Sonderstab Musik

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Sonderstab Musik

Author : Willem de Vries
ISBN : 9053561811
Genre : History
File Size : 62.33 MB
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During the Second World War the 'Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg' was set up, an organisation which aimed for the elimination of Jewish cultural life in the rest of Europe. A 'Sonderstab Musik' was also established, staffed by distinguished German musicologists whose task was to locate musical manuscripts, books and instruments. Its initial target was the possessions of Jewish musicians and composers who had fled the Nazi regime, but in the end it boiled down to a general confiscation and removal of Jewish possessions, including those connected with music-making. This book describes the activities of the 'Sonderstab Musik' in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.
Category: History

Nazi Labour Camps In Paris

Author : Jean-Marc Dreyfus
ISBN : 9781782381136
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.41 MB
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On 18 July 1943, one-hundred and twenty Jews were transported from the concentration camp at Drancy to the Lvitan furniture store building in the middle of Paris. These were the first detainees of three satellite camps (Lvitan, Austerlitz, Bassano) in Paris. Between July 1943 and August 1944, nearly eight hundred prisoners spent a few weeks to a year in one of these buildings, previously been used to store furniture, and were subjected to forced labor. Although the history of the persecution and deportation of France's Jews is well known, the three Parisian satellite camps have been subjected to the silence of both memory and history. This lack of attention by the most authoritative voices on the subject can perhaps be explained by the absence of a collective memory or by the marginal status of the Parisian detainees - the spouses of Aryans, wives of prisoners of war, half-Jews. Still, the Parisian camps did, and continue to this day, lack simple and straightforward descriptions. This book is a much needed study of these camps and is witness to how, sixty years after the events, expressing this memory remains a complex, sometimes painful process, and speaking about it a struggle.
Category: Social Science

Music In World War Ii

Author : Pamela M. Potter
ISBN : 9780253050274
Genre : History
File Size : 57.51 MB
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"How can music withstand the death and destruction brought on by war? Global conflicts of the 20th century fundamentally transformed not only national boundaries, power relations, and global economies, but also the arts and culture of every nation involved. An important, unacknowledged aspect of these conflicts is that they have unique musical soundtracks. Music in World War II explores how music and sound took on radically different dimensions in the United States and Europe before, during, and after World War II. Additionally, the collection examines the impact of radio and film as the disseminators of the war's musical soundtrack. Contributors contend that the European and American soundtrack of World War II was largely one of escapism rather than the lofty, solemn, heroic, and celebratory mode of "war music" in the past. Furthermore, they explore the variety of experiences of populations forced from their homes and interned in civilian and POW camps in Europe and the United States, examining how music in these environments played a crucial role in maintaining ties to an idealized "home" and constructing politicized notions of national and ethnic identity. This fascinating and well-constructed volume of essays builds understanding of the role and importance of music during periods of conflict and highlights the unique aspects of music during World War II"--
Category: History

Christoph Willibald Gluck Bilder Mythen Diskurse

Author : Thomas Betzwieser
ISBN : 9783990125038
Genre : Music
File Size : 56.2 MB
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Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787) wird in der Musikhistoriographie bis heute mit der sogenannten Opernreform um die Mitte der zweiten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts assoziiert, obwohl sein tatsächlicher Einfluss auf das Opernleben seiner Zeit von der Forschung unterschiedlich bewertet wird. Anlässlich der 300. Wiederkehr von Glucks Geburtstag hat sich ein musikwissenschaftliches Symposium dem Phänomen der Gluck-Rezeption gewidmet: 15 zeitlich wie geographisch weit gespannte Aufsätze namhafter internationaler Opernforscher beleuchten in diesem Band die historische Entwicklung der Bilder, Mythen und Diskurse, die unsere Vorstellung von Gluck und dessen 'Opernreform' zum Teil noch heute prägen. Sie gehen u.a. der Frage nach, wie sich diese abhängig von kulturellen Kontexten verändert haben und unter wechselnden politischen Vorzeichen umgedeutet werden. Mit Beiträgen von Michele Calella | Eric Schneeman | Helena Langewitz | Klaus Pietschmann | Arnold Jacobshagen | Melanie Unseld | Markéta Štědronská | Daniel Brandenburg | Hervé Lacombe | Mark Everist | Yuliya Shein | Arne Stollberg | Dörte Schmidt | Thomas Betzwieser | Michael Custodis
Category: Music

Returned From Russia

Author : Patricia Kennedy Grimsted
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131698537
Genre : History
File Size : 38.14 MB
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During the Second World War, various Nazi agencies competed for the plunder of occupied Europe's archival heritage. This volume brings together reports by individuals who took part in the negotiations for the return of those twice-plundered archives, among those the archives of the IIAV. Patricia Kennedy Grimsted reveals her story of the seizure and dramatic fate of those records in Nazi and Soviet hands and the post-1991 political battle within Russia over their restitution. In the second half of the volume, the stories of individual countries are told, with the focus on the returned archives of France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, together with the Austrian Rothschild archives. Appendices present the legal instruments for the return of these of these 'displaced' twice-captured archives, and identify the present locations of all of those that have recently come home from Russia, some of them long believed lost. Military and security records, documents from early Masonic lodges for the memory of centuries past, new memorials to those who perished in the war and the Holocaust - all are covered in this book.
Category: History

Chopin S Piano In Search Of The Instrument That Transformed Music

Author : Paul Kildea
ISBN : 9780393652239
Genre : Music
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The captivating story of Frédéric Chopin and the fate of both his Mallorquin piano and musical Romanticism from the early nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. In November 1838, Frédéric Chopin, George Sand, and her two children sailed to Majorca to escape the Parisian winter. They settled in an abandoned monastery at Valldemossa in the mountains above Palma where Chopin finished what would eventually be recognized as one of the great and revolutionary works of musical Romanticism: his twenty-four Preludes. There was scarcely a decent piano on the island (these were still early days in the evolution of the modern instrument), so Chopin worked on a small pianino made by a local craftsman, Juan Bauza, which remained in their monastic cell for seventy years after he and Sand had left. Chopin’s Piano traces the history of Chopin’s twenty-four Preludes through the instruments on which they were played, the pianists who interpreted them, and the traditions they came to represent. Yet it begins and ends with the Majorcan pianino, which assumed an astonishing cultural potency during the Second World War as it became, for the Nazis, a symbol of the man and music they were determined to appropriate as their own. After Chopin, the unexpected hero of Chopin’s Piano is the great keyboard player Wanda Landowska, who rescued the pianino from Valldemossa in 1913, and who would later become one of the most influential artistic figures of the twentieth century. Paul Kildea shows how her story—a compelling account based for the first time on her private papers—resonates with Chopin’s, simultaneously distilling part of the cultural and political history of mid-twentieth century Europe and the United States. After Landowska’s flight to America from Paris, which the Germans would occupy only days later, her possessions—including her rare music manuscripts and beloved keyboards—were seized by the Nazis. Only some of these belongings survived the war; those that did were recovered by the Allied armies’ Monuments Men and restituted to Landowska’s house in France. In scintillating prose, and with an eye for exquisite detail, Kildea beautifully interweaves these narratives, which comprise a journey through musical Romanticism—one that illuminates how art is transmitted, interpreted, and appropriated between generations.
Category: Music

Vienna

Author : Karl Albrecht-Weinberger
ISBN : UOM:39015057523436
Genre : Aryanization
File Size : 25.28 MB
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Category: Aryanization

Nazi Looting

Author : Gerard Aalders
ISBN : UOM:39015058286835
Genre : History
File Size : 37.40 MB
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The Nazi looting machine was notoriously efficient. In the Netherlands, 8.5 million citizens suffered losses estimated at 3.6 billion guilders. Approximately one-third of these losses were borne by Jews, who comprised only 1.6% of the total population. In today's terms, the German occupiers stripped the Jewish population of assets worth $7 billion. Nazi Looting offers a comprehensive history of the Dutch experience and demonstrates the ruthless efficiency of the Germans in robbing Dutch Jewry, for example attempts at "legitimacy" via fake bank accounts and phoney "sales". It also reveals how reputable indigenous institutions, including the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, insurance brokers and established banks acted as willing collaborators. More than fifty years after the war's end, 20% of the Netherlands' most important pre-war museum exhibits and approximately 80% of the less important works remain untraced. Painstakingly researched, Nazi Looting exposes a chillingly calculating and brutally destructive process that reverberates to this day.
Category: History

The Lost Cellos Of Lev Aronson

Author : Frances Padorr Brent
ISBN : UOM:39015084177727
Genre : History
File Size : 79.73 MB
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Presents a chronicle of the life and fate of Lev Aronson, the world-renowned cellist and Holocaust survivor, and the quest for his lost cello, confiscated during the war.
Category: History

Shofar

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105021175869
Genre : Electronic journals
File Size : 51.74 MB
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Category: Electronic journals