Social Zooarchaeology

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Social Zooarchaeology

Author : Nerissa Russell
ISBN : 9781139504348
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.8 MB
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This is the first book to provide a systematic overview of social zooarchaeology, which takes a holistic view of human-animal relations in the past. Until recently, archaeological analysis of faunal evidence has primarily focused on the role of animals in the human diet and subsistence economy. This book, however, argues that animals have always played many more roles in human societies: as wealth, companions, spirit helpers, sacrificial victims, totems, centerpieces of feasts, objects of taboos, and more. These social factors are as significant as taphonomic processes in shaping animal bone assemblages. Nerissa Russell uses evidence derived from not only zooarchaeology, but also ethnography, history and classical studies, to suggest the range of human-animal relationships and to examine their importance in human society. Through exploring the significance of animals to ancient humans, this book provides a richer picture of past societies.
Category: Social Science

An Introduction To Zooarchaeology

Author : Diane Gifford-Gonzalez
ISBN : 9783319656823
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.25 MB
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This volume is a comprehensive, critical introduction to vertebrate zooarchaeology, the field that explores the history of human relations with animals from the Pliocene to the Industrial Revolution.​ The book is organized into five sections, each with an introduction, that leads the reader systematically through this swiftly expanding field. Section One presents a general introduction to zooarchaeology, key definitions, and an historical survey of the emergence of zooarchaeology in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa, and introduces the conceptual approach taken in the book. This volume is designed to allow readers to integrate data from the book along with that acquired elsewhere within a coherent analytical framework. Most of its chapters take the form of critical “review articles,” providing a portal into both the classic and current literature and contextualizing these with original commentary. Summaries of findings are enhanced by profuse illustrations by the author and others.​
Category: Social Science

Placing Animals In The Neolithic

Author : Arkadiusz Marciniak
ISBN : 9781315422596
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.20 MB
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This book presents a new perspective on the social milieu of the Early and Middle Neolithic in Central Europe as viewed through relations between humans and animals, food acquisition and consumption, as well as refuse disposal practices. Based on animal bone assemblages from a wide range of sites from a period of over 2,000 years originating in both the North European Plain lowlands and the loess uplands, the evidence explored in the book represents the Linear Band Pottery Culture (LBK), the Lengyel Culture, and the Funnel Beaker Culture (TRB) allowing us to follow the dynamic development of early farmers from their emergence in the area north of the Carpathians up to their consolidation and stabilization in this new territory.
Category: Social Science

Zooarchaeology In Practice

Author : Christina M. Giovas
ISBN : 9783319647630
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51.42 MB
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Zooarchaeology in Practice unites depth of treatment with broad topical coverage to advance methodological discussion and development in archaeofaunal analysis. Through case studies, historical accounts, and technical reviews authored by leading figures in the field, the volume examines how zooarchaeological data and interpretation are shaped by its methods of practice and explores the impact of these effects at varying levels of investigation. Contributing authors draw on geographically and taxonomically diverse datasets, providing instructive approaches to problems in traditional and emerging areas of methodological concern. Readers, from specialists to students, will gain an extensive, sophisticated look at important disciplinary issues that are sure to provoke critical reflection on the nature and importance of sound methodology. With implications for how archaeologists reconstruct human behavior and paleoecology, and broader relevance to fields such as paleontology and conservation biology, Zooarchaeology in Practice makes an enduring contribution to the methodological advancement of the discipline.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Zooarchaeology

Author : Umberto Albarella
ISBN : 9780199686476
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.41 MB
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Animals have played a fundamental role in shaping human history and the study of their remains from archaeological sites--zooarchaeology--has gradually been emerging as a powerful discipline and crucible for forging an understanding of our past. The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that transcends environmental, economic, and social approaches, seeking instead to provide a holistic view of the roles played by animals in past human cultures. Incisive chapters written by leading scholars in the field incorporate case studies from across five continents, from Iceland to New Zealand and from Japan to Egypt and Ecuador, providing a sense of the dynamism of the discipline, the many approaches and methods adopted by different schools and traditions, and an idea of the huge range of interactions that have occurred between people and animals throughout the world and its history. Adaptations of human-animal relationships in environments as varied as the Arctic, temperate forests, deserts, the tropics, and the sea are discussed, while studies of hunter-gatherers, farmers, herders, fishermen, and even traders and urban dwellers highlight the importance that animals have had in all forms of human societies. With an introduction that clearly contextualizes the current practice of zooarchaeology in relation to both its history and the challenges and opportunities that can be expected for the future, and a methodological glossary illuminating the way in which zooarchaeologists approach the study of their material, this Handbook will be invaluable not only for specialists in the field, but for anybody who has an interest in our past and the role that animals have played in forging it.
Category: Social Science

Zooarchaeology

Author : Elizabeth J. Reitz
ISBN : 0521485290
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.97 MB
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Zooarchaeology is a detailed reference manual for students and professional archaeologists interested in identifying and analysing animal remains from archaeological sites. Drawing on material from all over the world, and covering a time span from the Pleistocene to the nineteenth century AD, the emphasis is on animals whose remains inform us about many aspects of the relationships between humans and their natural and social environments, especially site formation processes, subsistence strategies, and paleoenvironments. The authors discuss suitable methods and theories for all vertebrate classes and molluscs, and include hypothetical examples to demonstrate these. There are extensive references and illustrations to help in the process of identification.
Category: Social Science

Zooarchaeology And Modern Human Origins

Author : Jamie L. Clark
ISBN : 9789400767669
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.86 MB
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Recent genetic data showing that Neanderthals interbred with modern humans have made it clear that deeper insight into the behavioral differences between these populations will be critical to understanding the rapid spread of modern humans and the demise of the Neanderthals. This volume, which brings together scholars who have worked with faunal assemblages from Europe, the Near East, and Africa, makes an important contribution to our broader understanding of Neanderthal extinction and modern human origins through its focus on variability in human hunting behavior between 70-25,000 years ago—a critical period in the later evolution of our species.​
Category: Social Science

Integrating Zooarchaeology And Paleoethnobotany

Author : Amber VanDerwarker
ISBN : 1441909354
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.79 MB
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In recent years, scholars have emphasized the need for more holistic subsistence analyses, and collaborative publications towards this endeavor have become more numerous in the literature. However, there are relatively few attempts to qualitatively integrate zooarchaeological (animal) and paleoethnobotanical (plant) data, and even fewer attempts to quantitatively integrate these two types of subsistence evidence. Given the vastly different methods used in recovering and quantifying these data, not to mention their different preservational histories, it is no wonder that so few have undertaken this problem. Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany takes the lead in tackling this important issue by addressing the methodological limitations of data integration, proposing new methods and innovative ways of using established methods, and highlighting case studies that successfully employ these methods to shed new light on ancient foodways. The volume challenges the perception that plant and animal foodways are distinct and contends that the separation of the analysis of archaeological plant and animal remains sets up a false dichotomy between these portions of the diet. In advocating qualitative and quantitative data integration, the volume establishes a clear set of methods for (1) determining the suitability of data integration in any particular case, and (2) carrying out an integrated qualitative or quantitative approach.
Category: Social Science

Maya Zooarchaeology

Author : Kitty F. Emery
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114337210
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.56 MB
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Maya Zooarchaeology: New Directions in Method and Theory, edited by Kitty F. Emery, explores the latest research on the complex relationship between the ancient Maya and their animal neighbors. This comprehensive work combines fundamental zooarchaeological data from sites across the Maya world with critical histories and state-of-the-art summaries of the modern methods and theoretical perspectives of Maya zooarchaeology. The contributing authors emphasize new developments in technical methods, recent trends in Mesoamerican "social zooarchaeology," and new interpretations enhanced by the regional scope of modern zooarchaeological investigations in the Maya world. The volume fosters cooperation among Mesoamerican zooarchaeologists and archaeologists, from first recovery and analysis through final theoretical reconstruction.
Category: Social Science

Lbk Dialogues

Author : Alena Lukes
ISBN : UOM:39015061855790
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.7 MB
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These fifteen papers originated at the Origins of LBK symposium held at the 8th Meeting of the EAA in Thessaloniki in Greece in 2002. Their aim is to summarise recent developments in research and fieldwork in order to encourage debate surrounding the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in eastern Europe.
Category: Social Science

Deconstructing Context

Author : Demetra Papaconstantinou
ISBN : UOM:39015063324878
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.11 MB
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The importance of context has been extensively discussed in recent years. This volume attempts to address the fragmentation and misconceptions that have developed around context in archaeology, highlighting the common threads that link together varying contextual perspectives. The first part of the book examines the concept of archaeological context by offering a critical assessment of its 'historical' development. The second section presents a number of case studies, and the third section discusses the management of archaeological material. Finally, part four takes the discussion on context further, setting the content of the book in a wider perspective.
Category: Social Science

Archaeologia Polona

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015061650704
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 87.34 MB
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Category: Archaeology

Conservation Biology And Applied Zooarchaeology

Author : Steve Wolverton
ISBN : 9780816599295
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.7 MB
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Until now, the research of applied zooarchaeologists has not had a significant impact on the work of conservation scientists. This book is designed to show how zooarchaeology can productively inform conservation science. Conservation Biology and Applied Zooarchaeology offers a set of case studies that use animal remains from archaeological and paleontological sites to provide information that has direct implications for wildlife management and conservation biology. It introduces conservation biologists to zooarchaeology, a sub-field of archaeology and ethnobiology, and provides a brief historical account of the development of applied zooarchaeology. The case studies, which utilize palaeozoological data, cover a variety of animals and environments, including the marine ecology of shellfish and fish, potential restoration sites for Sandhill Cranes, freshwater mussel biogeography and stream ecology, conservation of terrestrial mammals such as American black bears, and even a consideration of the validity of the Pleistocene “rewilding” movement. The volume closes with an important new essay on the history, value, and application of applied zooarchaeology by R. Lee Lyman, which updates his classic 1996 paper that encouraged zooarchaeologists to apply their findings to present-day environmental challenges. Each case study provides detailed analysis using the approaches of zooarchaeology and concludes with precise implications for conservation biology. Essays also address issues of political and social ecology, which have frequently been missing from the discussions of conservation scientists. As the editors note, all conservation actions occur in economic, social, and political contexts. Until now, however, the management implications of zooarchaeological research have rarely been spelled out so clearly.
Category: Social Science

Taphonomy And Zooarchaeology In Argentina

Author : María A. Gutierrez
ISBN : UOM:39015070947547
Genre : History
File Size : 72.87 MB
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15 papers in English covering the scope of subjects currently being researched in Argentina and arising from two symposia at the 15th Congresso nacional de Arqueologia Argentina in 2001.
Category: History

Time And Change

Author : Dimitra Papagianni
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131739877
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.73 MB
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This volume explores long-term behavioural patterns and processes of change in hunter-gatherer societies from the Lower Palaeolithic to the present. In doing so, this volume questions the disciplinary distinctions between fine and coarse-grain understandings of hunter-gatherer societies in anthropology and archaeology and challenges the perception that these distinctions are inherent to the two disciplines. The volume brings together studies that specifically address long-term behavioural patterns in hunter-gatherer societies past and present. Some of the contributors also combine historical/archival data and archaeological evidence with anthropological work on contemporary hunter-gatherers. All the papers are based on case-studies that, taken together, cover a wide geographical and chronological range. They represent current research dynamics in anthropology and archaeology across the globe (North and South America, Europe and Australia), and a variety of theoretical perspectives. The papers range chronologically from the Lower Palaeolithic to the present, and encompass groups at various levels of complexity of social organisation and degrees of sedentism, interaction with farmers and 'pristine-ness'.
Category: Social Science

Backdirt

Author : Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA.
ISBN : UCBK:C068807169
Genre : Archaeologists
File Size : 68.94 MB
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Category: Archaeologists

Living With Animals

Author : Anna-Kaisa Puputti
ISBN : IND:30000127022998
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.61 MB
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In this work the author describes the animal husbandry practices and the use of wild resources in early modern Tornio (northern Finland) based on zooarchaeological evidence. The animal bone assemblages from Tornio have not previously been published or reported, and the urban animal husbandry practices and the use of wild resources have not been analysed archaeologically, apart from a preliminary analysis of the seventeenth-century faunal materials from two plots. The author uses these results to consider the connections between animals and urban social interaction, and the changing human-animal and human-environmental relationships in early modern Tornio. In this sense, the study also contributes to the understanding of the emerging modern worldview and social order in the northern European periphery during the early modern period.
Category: Science

Latin American Antiquity

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106020073059
Genre : Indians of Central America
File Size : 48.45 MB
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Category: Indians of Central America