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Science In Action

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674792912
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.3 MB
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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.
Category: Social Science

Process Mining

Author : Wil M. P. van der Aalst
ISBN : 9783662498514
Genre : Computers
File Size : 82.76 MB
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This is the second edition of Wil van der Aalst’s seminal book on process mining, which now discusses the field also in the broader context of data science and big data approaches. It includes several additions and updates, e.g. on inductive mining techniques, the notion of alignments, a considerably expanded section on software tools and a completely new chapter of process mining in the large. It is self-contained, while at the same time covering the entire process-mining spectrum from process discovery to predictive analytics. After a general introduction to data science and process mining in Part I, Part II provides the basics of business process modeling and data mining necessary to understand the remainder of the book. Next, Part III focuses on process discovery as the most important process mining task, while Part IV moves beyond discovering the control flow of processes, highlighting conformance checking, and organizational and time perspectives. Part V offers a guide to successfully applying process mining in practice, including an introduction to the widely used open-source tool ProM and several commercial products. Lastly, Part VI takes a step back, reflecting on the material presented and the key open challenges. Overall, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in process mining. It is intended for business process analysts, business consultants, process managers, graduate students, and BPM researchers.
Category: Computers

Teaching Primary Science Constructively Pdf

Author : Keith Skamp
ISBN : 9780170271073
Genre : Education
File Size : 71.61 MB
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Teaching Primary Science Constructively helps readers to create effective science learning experiences for primary students by using a constructivist approach to learning. Introductory chapters explain the principles of constructivism and their implications for learning and teaching. They also discuss core strategies for the development of science understanding and science inquiry processes and skills. An important new chapter assists readers to interpret the Australian Curriculum: Science with a constructivist mindset. Subsequent chapters then provide research-based ideas for implementing a constructivist approach within a number of content strands. This substantially revised edition incorporates recent research findings related to student learning, as well as teaching, from a constructivist perspective and highlights how teaching emphases have changed over the last few years. Throughout, it links strongly to the key ideas, themes and terminology of the Australian Curriculum: Science.
Category: Education

Restoring Lands Coordinating Science Politics And Action

Author : Herman Karl
ISBN : 9789400725485
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.23 MB
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Environmental issues, vast and varied in their details, unfold at the confluence of people and place. They present complexities in their biophysical details, their scope and scale, and the dynamic character of human action and natural systems. Addressing environmental issues often invokes tensions among battling interests and competing priorities. Air and water pollution, the effects of climate change, ecosystem transformations—these and other environmental issues involve scientific, social, economic, and institutional challenges. This book analyzes why tackling many of these problems is so difficult and why sustainability involves more than adoption of greener, cleaner technologies. Sustainability, as discussed in this book, involves knowledge flows and collaborative decision processes that integrate scientific and technological methods and tools, political and governance structures and regimes, and social and community values. The authors synthesize a holistic and adaptive approach to rethinking the framework for restoring healthy ecosystems that are the foundation for thriving communities and dynamic economies. This approach is that of collective action. Through their research and practical experiences, the authors have learned that much wisdom resides among diverse people in diverse communities. New collaborative decision-making institutions must reflect that diversity and tap into its wisdom while also strengthening linkages among scientists and decision makers. From the pre-publication reviews: “Finally, we have a book that explains how science is irrelevant without people. It’s people who decide when and how to use science, not scientists. This book gives us a roadmap for how to really solve complex problems. It involves hard work, and creating new relationships between scientists and the public that don’t typically exist in our society.” -John M. Hagan, Ph.D. President, Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences
Category: Science

Science Image In Action

Author : Bertrand Zavidovique
ISBN : 9789814397186
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.34 MB
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The book gathers articles that were exposed during the seventh edition of the Workshop “Data Analysis in Astronomy”. It illustrates a current trend to search for common expressions or models transcending usual disciplines, possibly associated with some lack in the Mathematics required to model complex systems. In that, data analysis would be at the epicentre and a key facilitator of some current integrative phase of Science. It is all devoted to the question of “representation in Science”, whence its name, IMAGe IN AcTION, and main thrusts Part A: Information: data organization and communication, Part B: System: structure and behaviour,Part C: Data — System representation. Such a classification makes concepts as “complexity” or “dynamics” appear like transverse notions: a measure among others or a dimensional feature among others. Part A broadly discusses a dialogue between experiments and information, be information extracted-from or brought-to experiments. The concept is fundamental in statistics and tailors to the emergence of collective behaviours. Communication then asks for uncertainty considerations — noise, indeterminacy or approximation — and its wider impact on the couple perception-action. Clustering being all about uncertainty handling, data set representation appears not to be the only solution: Introducing hierarchies with adapted metrics, a priori pre-improving the data resolution are other methods in need of evaluation. The technology together with increasing semantics enables to involve synthetic data as simulation results for the multiplication of sources. Part B plays with another couple important for complex systems: state vs. transition. State-first descriptions would characterize physics, while transition-first would fit biology. That could stem from life producing dynamical systems in essence. Uncertainty joining causality here, geometry can bring answers: stable patterns in the state space involve constraints from some dynamics consistency. Stable patterns of activity characterize biological systems too. In the living world, the complexity — i.e. a global measure on both states and transitions — increases with consciousness: this might be a principle of evolution. Beside geometry or measures, operators and topology have supporters for reporting on dynamical systems. Eventually targeting universality, the category theory of topological thermodynamics is proposed as a foundation of dynamical system understanding. Part C details examples of actual data-system relations in regards to explicit applications and experiments. It shows how pure computer display and animation techniques link models and representations to “reality” in some “concrete” virtual, manner. Such techniques are inspired from artificial life, with no connection to physical, biological or physiological phenomena! The Virtual Observatory is the second illustration of the evidence that simulation helps Science not only in giving access to more flexible parameter variability, but also due to the associated data and method storing-capabilities. It fosters interoperability, statistics on bulky corpuses, efficient data mining possibly through the web etc. in short a reuse of resources in general, including novel ideas and competencies. Other examples deal more classically with inverse modelling and reconstruction, involving Bayesian techniques or chaos but also fractal and symmetry. Contents:Information: Data Organization and Communication:Statistical Information: A Bayesian Perspective (R B Stern & C A de B Pereira)Multi-A(ge)nt Graph Patrolling and Partitioning (Y Elor & A M Bruckstein)The Role of Noise in Brain Function (S Roy & R Llinás)F-granulation, Generalized Rough Entropy and Image Analysis (S K Pal)Fast Redshift Clustering with the Baire (Ultra) Metric (F Murtagh & P Contreras)Interactive Classification Oriented Superresolution of Multispectral Images (P Ruiz, J V Talents, J Mateos, R Molina & A K Katsaggelos)Blind Processing in Astrophysical Data Analysis (E Salerno & L Bedini)The Extinction Map of the Orion Molecular Cloud (G Scandariato (Best Student's Paper), I Pagano & M Robberto)System: Structure and Behaviour:Common Grounds: The Role of Perception in Science and the Nature of Transitions (G Bernroider)Looking the World from Inside: Intrinsic Geometry of Complex Systems (L Boi)The Butterfly and the Photon: New Perspectives on Unpredictability, and the Notion of Casual Reality, in Quantum Physics (T N Palmer)Self-replicated Wave Patterns in Neural Networks with Complex Threshold (V I Nekorkin)A Local Explication of Causation (G Boniolo, R Faraldo & A Saggion)Evolving Complexity, Cognition, and Consciousness (H Liljenström)Self-Assembly, Modularity and Physical Complexity (S E Ahnert)The Category of Topological Thermodynamics (R M Kiehn)Anti-Phase Spiking Patterns (M P Igaev, A S Dmitrichev & V I Nekorkin)Data/System Representation:Reality, Models and Representations: The Case of Galaxies, Intelligence and Avatars (J-C Heudin)Astronomical Images and Data Mining in the International Virtual Observatory Context (F Pasian, M Brescia & G Longo)Dame: A Web Oriented Infrastructure for Scientific Data Mining and Exploration (S Cavuoti, M Brescia, G Longo, M Garofalo & A Nocella)Galactic Phase Spaces (D Chakrabarty)From Data to Images: A Shape Based Approach for Fluorescence Tomography (O Dorn & K E Prieto)The Influence of Texture Symmetry in Marker Pointing: Experimenting with Humans and Algorithms (M Cardaci & M E Tabacchi)A Multiscale Autocorrelation Function for Anisotropy Studies (M Scuderi, M De Domenico, A Insolia & H Lyberis)A Multiscale, Lacunarity and Neural Network Method for γ/h Discrimination in Extensive Air Showers (A Pagliaro, F D'anna, G D'alí Staiti)Bayesian Semi-Parametric Curve-Fitting and Clustering in SDSS Data (S Mukkhopadhyay, S Roy & S Bhattacharya) Readership: Students, researchers and academics. Keywords:Data Analysis;System Representation in Biology;Physics and Computer Science;Simulation;Modeling;Cross-Disciplinary;Virtual Observatory
Category: Science

The Teaching Of Science In Primary Schools

Author : Wynne Harlen
ISBN : 9780415465274
Genre : Education
File Size : 66.64 MB
Format : PDF
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Providing an up-to-date discussion of the issues affecting primary science, this edition focuses on both the role of the class teacher and of the school in making provision for children's learning in science.
Category: Education

The Organic Chemistry Of Drug Design And Drug Action Power Pdf

Author : Richard B. Silverman
ISBN : 9780080575384
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This CD-ROM edition of Silverman's Organic Chemisry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Second Edition reflects the significant changes in the drug industry in recent years, using an accessible interactive approach. This CD-ROM integrates the author's own PowerPoint slides, indexed and linked to the book pages in PDF format. The three-part structure includes an all-electronic text with full-text search capabilites and nearly 800 powerpoint slides. This is a unique and powerful combination of electronic study guide and full book pages. Users can hyperlink seamlessly from the main text to key points and figures on the outline and back again. It serves as a wonderful supplement for instructors as well as a fully integrated text and study aid for students. * Three-part package includes 1) powerpoint, 2) integrated powerpoint and pdf-based text, and 3) fully searchable PDF-based text with index * Includes new full-color illustrations, structures, schemes, and figures as well as extensive chapter problems and exercises * User-friendly buttons transition from overview (study-guide) format to corresponding book page and back with the click of a mouse * Full-text search capabality an incomparable tool for researchers seeking specific references and/or unindexed phrases
Category: Medical

Action Science

Author : Chris Argyris
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040092228
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.57 MB
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Category: Social Science

Pandora S Hope

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674653351
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.35 MB
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A scientist friend asked Bruno Latour point-blank: "Do you believe in reality?" Taken aback by this strange query, Latour offers his meticulous response in Pandora's Hope. It is a remarkable argument for understanding the reality of science in practical terms. In this book Latour, identified by Richard Rorty as the new "bête noire of the science worshipers," gives us his most philosophically informed book since Science in Action. Through case studies of scientists in the Amazon analyzing soil and in Pasteur's lab studying the fermentation of lactic acid, he shows us the myriad steps by which events in the material world are transformed into items of scientific knowledge. Through many examples in the world of technology, we see how the material and human worlds come together and are reciprocally transformed in this process. Why, Latour asks, did the idea of an independent reality, free of human interaction, emerge in the first place? His answer to this question, harking back to the debates between Might and Right narrated by Plato, points to the real stakes in the so-called science wars: the perplexed submission of ordinary people before the warring forces of claimants to the ultimate truth.
Category: Science

A Review Of The Ocean Research Priorities Plan And Implementation Strategy

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309179637
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.22 MB
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Ocean research offers countless benefits, from improving fisheries management to discovering new drugs to enabling early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. At the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology (JSOST), the National Research Council convened a committee to review the draft and final versions of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and Implementation Strategy described in Charting the Course for Ocean Science in the United States: Research Priorities for the Next Decade, which represents the first coordinated national ocean research planning effort involving all federal agencies that support ocean science. The plan presents an ambitious vision for ocean research that will be of great benefit to the ocean sciences community and the nation. This book contains both sets of findings (i.e., the committee's review of the JSOST's draft plan [A Review of the Draft Ocean Research Priorities Plan: Charting the Course for Ocean Science in the United States] and the review of the final plan). This book recommends that JSOST employ a variety of outreach mechanisms to continue to engage nonfederal partners in ocean research planning efforts, such as establishing external committees to provide scientific and technical advice and to review progress on implementation of the research plan.
Category: Science