvement which made this Symposium a success. We also wish to thank Dr. Jared H. Dorn, the director of SIUC-N, for his support in the planning and the execution of the Symposium. Moreover we wish to thank Mayor Nobuo Kumakura of Nakajo town and Mr. Kaichi Suzuki of the school entity "The Pacific" for their friendly support. Bruno Gruber, SIUC-N Takaharu Otsuka, University of Tokyo v LAUDATIO ON THE OCCASION OF THE 50TH BIRTHDAY OF PROFESSOR FRANCESCO IACHELLO I first met Franco lachello in 1974. Driving a smart Alfa-Romeo, he came to meet me at the station at Groningen where I was to spend a summer conducting research.

Author : A. Faessler
ISBN : 3540666982
Genre : Science
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This book contains comprehensive reviews of modern topics in nuclear physics, particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. Special emphasis is placed on the role of several symmetries in physics at intermediate and high energies and on neutrino physics, with its implications in nuclear astrophysics and cosmology. Many applications of the theories and experiments are included, along with interesting information on recent developments with respect to current problems in modern physics. Thus, it will be especially useful to new scientists and graduate students.

Author : Laura Menini
ISBN : 0857296124
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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This book details the analysis of continuous- and discrete-time dynamical systems described by differential and difference equations respectively. Differential geometry provides the tools for this, such as first-integrals or orbital symmetries, together with normal forms of vector fields and of maps. A crucial point of the analysis is linearization by state immersion. The theory is developed for general nonlinear systems and specialized for the class of Hamiltonian systems. By using the strong geometric structure of Hamiltonian systems, the results proposed are stated in a different, less complex and more easily comprehensible manner. They are applied to physically motivated systems, to demonstrate how much insight into known properties is gained using these techniques. Various control systems applications of the techniques are characterized including: computation of the flow of nonlinear systems; computation of semi-invariants; computation of Lyapunov functions for stability analysis and observer design.

We have been gratified by the warm reception of our book, by reviewers, colleagues, and students alike. Our interest in the subject matter of this book has not decreased since its first appearance; on the contrary. The first and second editions envelop eight other symmetry-related books in the creation of which we have participated: I. Hargittai (ed.), Symmetry: Unifying Human Understanding, Pergamon Press, New York, 1986. I. Hargittai and B. K. Vainshtein (eds.), Crystal Symmetries. Shubnikov Centennial Papers, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1988. M. Hargittai and I. Hargittai, Fedezziikf6l a szimmetri6t! (Discover Sym- try, in Hungarian), Tank6nyvkiad6, Budapest, 1989. I. Hargittai (ed.), Symmetry 2: Unifying Human Understanding, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1989. I. Hargittai (ed.), Quasicrystals, Networks, and Molecules of Fivefold Sym- try, VCH, New York, 1990. I. Hargittai (ed.), Fivefold Symmetry, World Scientific, Singapore, 1992. I. Hargittai and C. A. Pickover (eds.), Spiral Symmetry, World Scientific, Singapore, 1992. I. Hargittai and M. Hargittai, Symmetry: A Unifying Concept, Shelter Publi- tions, Bolinas, California, 1994. We have also pursued our molecular structure research, and some books have appeared related to these activities: vi Preface to the Second Edition I. Hargittai and M. Hargittai (eds.), Stereochemical Applications of Gas-Phase Electron Diffraction, Parts A and B, VCH, New York, 1988. R. Gillespie and I. Hargittai, VSEPR Model of Molecular Geometry, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1991. A. Domenicano and I. Hargittai (eds.), Accurate Molecular Structures, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992.

This book deals with the theory of Poincaré--Birkhoff normal forms, studying symmetric systems in particular. Attention is focused on general Lie point symmetries, and not just on symmetries acting linearly. Some results on the simultaneous normalization of a vector field describing a dynamical system and vector fields describing its symmetry are presented and a perturbative approach is also used. Attention is given to the problem of convergence of the normalizing transformation in the presence of symmetry, with some other extensions of the theory. The results are discussed for the general case of dynamical systems and also for the specific Hamiltonian setting.

Author : Valerij V. Kozlov
ISBN : 9783642783937
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29.51 MB
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John Hornstein has written about the author's theorem on nonintegrability of geodesic flows on closed surfaces of genus greater than one: "Here is an example of how differential geometry, differential and algebraic topology, and Newton's laws make music together" (Amer. Math. Monthly, November 1989). Kozlov's book is a systematic introduction to the problem of exact integration of equations of dynamics. The key to the solution is to find nontrivial symmetries of Hamiltonian systems. After Poincaré's work it became clear that topological considerations and the analysis of resonance phenomena play a crucial role in the problem on the existence of symmetry fields and nontrivial conservation laws.

Author : P C Argyres
ISBN : 9789814481601
Genre : Science
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The book contains the text of lectures given at the third of a series of biennial symposia in mathematical physics held in odd-numbered years. The subject of the symposium is the frontiers of mathematical physics. It deals with quantum phenomena and includes topics such as string theory and quantum gravity, particle physics and field theory, non-communative geometry, integrable models and infinite dimensional symmetry groups, quantum computing and information processing, and quantum chaos. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences Contents:Freydoon Mansouri Memorial LecturesAlgebras and RepresentationsQuantization and Quantum GravityD<4 Field TheoriesString and Brane WorldvolumesD>3 Field Theories and GravityString TheoryLoop Quantum GravityLorentz ViolationApplications Readership: Researchers, academics and postgraduates in high energy physics, mathematical physics and atomic physics. Keywords:Mathematical Physics;Strings;Quantum Gravity;Noncommutative Geometry

Symmetry is a key ingredient in many mathematical, physical, and biological theories. Using representation theory and invariant theory to analyze the symmetries that arise from group actions, and with strong emphasis on the geometry and basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, Symmetry, Representations, and Invariants is a significant reworking of an earlier highly-acclaimed work by the authors. The result is a comprehensive introduction to Lie theory, representation theory, invariant theory, and algebraic groups, in a new presentation that is more accessible to students and includes a broader range of applications. The philosophy of the earlier book is retained, i.e., presenting the principal theorems of representation theory for the classical matrix groups as motivation for the general theory of reductive groups. The wealth of examples and discussion prepares the reader for the complete arguments now given in the general case. Key Features of Symmetry, Representations, and Invariants: (1) Early chapters suitable for honors undergraduate or beginning graduate courses, requiring only linear algebra, basic abstract algebra, and advanced calculus; (2) Applications to geometry (curvature tensors), topology (Jones polynomial via symmetry), and combinatorics (symmetric group and Young tableaux); (3) Self-contained chapters, appendices, comprehensive bibliography; (4) More than 350 exercises (most with detailed hints for solutions) further explore main concepts; (5) Serves as an excellent main text for a one-year course in Lie group theory; (6) Benefits physicists as well as mathematicians as a reference work.

This revised and extended edition of the book Fields, Symmetries, and Quarks, originally published by McGraw-Hill Book Company, Hamburg, 1989, contains a new chapter on electroweak interactions which has also grown out of lectures that I have given in the meantime. In addition, a number of changes, mainly in the metric used, in the discussion of the theory of strong interactions, QCD, and in the chapter on hadron physics, have been made and errors have been corrected. The motivation for this book, however, is still the same as it was 10 years ago: This is a book on quantum field theory and our present understanding of leptons and hadrons for advanced students and the non-specialists and, in particular, the experimentalists working on problems of nuclear and hadron physics. I am grateful to Dr. S. Leupold for a very careful reading of the revised manuscript, many corrections, and helpful suggestions and to C. Traxler for producing the figures and for constructive discussions.

Approach your problems from the right end It isn't that they can't see the solution. It is and begin with the answers. Then one day, that they can't see the problem. perhaps you will find the fina\ question. G. K. Chesterton. The Scandal of Father 'The Hermit Oad in Crane Feathers' in R. Brown 'The point of a Pin'. van Gu\ik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fields does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non-trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, coding theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical programming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces. And in addition to this there are such new emerging subdisciplines as "experimental mathematics", "CFD", "completely integrable systems", "chaos, synergetics and large-scale order", which are almost impossible to fit into the existing classification schemes. They draw upon widely different sections of mathematics.

Author : Robert T. Sharp
ISBN : 0821870297
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.34 MB
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Papers in this volume are based on the Workshop on Symmetries in Physics held at the Centre de recherches mathematiques (University of Montreal) in memory of Robert T. Sharp. Contributed articles are on a variety of topics revolving around the theme of symmetry in physics. The preface presents a biographical and scientific retrospect of the life and work of Robert Sharp. Other articles in the volume represent his diverse range of interests, including representation theoretic methods for Lie algebras, quantization techniques and foundational considerations, modular group invariants and applications to conformal models, various physical models and equations, geometric calculations with symmetries, and pedagogical methods for developing spatio-temporal intuition. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in group theoretic methods, symmetries, and mathematical physics.

This book is a detailed exposition of algebraic and geometrical aspects related to the theory of symmetries and recursion operators for nonlinear partial differential equations (PDE), both in classical and in super, or graded, versions. It contains an original theory of Frölicher-Nijenhuis brackets which is the basis for a special cohomological theory naturally related to the equation structure. This theory gives rise to infinitesimal deformations of PDE, recursion operators being a particular case of such deformations. Efficient computational formulas for constructing recursion operators are deduced and, in combination with the theory of coverings, lead to practical algorithms of computations. Using these techniques, previously unknown recursion operators (together with the corresponding infinite series of symmetries) are constructed. In particular, complete integrability of some superequations of mathematical physics (Korteweg-de Vries, nonlinear Schrödinger equations, etc.) is proved. Audience: The book will be of interest to mathematicians and physicists specializing in geometry of differential equations, integrable systems and related topics.

Author : Jürgen Fuchs
ISBN : 0521541190
Genre : Mathematics
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This book gives an introduction to Lie algebras and their representations. Lie algebras have many applications in mathematics and physics, and any physicist or applied mathematician must nowadays be well acquainted with them.