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Social Determinants Of Health

Author : WHO Healthy Cities Project
ISBN : 9789289013710
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.61 MB
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Poorer people live shorter lives and suffer higher levels of ill health than the more affluent in society, and this disparity highlights the sensitivity of human health to socio-economic factors. This booklet examines this social gradient in health and explains how psychological and social influences affect physical health and longevity. It also considers the role of public policy in promoting a social environment that is more conducive to better health. Topics discussed include: stress, early childhood health, social exclusion, work, unemployment and job insecurity, social support networks, the effects of alcohol and other drug addictions, food and nutrition, and healthier transport systems.
Category: Medical

The Economics Of Social Determinants Of Health And Health Inequalities

Author : World Health Organization
ISBN : 9789241548625
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20.44 MB
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"This resource book discusses the economic arguments that could (and could not) be put forth to support the case for investing in the social determinants of health on average and in the reduction in socially determined health inequalities. It provides an overview and introduction into how economists would approach the assessment of the economic motivation to invest in the social determinants of health and socially determined health inequities, including what the major challenges are in this assessment. It illustrates the extent to which an economic argument can be made in favour of investment in 3 major social determinants of health areas: education, social protection, and urban development and infrastructure. It describes whether education policy, social protection, and urban development, housing and transport policy can act as health policy"--
Category: Social Science

Social Determinants Of Health

Author : Dennis Raphael
ISBN : 9781551308975
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.15 MB
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In the current environment of deepening class and income inequality, it is essential to understand the socio-economic conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. Now in its third edition, Dennis Raphael’s Social Determinants of Health offers a comprehensive discussion of the primary factors that influence the health of Canada’s population. This seminal text on the social determinants of health contains contributions from top academics and high-profile experts from across the country. Taking a public policy approach, the authors in this edited collection critically analyze the structural inequalities embedded in our society and the socio-economic factors that affect health, including income, education, employment, housing, food security, gender, and race. The thorough updates to this edition include a greater focus on the political mechanisms that explain the distribution of the social determinants of health and additional material on public policy, early childhood education in Canada, and the determinants of Indigenous peoples’ health. Rich in pedagogical tools including critical thinking questions and lists of recommended readings and online resources, this book will actively engage students and researchers alike.
Category: Social Science

Social Determinants Of Health

Author : M. G. Marmot
ISBN : 0192630695
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56.97 MB
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Social Determinants of Health provides an authoritative overview of the social and economic factors which are now known to be the most powerful determinants of population health in modern societies. Written by acknowledged experts in each field, it proves accessible summaries of the scientificjustification for isolating different aspects of social and economic life as the primary determinants of a population's health. Recognition of the power of socioeconomic factors as determinants of health came initially from research on health inequalities. This has led to a view of health as not simply about individual behaviour or exposure to risk, but how the socially and economically structured way of life of apopulation shapes its health. Thus exercise and accidents are as much about a society's transport system as about individual decisions; and the nation's diet involves agriculture, food manufacture, retailing, and personal incomes as much as individual choice. But a major new element in the picturewe have developed is the importance of the social, or psycho-social, environment to health. For example, health in the workplace for most employees -- certainly office workers -- is less a matter of exposure to physical health hazards as of the social environment, of how supportive it is, whetherpeople have control over their work, whether their jobs are secure. A similar picture emerges in other areas ranging from the health importance of the emotional environment in early childhood to the need for more socially cohesive communities. In 1998 the European Office of the World Health Organization launched a campaign to encourage the public and policy makers to take action on the social determinants of health. Members of the International Centre for Health and Society, who advised the WHO Centre for Urban Health and produced the text for the campaign booklet, have now produced Social Determinants of Health to provide the scientific evidence behind the recommendations covering ten key areas of publicpolicy. Social Determinants of Health should be read by all those interested in the well being of modern societies. It is a must for public health professionals, for health promotion specialists, and for people working in the many fields of public policy which we now know make such an important contributionto health.
Category: Medical

Religion As A Social Determinant Of Public Health

Author : Ellen L. Idler
ISBN : 9780199362202
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63.36 MB
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Leading scholars in the social sciences, public health and religion examine the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe.
Category: Medical

The Social Determinants Of Mental Health

Author : Michael T. Compton
ISBN : 9781585625178
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20.1 MB
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The Social Determinants of Mental Health aims to fill the gap that exists in the psychiatric, scholarly, and policy-related literature on the social determinants of mental health: those factors stemming from where we learn, play, live, work, and age that impact our overall mental health and well-being. The editors and an impressive roster of chapter authors from diverse scholarly backgrounds provide detailed information on topics such as discrimination and social exclusion; adverse early life experiences; poor education; unemployment, underemployment, and job insecurity; income inequality, poverty, and neighborhood deprivation; food insecurity; poor housing quality and housing instability; adverse features of the built environment; and poor access to mental health care. This thought-provoking book offers many beneficial features for clinicians and public health professionals: Clinical vignettes are included, designed to make the content accessible to readers who are primarily clinicians and also to demonstrate the practical, individual-level applicability of the subject matter for those who typically work at the public health, population, and/or policy level. Policy implications are discussed throughout, designed to make the content accessible to readers who work primarily at the public health or population level and also to demonstrate the policy relevance of the subject matter for those who typically work at the clinical level. All chapters include five to six key points that focus on the most important content, helping to both prepare the reader with a brief overview of the chapter's main points and reinforce the "take-away" messages afterward. In addition to the main body of the book, which focuses on selected individual social determinants of mental health, the volume includes an in-depth overview that summarizes the editors' and their colleagues' conceptualization, as well as a final chapter coauthored by Dr. David Satcher, 16th Surgeon General of the United States, that serves as a "Call to Action," offering specific actions that can be taken by both clinicians and policymakers to address the social determinants of mental health. The editors have succeeded in the difficult task of balancing the individual/clinical/patient perspective and the population/public health/community point of view, while underscoring the need for both groups to work in a unified way to address the inequities in twenty-first century America. The Social Determinants of Mental Health gives readers the tools to understand and act to improve mental health and reduce risk for mental illnesses for individuals and communities. Students preparing for the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) will also benefit from this book, as the MCAT in 2015 will test applicants' knowledge of social determinants of health. The social determinants of mental health are not distinct from the social determinants of physical health, although they deserve special emphasis given the prevalence and burden of poor mental health.
Category: Medical

Social Determinants Of Indigenous Health

Author : Bronwyn Carson
ISBN : 174175142X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51.55 MB
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This groundbreaking study examines the social and political circumstances that have led to the “Fourth World” health standards of Australia’s Indigenous population. Providing a systematic overview of the relationship between the social and political environment and health, leading researchers discuss the causes behind poor health outcomes and outline how such programs can be successful while reflecting on the long-term health effects that dispossession, colonial rule, and racism have had on the Indigenous people.
Category: Medical

The Social Determinants Of Health

Author : Kathryn Strother Ratcliff
ISBN : 9781509504350
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.13 MB
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This timely book takes seriously the idea of understanding how our social world – and not individual responsibility or the healthcare system – is the primary determinant of our health. Kathryn Strother Ratcliff puts into practice the "upstream" imagery from public health discourse, which locates the causes (and solutions) of health problems within the social environment. Each chapter explains how the policies, politics, and power behind corporate and governmental decisions and actions produce unhealthy circumstances of living – such as poverty, pollution, dangerous working conditions, and unhealthy modes of food production – and demonstrates that putting profit and politics over people is unhealthy and unsustainable. While the book examines how these unhealthy conditions of life generate significant class and ethnic health disparities, the focus is on everyone's health. Arguing that none of us should be placed in health-threatening situations that could have been prevented, Ratcliff's provocative analysis uses social justice and human rights lenses to guide the discussion "upstream," toward possible changes that should produce a healthier world for us all. Using data and ideas from many disciplines, the book provides a synthesis of invaluable information for activists and policymakers, as well as for professionals and students in sociology, public health, and other fields related to health.
Category: Social Science

Social Determinants Of Health

Author : Alan Davidson
ISBN : 0199005400
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 84.19 MB
Format : PDF
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Focused on population health rather than individual well-being, this text takes a macro-level look at the social, economic, and political elements that influence public health in Western countries such as Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia.
Category: Health & Fitness

The Social Determinants Of Health In India

Author : Devaki Nambiar
ISBN : 9789811059995
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.41 MB
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Drawing from the work of academics and practitioners from ten states across the country, this edited volume showcases and synthesises the diversity and richness of efforts to understand and act on the social determinants of health in India, the conditions in which we are born, grow, live work and age. Such an effort is salient in the current era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), which have foregrounded the issue of equity and the need for a comprehensive, multi-sectoral agenda for health and development. In India, particularly in the last decade, there have been myriad efforts to more critically theorise and intervene in areas with bearing on health, like conflict, nutrition or urbanisation, or to address the concerns of vulnerable groups like women, children and the elderly. From these efforts emerge lessons of convergence for academic and policymaking institutions in India who are looking to operationalise and bring life to the SDG agenda in India and other Low and Middle Income Country settings. The book comprises eleven chapters and six short commentaries that appear in conversation with each other, as well as an annexure of validated, ready-to-use indicators for monitoring of social determinants of health.
Category: Medical