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Author : Bogdan Nica
ISBN : 3037191880
Genre : Eigenvalues
File Size : 26.4 MB
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"Spectral graph theory starts by associating matrices to graphs - notably, the adjacency matrix and the Laplacian matrix. The general theme is then, firstly, to compute or estimate the eigenvalues of such matrices, and secondly, to relate the eigenvalues to structural properties of graphs. As it turns out, the spectral perspective is a powerful tool. Some of its loveliest applications concern facts that are, in principle, purely graph theoretic or combinatorial. This text is an introduction to spectral graph theory, but it could also be seen as an invitation to algebraic graph theory. The first half is devoted to graphs, finite fields, and how they come together. This part provides an appealing motivation and context of the second, spectral, half. The text is enriched by many exercises and their solutions. The target audience are students from the upper undergraduate level onwards. We assume only a familiarity with linear algebra and basic group theory. Graph theory, finite fields, and character theory for abelian groups receive a concise overview and render the text essentially self-contained"--

Author : Jonathan L. Gross
ISBN : 0203490207
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53.79 MB
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The Handbook of Graph Theory is the most comprehensive single-source guide to graph theory ever published. Best-selling authors Jonathan Gross and Jay Yellen assembled an outstanding team of experts to contribute overviews of more than 50 of the most significant topics in graph theory-including those related to algorithmic and optimization approaches as well as "pure" graph theory. They then carefully edited the compilation to produce a unified, authoritative work ideal for ready reference. Designed and edited with non-experts in mind, the Handbook of Graph Theory makes information easy to find and easy to understand. The treatment of each topic includes lists of essential definitions and facts accompanied by examples, tables, remarks, and in some areas, conjectures and open problems. Each section contains a glossary of terms relevant to that topic and an extensive bibliography of references that collectively form an extensive guide to the primary research literature. The applications of graph theory are fast becoming ubiquitous. Whether your primary area of interest lies in mathematics, computer science, engineering, or operations research, this handbook holds the key to unlocking graph theory's intricacies, applications, and potential.

Author : Stanley F. Florkowski
ISBN : OCLC:300322717
Genre : Graph theory
File Size : 61.17 MB
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In Graph Theory, every graph can be expressed in terms of certain real, symmetric matrices derived from the graph, most notably the adjacency or Laplacian matrices. Spectral Graph Theory focuses on the set of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, called the spectrum, of these matrices and provides several interesting areas of study. One of these is the inverse eigenvalue problem of a graph, which tries to determine information about the possible eigenvalues of the real symmetric matrices whose pattern of nonzero entries is described by a given graph. A second area is the energy of a graph, defined to be the sum of the absolute values of the eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of that graph. Here we explore these two areas for the hypercube Qn, which is formed recursively by taking the Cartesian product of Qn-1 with the complete graph on two vertices, K2. We analyze and compare several key ideas from the inverse eigenvalue problem for Qn, including the maximum multiplicity of possible eigenvalues, the minimum rank of possible matrices, and the number of paths that occur both as induced subgraphs and after deleting certain vertices. We conclude by deriving several equations for the energy of Qn.

Author : D.M. Cvetkovic
ISBN : 0080867766
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49.74 MB
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The purpose of this volume is to review the results in spectral graph theory which have appeared since 1978. The problem of characterizing graphs with least eigenvalue -2 was one of the original problems of spectral graph theory. The techniques used in the investigation of this problem have continued to be useful in other contexts including forbidden subgraph techniques as well as geometric methods involving root systems. In the meantime, the particular problem giving rise to these methods has been solved almost completely. This is indicated in Chapter 1. The study of various combinatorial objects (including distance regular and distance transitive graphs, association schemes, and block designs) have made use of eigenvalue techniques, usually as a method to show the nonexistence of objects with certain parameters. The basic method is to construct a graph which contains the structure of the combinatorial object and then to use the properties of the eigenvalues of the graph. Methods of this type are given in Chapter 2. Several topics have been included in Chapter 3, including the relationships between the spectrum and automorphism group of a graph, the graph isomorphism and the graph reconstruction problem, spectra of random graphs, and the Shannon capacity problem. Some graph polynomials related to the characteristic polynomial are described in Chapter 4. These include the matching, distance, and permanental polynomials. Applications of the theory of graph spectra to Chemistry and other branches of science are described from a mathematical viewpoint in Chapter 5. The last chapter is devoted to the extension of the theory of graph spectra to infinite graphs.

Author : Aurélio Campilho
ISBN : 9783540698111
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22.72 MB
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Non-linear image processing -- Color photo denoising via hue, saturation and intensity diffusion / Lei He and Chenyang Xu -- Examining the role of scale in the context of the non-local-means filter / Mehran Ebrahimi and Edward R. Vrscay -- Geometrical mutliscale noise resistant method of edge detection / Agnieszka Lisowska -- A simple, general model for the affine self-similarity of images / SImon K. Alexander, Edward R. Vrscay, and Satoshi Tsurumi -- Image and video coding and encryption -- Efficient bit-rate estimation for mode decision of H. 264 / AVC / Shuwei Sun and Shuming Chen -- Introducing a two dimensional measure for watermarking capacity in images / Farzin Yaghmaee and Mansour Jamzad -- Estimating the detectability of small lesions in high resolution MR compressed images / Juan Paz, Marlen Pérez, Iroel Miranda, and Peter Schelkens -- JPEG artifact removal using error distributions of linear coefficient estimates / Mika Inki --

Author : Andries E. Brouwer
ISBN : 9781461419396
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54.84 MB
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This book gives an elementary treatment of the basic material about graph spectra, both for ordinary, and Laplace and Seidel spectra. The text progresses systematically, by covering standard topics before presenting some new material on trees, strongly regular graphs, two-graphs, association schemes, p-ranks of configurations and similar topics. Exercises at the end of each chapter provide practice and vary from easy yet interesting applications of the treated theory, to little excursions into related topics. Tables, references at the end of the book, an author and subject index enrich the text. Spectra of Graphs is written for researchers, teachers and graduate students interested in graph spectra. The reader is assumed to be familiar with basic linear algebra and eigenvalues, although some more advanced topics in linear algebra, like the Perron-Frobenius theorem and eigenvalue interlacing are included.