Skeletal Biology And Medicine Part A

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Skeletal Biology And Medicine Part A

Author : Mone Zaidi
ISBN : 1573316849
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.20 MB
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This volume highlights new insights into the mechanisms of bonedevelopment, including cellular and mechanical factors, receptors,and signaling pathways and their role in both normative andpathologic states of bone. The first of two volumes, the volume comprises three sections:(1) insights into skeletal development, including, among others,novel ideas about the role of the perichondrium in skeletogenesis,current studies on joint formation, and the human consequences ofdysregulated morphogenic signaling; (2) a traditional series ofpapers, both reviews and original research articles on bonecells—osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes—inrelation to mechanisms underlying their formation, fate, andfunction; and (3) new information on the role of hormones, bothsteroids and peptides, as well as cytokines and the central nervoussystem in regulating skeletal remodeling. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual booksor as a journal. For information on institutional journalsubscriptions, please visit ahref="http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas"www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas/a. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciencesdirectly to place your order (ahref="http://www.nyas.org/"www.nyas.org/a). Members of the NewYork Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annalsonline and discounts on print volumes. Please visit ahref="http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx"http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx/afor more information about becoming a member
Category: Science

Regenerative Biology And Medicine

Author : David L. Stocum
ISBN : 9780123848604
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.37 MB
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Since the publication of the first edition of Regenerative Biology and Medicine in 2006, steady advances have been made in understanding the origin and characteristics of stem cells in epithelia, skeletal muscle, and bone, and in the niche signals that regulate the activities of these cells. Simultaneously, breakthroughs including the creation of iPSCs and transdifferentiation have created a momentum for regenerative biology with implications in regenerative biology that are far-reaching. This book highlights these advances in the field to embrace a vast audience of investigators in chemistry, computer science, informatics, physics and mathematics as well as graduate students, clinical physicians, and biologists who are realizing the importance of the fields of regenerative biology and medicine in practice. Organized in three parts - biology of regeneration, regenerative medicine, and perspectives - this second edition creates a framework for integrating old and new data in this progressive field. Includes coverage od skin, hair, teeth, cornea, and central neural tissues Provides description of regenetive medicine in digestive, respiratory, urogenital, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems Includes amphibians as powerful research models with discussion of appendage regeneration in amphibians and mammals
Category: Science

Research Methods In Human Skeletal Biology

Author : Elizabeth A. DiGangi
ISBN : 9780123851901
Genre : Education
File Size : 53.72 MB
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Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of research being conducted within each sub-specialty of skeletal biology, and gives the reader the tools to set up a research project in skeletal biology. It also suggests several ideas for potential projects. Each chapter has an inclusive bibliography, which can serve as a good jumpstart for project references. Provides a step-by-step guide to conducting research in human skeletal biology Covers diverse topics (sexing, aging, stature and ancestry estimation) and new technologies (histology, medical imaging, and geometric morphometrics) Excellent accompaniment to existing forensic anthropology or osteology works
Category: Education

Adaptation Biology And Medicine

Author : J. Moravec
ISBN : 0849324270
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20.9 MB
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Taking a science-based look at an emerging area of medicine, Adaptive Biology and Medicine: New Frontiers, Volume 3 discusses the biology of adaptation at the molecular, cellular, and system levels in response to a variety of stressful conditions. Leading international experts present a total of 37 chapters that cover a common continuum of adaptations. For easy reading, the information has been grouped under the sub-headings: Cardiovasular Adaptation, Adaptations to Changes in Altitude and Microgravity, and Environmental Stresses. Examples of cross adaptations are included where repeated exposure to one stimulus may have applications in the treatment and prophylaxis of different diseases. Understanding disease and the mechanisms involved can help us fight disease. When you look at illness through the lens of adaptive biology you can sometimes see medical problems in a new and thought-provoking light. Offering promise for therapeutic strategies in both experimental and clinical pathology, Adaptive Biology and Medicine: New Frontiers explores a new way of thinking about physiological adaptations and their link to disease development.
Category: Medical

Bone Substitute Biomaterials

Author : K. Mallick
ISBN : 9780857099037
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.43 MB
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Bone substitute biomaterials are fundamental to the biomedical sector, and have recently benefitted from extensive research and technological advances aimed at minimizing failure rates and reducing the need for further surgery. This book reviews these developments, with a particular focus on the desirable properties for bone substitute materials and their potential to encourage bone repair and regeneration. Part I covers the principles of bone substitute biomaterials for medical applications. One chapter reviews the quantification of bone mechanics at the whole-bone, micro-scale, and non-scale levels, while others discuss biomineralization, osteoductivization, materials to fill bone defects, and bioresorbable materials. Part II focuses on biomaterials as scaffolds and implants, including multi-functional scaffolds, bioceramics, and titanium-based foams. Finally, Part III reviews further materials with the potential to encourage bone repair and regeneration, including cartilage grafts, chitosan, inorganic polymer composites, and marine organisms. Provides a detailed and accurate overview of the bone substitute biomaterials, a fundamental part of the biomaterials and biomedical sector Provides readers with the principles of bone substitute biomaterials Reviews biomaterials for bone regeneration
Category: Technology & Engineering

A Strategy For Research In Space Biology And Medicine In The New Century

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309173701
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.98 MB
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Construction of the international space station, scheduled to start in late 1998, ushers in a new era for laboratory sciences in space. This is especially true for space life sciences, which include not only the use of low gravity as an experimental parameter to study fundamental biological processes but also the study of the serious physiological changes that occur in astronauts as they remain in space for increasingly longer missions. This book addresses both of these aspects and provides a comprehensive review of ground-based and space research in eleven disciplines, ranging from bone physiology to plant biology. It also offers detailed, prioritized recommendations for research during the next decade, which are expected to have a considerable impact on the direction of NASA's research program. The volume is also a valuable reference tool for space and life scientists.
Category: Science

A Strategy For Research In Space Biology And Medicine Into The Next Century

Author : Committee on Space Biology and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309522069
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.13 MB
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Construction of the international space station, scheduled to start in late 1998, ushers in a new era for laboratory sciences in space. This is especially true for space life sciences, which include not only the use of low gravity as an experimental parameter to study fundamental biological processes but also the study of the serious physiological changes that occur in astronauts as they remain in space for increasingly longer missions. This book addresses both of these aspects and provides a comprehensive review of ground-based and space research in eleven disciplines, ranging from bone physiology to plant biology. It also offers detailed, prioritized recommendations for research during the next decade, which are expected to have a considerable impact on the direction of NASA's research program. The volume is also a valuable reference tool for space and life scientists.
Category: Science

Isoenzymes In Biology And Medicine

Author : Albert Latner
ISBN : 9780323156943
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.90 MB
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Isoenzymes in Biology and Medicine attempts to give an account of the study of isoenzymes in relation to humans, animals, insects, higher plants, fungi, protozoa, algae, and bacteria. This book discusses the chemical structure, physiological aspects, metabolic role, and function of isoenzyme observations in genetic, ontogenic, and phylogenic studies. A detailed account of the use of isoenzyme in the diagnosis and pathogenesis of disease and control of therapy is also provided. This text likewise considers the isoenzymes of the oxidoreductases, transferases, and hydrolases, including its relation to clinical medicine. This publication is intended for biochemists, biologists, clinical biochemists and physicians.
Category: Science

Heme Oxygenase In Biology And Medicine

Author : Nader G. Abraham
ISBN : 0306472643
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51.43 MB
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The recent convergence of research in stem cell biology, leukemic cell genetics, and drug discovery has provided remarkable insight into pathogenesis and treatment of leukemia and lymphoma. These insights have led to the new therapeutic approaches involving the manipulation of molecular and/or biochemical pathways in leukemia cells. Nonetheless, effective treatment and cures for these blood-related diseases remains, in many cases elusive. This symposium is designed to integrate recent knowledge regarding the basic cellular and molecular biology of leukemia and lymphoma with new approaches to diagnosis and therapy. To this end, a translation research (laboratory to bedside) approach will be encouraged throughout the meeting, with discussions covering new mechanisms regulating hematopoietic cell development, recent new data from clinical trails of new molecular therapeutics, and newly emerging directions in diagnosis. The symposium will bring together basic, translational, and clinical investigators in a meeting aimed at developing potential collaborative interaction. The intension is to provide new insights into the molecular targets for the treatment of blood-related cancers
Category: Medical

Issues In Discovery Experimental And Laboratory Medicine 2011 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781464963506
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79.63 MB
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Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Discovery, Experimental, and Laboratory Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Category: Medical

Biological And Medical Aspects Of Electromagnetic Fields

Author : Frank S. Barnes
ISBN : 9781420009460
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.18 MB
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Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields examines potential health hazards, exposure standards, and medical applications of electromagnetic (EM) fields. The second volume in the bestselling and newly revisedHandbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition, this book draws from the latest studies on the effects of exposure to electric and magnetic fields. In addition to extensive reviews of physiological effects, the book contains now separate reviews of behavioral and cognitive responses to various exposures. The book also describes an approach to setting standards for exposure limits and explores a few of the beneficial uses of EM fields in medical applications, both diagnostics and in treatment. Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields provides a practical overview of the experiments and methods used to observe ELF and RF fields and the possible useful and hazardous implications of these observations.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advances In Biological And Medical Physics

Author : John H. Lawrence
ISBN : 9781483281735
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.34 MB
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Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume 10 focuses on the application of physics to biology and medicine. The topics covered in this book include effects of ionizing radiation on the nervous system; use of short-lived nuclides in medical research; and biological effects of laser radiation. The tracer techniques for the study of bone metabolism in man; elastic reservoir theories of the human circulation with applications to clinical medicine and to computer analysis of the circulation; and implantable cardiac pacemakers are also deliberated in this text. This publication is a good source for students and researchers conducting work on biological and medical physics.
Category: Science

Fractals In Biology And Medicine

Author : Gabriele A. Losa
ISBN : 3764364742
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 69.66 MB
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In March 2000 leading scientists gathered at the Centro Seminariale Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, for the Third International Symposium on "Fractals 2000 in Biology and Medicine". This interdisciplinary conference was held over a four-day period and provided stimulating contributions from the very topical field Fractals in Biology and Medicine. This Volume III in the MBI series highlights the growing power and efficacy of the fractal geometry in understanding how to analyze living phenomena and complex shapes. Many biological objects, previously considered as hopelessly far from any quantitative description, are now being investigated by means of fractal methods. Researchers currently used fractals both as theoretical tools, to shed light on living systems` self-organization and evolution, and as useful techniques, capable of quantitatively analyzing physiological and pathological cell states, shapes and ultrastructures. The book should be of interest to researchers and students from Molecular and C
Category: Mathematics

Guanidino Compounds In Biology And Medicine

Author : Joseph F. Clark
ISBN : 140207297X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40.32 MB
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Guanidino compounds comprise Creatine, Arginine, and the Guanidines. In the past two years there have been over 2000 published articles with the names of these compounds in the title. One can go to any nutrition or health food store and buy these as supplements because it is believed they improve health and athletic performance. This volume includes an up to date summary of the scientific and clinical aspects of essentially all the biologically active Guanidino Compounds. The articles summarize the current scientific knowledge of these compounds with reference to relevant clinical conditions, and discuss the chemical, biological, and clinical functions of these compounds.
Category: Medical

Tissue Restoration Through Regenerative Biology And Medicine

Author : David L. Stocum
ISBN : 9783642189289
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72.73 MB
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Advances in cell, developmental and molecular biology, and the discovery of regeneration-competent cells in many non-regenerating mammalian tissues, have given impetus to systematic investigations that will enable us to regenerate these tissues by cell transplantation or the pharmaceutical induction of regeneration from the body’s own tissues. A significant avenue of research is the identification of the soluble and insoluble signals and their transduction pathways that govern the proliferation and differentiation of regeneration-competent cells, and the signals that inhibit their activity after injury. How far can we go in our quest for regeneration? We will probably be able to induce the regeneration of some tissues, such as skin or even spinal cord, within a few years. The regeneration of others, such as heart, lung, kidney or appendages, may be more complex and difficult, but we should not view them as impossible. They will just take a little longer.
Category: Medical

Periodontal Medicine And Systems Biology

Author : Brian Henderson
ISBN : 9781405122191
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.64 MB
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This book provides a systems-based approach to periodontology and offers a scientific roadmap of the interactions which can lead to periodontal disease. The content is divided into five sections. The first introduces the reader to the concept of systems theory and its mathematical foundation. The second section provides the reader with a current view of periodontal medicine including the microbiology, molecular genetics, relationship to systemic disease and current and future therapies. Periodontitis is caused by members of the oral microbiota and the third section provides the reader with various views of the relationship of the microbiota to the host. The fourth section moves from the bacterium to the host and its immune responses to altered host: bacteria interactions. The final section deals specifically with bone destruction in periodontitis and brings the reader up-to-date with the current view of the control network that exists between mesenchymal cells such as osteoblasts, immune cells and osteoclast precursor cells that controls bone remodelling in health and disease.
Category: Medical

Applications Of Electrochemistry And Nanotechnology In Biology And Medicine I

Author : Noam Eliaz
ISBN : 1461403472
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.7 MB
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The study of electrochemical nanotechnology has emerged as researchers apply electrochemistry to nanoscience and nanotechnology. These two related volumes in the Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry Series review recent developments and breakthroughs in the specific application of electrochemistry and nanotechnology to biology and medicine. Internationally renowned experts contribute chapters that address both fundamental and practical aspects of several key emerging technologies in biomedicine, such as the processing of new biomaterials, biofunctionalization of surfaces, characterization of biomaterials, discovery of novel phenomena and biological processes occurring at the molecular level.
Category: Science

Applied Bayesian Statistical Studies In Biology And Medicine

Author : M. di Bacco
ISBN : 1402075480
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.52 MB
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This volume presents the results of biological and medical research with the statistical methods used to obtain them. Nowadays the fields of biology and experimental medicine rely on techniques for processing of experimental data and for the evaluation of hypotheses. It is increasingly necessary to stimulate awareness of the importance of statistical techniques (and of the possible traps that they can hide) by using real data in concrete situations drawn from research activity.
Category: Medical

Molecular And Cellular Biology Of Bone

Author : M. Zaidi
ISBN : 0080877206
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.27 MB
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These volumes differ from the current conventional texts on bone cell biology. Biology itself is advancing at breakneck speed and many presentations completely fail to present the field in a truly modern context. This text does not attempt to present detailed clinical descriptions. Rather, after discussion of basic concepts, there is a concentration on recently developed findings equally relevant to basic research and a modern understanding of metabolic bone disease. The book will afford productive new insights into the intimate inter-relation of experimental findings and clinical understanding. Modern medicine is founded in the laboratory and demands of its practitioners a broad scientific understanding: these volumes are written to exemplify this approach. This book is likely to become essential reading equally for laboratory and clinical scientists.
Category: Science

Epigenetics In Biology And Medicine

Author : Manel Esteller
ISBN : 1420007076
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.7 MB
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Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its
Category: Science