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Rules Games And Common Pool Resources

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 0472065467
Genre : Nature
File Size : 56.1 MB
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Explores ways that the tragedy of the commons can be avoided by people who use common-property resources
Category: Nature

An Econometric And Game Theoretic Model Of Common Pool Resource Management

Author : Wietze Lise
ISBN : 1594543976
Genre : Nature
File Size : 64.29 MB
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This book provides a manual for undertaking research into the role of people in commonly shared resources, like forests, water bodies, fisheries and grazing pastures. The method in this book constructs indicators for the level of participation, net benefits from participating, forest dependence, forest quality, inequality, wealth and social differences. It can be concluded that (1) the studied organisations for forest management vary considerably in their effectiveness and (2) voluntary participation is most likely to emerge among the villagers who depend highly on the forest and perceive the quality of the forest as good.
Category: Nature

Pastoralism And Common Pool Resources

Author : Sandagsuren Undargaa
ISBN : 9781317537939
Genre : Law
File Size : 83.49 MB
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The grazing of animals on common land and associated property rights were the original basis of the concept of "the tragedy of the commons". Drawing on the classic work of Elinor Ostrom and the readings of political ecology, this book questions the application of exclusive property rights to mobile pastoralism and rangeland resource governance. It argues that this approach inadequately represents property relations in the context of Mongolian pastoralism. The author presents an in-depth exploration and analysis of mobile pastoral production and resource management in Mongolia. The country is widely considered to be a prime example of successful and resilient common pool resource management, but now faces a dilemma as policy advocates attempt to adjust historical pastoralism to a modern property regime framework. The book strengthens understanding of the complex and multilateral considerations involved in natural resource governance and management in a mobile pastoralist context. It considers the implications for common pool resource management and pastoral societies in Africa, Russia and China and includes recommendations for formulating national policy.
Category: Law

Cooperation In Modern Society

Author : Mark Van Vugt
ISBN : 9780415217583
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55.91 MB
Format : PDF
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The book should be useful for students of social problems in all social science disciplines and for those professionally involved in solving these issues (policy-analysts and policy-makers).
Category: Social Science

The Agricultural Groundwater Revolution

Author : Mark Giordano
ISBN : 9781845931728
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.24 MB
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While addressing the issues of using groundwater in agriculture for irrigation in the developing world, this book discusses the problems associated with the degradation and overexploitation of using it. It explores the practiced and potential methods for its management in the context of agricultural development.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Drama Of The Commons

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309169984
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.89 MB
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The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.
Category: Social Science

Understanding Institutional Diversity

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 1400831733
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27.58 MB
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The analysis of how institutions are formed, how they operate and change, and how they influence behavior in society has become a major subject of inquiry in politics, sociology, and economics. A leader in applying game theory to the understanding of institutional analysis, Elinor Ostrom provides in this book a coherent method for undertaking the analysis of diverse economic, political, and social institutions. Understanding Institutional Diversity explains the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework, which enables a scholar to choose the most relevant level of interaction for a particular question. This framework examines the arena within which interactions occur, the rules employed by participants to order relationships, the attributes of a biophysical world that structures and is structured by interactions, and the attributes of a community in which a particular arena is placed. The book explains and illustrates how to use the IAD in the context of both field and experimental studies. Concentrating primarily on the rules aspect of the IAD framework, it provides empirical evidence about the diversity of rules, the calculation process used by participants in changing rules, and the design principles that characterize robust, self-organized resource governance institutions.
Category: Political Science

New Issues And Paradigms In Research On Social Dilemmas

Author : Anders Biel
ISBN : 0387725962
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.52 MB
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Readers need look no further if they seeking an edited volume compiled to present the latest developments in the field of social dilemma research. Social dilemmas are situations when there is a conflict between self-interest and collective interest. This work examines under what circumstances people make decisions that are in line with the collective interest as well as investigating what can increase the likelihood of cooperation. Three man sections mirror the different levels of analysis: individual, group, and societal.
Category: Social Science

Managing Diversity In Intergovernmental Organisations

Author : Björn Peters
ISBN : 353190891X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44.64 MB
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This book examines the challenges of managing diversity in intergovernmental organisations (IGOs) in order to cope with their diverse stakeholders. Successful diversity management is pointed out as an essential prerequisite for organisational performance, conflict management, and dynamics of IGOs.
Category: Business & Economics

Contemporary Chinese Political Thought

Author : Fred Dallmayr
ISBN : 9780813140636
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.25 MB
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Westerners seem united in the belief that China has emerged as a major economic power and that this success will most likely continue indefinitely. But they are less certain about the future of China's political system. China's steps toward free market capitalism have led many outsiders to expect increased democratization and a more Western political system. The Chinese, however, have developed their own version of capitalism. Westerners view Chinese politics through the lens of their own ideologies, preventing them from understanding Chinese goals and policies. In Contemporary Chinese Political Thought: Debates and Perspectives, Fred Dallmayr and Zhao Tingyang bring together leading Chinese intellectuals to debate the main political ideas shaping the rapidly changing nation. Investigating such topics as the popular "China Model", the resurgence of Chinese Confucianism and its applications to the modern world, and liberal socialism, the contributors move beyond usual analytical frameworks toward what Dallmayr and Zhao call "a dismantling of ideological straitjackets." Comprising a broad range of opinions and perspectives, Contemporary Chinese Political Thought is the most up-to-date examination in English of modern Chinese political attitudes and discourse. Features contributions from Ji Wenshun, Zhou Lian, Zhao Tingyang, Zhang Feng, Liu Shuxian, Chen Ming, He Baogang, Ni Peimin, Ci Jiwei, Cui Zhiyuan, Frank Fang, Wang Shaoguang, and Cheng Guangyun.
Category: Political Science