Shamans Sorcerers And Saints

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Shamans Sorcerers And Saints

Author : Brian Hayden
ISBN : 9781588344496
Genre : Religion
File Size : 83.62 MB
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Historians of art or religion and mythologists, such as Joseph Campbell and Mircea Eliade, have written extensively on prehistoric religion, but no one before has offered a comprehensive and uniquely archaeological perspective on the subject. Hayden opens his book with an examination of the difference between traditional religions, which are passed on through generations orally or experientially, and more modern “book” religions, which are based on some form of scripture that describes supernatural beings and a moral code, such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. He attempts to answer the question of why religion developed at all, arguing that basic religious behaviors of the past and present have been shaped by our innate emotional makeup, specifically our ability to enter into ecstatic states through a variety of techniques and to create binding relationships with other people, institutions, or ideals associated with those states.
Category: Religion

The Origins Of Shamanism Spirit Beliefs And Religiosity

Author : H. Sidky
ISBN : 9781498551908
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.13 MB
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In The Origins of Shamanism, Spirit Beliefs, and Religiosity, H. Sidky uses first-hand ethnographic fieldwork and scientific theoretical work in archaeology, psychology, and neurotheology to explore the origins of shamanism, spirit beliefs, the evolution of human consciousness, and the origins of ritual behavior and religiosity.
Category: Social Science

Evolution And The Emergent Self

Author : Raymond L. Neubauer
ISBN : 9780231521680
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.39 MB
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Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.
Category: Science

Pagan Britain

Author : Ronald Hutton
ISBN : 9780300198584
Genre : History
File Size : 42.87 MB
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Britain's pagan past, with its mysterious monuments, atmospheric sites, enigmatic artifacts, bloodthirsty legends, and cryptic inscriptions, is both enthralling and perplexing to a resident of the twenty-first century. In this ambitious and thoroughly up-to-date book, Ronald Hutton reveals the long development, rapid suppression, and enduring cultural significance of paganism, from the Paleolithic Era to the coming of Christianity. He draws on an array of recently discovered evidence and shows how new findings have radically transformed understandings of belief and ritual in Britain before the arrival of organized religion. Setting forth a chronological narrative, Hutton along the way makes side visits to explore specific locations of ancient pagan activity. He includes the well-known sacred sites—Stonehenge, Avebury, Seahenge, Maiden Castle, Anglesey—as well as more obscure locations across the mainland and coastal islands. In tireless pursuit of the elusive “why” of pagan behavior, Hutton astonishes with the breadth of his understanding of Britain’s deep past and inspires with the originality of his insights.
Category: History

Sultans Shamans And Saints

Author : Howard M. Federspiel
ISBN : 9780824864521
Genre : Religion
File Size : 47.2 MB
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By the fourteenth century the Islamic faith had spread via maritime trade routes to Southeast Asia where, over the next seven hundred years, it would have a continuing influence on political life, social customs, and the development of the arts. Sultans, Shamans, and Saints looks at Islam in Southeast Asia during four major eras: its arrival (to 1300), the first flowering of Islamic identity (1300–1800), the era of imperialism (1800–1945), and the era of independent nation-states (1945–2000). Ranging across the humanities and social sciences, this balanced and accessible work emphasizes the historical development of Southeast Asia’s accommodation of Islam and the creation of its distinctive regional character. Each chapter opens with a general background summary that places events in the greater Asian/Southeast Asian context, followed by an overview of prominent ethnic groups, political events, customs and cultures, religious factors, and art forms. Sultans, Shamans, and Saints will be of great value to students and researchers specializing in the study of Islam and the comparative study of Muslim societies and culture. It will also be useful to those with a world-systems approach to the study of history and globalization.
Category: Religion

Mortal Rituals

Author : Matt J. Rossano
ISBN : 9780231535465
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.74 MB
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A psychology professor examines what the survivors of the airplane crash hailed “The Miracle of the Andes” can show us about human evolution. On December 21, 1972, sixteen young survivors of Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 were rescued after spending ten weeks stranded at the crash site of their plane, high in the remote Andes Mountains. The incident made international headlines and spawned several best-selling books, fueled partly by the fact that the young men had resorted to cannibalism to survive. Matt Rossano examines this story from an evolutionary perspective, weaving together findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, religion, and cognitive science. During their ordeal, these young men broke “civilized” taboos to fend off starvation and abandoned “civilized” modes of thinking to maintain social unity and individual sanity. Through the power of ritual, the survivors were able to endure severe emotional and physical hardship. Rossano ties their story to our story, seeing in the mortal rituals of this struggle for survival a reflection of what it means to be human. “[Rossano’s] narrative describes a “microcosm of human evolution,” and I think this book will grab the interest of many readers―students as well as the general public―as it teaches essential facts about the way Homo sapiens evolved.”—David Hicks, Stony Brook University and Clare College, Cambridge University “[Rossano] masterfully weaves a moving contemporary drama with a compelling account of the evolutionary history of ritual and religion. An impressive accomplishment and a truly captivating read from start to finish.”—Richard Sosis, University of Connecticut, cofounder and coeditor of Religion, Brain, & Behavior
Category: Science

Envisioning Nature Science And Religion

Author : James D. Proctor
ISBN : PSU:000067226047
Genre : Religion
File Size : 47.62 MB
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Contemporary scholarship envisions biophysical and human nature in a variety of ways, each of which is entangled with related notions of science and religion. Envisioning Nature, Science, and Religion offers a great diversity of viewpoints on these matters from some of the preeminent thinkers in these fields.
Category: Religion

Sorcery And Shamanism

Author : Donald Joralemon
ISBN : 0874806402
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 46.4 MB
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This work goes a long way toward dispelling the sterotypes of shamans.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Ancient Complexities

Author : Susan M. Alt
ISBN : UOM:39076002914526
Genre : History
File Size : 82.16 MB
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A current overview of what is meant by cultural c omplexity and how archaeologists study the developoment of complex societies in North America.
Category: History

Kennewick Man

Author : Douglas W. Owsley
ISBN : UCR:31210024302620
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35.50 MB
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A thorough examination of the Kennewick Man human remains by forensic anthropologists, archaeologists, geologists, and geochemists reveals the secrets of one of the earliest human occupants of North America.
Category: Nature

Religion And Psychology Research Progress

Author : Joan C. Upton
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131628948
Genre : Religion
File Size : 35.69 MB
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Addresses the interrelationship of psychology and religion. This work examines the areas of health care, longevity, and terrorism and their links to psychology and religiousness.
Category: Religion

Belief In The Past

Author : David S Whitley
ISBN : UOM:39015077665456
Genre : Religion
File Size : 42.69 MB
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Human actions are often deeply intertwined with religion and can be understood in a strictly religious context. Yet, many volumes and articles pertaining to discussions of religion in the archaeological past have focused primarily on the sociopolitical implications of such remains. The authors in this volume argue that while these interpretations certainly have a meaningful place in understanding the human past, they provide only part of the picture. Because strictly religious contexts have often been ignored, this has resulted in an incomplete assessment of religious behavior in the past. This volume considers exciting new directions for considering an archaeology of religion, offering examples from theory, tangible archaeological remains, and ethnography.
Category: Religion


Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066365118
Genre : Ethnology
File Size : 54.3 MB
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Category: Ethnology

Anthropology News

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000115664561
Genre : Anthropological linguistics
File Size : 69.81 MB
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Category: Anthropological linguistics


Author : Michele Jamal
ISBN : PSU:000024663946
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 83.30 MB
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For centuries, shamanic men and women have engaged in shapeshifting rituals - the powerful process of taking on the physical or psychological aspect of an animal to access its strength and perceptions. The imagery of shifting between human and nonhuman form has strongly pervaded folklore, myth, legend, and superstition - from the selkie (or seal shifter) of Celtic myth to bear-human love matches in Native American folklore. In chapters on the buffalo, cat, bird, bear, dragon, frog, and more, Michele Jamal explores the qualities associated with various shapeshifter forms. In her own lyrical style, she retells myths from around the world, and ends each chapter with a poetic and sensual visualization that takes the reader into the heart of each animal's power. Deerdancer shows how to use shapeshifting ritual to find direction, strength, and insight - it will forever transform the way one views other living creatures and the self.
Category: Fiction

Homines Funera Astra

Author : Raluca Kogălniceanu
ISBN : UCBK:C110918324
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64.24 MB
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The study of burial practices, of human attitudes and behaviour in the face of death, has been an important part of archaeological research from its very beginnings. Some funerary discoveries have achieved sensational fame. Yet beyond this the archaeological community quickly came to understand that it is possible to gain as much information about the lives of past people from studying their funerary behaviour as it is from studying their daily activities and the resultant artefacts. This volume gathers together the majority of the papers presented at the International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology, 'Homines, Funera, Astra', which took place at '1 Decembrie 1918' University of Alba Iulia, 5–8 June 2011. The theme of the conference, aimed to address the investigation of human osteological remains and burial practices specific to the prehistory and history in Central and Eastern Europe. Contents: 1) Spirituality of Palaeolithic burials: offerings of decorative items and body ornaments (Valentin-Codrin Chirica, Vasile Chirica); 2) Considerations regarding the Palaeolithic anthropological discoveries in Romania and the Republic of Moldova (Madalin-Cornel Valeanu); 3) On Palaeolithic social inequality: The funerary evidence (Mircea Anghelinu); 4) Burial practices in the Iron Gates Mesolithic (Adina Boroneant, Clive Bonsall); 5) Bioarchaeological inferences from Neolithic human remains at Alba Iulia-Lumea Noua (Transylvania, Romania) (Mihai Gligor, Mariana Rosu, Viorel Panaitescu 6) Gendered bodies and objects in a mortuary domain: Comparative analysis of Durankulak cemetery ); (Susan Stratton, Dusan Boric); 7) Adornments from the Hamangia cemetery excavated at Cernavoda – Columbia D. Contextual analysis (Raluca Kogalniceanu); 8) Shell adornments from the Hamangia cemetery excavated at Cernavoda – Columbia D. Techno-typological analysis (Monica Margarit); 9) Traditions, Rules and Exceptions in the Eneolithic Cemetery from Sultana – Malu Rosu (Southeast Romania) (Catalin Lazar, Madalina Voicu, Gabriel Vasile); 10) Anthropological research of the Komariv type (Middle Bronze Age) tumular cemetery, at Adancata (Suceava County, Romania) (Angela Simalcsik, Bogdan Petru Niculica); 11) Coins and pebbles from the Anglo-Georgian excavations at Pichvnari (Michael Vickers); 12) Funerary rite and rituals of the Early Sarmatians (second and first centuries BC) in the area between the mouths of the Don and the Danube (Funerary customs of Scythians and Thracians: a lexical analysis (Vitalie Barca); 13) Infant Burials in Roman Dobrudja. A report of work in progress: The case of Ibida (Slava Rusa) (Alexander Rubel, Andrei D. Soficaru); 14) Aspects of everyday life in Scythia Minor reflected in some funerary discoveries from Ibida (Slava Rusa, Tulcea County) (Dan Aparaschivei, Mihaela Iacob, Andrei D. Soficaru, Dorel Paraschiv); 15) Early Roman and Late Roman child graves in Dobrudja (Romania) (Irina Achim).
Category: Social Science

Book Review Index

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066027981
Genre : Books
File Size : 74.9 MB
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Every 3rd issue is a quarterly cumulation.
Category: Books

Jomon Reflections

Author : Tatsuo Kobayashi
ISBN : UOM:39015060833194
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51.79 MB
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Tatsuo Kobayashi's Jomon Reflections is based on a series of essays by the leading archaeologist of the Jomon period (c. 13,500 - c. 500 B.C.). The topics covered include the appearance and development of the remarkable Jomon pottery tradition, the nature of Jomon society, Jomon attitudes to the natural world, and the emergence of a complex set of world views expressed through objects such as clay figurines and monuments including stone circles and massive settings of wooden posts. These essays are supplemented by observations on how the archaeology of Jomon Japan can be compared to that of prehistoric Europe. They also draw on ethnographic examples and concepts from later Japanese lifestyles. Kobayashi's intention is to bring the archaeology of the world of the Jomon alive for new audiences.
Category: Social Science

World History

Author : Candice Lee Goucher
ISBN : 0415771374
Genre : History
File Size : 46.81 MB
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Using a thematic approach supported by a variety of evidence and multidisciplinary interpretations, World History: Journeys from Past to Present provides a dynamic framework for the study of the vast reaches of our common past. Distinguished by truly global coverage, this survey helps us to discover the connections between past and present from earliest prehistory to the present age of globalization. Thematic chapters explore mobility and the interrelationship of peoples; their connections with the environment; the communities they form; the patterns of dominance and submission involved in the ways they organize themselves politically, economically, and socially; and the ways in which they construct and express cultures through ideas, religion art, and architecture. World History has many student-friendly features, including: primary source material to support the thematic argument over ninety images and maps to enhance and illuminate the text guided links to online resources, including the multimedia website Bridging World History a support website with discussion questions to assist revision and understanding. World History: Journeys from Past to Present will be an invaluable resource for students of college or university courses on world history or world civilization, and for anyone interested in a comprehensive framework for grasping world history.
Category: History