Substantive Protection Under Investment Treaties

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Substantive Protection Under Investment Treaties

Author : Jonathan Bonnitcha
ISBN : 9781107042414
Genre : Law
File Size : 55.9 MB
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This book seeks to determine the level of substantive protection that investment treaties should provide to foreign investment.
Category: Law

The Impact Of Investment Treaty Law On Host States

Author : Mavluda Sattorova
ISBN : 9781509901982
Genre : Law
File Size : 48.1 MB
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Traditionally, international investment law was conceptualised as a set of norms aiming to ensure good governance for foreign investors, in exchange for their capital and know-how. However, the more recent narratives postulate that investment treaties and investor–state arbitration can lead to better governance not just for foreign investors but also for host state communities. Investment treaty law can arguably foster good governance by holding host governments liable for a failure to ensure transparency, stability, predictability and consistency in their dealings with foreign investors. The recent proliferation of such narratives in investment treaty practice, arbitral awards and academic literature raises questions as to their juridical, conceptual and empirical underpinnings. What has propelled good governance from a set of normative ideals to enforceable treaty standards? Does international investment law possess the necessary characteristics to inspire changes at the national level? How do host states respond to investment treaty law? The overarching objective of this monograph is to unpack existing assumptions concerning the effects of international investment law on host states. By combining doctrinal, empirical, comparative analysis and unveiling the emerging 'nationally felt' responses to international investment norms, the book aims to facilitate a more informed understanding of the present contours and the nature of the interplay between international investment norms and national realities.
Category: Law

Law And Practice Of Investment Treaties

Author : Andrew Paul Newcombe
ISBN : 9789041123510
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41.61 MB
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The book focuses on the substantive protections accorded to investors and investments and on the variations among jurisdictions. Among the many specific issues and topics that arise in the course of the discussion are the following: - problems of transparency and conflict of interest; - the recent growth in IIAs between and among developing nations; - the effect of new model bilateral investment treaties (BITs); - the ability of non-disputing parties to participate in investor-state arbitration; - theories of the interaction of foreign direct investment (FDI) and BITs; - investor-state arbitration as an evasion of public regulatory authority; - the role of investment funds in international investment; - 'fork in the road' provisions; and - institutional versus ad hoc arbitration. International business and other investors will greatly appreciate the in-depth information and insightful guidance in this solidly useful book. It will also be welcomed by jurists and students as a significant milestone in the development of principles in a quickly growing field of practice that is still plagued with inconsistencies.
Category: Political Science

The Right Of States To Regulate In International Investment Law

Author : Yulia Levashova
ISBN : 9789403510156
Genre : Law
File Size : 75.43 MB
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Due to the ongoing recent expansion of public interest issues worldwide, the state’s right to regulate has been recaptured as a prominent concept in international investment law. The fair and equitable treatment (FET) standard provision in the text of an international investment agreement (IIA) has become a detailed clause clarifying the specific obligations of a state towards an investor under the FET standard. However, striking the right balance between the interests of host states and investors in these new treaty formulations has proved to be challenging. This book greatly clarifies the field by offering the in-depth analysis of the application of the state’s right to regulate in relation to FET standard provisions in IIAs and to decisions by arbitral tribunals in FET cases. Recognising that the role of tribunals is to balance the state’s public interests and the interests of the investor when interpreting and applying the FET standard, the author pursues such seminal issues and topics as the following: the legitimacy of the objective of the state’s measure; obligations and responsibilities of investors towards a host state; the nature and impact of a change to a national regulatory framework; special economic and sociopolitical circumstances in a host state; and due diligence and risk assessment as a condition for the protection of an investor’s legitimate expectations. Multiple IIAs concluded by the OECD Member States, as well by Russia and China between the developing countries, and the prominent investment law cases on the FET standard are examined in detail. The analysis pays particular attention to how investment jurisprudence in FET cases has been reflected in such new IIAs as the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between the European Union (EU) and Canada (CETA), the EU-Vietnam FTA and the EU-Singapore FTA. These case studies demonstrate the evolution of the IIAs’ FET standard provisions and how they balance the application of the FET standard and the state’s right to regulate. Suggestions are provided for drafting formulations of the FET standard that can contribute to achieving such a balance. In the clear light it sheds on the legal conditions under which states may regulate in the public interest and its contribution to the reforms that are currently taking place in the field of international investment law, this book constitutes an exemplary framework to evaluate investment decisions on the FET standard and the right to regulate. It is sure to prove extremely useful for practitioners who work on investment cases, policymakers involved in negotiating and drafting of IIAs, policy advisors of governmental and non-governmental organisations and academics in international investment law.
Category: Law

Settlement Of Investment Disputes Under The Energy Charter Treaty

Author : Thomas Roe
ISBN : 9781139497053
Genre : Law
File Size : 65.85 MB
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The Energy Charter Treaty has come of age, with almost 50 States parties and a small but growing body of arbitral case law. In this new study of the Treaty's investment protection provisions, Thomas Roe and Matthew Happold set out to identify and explain the Treaty's principal provisions and to suggest answers to some of the difficult problems thrown up by its drafting. They discuss in detail questions such as the standards of protection granted by the Treaty and the international responsibility of States for breaches of the Treaty, the various procedures available for the vindication of rights under the Treaty and the conditions to be satisfied before a claimant's complaint may be considered on the merits. Specific issues addressed include the impact of EU law on claims under the Treaty and the Treaty's provisions concerning taxation.
Category: Law

The Public International Law Regime Governing International Investment

Author : José E. Alvarez
ISBN : 9789004186828
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.92 MB
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This monograph considers the ramifications of the legal regime that governs transborder capital flows. This regime consists principally of a network of some 3,000 investment treaties, as well as a growing body of arbitral decisions. Professor Alvarez contends that the contemporary international investment regime should no longer be described as a species of territorial “empire” imposed by rich capital exporters on capital importers. He examines the evolution of investment treaties and investor-State jurisprudence constante and identifies the connections between these and general trends within public international law, including the increased resort to treaties (“treatification”), growing risks to the law’s consistency (“fragmentation”), and the proliferation of forms of international adjudication (“judicialization”). Professor Alvarez also considers whether the regime’s efforts to “balance” the needs of non-State investors and sovereigns ought to be characterized as “global administrative law”, as a form of “constitutionalization”, or as an increasingly human-rights-centred enterprise.
Category: Law

Foreign Investment And Dispute Resolution Law And Practice In Asia

Author : Vivienne Bath
ISBN : 9781136581052
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.28 MB
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This book considers foreign investment flows in major Asian economies. It critically assesses the patterns and issues involved in the substantive law and policy environment which impact on investment flows, as well as the related dispute resolution law and practice. The book combines insights from international law and comparative study and is attentive to the socio-economic contexts and competing theories of the role of law in Asia. Contributions come from both academics with considerable practical expertise and legal practitioners with strong academic backgrounds. The chapters analyze the law and practice of investment treaties and FDI regimes in Asia looking specifically at developments in Japan, India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Korea and Vietnam. The book explores the impact of the Asian Financial Crisis in the late 1990s and the Global Financial Crisis a decade later, examining actual trends and policy debates relating to FDI and capital flows in Asia before and after those upheavals. Foreign Investment and Dispute Resolution: Law and Practice in Asia is a valuable resource for practitioners, academics and students of International and Comparative Law, Business and Finance Law, Business, Finance and Asian Studies.
Category: Law

International Investment Law And Comparative Public Law

Author : Stephan W. Schill
ISBN : 9780199589104
Genre : Law
File Size : 25.65 MB
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Investment treaty arbitration has a hybrid nature combining public international law (as regards its substance) with elements of international commercial arbitration (mainly as regards procedure). However, in essence and function it deals with a special, internationalised form of judicial review of governmental conduct that is more akin to the judicial control of governmental action provided for by national administrative and constitutional law than to either classic inter-state dispute resolution or international commercial arbitration. This has been recognised in some academic writing and several awards, where reference to national administrative law concepts and principles of international law-based judicial review of governmental action, such as international trade or human rights law, is used to help specify and apply the open-ended concepts of investment treaties. In-depth conceptualization is however often lacking. The current study is the first, pioneering effort to bring these under-developed ad hoc references to comparative and international administrative law concepts into a deeper theoretic and systematic framework. The book thus intends to develop a 'bridge' between treaty-based international investment arbitration and comparative administrative law on both a theoretical and practical level. The major obligations in investment treaties (indirect expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, national treatment, umbrella/sanctity of contract clause) and major procedural principles will be compared with their counterpart in comparative public law, both on the domestic as well as international level. That 'bridge' will allow international investment law to benefit from the comparative public law experience, which could enhance its legitimacy, its political acceptance, and its ability to develop more finely-tuned interpretations of central treaty obligations.
Category: Law

Bilateral Investment Treaties

Author : Kenneth J. Vandevelde
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134504898
Genre : Law
File Size : 67.45 MB
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This work organizes, summarizes and comments upon the arbitral awards interpreting and applying BIT provisions. Policymakers and practitioners will find a thorough introduction to the operation of the BITs, including the principal arguments and case authorities on both sides of the major issues in international investment law.
Category: Law

The Impact Of Investment Treaties On Contracts Between Host States And Foreign Investors

Author : Jan Ole Voss
ISBN : 9789004192232
Genre : Law
File Size : 88.27 MB
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In the field of investment treaty arbitration, the co-existence of contracts and treaties has generated an increasingly divided jurisprudence on central aspects of treaty interpretation. This book comprehensively examines the legal problems surrounding the relationship of these two instruments. ?????
Category: Law

The Foundations Of International Investment Law

Author : Zachary Douglas
ISBN : 9780191508585
Genre : Law
File Size : 89.86 MB
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International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.
Category: Law

Litigating International Law Disputes

Author : Natalie Klein
ISBN : 9781107017061
Genre : Law
File Size : 75.66 MB
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This book examines why states resort to international adjudication or arbitration for the resolution of their disputes.
Category: Law

Investing In The United States

Author : Karl P. Sauvant
ISBN : 9781849803502
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.20 MB
Format : PDF
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This essential book analyzes the regulatory and operational challenges that foreign direct investors face in the United States, as well as the ways in which these challenges can be overcome. Firms from emerging markets, particularly China, are increasingly investing in the US the world's most important and sophisticated national market. This path-breaking book addresses why investors need to be familiar with the issues they are facing. The topics explored include the national and international regulatory framework governing FDI in the US which has changed considerably in light of recent laws and regulations; how to navigate the various groups that influence policies in Washington D.C. (especially as far as China is concerned); and dealing with the liability of foreignness that every foreign investor faces and needs to address successfully. Written by leading experts in their respective fields, academics and others interested in the various challenges associated with investing in the US and particularly the foreign direct investment relationship between China and the US will find this book invaluable. Executives of multinational enterprises wanting to learn more about the challenges involved should also not be without this important book.
Category: Business & Economics

Investment Treaty Arbitration

Author : Andrés Rigo Sureda
ISBN : 9781107022515
Genre : Law
File Size : 53.97 MB
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How do arbitrators decide in the face of the uncertainty of the law between alternatives which may be equally justified?
Category: Law

Arbitrating Brands

Author : Metka Potočnik
ISBN : 9781788971812
Genre : Law
File Size : 55.27 MB
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In light of the controversy of the Philip Morris cases against Australia and Uruguay, this book systematically explores trade marks and brands as foreign direct investment, and in particular their substantive protection under international investment treaties. With the use of various hypothetical examples of devaluation of investments made in brands, the book explores the specifics of arbitrating investment claims arising out of state trade mark regulation. This work aims to establish useful tools in bridging the terminological and analytical gaps between experts in intellectual property law and international investment law.
Category: Law

Sustainable Development In World Investment Law

Author : Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger
ISBN : 9789041131669
Genre : Law
File Size : 74.50 MB
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Sustainable development, as defined by the World Commission on Environment and Development, is "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." More specifically, sustainable development is a process of change that seeks to improve the collective quality of life by focusing on economically, socially, and environmentally sound projects that are viable in the long-term. Sustainable development requires structural economic change and the foundation of that change is investment. In developing nations with low levels of domestic savings, investment predictably comes from abroad in the form of foreign direct investment. A large and ever expanding number of international investment agreements are in place to govern these transactions. While these accords seek to foster development while mitigating the risk involved in these types investments, many questions remain unresolved. This highly insightful book reflects the contributions of a variety of world renowned experts each of which is designed to provide the reader with valuable perspective on recent developments in investment law negotiations and jurisprudence from a sustainable development law perspective. It offers answers to pertinent questions concerning advancements in investment law, including the negotiation of numerous regional and bilateral agreements as well as the increasing number of disputes resolved in the World Bank's International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), from different developed and developing country perspectives. It lays out future directions for new treaty negotiations and dispute settlement proceedings, as well as ongoing investment promotion efforts, against a background of rapidly evolving international relationships between economic, environment and development law. It focuses on key issues in investment laws which have emerged as priorities in the negotiation of bilateral and regional investment agreements, and have been clarified through recent decisions of the ICSID and other arbitral panel awards.
Category: Law

Applicable Law In Investor State Arbitration

Author : Hege Elisabeth Kjos
ISBN : 9780199656950
Genre : Law
File Size : 27.10 MB
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Investment arbitration has become the key forum to settle disputes between investors and the host state. It is not clear from the arbitration agreements which body of law the arbitrators should apply: national or international. This book examines how the legal framework which the arbitral panels operate in influences which body of law they apply.
Category: Law

Commentaries On Selected Model Investment Treaties

Author : Chester Brown
ISBN : 9780199645190
Genre : Law
File Size : 75.30 MB
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Model Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) are a state's blueprint for the investment treaties it negotiates with other states. This book compiles commentaries on the Model BITs of 19 key jurisdictions. It analyses state practice on international investment law, detailing each state's legislative regime on foreign investment and their BIT programme
Category: Law