Social Behavioral Modeling For Complex Systems

Download Social Behavioral Modeling For Complex Systems ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to Social Behavioral Modeling For Complex Systems book pdf for free now.

Social Behavioral Modeling For Complex Systems

Author : Paul K. Davis
ISBN : 9781119484967
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.84 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 157
Read : 713

This volume describes frontiers in social-behavioral modeling for contexts as diverse as national security, health, and on-line social gaming. Recent scientific and technological advances have created exciting opportunities for such improvements. However, the book also identifies crucial scientific, ethical, and cultural challenges to be met if social-behavioral modeling is to achieve its potential. Doing so will require new methods, data sources, and technology. The volume discusses these, including those needed to achieve and maintain high standards of ethics and privacy. The result should be a new generation of modeling that will advance science and, separately, aid decision-making on major social and security-related subjects despite the myriad uncertainties and complexities of social phenomena. Intended to be relatively comprehensive in scope, the volume balances theory-driven, data-driven, and hybrid approaches. The latter may be rapidly iterative, as when artificial-intelligence methods are coupled with theory-driven insights to build models that are sound, comprehensible and usable in new situations. With the intent of being a milestone document that sketches a research agenda for the next decade, the volume draws on the wisdom, ideas and suggestions of many noted researchers who draw in turn from anthropology, communications, complexity science, computer science, defense planning, economics, engineering, health systems, medicine, neuroscience, physics, political science, psychology, public policy and sociology. In brief, the volume discusses: Cutting-edge challenges and opportunities in modeling for social and behavioral science Special requirements for achieving high standards of privacy and ethics New approaches for developing theory while exploiting both empirical and computational data Issues of reproducibility, communication, explanation, and validation Special requirements for models intended to inform decision making about complex social systems
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computational Models Of Complex Systems

Author : Vijay Kumar Mago
ISBN : 9783319012858
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40.34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 931
Read : 1058

Computational and mathematical models provide us with the opportunities to investigate the complexities of real world problems. They allow us to apply our best analytical methods to define problems in a clearly mathematical manner and exhaustively test our solutions before committing expensive resources. This is made possible by assuming parameter(s) in a bounded environment, allowing for controllable experimentation, not always possible in live scenarios. For example, simulation of computational models allows the testing of theories in a manner that is both fundamentally deductive and experimental in nature. The main ingredients for such research ideas come from multiple disciplines and the importance of interdisciplinary research is well recognized by the scientific community. This book provides a window to the novel endeavours of the research communities to present their works by highlighting the value of computational modelling as a research tool when investigating complex systems. We hope that the readers will have stimulating experiences to pursue research in these directions.
Category: Computers

Emergent Behavior In Complex Systems Engineering

Author : Saurabh Mittal
ISBN : 9781119378860
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.63 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 718
Read : 239

A comprehensive text that reviews the methods and technologies that explore emergent behavior in complex systems engineering in multidisciplinary fields In Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering, the authors present the theoretical considerations and the tools required to enable the study of emergent behaviors in manmade systems. Information Technology is key to today’s modern world. Scientific theories introduced in the last five decades can now be realized with the latest computational infrastructure. Modeling and simulation, along with Big Data technologies are at the forefront of such exploration and investigation. The text offers a number of simulation-based methods, technologies, and approaches that are designed to encourage the reader to incorporate simulation technologies to further their understanding of emergent behavior in complex systems. The authors present a resource for those designing, developing, managing, operating, and maintaining systems, including system of systems. The guide is designed to help better detect, analyse, understand, and manage the emergent behaviour inherent in complex systems engineering in order to reap the benefits of innovations and avoid the dangers of unforeseen consequences. This vital resource: Presents coverage of a wide range of simulation technologies Explores the subject of emergence through the lens of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Offers contributions from authors at the forefront of various related disciplines such as philosophy, science, engineering, sociology, and economics Contains information on the next generation of complex systems engineering Written for researchers, lecturers, and students, Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering provides an overview of the current discussions on complexity and emergence, and shows how systems engineering methods in general and simulation methods in particular can help in gaining new insights in complex systems engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Modeling And Visualization Of Complex Systems And Enterprises

Author : William B. Rouse
ISBN : 9781118954133
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67.31 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 896
Read : 1249

This book explains multi-level models of enterprise systems and covers modeling methodology. Presents a 10 step methodology for addressing questions associated with the design or operation of complex systems and enterprises Examines six archetypal enterprise problems including two from healthcare, two from urban systems, and one each from financial systems and defense systems Provides an introduction to the nature of complex systems, historical perspectives on complexity and complex adaptive systems, and the evolution of systems practice
Category: Technology & Engineering

Priority Challenges For Social And Behavioral Research And Its Modeling

Author : Paul K. Davis
ISBN : 0833099957
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71.93 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 805
Read : 242

Social-behavioral modeling is famously hard. This report examines shortcomings and obstacles--some inherent to complex adaptive systems broadly and some due to current methods and practices--then discusses steps that deserve priority attention.
Category: Medical

Social Cultural And Behavioral Modeling

Author : Robert Thomson
ISBN : 9783319933726
Genre : Computers
File Size : 38.16 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 160
Read : 1318

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling, SBP-BRiMS 2018, held in Washington, DC, USA, in July 2018. The total of 27 short and 18 full papers presented in this volume was carefully reviewed and selected from 85 submissions. The contributions were organized in topical sections named: advances in sociocultural and behavioral process modeling; information, systems, and network science; applications for health and well-being; military and intelligence applications; cybersecurity.
Category: Computers

Behavioral Modeling And Simulation

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309118620
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.48 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 881
Read : 812

Today's military missions have shifted away from fighting nation states using conventional weapons toward combating insurgents and terrorist networks in a battlespace in which the attitudes and behaviors of civilian noncombatants may be the primary effects of military actions. To support these new missions, the military services are increasingly interested in using models of the behavior of humans, as individuals and in groups of various kinds and sizes. Behavioral Modeling and Simulation reviews relevant individual, organizational, and societal (IOS) modeling research programs, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the programs and their methodologies, determines which have the greatest potential for military use, and provides guidance for the design of a research program to effectively foster the development of IOS models useful to the military. This book will be of interest to model developers, operational military users of the models and their managers, and government personnel making funding decisions regarding model development.
Category: Social Science

The Dynamics Of Complex Urban Systems

Author : Sergio Albeverio
ISBN : 9783790819373
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 808
Read : 661

This book contains the contributions presented at the international workshop "The Dynamics of Complex Urban Systems: an interdisciplinary approach" held in Ascona, Switzerland in November 2004. Experts from several disciplines outline a conceptual framework for modeling and forecasting the dynamics of both growth-limited cities and megacities. Coverage reflects the various interdependencies between structural and social development.
Category: Business & Economics

Metasynthetic Computing And Engineering Of Complex Systems

Author : Longbing Cao
ISBN : 9781447165514
Genre : Computers
File Size : 28.88 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 537
Read : 354

Provides a comprehensive overview and introduction to the concepts, methodologies, analysis, design and applications of metasynthetic computing and engineering. The author: • Presents an overview of complex systems, especially open complex giant systems such as the Internet, complex behavioural and social problems, and actionable knowledge discovery and delivery in the big data era. • Discusses ubiquitous intelligence in complex systems, including human intelligence, domain intelligence, social intelligence, network intelligence, data intelligence and machine intelligence, and their synergy through metasynthetic engineering. • Explains the concept and methodology of human-centred, human-machine-cooperated qualitative-to-quantitative metasynthesis for understanding and managing open complex giant systems, and its computing approach: metasynthetic computing. • Introduces techniques and tools for analysing and designing problem-solving systems for open complex problems and systems. Metasynthetic Computing and Engineering uses the systematology methodology in addressing system complexities in open complex giant systems, for which it may not only be effective to apply reductionism or holism. The book aims to encourage and inspire discussions, design, implementation and reflection of effective methodologies and tools for computing and engineering open complex systems and problems. Researchers, research students and practitioners in complex systems, artificial intelligence, data science, computer science, and even system science, cognitive science, behaviour science, and social science, will find this book invaluable.
Category: Computers

Quantitative Modeling Of Human Performance In Complex Dynamic Systems

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309041355
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 927
Read : 1171

This book describes and evaluates existing models of human performance and their use in the design and evaluation of new human-technology systems. Its primary focus is on the modeling of system operators who perform supervisory and manual control tasks. After an introduction on human performance modeling, the book describes information processing, control theory, task network, and knowledge-based models. It explains models of human performance in aircraft operations, nuclear power plant control, maintenance, and the supervisory control of process control systems, such as oil refineries. The book concludes with a discussion of model parameterization and validation and recommends a number of lines of research needed to strengthen model development and application.
Category: Business & Economics

Social Systems Engineering

Author : César GarcÃa-DÃaz
ISBN : 9781118974452
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63.19 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 660
Read : 190

Uniquely reflects an engineering view to social systems in a wide variety of contexts of application Social Systems Engineering: The Design of Complexity brings together a wide variety of application approaches to social systems from an engineering viewpoint. The book defines a social system as any complex system formed by human beings. Focus is given to the importance of systems intervention design for specific and singular settings, the possibilities of engineering thinking and methods, the use of computational models in particular contexts, and the development of portfolios of solutions. Furthermore, this book considers both technical, human and social perspectives, which are crucial to solving complex problems. Social Systems Engineering: The Design of Complexity provides modelling examples to explore the design aspect of social systems. Various applications are explored in a variety of areas, such as urban systems, health care systems, socio-economic systems, and environmental systems. It covers important topics such as organizational design, modelling and intervention in socio-economic systems, participatory and/or community-based modelling, application of systems engineering tools to social problems, applications of computational behavioral modeling, computational modelling and management of complexity, and more. Highlights an engineering view to social systems (as opposed to a “scientific” view) that stresses the importance of systems intervention design for specific and singular settings Divulges works where the design, re-design, and transformation of social systems constitute the main aim, and where joint considerations of both technical and social perspectives are deemed important in solving social problems Features an array of applied cases that illustrate the application of social systems engineering in different domains Social Systems Engineering: The Design of Complexity is an excellent text for academics and graduate students in engineering and social science—specifically, economists, political scientists, anthropologists, and management scientists with an interest in finding systematic ways to intervene and improve social systems.
Category: Mathematics

Qualitative Modeling Of Complex Systems

Author : Charles J. Puccia
ISBN : 0674435060
Genre :
File Size : 32.60 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 953
Read : 1148

In this modern era of mathematical modeling, applications have become increasingly complicated. As the complexity grows, it becomes more and more difficult to draw meaningful conclusions about the behavior of theoretical models and their relations to reality. "Qualitative Modeling of Complex Systems" will be useful to a broad readership from the biological and social sciences as well as the physical sciences and technology.
Category:

Social Computing Behavioral Modeling And Prediction

Author : Huan Liu
ISBN : 0387776729
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72.48 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 242
Read : 947

Social computing concerns the study of social behavior and context based on computational systems. Behavioral modeling reproduces the social behavior, and allows for experimenting with and deep understanding of behavior, patterns, and potential outcomes. The pervasive use of computer and Internet technologies provides an unprecedented environment where people can share opinions and experiences, offer suggestions and advice, debate, and even conduct experiments. Social computing facilitates behavioral modeling in model building, analysis, pattern mining, anticipation, and prediction. The proceedings from this interdisciplinary workshop provide a platform for researchers, practitioners, and graduate students from sociology, behavioral and computer science, psychology, cultural study, information systems, and operations research to share results and develop new concepts and methodologies aimed at advancing and deepening our understanding of social and behavioral computing to aid critical decision making.
Category: Computers

Modeling Complex Systems

Author : John William Shuart
ISBN : UCSD:31822034535724
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47.59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 872
Read : 558

Capturing the complexity of human behavior has been a recurring theme in the Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. The contributors to this volume describe contemporary approaches to the modeling of complex cognitive and behavioral processes, ranging from molecular to molar phenomena. Although the essays reflect a wide range of theoretical and epistemic perspectives, they all incorporate complex frameworks of dynamic, systemlike relationships involving perception, learning, concept formation, emotion, motivation, intention, behavior, and the social context in which behavior occurs. The editors introduce the volume with a survey of the lifetime of the symposium, showing the development of ideas about behavioral and psychological complexity for over fifty years. A special feature of this collection is its emphasis on practical applications of the conceptual frameworks in which they work. The contributors provide examples of translational research ranging from clinical neuropsychology to self-actualization, from medical informatics to industrial psychology, from programmed learning to psychiatric rehabilitation.
Category: Psychology

Social Computing Behavioral Cultural Modeling And Prediction

Author : John Salerno
ISBN : 9783642196553
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.78 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 355
Read : 1185

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction, held in College Park, MD, USA, March 29-31, 2011. The 48 papers and 3 keynotes presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 88 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics including social network analysis; modeling; machine learning and data mining; social behaviors; public health; cultural aspects; and effects and search.
Category: Business & Economics

Social Computing Behavioral Cultural Modeling And Prediction

Author : Shanchieh Jay Yang
ISBN : 9783642290473
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 310
Read : 185

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral-Cultural Modeling and Prediction, held in College Park, MD, USA, in April 2012. The 43 revised papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 76 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics including economics, public health, and terrorist activities, as well as utilize a broad variety of methodologies, e.g., machine learning, cultural modeling and cognitive modeling.
Category: Computers

Modeling Of Complex Systems

Author : V. Vemuri
ISBN : 9781483267524
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.11 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 552
Read : 680

Modeling of Complex Systems: An Introduction describes the framework of complex systems. This book discusses the language of system theory, taxonomy of system concepts, steps in model building, and establishing relations using physical laws. The statistical attributes of data, generation of random numbers fundamental problems of recognition, and input-output type models are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the optimization with equality constraints, transfer function models, and competition among species. This publication is written primarily for senior undergraduate students and beginning graduate students who are interested in an interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary approach to large-scale or complex problems of contemporary societal interest.
Category: Science

Complex Social And Behavioral Systems

Author : Marilda Sotomayor
ISBN : 1071603671
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51.72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 885
Read : 803

This volume in the Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, Second Edition, combines the main features of Game Theory, covering most of the fundamental theoretical aspects under the cooperative and non-cooperative approaches, with the procedures of Agent-Based Modeling for studying complex systems composed of a large number of interacting entities with many degrees of freedom. In Game Theory, the cooperative approach focuses on the possible outcomes of the decision-makers’ interaction by abstracting from the "rational" actions or decisions that may lead to these outcomes. The non-cooperative approach focuses on the actions that the decision-makers can take. As John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern argued in their path-breaking book of 1944 entitled Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, most economic questions should be analyzed as games. The models of game theory are abstract representations of a number of real-life situations and have applications to economics, political science, computer science, evolutionary biology, social psychology, and law among others. Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) is a relatively new computational modeling paradigm which aims to construct the computational counterpart of a conceptual model of the system under study on the basis of discrete entities (i.e., the agent) with some properties and behavioral rules, and then to simulate them in a computer to mimic the real phenomena. Given the relative immaturity of this modeling paradigm, and the broad spectrum of disciplines in which it is applied, a clear cut and widely accepted definition of high level concepts of agents, environment, interactions and so on, is still lacking. This volume explores the state-of-the-art in the development of a real ABM ontology to address the epistemological issues related to this emerging paradigm for modeling complex systems.
Category: Mathematics

Agent Based Approaches In Economic And Social Complex Systems V

Author : Takao Terano
ISBN : 4431874356
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.79 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 740
Read : 548

Agent-based modeling/simulation is an emergent approach to the analysis of social and economic systems. It provides a bottom-up experimental method to be applied to social sciences such as economics, management, sociology, and politics as well as some engineering fields dealing with social activities. This book includes selected papers presented at the Fifth International Workshop on Agent-Based Approaches in Economic and Social Complex Systems held in Tokyo in 2007. It contains two invited papers given as the plenary and invited talks in the workshop and 21 papers presented in the six regular sessions: Organization and Management; Fundamentals of Agent-Based and Evolutionary Approaches; Production, Services and Urban Systems; Agent-Based Approaches to Social Systems; and Market and Economics I and II. The research presented here shows the state of the art in this rapidly growing field.
Category: Social Science

Agent Based Approaches In Economic And Social Complex Systems Iv

Author : T. Terano
ISBN : 4431713077
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49.57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 842
Read : 1226

The chapters of this book are the selected papers from those presented at the Third International Workshop on Agent-Based Approaches in Economic and Social Complex Systems held in Tokyo, Japan in 2005. Articles cover methodological issues, computational model/software, combination with gaming simulation, and real-world applications to economic, management/organizational and social issues.
Category: Computers