Sport In The Cultures Of The Ancient World

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Sport In The Cultures Of The Ancient World

Author : Zinon Papakonstantinou
ISBN : 9781317989493
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 21.24 MB
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Sport has been practised in the Greco-Roman world at least since the second millennium BC. It was socially integrated and was practised in the context of ceremonial performances, physical education and established local and international competitions including, most famously, the Olympic Games. In recent years, the continuous re-assessment of old and new evidence in conjunction with the development of new methodological perspectives have created the need for a fresh examination of central aspects of ancient sport in a single volume. This book fills that gap in ancient sport scholarship. When did the ancient Olympics begin? How is sport depicted in the work of the fifth-century historian Herodotus? What was the association between sport and war in fifth- and fourth-century BC Athens? What were the social and political implications of the practice of Greek-style sport in third-century BC Ptolemaic Egypt? How were Roman gladiatorial shows perceived and transformed in the Greek-speaking east? And what were the conditions of sport participation by boys and girls in ancient Rome? These are some of the questions that this book, written by an international cast of distinguished scholars on ancient sport, attempts to answer. Covering a wide chronological and geographical scope (ancient Mediterranean from the early first millennium BC to fourth century AD), individual articles re-examine old and new evidence, and offer stimulating, original interpretations of key aspects of ancient sport in its political, military, cultural, social, ceremonial and ideological setting. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Sport In Ancient Times

Author : Nigel B. Crowther
ISBN : 0275987396
Genre : History
File Size : 22.23 MB
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Crowther offers a fascinating look at the role of sport as practiced in the ancient world. From the Prehistoric Age in Egypt, Sumeria, Mesopotamia, and Persia to the "historic period" in ancient Greece, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire, he not only probes the games themselves, but explores the ways in which athletics figured into cultural arenas that extended beyond physical prowess to military associations, rituals, status, and politics. Among the subjects covered are Cretan bull-leaping and Bronze-Age boxing, the ancient Olympic Games, gladiatorial contests, chariot racing, and the role of women in ancient sports.
Category: History

Sport And Spectacle In The Ancient World

Author : Donald G. Kyle
ISBN : 9781118613566
Genre : History
File Size : 39.70 MB
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The second edition of Sport and Spectacle in the Ancient World updates Donald G. Kyle’s award-winning introduction to this topic, covering the Ancient Near East up to the late Roman Empire. • Challenges traditional scholarship on sport and spectacle in the Ancient World and debunks claims that there were no sports before the ancient Greeks • Explores the cultural exchange of Greek sport and Roman spectacle and how each culture responded to the other’s entertainment • Features a new chapter on sport and spectacle during the Late Roman Empire, including Christian opposition to pagan games and the Roman response • Covers topics including violence, professionalism in sport, class, gender and eroticism, and the relationship of spectacle to political structures
Category: History

Sport And Identity In Ancient Greece

Author : Zinon Papakonstantinou
ISBN : 9781317051121
Genre : History
File Size : 83.62 MB
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From the eighth century BCE to the late third century CE, Greeks trained in sport and competed in periodic contests that generated enormous popular interest. As a result, sport was an ideal vehicle for the construction of a plurality of identities along the lines of ethnic origin, civic affiliation, legal and social status as well as gender. Sport and Identity in Ancient Greece delves into the rich literary and epigraphic record on ancient Greek sport and examines, through a series of case studies, diverse aspects of the process of identity construction through sport. Chapters discuss elite identities and sport, sport spectatorship, the regulatory framework of Greek sport, sport and benefaction in the Hellenistic and Roman world, embodied and gendered identities in epigraphic commemoration, as well as the creation of a hybrid culture of Greco-Roman sport in the eastern Mediterranean during the Roman imperial period.
Category: History

Sport Bodily Culture And Classical Antiquity In Modern Greece

Author : Eleni Fournaraki
ISBN : 9781317979739
Genre : History
File Size : 62.25 MB
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Ancient Greece was the model that guided the emergence of many facets of the modern sports movement, including most notably the Olympics. Yet the process whereby aspects of the ancient world were appropriated and manipulated by sport authorities of nation-states, athletic organizations and their leaders as well as by sports enthusiasts is only very partially understood. This volume takes modern Greece as a case-study and explores, in depth, issues related to the reception and use of classical antiquity in modern sport, spectacle and bodily culture. For citizens of the Greek nation-state, classical antiquity is not merely a vague "legacy" but the cornerstone of their national identity. In the field of sport and bodily culture, since the 1830s there had been persistent attempts to establish firm and direct links between ancient Greek athletics and modern sport through the incorporation of sport in school curricula, the emergence of national sport historiographies as well as the initiatives to revive (in the 19th century) or appropriate (in the 20th) the modern Olympics. Based on fieldwork and unpublished material sources, this book dissects the use and abuse of classical antiquity and sport in constructing national, gender and class identities, and illuminate aspects of the complex modern perceptions of classicism, sport and the body. This book was previously published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
Category: History

Sports Around The World History Culture And Practice 4 Volumes

Author : John Nauright
ISBN : 9781598843019
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 33.47 MB
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This multivolume set is much more than a collection of essays on sports and sporting cultures from around the world: it also details how and why sports are played wherever they exist, and examines key charismatic athletes from around the world who have transcended their sports. • Nearly 900 entries cover most aspects of sport from around the world • Contributions from more than 200 distinguished scholars, such as Mark Dyreson, Henning Eichberg, Malcolm MacLean, S.W. Pope, and Rob Ruck • Entries on players, stadiums, arenas, famous games and matches, major scandals, and disasters • Lists of Olympic medalists for all events since 1896 as well as lists of winners of major events such as the FIFA World Cup and MLB World Series • Further reading selections provide direction for in-depth analysis of each event, sport, personality, or issue discussed
Category: Sports & Recreation

Encyclopedia Of Society And Culture In The Ancient World

Author : Peter I. Bogucki
ISBN : 0816069417
Genre : History
File Size : 47.16 MB
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Presents sixty-nine articles devoted to coverage of social and cultural considerations in the ancient world from prehistory through the fall of Rome in 476 C.E.
Category: History

The Making Of Sporting Cultures

Author : John Hughson
ISBN : 9781317990697
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 76.51 MB
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The Making of Sporting Cultures presents an analysis of western sport by examining how the collective passions and feelings of people have contributed to the making of sport as a ‘way of life’. The popularity of sport is so pronounced in some cases that we speak of certain sports as ‘national pastimes’. Baseball in the United States, soccer in Britain and cricket in the Caribbean are among the relevant examples discussed. Rather than regarding the historical development of sport as the outcome of passive spectator reception, this work is interested in how sporting cultures have been made and developed over time through the active engagement of its enthusiasts. This is to study the history of sport not only ‘from below’, but also ‘from within’, as a means to understanding the ‘deep relationship’ between sport and people within class contexts – the middle class as well as the working class. Contestation over the making of sport along axes of race, gender and class are discussed where relevant. A range of cultural writers and theorists are examined in regard to both how their writing can help us understand the making of sport and as to how sport might be located within an overall cultural context – in different places and times. The book will appeal to students and academics within humanities disciplines such as cultural studies, history and sociology and to those in sport studies programmes interested in the historical, cultural and social aspects of sport. This book was published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Sport And Festival In The Ancient Greek World

Author : Ben Brown
ISBN : UVA:X004743570
Genre : History
File Size : 61.70 MB
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How did sport and festival affect the ancient Greek city? How did the values of athletics pervade Greek culture? This collection of fifteen new studies from an international cast took its inspiration from the exceptional Sydney Olympics of 2000. The focus here is on the ancient world, but additionally there is a sophisticated look at how Greek artefacts linked with sport can best be presented to the modern world.
Category: History

Encyclopedia Of World Sport

Author : David Levinson
ISBN : 9780195131956
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 69.99 MB
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Contains essays concerning various sports or sports topics, from acrobatics to yachting, giving both American and international coverage
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Athlete In The Ancient Greek World

Author : Reyes Bertolín Cebrián
ISBN : 9780806167572
Genre : History
File Size : 39.61 MB
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In the world of sports, the most important component is the athlete. After all, without athletes there would be no sports. In ancient Greece, athletes were public figures, idolized and envied. This fascinating book draws on a broad range of ancient sources to explore the development of athletes in Greece from the archaic period to the Roman Empire. Whereas many previous books have focused on the origins of the Greek games themselves, or the events or locations where the games took place, this volume places a unique emphasis on the athletes themselves—and the fostering of their athleticism. Moving beyond stereotypes of larger-than-life heroes, Reyes Bertolín Cebrián examines the experiences of ordinary athletes, who practiced sports for educational, recreational, or professional purposes. According to Bertolín Cebrián, the majority of athletes in ancient times were young men and mostly single. Similar to today, most athletes practiced sport as part of their schooling. Yet during the fifth century B.C., a major shift in ancient Greek education took place, when the curriculum for training future leaders became more academic in orientation. As a result, argues Bertolín Cebrián, the practice of sport in the Hellenistic period lost its appeal to the intellectual elite, even as it remained popular with large sectors of the population. Thus, a gap emerged between the “higher” and “lower” cultures of sport. In looking at the implications of this development for athletes, whether high-performing or recreational, this erudite volume traverses such wide-ranging fields as history, literature, medicine, and sports psychology to recreate—in compelling detail—the life and lifestyle of the ancient Greek athlete.
Category: History

The Sports Process

Author : Eric Dunning
ISBN : 0880116242
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 77.59 MB
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The Sports Processuses a historical/developmental approach to explore the development of sport, its international diffusion, and ongoing changes in sport around the world. Thirteen international leaders in the sociology of sport study sport beginning with the ancient world and progressing through the end of the cold war. They examine how sport development is affected by -politics, -gender roles, -nationalism, -capitalism, -class, -race conflict, and -economics. Part I,Perspectives on the Making of Modern Sports, emphasizes the need to study sports not only in one place and time, but as they change and evolve through time. The contributors contend that to understand any sport as it exists today, you must examine the social processes that transformed it from early forms of play into an organized game. Part I looks at these processes over a broad span of time, from ancient civilizations through the Victorian period. Part IIexamines the diffusion of modern sport from its beginnings in 18th-century England throughout the rest of the world. You'll learn about some of the factors that influenced this diffusion, both outward to other countries and downward within each country from higher to lower social levels. Part IIIcompares sports across modern cultures. The contributors examine how major ideologies of the 20th century--capitalism, socialism, and nationalism--have affected the practice and development of sport in various countries. The Sports Processis a valuable reference for scholars and students studying the sociology of sport. The book also includes such special features as suggested research tasks, a guide to further reading, and essay suggestions which make it an excellent supplemental text for classes in sport sociology, sport history, and comparative physical culture.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Physical Education And Sport In The Jewish History And Culture

Author : Uriel Simri
ISBN : PSU:000007259951
Genre : Jewish athletes
File Size : 74.67 MB
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Sports and physical activity in Israeli life within Jewish culture / Earle F. Zeigler -- The idea of sport and hostility towards the body / Alexius J. Bucher -- An investigation into the Jewish concepts of ethics regarding its application to sport : a hierarchy of ethics / Saul Ross -- Greek contests in Galilee during the reign of Harold Antipas / Manfred Laemmer -- Daniel Mendoza, a Jewish bruiser in the eighteenth century fancy / George Eisen -- The contemporary Jewish attitude towards leisure / Jay S. Shivers -- The Jews and antisemitism in the German gymnastics movement, 1810-1933 / Hartmut Becker -- "Fair play for American athletes" : a study in antisemitism / Arnd Kreuger -- The discrimination of Jewish sports in National-Socialist Germany / Hajo Bernett -- Charlotte Epstein : women's emancipation, and the emergence of competitive athletics for women in the United States / Richard Wettan -- A comparison of the results of Olympic and Maccabiah champions / Uriel Simri -- The Jew in ice sports : America's forgotten heroes / Reet A. Howell, Maxwell L. Howell -- Sports activities of the Jews in Finland / Eija-Leena Wuolio -- More than fun and games : movement education and the Jewish experience / Blanche R. Teitelbaum -- Sport in selected ancient societies, 2000 B.C. to 100 A.D. / Betty Spears -- The invention of the sport record / Richard D. Mandell.
Category: Jewish athletes

Clean

Author : Virginia Smith
ISBN : 9780191579936
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34.32 MB
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Why do we still have nits? What exactly are 'purity rules'? And why have baths scarcely changed in 200 years? The long history of personal hygiene and purity is a fascinating subject that reveals how closely we are linked to our deeper past. In this pioneering book, Virginia Smith covers the global history of human body-care from the Neolithic to the present, using first-hand accounts and sources. From pre-historic grooming rituals to New Age medicine, from ascetics to cosmetics, Smith looks at how different cultures have interpreted and striven for personal cleanliness and shows how, throughout history, this striving for purity has brought great social benefits as well as great tragedies. It is probably safe to say that no-one who reads this book will look at his or her body (or bathroom) in quite the same way again.
Category: Medical

Sport In The Modern World Chances And Problems

Author : Ommo Grupe
ISBN : 9783642657849
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89.99 MB
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Should scientific congresses take place in connection with Olympic Games, and should science be represented not only in the form of applied science engaged in the care of athletes, but also as an informing, reflecting and critical authority? The Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad answered this question in the affirmative, and the results have justified this decision. The invitation sent out by the Organizing Committee was accepted by numerous eminent scholars and many participants from all over the world; it was their merit that the general topic of the congress could be discussed in manifold ways under various aspects and without prejudice. For this reason, they deserve our gratitude and appreciation. By now, the congress report has been completed. It is part of the total scientific concept which includes the preparatory publication, "The Scientific View of Sport Perspectives, Aspects, Issues", the congress itself and the present report; and, in close connection therewith, the exhibitions, "100 Years of German Excavation Work in Olympia", "Sport and Medicine" and the literary exhibition. It is to be hoped that this report will prove an important source of information and a stimulus for discussion among participants and scholars, students, teachers and coaches; and that it will safeguard the fruitful continuation of the work initiated by the Munich congress. Thanks are due to those who took pains in preparing this document. It will be an essential element within the framework of all that will remain of the Olympic Games of 1972.
Category: Medical