Shadow Education And Social Inequalities In Japan

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Shadow Education And Social Inequalities In Japan

Author : Steve R. Entrich
ISBN : 9783319691190
Genre : Education
File Size : 76.2 MB
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This book examines why Japan has one of the highest enrolment rates in cram schools and private tutoring worldwide. It sheds light on the causes of this high dependence on ‘shadow education’ and its implications for social inequalities. The book provides a deep and extensive understanding of the role of this kind of education in Japan. It shows new ways to theoretically and empirically address this issue, and offers a comprehensive perspective on the impact of shadow education on social inequality formation that is based on reliable and convincing empirical analyses. Contrary to earlier studies, the book shows that shadow education does not inevitably result in increasing or persisting inequalities, but also inherits the potential to let students overcome their status-specific disadvantages and contributes to more opportunities in education. Against the background of the continuous expansion and the convergence of shadow education systems across the globe, the findings of this book call for similar works in other national contexts, particularly Western societies without traditional large-scale shadow education markets. The book emphasizes the importance and urgency to deal with the modern excesses of educational expansion and education as an institution, in which the shadow education industry has made itself (seemingly) indispensable.
Category: Education

Education And Social Justice In Japan

Author : Kaori H. Okano
ISBN : 9781317803454
Genre : Education
File Size : 42.29 MB
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This book is an up-to-date critical examination of schooling in Japan by an expert in this field. It focuses on developments in the last two decades, with a particular interest in social justice. Japan has experienced slow economic growth, changed employment practices, population decline, an aging society, and an increasingly multi-ethnic population resulting from migration. It has faced a call to respond to the rhetoric of globalization and to concerns in childhood poverty in the perceived affluence. In education we have seen developments responding to these challenges in national and local educational policies, as well as in school-level practices. What are the most significant developments in schooling of the last two decades? Why have these developments emerged, and how will they affect youth and society as a whole? How can we best interpret social justice implications of these developments in terms of both distributive justice and the politics of difference? To what extent have the shifts advanced the interests of disadvantaged groups? This book shows that, compared to three decades ago, the system of education increasingly acknowledges the need to address student diversity of all kinds, and delivers options that are more varied and flexible. But interest in social justice in education has tended to centre on the distribution of education (who gets how much of schooling), with fewer questions raised about the content of schooling that continues to advantage the already advantaged. Written in a highly accessible style, and aimed at scholars and students in the fields of comparative education, sociology of education and Japanese studies, this book illuminates changing policies and cumulative adjustments in the daily practice of schooling, as well as how various groups in society make sense of these changes.
Category: Education

The Sage Handbook Of Comparative Studies In Education

Author : Larry E. Suter
ISBN : 9781526484628
Genre : Education
File Size : 82.77 MB
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Educational practices have rapidly changed in the last few decades, especially in how exchanges of information and learning are delivered and processed. Yet, while the field of international comparative studies has grown, there has not been an extensive study on the relationship between educational practices, students, and how practitioners are prepared and trained. This handbook explores international educational practices and behaviours through new research and a review of existing research, with chapters spread across six parts: Part I: The Status of Comparative Education Research Part II: Measurement Methods in Comparative Education Research Part III: Research Practices in Comparative Studies of Education Part IV: Lessons from International Comparisons of Student Behaviors Part V: International Comparisons of Instruction Part VI: Influence of Large-Scale Assessments on Policy
Category: Education

Higher Education Meritocracy And Inequality In China

Author : Ye Liu
ISBN : 9789811015885
Genre : Education
File Size : 63.36 MB
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This book investigates the changing opportunities in higher education for different social groups during China’s transition from the socialist regime to a market economy. The first part of the book provides a historical and comparative analysis of the development of the idea of meritocracy, since its early origins in China, and in more recent western thought. The second part then explores higher education reforms in China, the part played by supposedly meritocratic forms of selection, and the implications of these for social mobility. Based on original empirical data, Ye Liu sheds light on the socio-economic, gender and geographical inequalities behind the meritocratic façade of the Gaokao (高考). Liu argues that the Chinese philosophical belief in education-based meritocracy had a modern makeover in the Gaokao, and that this ideology induces working-class and rural students to believe in upward social mobility through higher education. When the Gaokao broke the promise of status improvement for rural students, they turned to the Chinese Communist Party and sought political connections by actively applying for its membership. This book reveals a bleak picture of visible and invisible inequality in terms of access to and participation in higher education in contemporary China. Written in an accessible style, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and non-specialist readers alike.
Category: Education

Japanese Education In A Global Age

Author : Akiyoshi Yonezawa
ISBN : 9789811315282
Genre : Education
File Size : 65.53 MB
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This book highlights recent education research on Japan based on sociological and other related approaches to historical developments and accomplishments. Written primarily by members of the Japan Society of Educational Sociology, it brings to light concerns and viewpoints that have grown out of the Japanese educational context. By focusing on uniquely Japanese educational research phenomena, the book offers international readers new insights and contributes to the international debate on education. It may help sociologists and social scientists outside Japan gain a deeper understanding of ongoing changes in education in Japan as well as its historical and structural contexts.
Category: Education

Shadow Education

Author : Mark Bray
ISBN : 9789290926597
Genre : Education
File Size : 34.27 MB
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In all parts of Asia, households devote considerable expenditures to private supplementary tutoring. This tutoring may contribute to students' achievement, but it also maintains and exacerbates social inequalities, diverts resources from other uses, and can contribute to inefficiencies in education systems. Such tutoring is widely called shadow education, because it mimics school systems. As the curriculum in the school system changes, so does the shadow. This study documents the scale and nature of shadow education in different parts of the region. Shadow education has been a major phenomenon in East Asia and it has far-reaching economic and social implications.
Category: Education

Confronting The Shadow Education System

Author : Mark Bray
ISBN : UCBK:C102918948
Genre : Education
File Size : 43.40 MB
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This book focuses on the so-called shadow education system of private supplementary tutoring. In parts of East Asia it has long existed on a large scale and it is now becoming increasingly evident in other parts of Asia and in Africa, Europe and North America. Pupils commonly receive fee-free education in public schools and then at the end of the day and/or during week-ends and vacations supplementary tutoring in the same subjects on a fee-paying basis.Supplementary private tutoring can have positive dimensions. It helps students to cover the curriculum, provides a structured occupation for pupils outside school hours, and provides incomes for the tutors. However, tutoring may also have negative dimensions. If left to market forces, tutoring is likely to maintain and increase social inequalities, and it can create excessive pressure for young people who have inadequate time for non-academic activities. Especially problematic are situations in which school teachers provide extra tutoring in exchange for fees from their regular pupils.This book begins by surveying the scale, nature and implications of the shadow education system in a range of settings. It then identifies possible government responses to the phenomenon and encourages a proactive approach to designing appropriate policies.
Category: Education

The Shadow Education System

Author : Mark Bray
ISBN : 9280313053
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.88 MB
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Because of its size in a number of countries, and due to it nature--that of a private service oriented at improving academic performance--private tutoring has important implications for the educational system as a whole that cannot be ignored by educational policies. This publication contributes to the debate about private tutoring through its systematization of available information and its analysis. It asks the questions: "Who supplies and demands this service?" "What effects does it have on the formal education system?" and "What are the policy options facing education planners?" The research draws on existing research conducted in different parts of the world, but primarily in Asia, where private tutoring is particularly widespread.--Publisher's description.
Category: Business & Economics

National Differences Global Similarities

Author : David Baker
ISBN : 0804750211
Genre : Education
File Size : 30.56 MB
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Using US schools as a reference point, this book provides a description of schooling as a global institution. The authors draw on a four-year investigation conducted in 47 countries that examined many aspects of K-12 schooling. They discuss how world trends and the forces behind them will work to shape the directions education may take.
Category: Education

Social Stratification And Inequality

Author : Harold R. Kerbo
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023138188
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.19 MB
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This text provides coverage of research and theory relating to social stratification in the US and selected international societies. It adopts general conflict principles as its theoretical orientation, and focuses on the development and maintenance of the structure of inequality. This edition has been updated to include data from the 1990 census and features examples, figures and tables. A new chapter on race, ethnicity and gender focuses on important issues of inequality. There are also new chapters on Germany and on Japan.
Category: Social Science

Iiep Newsletter

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000132731807
Genre : Educational planning
File Size : 21.64 MB
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Category: Educational planning

Sociological Abstracts

Author : Leo P. Chall
ISBN : STANFORD:36105113575810
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 21.74 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Category: Sociology

Japanese Education In An Era Of Globalization

Author : Gary DeCoker
ISBN : 9780807772089
Genre : Education
File Size : 50.55 MB
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This volume documents the significant changes that have occurred in Japanese schools since the collapse of that nations economic bubble. Before the recession, Japan was the country that most others sought to emulate due to its students performance on standardized tests. Now, however, a different and more complicated picture of the Japanese education system emerges. This book places Japanese education in a global context, with particular attention given to how their education system is responding to changing expectations and pressures that emerge from rapid social change. Chapters written by respected scholars examine issues related to equality, academic achievement, privatization, population diversity, societal expectations, and the influence of the media, parents, and political movements. The research in this book will provide valuable lessons for policymakers and practitioners facing similar challenges.
Category: Education

Kleinere Dichtungen

Author : Johann Fischart
ISBN : 3847295721
Genre :
File Size : 74.47 MB
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Dieses Werk ist Teil der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS. Der Verlag tredition aus Hamburg veroffentlicht in der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS Werke aus mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden. Diese waren zu einem Grossteil vergriffen oder nur noch antiquarisch erhaltlich. Mit der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS verfolgt tredition das Ziel, tausende Klassiker der Weltliteratur verschiedener Sprachen wieder als gedruckte Bucher zu verlegen - und das weltweit! Die Buchreihe dient zur Bewahrung der Literatur und Forderung der Kultur. Sie tragt so dazu bei, dass viele tausend Werke nicht in Vergessenheit geraten

Out Of The Shadows

Author : Janice Aurini
ISBN : 9781781908174
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.21 MB
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This book draws attention to supplementary education, which is growing in many parts of the world, but often goes unrecognized for what it is: a hidden form of privatized education. It provides 'big picture' analyses to comparatively explain the intensity, authority and policy contexts of supplementary education
Category: Education

Research In The Sociology Of Education

Author : Hyunjoon Park
ISBN : 9781787690783
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.11 MB
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Featuring research from settings as diverse as rural China, Germany and the United States, as well as two cross-national comparative studies, this insightful volume demonstrates that many educational issues (including student victimization and STEM outcomes) are not limited to specific societies but are relevant worldwide.
Category: Social Science

Education In East Asia

Author : Pei-tseng Jenny Hsieh
ISBN : 9781441181930
Genre : Education
File Size : 42.2 MB
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Education in East Asia is a comprehensive critical reference guide to education in the region. With chapters written by an international team of leading regional education experts, the book explores the education systems of China, Hong Kong, Japan, Macao, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea and Taiwan, covering local regional developments in each country as well as recent reforms and global contexts. Including a comparative introduction to the issues facing education in the region as a whole and guides to available online datasets, this handbook will be an essential reference for researchers, scholars, international agencies and policy-makers at all levels.
Category: Education


Author : James M. Henslin
ISBN : PSU:000046814098
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 52.76 MB
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Category: Sociology