Sounds And Perception

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Sounds And Perception

Author : Matthew Nudds
ISBN : 9780191608612
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71.66 MB
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Sounds and Perception is a collection of original essays on auditory perception and the nature of sounds - an emerging area of interest in the philosophy of mind and perception, and in the metaphysics of sensible qualities. The individual essays discuss a wide range of issues, including the nature of sound, the spatial aspects of auditory experience, hearing silence, musical experience, and the perception of speech; a substantial introduction by the editors serves to contextualise the essays and make connections between them. This collection will serve both as an introduction to the nature of auditory perception and as the definitive resource for coverage of the main questions that constitute the philosophy of sounds and audition. The views are original, and there is substantive engagement among contributors. This collection will stimulate future research in this area.
Category: Philosophy

Auditory Scene Analysis

Author : Albert S. Bregman
ISBN : 0262521954
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 41.36 MB
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Auditory Scene Analysis addresses the problem of hearing complex auditory environments, using a series of creative analogies to describe the process required of the human auditory system as it analyzes mixtures of sounds to recover descriptions of individual sounds. In a unified and comprehensive way, Bregman establishes a theoretical framework that integrates his findings with an unusually wide range of previous research in psychoacoustics, speech perception, music theory and composition, and computer modeling.
Category: Psychology

Auditory Perception Of Sound Sources

Author : William A. Yost
ISBN : 9780387713045
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80.26 MB
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Auditory Perception of Sound Sources covers higher-level auditory processes that are perceptual processes. The chapters describe how humans and other animals perceive the sounds that they receive from the many sound sources existing in the world. This book will provide an overview of areas of current research involved with understanding how sound-source determination processes operate. This book will focus on psychophysics and perception as well as being relevant to basic auditory research. Contents: Perceiving Sound Sources: An Overview William A. Yost Human Sound Source Identification Robert A. Lutfi Size Information in the Production and Perception of Communication Sounds Roy D. Patterson, David R. R. Smith, Ralph van Dinther, and Tom Walters The role of memory in auditory perception Laurent Demany, and Catherine Semal Auditory Attention and Filters Ervin R. Hafter, Anastasios Sarampalis, and Psyche Loui Informational masking Gerald Kidd Jr., Christine R. Mason, Virginia M. Richards, Frederick J. Gallun, and Nathaniel I. Durlach Effects of harmonicity and regularity on the perception of sound sources Robert P. Carlyon, and Hedwig E. Gockel Spatial Hearing and Perceiving Sources Christopher J. Darwin Envelope Processing and Sound-Source Perception Stanley Sheft Speech as a Sound Source Andrew J. Lotto, and Sarah C. Sullivan Sound Source Perception and Stream Segregation in Non-human Vertebrate Animals Richard R. Fay About the editors: William A. Yost, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychology, Adjunct Professor of Hearing Sciences of the Parmly Hearing Institute, and Adjunct Professor of Otolaryngology at Loyola University of Chicago. Arthur N. Popper is Professor in the Department of Biology and Co-Director of the Center for Comparative and Evolutionary Biology of Hearing at the University of Maryland, College Park. Richard R. Fay is Director of the Parmly Hearing Institute and Professor of Psychology at Loyola University of Chicago. About the series: The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of synthetic reviews of fundamental topics dealing with auditory systems. Each volume is independent and authoritative; taken as a set, this series is the definitive resource in the field.
Category: Medical

What Makes Sound Patterns Expressive

Author : Reuven Tsur
ISBN : 0822311704
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.47 MB
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Poets, academics, and those who simply speak a language are subject to mysterious intuitions about the perceptual qualities and emotional symbolism of the sounds of speech. Such intuitions are Reuven Tsur’s point of departure in this investigation into the expressive effect of sound patterns, addressing questions of great concern for literary theorists and critics as well as for linguists and psychologists. Research in recent decades has established two distinct types of aural perception: a nonspeech mode, in which the acoustic signals are received in the manner of musical sounds or natural noises; and a speech mode, in which acoustic signals are excluded from awareness and only an abstract phonetic category is perceived. Here, Tsur proposes a third type of speech perception, a poetic mode in which some part of the acoustic signal becomes accessible, however faintly, to consciousness. Using Roman Jakobson’s model of childhood acquisition of the phonological system, Tsur shows how the nonreferential babbling sounds made by infants form a basis for aesthetic valuation of language. He tests the intersubjective and intercultural validity of various spatial and tactile metaphors for certain sounds. Illustrating his insights with reference to particular literary texts, Tsur considers the relative merits of cognitive and psychoanalytic approaches to the emotional symbolism of speech sounds.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Analysis Synthesis And Perception Of Musical Sounds

Author : James Beauchamp
ISBN : 9780387325767
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.53 MB
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This book contains a complete and accurate mathematical treatment of the sounds of music with an emphasis on musical timbre. The book spans the range from tutorial introduction to advanced research and application to speculative assessment of its various techniques. All the contributors use a generalized additive sine wave model for describing musical timbre which gives a conceptual unity, but is of sufficient utility to be adapted to many different tasks.
Category: Science

Phonology In Perception

Author : Paul Boersma
ISBN : 9783110219227
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.69 MB
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Review text: "This volume contains exciting and potentially valuable new contributions that attempts to expand our understanding of the role of phonology and phonetics in speech perception. This volume has much to contribute for not just linguistics, but psycholinguistics more generally, and so concepts contained in this volume should form the basis of many discussions in future speech perception studies."Andrew Blyth in: Linguist List 21.3465.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Introduction To The Psychology Of Hearing

Author : Brian C. J. Moore
ISBN : 9781780520384
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24.62 MB
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This sixth edition has been thoroughly updated, with more than 200 references to articles & books published since 1996. The book describes the relationships between the characteristics of the sounds that enter the ear & the sensations that they produce.
Category: Psychology

The Perception Of Speech

Author : Brian Moore
ISBN : 9780199561315
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33.21 MB
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Spoken language communication is arguably the most important activity that distinguishes humans from nonhuman species. While many animal species communicate and exchange information using sound, humans are unique in the complexity of the information that can be conveyed using speech, and in the range of ideas, thoughts and emotions that can be expressed. Despite the importance of speech communication for the entire structure of human society, there are many aspects of this process that are not fully understood. One problem is that research on speech and language is typically carried out by different groups of scientists working on separate aspects of the underlying functional and neural systems. On the one hand, research from an auditory perspective focuses on the acoustical properties of speech sounds, their representation in the auditory system, and how that representation is used to extract phonetic information. On the other hand, research from psycholinguistic perspectives examines the processes by which representations of meaning are extracted from the acoustic-phonetic sequence, and how these are linked to the construction of higher-level linguistic interpretation in terms of sentences and discourse. Till now, there has been relatively little interaction between speech researchers from these two groups, in spite of a dramatic expansion in recent years of research into the neural bases of auditory and linguistic functions. This book bridges the gap between these two lines of research, recognising that both have the same aims in understanding how the motor gestures of a speaker are transformed to sounds and how those are mapped onto meaning in the comprehension of spoken language. It presents the work of leading researchers specializing in a wide range of topics within speech perception and language processing - along with contributions from key researchers in neuroanatomy and neuro-imaging. This important new work cuts through the traditional boundaries and fosters crossdisciplinary interactions in this important and rapidly developing area of the biological and cognitive sciences.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Perception And Its Modalities

Author : Dustin Stokes
ISBN : 9780199381616
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 28.6 MB
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This volume is about the many ways we perceive. In nineteen new essays, philosophers and cognitive scientists explore the nature of the individual senses, how and what they tell us about the world, and how they interrelate. They consider how the senses extract perceptual content from receptoral information and what kinds of objects we perceive and whether multiple senses ever perceive a single event. Questions pertaining to how many senses we have, what makes one sense distinct from another, and whether and why distinguishing senses may be useful feature prominently. Contributors examine the extent to which the senses act in concert, rather than as discrete modalities, and whether this influence is epistemically pernicious, neutral, or beneficial. Many of the essays engage with the idea that it is unduly restrictive to think of perception as a collation of contents provided by individual sense modalities. Rather, contributors contend that to understand perception properly we need to build into our accounts the idea that the senses work together. In doing so, they aim to develop better paradigms for understanding the senses and thereby to move toward a better understanding of perception.
Category: Philosophy

The Sense Of Hearing

Author : Christopher J. Plack
ISBN : 0805848835
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68.75 MB
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"The text benefits from 139 original illustrations, including uncluttered diagrams that illuminate auditory mechanisms. An extensive glossary provides definitions of technical terms
Category: Medical

Speech Physiology Speech Perception And Acoustic Phonetics

Author : Philip Lieberman
ISBN : 0521313570
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.22 MB
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This analysis of speech ranges from clarifying physiological, biological and neurological bases of speech through defining the principles of electrical and computer models of speech production.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Auditory Neuroscience

Author : Jan Schnupp
ISBN : 9780262113182
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37.58 MB
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Every time we listen -- to speech, to music, to footsteps approaching or retreating -- our auditory perception is the result of a long chain of diverse and intricate processes that unfold within the source of the sound itself, in the air, in our ears, and, most of all, in our brains. Hearing is an "everyday miracle" that, despite its staggering complexity, seems effortless. This book offers an integrated account of hearing in terms of the neural processes that take place in different parts of the auditory system. Because hearing results from the interplay of so many physical, biological, and psychological processes, the book pulls together the different aspects of hearing -- including acoustics, the mathematics of signal processing, the physiology of the ear and central auditory pathways, psychoacoustics, speech, and music -- into a coherent whole.
Category: Medical

Guide To Speech Production And Perception

Author : Mark Tatham
ISBN : 9780748688142
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40.12 MB
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The first textbook providing an integrated model of spoken language
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sound Perception Performance

Author : Rolf Bader
ISBN : 9783319001074
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.6 MB
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Musical Performance covers many aspects like Musical Acoustics, Music Psychology, or motor and prosodic actions. It deals with basic concepts of the origin or music and its evolution, ranges over neurocognitive foundations, and covers computational, technological, or simulation solutions. This volume gives an overview about current research in the foundation of musical performance studies on all these levels. Recent concepts of synchronized systems, evolutionary concepts, basic understanding of performance as Gestalt patterns, theories of chill as performance goals or historical aspects are covered. The neurocognitive basis of motor action in terms of music, musical syntax, as well as therapeutic aspects are discussed. State-of-the-art applications in performance realizations, like virtual room acoustics, virtual musicians, new concepts of real-time physical modeling using complex performance data as input or sensor and gesture studies with soft- and hardware solutions are presented. So although the field is still much larger, this volume presents current trends in terms of understanding, implementing, and perceiving performance.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Body Sound And Space In Music And Beyond Multimodal Explorations

Author : Clemens Wöllner
ISBN : 9781317173472
Genre : Music
File Size : 43.26 MB
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Body and space refer to vital and interrelated dimensions in the experience of sounds and music. Sounds have an overwhelming impact on feelings of bodily presence and inform us about the space we experience. Even in situations where visual information is artificial or blurred, such as in virtual environments or certain genres of film and computer games, sounds may shape our perceptions and lead to surprising new experiences. This book discusses recent developments in a range of interdisciplinary fields, taking into account the rapidly changing ways of experiencing sounds and music, the consequences for how we engage with sonic events in daily life and the technological advancements that offer insights into state-of-the-art methods and future perspectives. Topics range from the pleasures of being locked into the beat of the music, perception–action coupling and bodily resonance, and affordances of musical instruments, to neural processing and cross-modal experiences of space and pitch. Applications of these findings are discussed for movement sonification, room acoustics, networked performance, and for the spatial coordination of movements in dance, computer gaming and interactive artistic installations.
Category: Music

Updates On Multisensory Perception From Neurons To Cognition

Author : Angelo Maravita
ISBN : 9782889190584
Genre :
File Size : 41.74 MB
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In recent years there has been a dramatic progress in understanding how stimuli from different sensory modalities are integrated among each other. Multisensory integration results in a unitary representation of the world that strongly characterizes perception and cognition in humans. Knowledge about multi sensory integration has research techniques and approaches, including neurophysiology, experimental psychology, neuropsychology, neuroimaging, and computational modelling. This special issue aims at presenting an up-to-date integrative overview of the physiological, psychological, developmental, and functional processes associated with multisensory integration. The proposed collection of papers is organized thematically into sections, each featuring a state-of-the-art review of key themes in multisensory research, from more approaches in the animal, to the study of multisensory perception and cognition in humans. Specifically, this special issue will consider: The physiological mechanisms of multisensory processing in cortical and subcortical brain structures of model animal species, (rat, cat, and monkey); current biologically inspired computational modelling of multisensory integration; evidence about the multisensory contributions to perception in humans, as highlighted by psychophysical and neuropsychological evidence; the neural basis of multisensory processing in the human brain uncovered by recent neuroimaging techniques, including EEG, PET, fMRI; the consequences of the breakdown of normal sensory integration as shown by studies with techniques of brain stimulation in humans; developmental processes of multisensory perception in humans and the constrains for the emergence of multisensory processes in relation to sensory experience; the issue of crossmodal neuroplasticity concerning behavioral and neural changes following sensory deprivation. The challenge of this Research Topic is to provide an interdisciplinary context allowing to understand the basic principles of multisensory integration in humans and the key issues that this fascinating field of study rises for future research.
Category:

Computer Music Modeling And Retrieval Sense Of Sounds

Author : Richard Kronland-Martinet
ISBN : 9783540850342
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78.6 MB
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CMMR is an annual event focusing on important aspects of computer music. CMMR 2007 was the fourth event in this series and was co-organized by A- borg University Esbjerg, Denmark (http: //www. aaue. dk) and Laboratoire de M ecanique et d Acoustique, CNRS in Marseille, France (http: //www. lma. cnrs-mrs. fr). The conference was held in Copenhagen during 27 31 August, 2007 jointly with the International Computer Music Conference 2007 (ICMC2007). The ?rst three editions of CMMR were a great success and gathered hi- quality papers by prominent researchers from the ?eld of computer music. The post-proceedings of these conferences were published by Springer in the Lecture Notes in Computer Science series (LNCS 2771, LNCS 3310, LNCS 3902). The current edition follows the lineage of the previous ones, including the collection of 33 papers specially reviewed and corrected for this post-proceedings volume. The ?eld of computer music is interdisciplinary by nature and closely related to a number of computer science and engineering areas such as information retrieval, programming, human-computer interaction, digital libraries, hyp- media, arti?cial intelligence, acoustics, and signal processing. In 2007, CMMR focussed on a challenging theme: The Sense of Sounds. De?ning the notion of sense of sounds is intricate, since it refers to a very general concept that can be addressed through a large number of domains (philosophy, cognition, music analysis and musicology, perception, acoustics, signal processing)."
Category: Computers

Phonetics

Author : Henning Reetz
ISBN : 9781444358544
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.13 MB
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Companion website, featuring additional resources such as sound files, can be found here: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/phonetics/ Providing a comprehensive overview of the four primary areas of phonetics, Phonetics: Transcription, Production, Acoustics, and Perception is an ideal guide to the complete study of speech and sound. An accessible but in-depth introductory textbook on the basic concepts of phonetics Covers all four areas of phonetics: transcription, production, acoustics, and perception Offers uniquely thorough coverage of related relevant areas, including vocal fold vibration and the working of the ear, creating an engagingly flexible work for instructors Includes chapter-by-chapter exercises, enabling students to put their knowledge into practice Written in a clear and concise style by two of the field’s leading scholars
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Phonology And Second Language Acquisition

Author : Jette G. Hansen Edwards
ISBN : 9027241473
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 73.87 MB
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This volume is a collection of 13 chapters, each devoted to a particular issue that is crucial to our understanding of the way learners acquire, learn, and use an L2 sound system. In addition, it spans both theory and application in L2 phonology. The book is divided into three parts, with each section unified by broad thematic content: Part I, “Theoretical Issues and Frameworks in L2 Phonology,” lays the groundwork for examining L2 phonological acquisition. Part II, “Second Language Speech Perception and Production,” examines these two aspects of L2 speech in more detail. Finally, Part III, “Technology, Training, and Curriculum,” bridges the gap between theory and practice. Each chapter examines theoretical frameworks, major research findings (both classic and recent), methodological issues and choices for conducting research in a particular area of L2 phonology, and major implications of the research findings for more general models of language acquisition and/or pedagogy.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines