Stratigraphy A Modern Synthesis

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Stratigraphy A Modern Synthesis

Author : Andrew D. Miall
ISBN : 9783319243047
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.48 MB
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A Comprehensive review of modern stratigraphic methods. The stratigraphic record is the major repository of information about the geological history of Earth, a record stretching back for nearly 4 billion years. Stratigraphic studies fill out our planet’s plate-tectonic history with the details of paleogeography, past climates, and the record of evolution, and stratigraphy is at the heart of the effort to find and exploit fossil fuel resources. Modern stratigraphic methods are now able to provide insights into past geological events and processes on time scales with unprecedented accuracy and precision, and have added much to our understanding of global tectonic and climatic processes. It has taken 200 years and a modern revolution to bring all the necessary developments together to create the modern, dynamic science that this book sets out to describe. Stratigraphy now consists of a suite of integrated concepts and methods, several of which have considerable predictive and interpretive power. The new, integrated, dynamic science that Stratigraphy has become is now inseparable from what were its component parts, including sedimentology, chronostratigraphy, and the broader aspects of basin analysis.
Category: Science

Himalayan Tectonics

Author : P.J. Treloar
ISBN : 9781786204059
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.34 MB
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The Himalaya–Karakoram–Tibet mountain belt resulted from Cenozoic collision of India and Asia and is frequently used as the type example of a continental collision orogenic belt. The last quarter of a century has seen the publication of a remarkably detailed dataset relevant to the evolution of this belt. Detailed fieldwork backed up by state-of-the-art structural analysis, geochemistry, mineral chemistry, igneous and metamorphic petrology, isotope chemistry, sedimentology and geophysics produced a wide-ranging archive of data-rich scientific papers. The rationale for this book is to provide a coherent overview of these datasets in addressing the evolution of the mountain ranges we see today. This volume comprises 21 specially invited review papers on the Himalaya, Kohistan arc, Tibet, the Karakoram and Pamir ranges. These papers span the history of Himalayan research, chronology of the collision, stratigraphy, magmatic and metamorphic processes, structural geology and tectonics, seismicity, geophysics, and the evolution of the Indian monsoon. This landmark set of papers should underpin the next 25 years of Himalayan research.
Category: Science

Seismic And Sequence Stratigraphy And Integrated Stratigraphy

Author : Gemma Aiello
ISBN : 9789535136750
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.49 MB
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This book contains six chapters dealing with the investigation of seismic and sequence stratigraphy and integrated stratigraphy, including the stratigraphic unconformities, in different geological settings and using several techniques and methods, including the seismostratigraphic and the sequence stratigraphic analysis, the field geological survey, the well log stratigraphic interpretation, and the lithologic and paleobotanical data. Book chapters are separated into two main sections: (i) seismic and sequence stratigraphy and (ii) integrated stratigraphy. There are three chapters in the first section, including the application of sequence and seismic stratigraphy to the fine-grained shales, to the fluvial facies and depositional environments, and to the Late Miocene geological structures offshore of Taiwan. In the second section, there are three chapters dealing with the integrated stratigraphic investigation of Jurassic deposits of the southern Siberian platform, with the stratigraphic unconformities, reviewing the related geological concepts and studying examples from Middle-Upper Paleozoic successions; and, finally, with the integrated stratigraphy of the Cenozoic deposits of the Andean foreland basin (northwestern Argentina).
Category: Science

Advances In Sequence Stratigraphy

Author :
ISBN : 9780128130780
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.74 MB
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Advances in Sequence Stratigraphy, Volume Two covers current research across a wide range of stratigraphic disciplines, providing information on the most recent developments for the geoscientific research community. Chapters in this volume include Sequence Stratigraphy – Oman, Sequence Stratigraphy and diagenesis, Sequence Stratigraphy of Siliciclastic Systems, Upper Devonian Biostratigraphy, Event Stratigraphy and Late Fransian Kellwasser Extinction Bio-events in the Iowa Basin: Western Euramerica, Sea-level change and Sequence Stratigraphy, Sequence Stratigraphy: A Material-based Approach Versus A Time-Based Approach, and Anisian-Ladinian marker horizon: Implications for sequence stratigraphy and intra-tethyan correlation. This fully commissioned review publication aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy, including geochronology, magnetostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, event-stratigraphy, isotope stratigraphy, astrochronology, climatostratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, ice core chronology, cyclostratigraphy, palaeoceanography, sequence stratigraphy, and more. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy, including geochronology, magnetostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, event-stratigraphy, and more
Category: Science

Stratigraphic Systems

Author : Glenn S. Visher
ISBN : 0127223606
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.93 MB
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The statigraphic record represents the history of processes and events that occurred at the surface of the earth. Presently, there are no textbooks on the market that integrate physical, chemical, and biological processes to predict stratigraphic patterns. Visher's authoritative Stratigraphic Systems fills this niche. It outlines the principle stratigraphic concepts for exploration of hydrocarvon accumulations, with more than 700 illustrations. Can be used as a primary textbook for an undergraduate course in stratigraphy and sedimentation. * CD-ROM features expert systems software for identifying or verifying stratigraphic intervals * Provides historical and paleogeographic context for observations * Conveniently organizes stratigraphic systems into basinal frameworks * Incorporates statistical probability analysis, yet is not mathematically demanding * Stresses an analytical, rather than a descriptive, approach to predicting temporal and areal stratigraphic patterns * Includes more than 700 figures and tables
Category: Science

Stratigraphic Paleobiology

Author : Mark E. Patzkowsky
ISBN : 9780226649399
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.15 MB
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Whether the fossil record should be read at face value or whether it presents a distorted view of the history of life is an argument seemingly as old as many fossils themselves. In the late 1700s, Georges Cuvier argued for a literal interpretation, but in the early 1800s, Charles Lyell’s gradualist view of the earth’s history required a more nuanced interpretation of that same record. To this day, the tension between literal and interpretive readings lies at the heart of paleontological research, influencing the way scientists view extinction patterns and their causes, ecosystem persistence and turnover, and the pattern of morphologic change and mode of speciation. With Stratigraphic Paleobiology, Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland present a critical framework for assessing the fossil record, one based on a modern understanding of the principles of sediment accumulation. Patzkowsky and Holland argue that the distribution of fossil taxa in time and space is controlled not only by processes of ecology, evolution, and environmental change, but also by the stratigraphic processes that govern where and when sediment that might contain fossils is deposited and preserved. The authors explore the exciting possibilities of stratigraphic paleobiology, and along the way demonstrate its great potential to answer some of the most critical questions about the history of life: How and why do environmental niches change over time? What is the tempo and mode of evolutionary change and what processes drive this change? How has the diversity of life changed through time, and what processes control this change? And, finally, what is the tempo and mode of change in ecosystems over time?
Category: Science

Biostratigraphy

Author : Brian McGowran
ISBN : 0521048176
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.36 MB
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Microfossils give us information about ancient environments and insights into macroevolution, but they can also be used to correlate the absolute ages of rocks provided by geologists. This important modern synthesis follows the development of biostratigraphy from classical origins into petroleum exploration and deep-ocean drilling. It explores in depth the surprisingly wide application of biostratigraphic methods. This is essential reading for advanced students and researchers working in basin analysis, sequence stratigraphy, palaeoceanography, palaeobiology and related fields.
Category: Science

Stratigraphy

Author : Robert M. Schoch
ISBN : UOM:39015014899812
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.71 MB
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Category: Science

American Scientist

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105012030164
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.13 MB
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Category: Science

Dynamics Of Extinction

Author : David K. Elliot
ISBN : UCSD:31822002230555
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.5 MB
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A comprehensive summary of current research and scientific thinking on the possible causes and mechanisms of large-scale periodic extinctions. Topics include the fossil record of extinctions, modern extinctions, theoretical modelling of extinction events, the periodicity of mass extinctions, modern extinctions, and more. Touches on many speculations and controversies. The articles, originally presented at a Northern Arizona University symposium at Flagstaff in 1983, have been revised and updated.
Category: Science

Bringing Fossils To Life

Author : Donald R. Prothero
ISBN : 9780231536905
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.57 MB
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One of the leading textbooks in its field, Bringing Fossils to Life applies paleobiological principles to the fossil record while detailing the evolutionary history of major plant and animal phyla. It incorporates current research from biology, ecology, and population genetics, bridging the gap between purely theoretical paleobiological textbooks and those that describe only invertebrate paleobiology and that emphasize cataloguing live organisms instead of dead objects. For this third edition Donald R. Prothero has revised the art and research throughout, expanding the coverage of invertebrates and adding a discussion of new methodologies and a chapter on the origin and early evolution of life.
Category: Science

California Geology

Author : California. Division of Mines and Geology
ISBN : UCSD:31822009367962
Genre : Geology
File Size : 79.36 MB
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Category: Geology

Exploration Stratigraphy

Author : Glenn S. Visher
ISBN : UOM:39015019637928
Genre : Geology, Stratigraphic.
File Size : 61.99 MB
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Category: Geology, Stratigraphic.

Petroleum Geoscience

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021264184
Genre : Petroleum
File Size : 81.68 MB
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Category: Petroleum

Geology Of The Country Around Thirsk

Author : J. H. Powell
ISBN : UOM:39015029989970
Genre : Geology
File Size : 64.72 MB
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The area described in this memoir is an important agricultural region. It includes Ripon and Thirsk, situated in the low-lying, largely drift-covered Vale of York. To the east, the landscape is dominated by Hambleton Hills, and to the south-east by the Howardian Hills. These upland include part of the North Yorkshire Moors National Park. This account should be of interest to amateur and professional geologists and anyone interested in the countryside.
Category: Geology

On The Origin Of Species

Author : Charles Darwin
ISBN : 1551113376
Genre : History
File Size : 41.89 MB
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Charles Darwin’s On The Origin of Species, in which he writes of his theories of evolution by natural selection, is one of the most important works of scientific study ever published. This unabridged edition also includes a rich selection of primary source material: substantial selections from Darwin’s other works (Autobiography, notebooks, letters, Voyage of the Beagle, and The Descent of Man) and selections from Darwin’s sources and contemporaries (excerpts from Genesis, Paley, Lamarck, Spencer, Lyell, Malthus, Huxley, and Wallace).
Category: History

Sedimentology And Stratigraphy

Author : Gary Nichols
ISBN : 9781118687772
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.70 MB
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This fully revised and updated edition introduces the reader to sedimentology and stratigraphic principles, and provides tools for the interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks. The processes of formation, transport and deposition of sediment are considered and then applied to develop conceptual models for the full range of sedimentary environments, from deserts to deep seas and reefs to rivers. Different approaches to using stratigraphic principles to date and correlate strata are also considered, in order to provide a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of sedimentology and stratigraphy. The text and figures are designed to be accessible to anyone completely new to the subject, and all of the illustrative material is provided in an accompanying CD-ROM. High-resolution versions of these images can also be downloaded from the companion website for this book at: www.wiley.com/go/nicholssedimentology.
Category: Science