Small Scale Soap Making

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Small Scale Soapmaking

Author : Peter Donkor
ISBN : CORNELL:31924063139376
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 40.83 MB
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Provides instructions on small-scale soap production methods. A practical introduction, with many illustrations, based on the author's experiences in Ghana.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

New Scientist

Author :
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 64.7 MB
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New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.
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Setting Up And Running A Small Scale Cooking Oil Business

Author : Axtell, B.
ISBN : 9789290814788
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The result of a collaborative effort by small business owners and advisers in ACP countries, this manual covers everything you need to know about starting up and managing a small-scale cooking oil business. Helpfully illustrated with numerous tables, checklists and case studies, it highlights important aspects such as production, processing and quality control. Marketing, packaging, branding and customer care are also covered, along with invaluable advice on how to plan and manage finances.
Category: Business & Economics

Soap Making

Author : Shea Hendricks
ISBN : 9781365210921
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 58.74 MB
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The soaps, shampoos, and household cleaning products that you use are often loaded with chemicals... How can you be sure that you won't end up suffering from the harmful chemicals that these products can bring to your body? You use them every day, and what's more horrifying is that you might be allergic to them without even knowing it. After reading this book, not only will you be able to make many different types of soaps, but you will be a lot more knowledgeable about skin care and what each ingredient does to your body. Let's get you started on a healthy lifestyle with the soap you make yourself! This book is perfect for beginners. You will find tons of recipes for every kind of soap imaginable. These products are healthy and easy to make and use. This is a step-by-step guide that leaves nothing unsaid about soap making. You don't need to have any prior knowledge about soap or beauty products to be able to create your own soap from this book.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

The Clean Body

Author : Peter Ward
ISBN : 9780228000631
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.33 MB
Format : PDF
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How often did our ancestors bathe? How often did they wash their clothes and change them? What did they understand cleanliness to be? Why have our hygienic habits changed so dramatically over time? In short, how have we come to be so clean? The Clean Body explores one of the most fundamental and pervasive cultural changes in Western history since the seventeenth century: the personal hygiene revolution. In the age of Louis XIV bathing was rare and hygiene was mainly a matter of wearing clean underclothes. By the late twentieth century frequent - often daily - bathing had become the norm and wearing freshly laundered clothing the general practice. Cleanliness, once simply a requirement for good health, became an essential element of beauty. Beneath this transformation lay a sea change in understandings, motives, ideologies, technologies, and practices, all of which shaped popular habits over time. Peter Ward explains that what began as an urban bourgeois phenomenon in the later eighteenth century became a universal condition by the end of the twentieth, touching young and old, rich and poor, city dwellers and country residents alike. Based on a wealth of sources in English, French, German, and Italian, The Clean Body surveys the great hygienic transformation that took place across Europe and North America over the course of four centuries.
Category: Social Science

Soap Making Reviving A Lost Art

Author : Mindy Jackson
ISBN : 9781680329308
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 35.67 MB
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As more and more individuals are making the effort to be more self sufficient, one practice that is slowly regaining popularity is soap making. It is not only being done as a hobby but is also gaining ground as a wonderful business venture for many. "Soap Making: Reviving a Lost Art!" gives the reader insight into the world of homemade soap making. It start out with brief history of soap making and goes right through the benefits, the ways to make homemade soap and ends with some great recipes for the reader to try.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Handbook On Soaps Detergents Acid Slurry 3rd Revised Edition

Author : NIIR Board
ISBN : 9788178330938
Genre :
File Size : 31.93 MB
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Novelty in ideas and marketing seems to be the major subject matter of the Indian soap industry. The soaps, detergent and acid slurry product industry are vivacious, varied, creative and tricky, and have the prospective to provide a gratifying career. Soaps and detergents are used frequently in our daily life. We use them to wash our hands and clean our clothes without ever really paying attention to how they work. Beneath the plain white surface of a bar of soap lie an intriguing history and a powerful chemistry. It has been said that amount of soap and detergent consumed in a country is a reliable measure of its civilizations. There was a time when these products were luxury; now it is a necessity. Acid slurry is a sulphonation product made by sulphonation of linear alkyl benzene by oleum or so3 or sulphuric acid or combinations of above. It is used in manufacturing of various detergents. The Soap and Detergent industry is profoundly lucrative with splendid market potential as well as bright future scope. In order to meet the requirement of market demand, many more new units are recommended to be established on small and cottage scale. Soaps and detergents are very similar in their chemical properties. However, there is a significant difference between them; soaps are produced from natural products, and detergents are synthetic, or manmade. The market is expected to grow at rates ranging from under 4% to around 4.5%. These are very modest rates considering that the lifestyles not only of urbanites, but even of well off rural folks are changing at a very high pace. The analysts are expecting the industry to continue to grow in both the industrialized as well as developing nations. The present book has been written keeping in view the basic difficulties of the entrepreneurs. Nominal investment is required for this industry which comprises simple method of processing for manufacturing of various types of soaps, detergents and acid slurry. The book contains chapters on: acid slurry, detergent manufacturing, detergents of various types, principal groups of synthetic detergents, inorganic components of detergents, synthesis of detergents, liquid detergents, packaging of soaps and detergent and many more such chapters. The enclosure also contains a list of suppliers of raw material (overseas) and list of plant and machinery suppliers (overseas). Fundamental information in venturing a market and the opportunity and prerequisite of the potential sector has been the superlative way to make a way into in a market. How and what if correctly taken care can take you to a long way. The first hand information on different types of soaps, detergent and acid slurry products have been properly dealt in the book and can be very useful for those looking for entrepreneurship opportunity in the said industry.
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Making Natural Liquid Soaps

Author : Catherine Failor
ISBN : 9781603424615
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 46.98 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Make our own liquid soaps and body products right in your kitchen. Catherine Failor shows you how to use her simple double-boiler technique to create luxurious shower gels, revitalizing shampoos, energizing body scrubs, and much more. Step-by-step instructions teach you how to turn basic ingredients like cocoa butter, lanolin, and jojoba into sweet-smelling liquid soaps. You’ll soon be experimenting with your favorite oils and additives as you craft custom-made products that are kind to your nose and gentle on your skin.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

The Complete Technology Book On Detergents 2nd Revised Edition

Author : NIIR Board of Consultants Engineers
ISBN : 9789381039199
Genre : Detergents
File Size : 75.50 MB
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The Indian detergent industry is about three decades old. An interesting and unique feature of detergent industry in India is the existence of non power operated units which do not use any electrical power for the production of detergent powder. But the production technology of detergents have been changed involving high technique in process control, more skilled personnel and requiring large input. There are various forms of detergents; liquid detergents, paste detergents, solid detergents etc. Whether in liquid or in powdered forms, present detergent products are complex mixtures of several ingredients including performance additives such as bleaches, bleach activators etc. The scope and spectrum of methods and techniques applied in detergent analysis have changed significantly during the last decade.. The book outlines features and experimental parameters for many essential procedures, and emphasizes the latest techniques and methods. This book emphasizes practical aspects of detergent production with latest development and other special products based on synthetic surfactants. This book basically deals with the builders, additives and components of detergents, recent developments in surfactant, manufacture of active Ingredients for detergents, manufacture of finished detergents, application and formulation of detergents, packaging of detergents, analysis of detergents, machinery photographs with their suppliers, directory of raw material suppliers etc.. This is an attempt to fill the need of those desirous of starting detergent industry in small scale sector and necessarily contains analytical methods for testing and evaluation of raw as well as final products.
Category: Detergents

Sustainable Agricultural Investment In Nigeria

Author : Farm Management Association of Nigeria. Conference
ISBN : STANFORD:36105029152852
Genre : Agricultural development projects
File Size : 50.54 MB
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Category: Agricultural development projects

Towards Self Reliance

Author : ILO/UNHCR Project on Income-Generating Activities for Refugees in Eastern and Central Sudan
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040023140
Genre : Labor supply
File Size : 82.53 MB
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Includes statistics.
Category: Labor supply

Neem A Treatise

Author : K. K. Singh
ISBN : 9788189866006
Genre : Neem
File Size : 20.75 MB
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The present edited volume 'Neem - A Treatise' provides a comprehensive and authoritative account of this wonder tree - Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss). An excellent reference text, it offers a versatile and indepth account of occurrence, distribution, ethnobotany, uses in agroforestry, silviculture and social forestry, cultivation and improvement of neem, propagation by tissue culture, chemical constituents and their bioactivity against micro-flora and micro-fauna, disease, stored grain insect-pests, enhancing fertilizer use efficiency, neem in health and cosmetics, various therapeutic uses such as malaria and vector control, contraceptive, ancient veterinary medicines, uses of neem bark in dying cotton fabrics and steps for promoting neem and its cultivation. Hopefully, this book will be very useful for researchers of various disciplines such as botany, forestry, chemistry, toxicology, agrochemicals, soil science, agronomy, entomology, plant pathology, medical and veterinary science and to the environmental conscious farmers of developed and developing countries. The present book includes 37 chapters broadly divided in 8 sections contributed by eminent scientists working on different aspects of neem. An attempt has been made to present as many aspects as possible under the sections given below:
Category: Neem

New Scientist

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822015726359
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.64 MB
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Category: Science