ROMES GREATEST DEFEAT

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Rome S Greatest Defeat

Author : Adrian Murdoch
ISBN : 0750940166
Genre : History
File Size : 64.54 MB
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Over four days at the beginning of September AD 9, half of Rome's Western army was ambushed in a German forest and annihilated. Three legions, three cavalry units and six auxiliary regiments--some 25,000 men--were wiped out. It dealt a body blow to the empire's imperial pretensions and was Rome's greatest defeat. No other battle stopped the Roman empire dead in its tracks. From the moment of the Teutoburg Forest disaster, the Rhine, rather than the Elbe as the Romans had hoped, became the limit of the civilized world. Rome's expansion in northern Europe was checked and Rome anxiously patrolled the Rhineland borders, awaiting further uprisings from Germania. Although one of the most significant and dramatic battles in European history, this is also one that has been largely overlooked. Drawing on primary sources and a vast wealth of new archeological evidence, Adrian Murdoch brings to life the battle itself, the historical background, and the effects of the Roman defeat as well as exploring the personalities of those who took part.
Category: History

Osning

Author : S. S. Engle
ISBN : 198351537X
Genre :
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In the year 9 CE the conquest of the Roman Empire suffered its greatest defeat in the forested hills of ancient Germania, known as the Osning. This defeat came at the hands of Arminius, a man born into the Cherusci tribe of Germania, but cowardly sold into Roman slavery by his father. Having spent his formative years gaining a Roman military education, Arminius rose through the ranks rapidly to become a lieutenant, and trusted advisor to the Roman Governor of Germania, Publius Quinctilius Varus. Although respected by the Roman Governor, and suspected as fiercely loyal, Arminius never had any intentions of letting Rome control his homeland. For years and years Romans had been spreading their empire throughout Europe, but Germania provided a constant struggle. Varus thought he could make strides where his predecessors had routinely failed, thanks in part to his Germanian born advisors at his side. But Arminius had been making plans of his own for Germania. Over 50 some odd tribes called the forests and cities of Germania home. It was Arminius' grand plan to unite a majority, if not all of the tribes one day, and declare Germania free of any and all Romans. The problem though was his Roman upbringing, and time spent away from the tribes. Warlords, chiefs, and former allies had become bitter towards one another, with trade and political accords deteriorating with each passing moon. To rally anti-Roman support and foster cooperation amongst the Germania tribes was a battle in and of itself, but Arminius was graced with helpful efforts from a few interesting individuals. This is their story. The story that picked up where so many had failed. The story of how in September of 9 CE, Arminius and his roughly assembled tribal allies made sure Rome knew what they were up against in the Osning; a resistance the likes of which Rome had never seen before.
Category:

Rome Victorious

Author : Dexter Hoyos
ISBN : 9781786725394
Genre : History
File Size : 38.35 MB
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Rome – Urbs Roma: city of patricians and plebeians, emperors and gladiators, slaves and concubines – was the epicentre of a far-flung imperium whose cultural legacy is incalculable. How a tiny settlement, founded by desperate adventurers beside the banks of the River Tiber, came to rule vast tracts of territory across the face of the known world is one of the more improbable stories of antiquity. The epic scale of the Colosseum; majestically columned temples; formidable legionaries marching in burnished steel breastplates; and capricious Caesars clad in purple robes who thought themselves gods: all these images speak of a grandeur that continues to be associated with this most celebrated of ancient capitals. The glory of Rome is further underlined by enduring monuments like Hadrian's Wall, holding the line as it did against ferocious Pictish barbarians thought to be from Hyperborea: the mythic Land Beyond the North Wind. This book vividly recounts the rags-to-riches story of Rome's unlikely triumph. Perhaps the most famous example in history of modest beginnings rising to greatness, Rome's empire was never static or uniform. Over the centuries, under the 'boundless grandeur of the Roman peace' (as the Elder Pliny put it), imperial law, civilisation and language vigorously interacted with and influenced local cultures across western and central Europe and North Africa. Provincial subjects were made Roman citizens, generals and senators. In AD 98 Trajan became the first of many Romans from outside Italy to assume supreme power as Emperor. Poets, philosophers, historians and legalists – and many others besides – all participated in the brilliant intellectual constellation secured by the pax Romana. However, as Dexter Hoyos reveals, the empire was not won cheaply or fast, and did not always succeed. The Carthaginian general Hannibal came close to destroying it. Arminius freed Germania by brutally annihilating three irreplaceable legions in the Teutoburg Forest – a disaster that broke Augustus' heart. And the Romans themselves, in expanding their empire, were often ruthless. Caesar boasted of killing a million enemy fighters in his Gallic Wars, while the accusation of a Caledonian lord became proverbial: they make a desert and call it peace. Yet at the same time the Romans strove to impose moral and legal principles for directing their subjects as much as themselves, and laid down standards of government that are still valid today. Rome Victorious is a masterful new treatment of the rise of Rome – from the viewpoints both of the city itself and the people it came to rule and make its own.
Category: History

Tribune Of Rome

Author : Robert Fabbri
ISBN : 9780857894823
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 58.59 MB
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ONE MAN: ONE DESTINY THE FIRST INSTALMENT IN THE VESPASIAN SERIES 26 AD: Sixteen-year-old Vespasian leaves his family farm for Rome, his sights set on finding a patron and following his brother into the army. But he discovers a city in turmoil and an Empire on the brink. The aging emperor Tiberius is in seclusion on Capri, leaving Rome in the iron grip of Sejanus, commander of the Praetorian Guard. Sejanus is ruler of the Empire in all but name, but many fear that isn't enough for him. Sejanus' spies are everywhere - careless words at a dinner party can be as dangerous as a barbarian arrow. Vespasian is totally out of his depth, making dangerous enemies (and even more dangerous friends - like the young Caligula) and soon finds himself ensnared in a conspiracy against Tiberius. With the situation in Rome deteriorating, Vespasian flees the city to take up his position as tribune in an unfashionable legion on the Balkan frontier. But even here there is no escaping the politics of Rome. Unblooded and inexperienced, he must lead his men in savage battle with hostile mountain tribes - dangerous enough without renegade Praetorians and Imperial agents trying to kill him too. Somehow, he must survive long enough to uncover the identity of the traitors behind the growing revolt...
Category: Fiction

Hannibal

Author : Richard A. Gabriel
ISBN : 9781597977661
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 54.31 MB
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The Romans' destruction of Carthage after the Third Punic War erased any Carthaginian historical record of Hannibal's life. What we know of him comes exclusively from Roman historians who had every interest in minimizing his success, exaggerating his failures, and disparaging his character. The charges leveled against Hannibal include greed, cruelty and atrocity, sexual indulgence, and even cannibalism. But even these sources were forced to grudgingly admit to Hannibal's military genius, if only to make their eventual victory over him appear greater. Yet there is no doubt that Hannibal was the greatest Carthaginian general of the Second Punic War. When he did not defeat them outright, he fought to a standstill the best generals Rome produced, and he sustained his army in the field for sixteen long years without mutiny or desertion. Hannibal was a first-rate tactician, only a somewhat lesser strategist, and the greatest enemy Rome ever faced. When he at last met defeat at the hands of the Roman general Scipio, it was against an experienced officer who had to strengthen and reconfigure the Roman legion and invent mobile tactics in order to succeed. Even so, Scipio's victory at Zama was against an army that was a shadow of its former self. The battle could easily have gone the other way. If it had, the history of the West would have been changed in ways that can only be imagined. Richard A. Gabriel's brilliant new biography shows how Hannibal's genius nearly unseated the Roman Empire.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Roman Empire

Author : Philip Matyszak
ISBN : 9781780744254
Genre : History
File Size : 53.68 MB
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No other political entity has shaped the modern world like the Roman Empire. Encompassing close to 60 million people and 3 million square kilometers of land, it represented an incredibly diverse and dynamic collection of nations, states, and tribes, all bound to Rome and the ideal of the Roman identity. In the lively and engaging style that he’s known for, Philip Matyszak traces the history of the Roman Empire from the fall of the Assyrians and the rise of the Roman republic through the ages of expansion, crisis, and eventual split. Breathing life into these extraordinary events, Matyszak explains how the vast empire operated: conquering, occupying, and naturalizing its subject peoples as citizens of Rome. He shows how this great empire developed a method of rule so sophisticated that loyalty to Rome remained strong even after its collapse, creating a legacy in politics, society, economics, and culture that lives on even today.
Category: History

Roman Passions

Author : Ray Laurence
ISBN : 9781441182074
Genre : History
File Size : 83.15 MB
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Immerse yourself in the sensual delights of Rome in all their guises. Ray Laurence brings an eye-opening and engaging approach to the Roman emperors and their subjects.
Category: History

The History Of Rome The Republic

Author : Mike Duncan
ISBN : 9781365331312
Genre : History
File Size : 43.36 MB
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THE ROMAN EMPIRE STANDS as the greatest political achievement in the history of Western civilization. From its humble beginnings as a tiny kingdom in central Italy, Rome grew to envelope the entire Mediterranean until it ruled an empire that stretched from the Atlantic to Syria and from the Sahara to Scotland. Its enduring legacy continues to define the modern world. Mike Duncan chronicled the rise, triumph, and fall of the Roman Empire in his popular podcast series "The History of Rome". Transcripts of the show have been edited and collected here for the first time. Covering episodes 1-46, The History of Rome Volume I opens with the founding of the Roman Kingdom and ends with the breakdown of the Roman Republic. Along the way Rome will steadily grow from local power to regional power to global power. The Romans will triumph over their greatest foreign rivals and then nearly destroy themselves in a series of destructive civil wars. This is the story of the rise of Rome.
Category: History

From The Gracchi To Nero

Author : H.H. Scullard
ISBN : 9781136922596
Genre : History
File Size : 83.71 MB
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From the Gracchi to Nero is an outstanding history of the Roman world from 133 BC to 68 AD. Fifty years since publication it is widely hailed as the classic survey of the period, going through many revised and updated editions until H.H. Scullard’s death. It explores the decline and fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Pax Romana under the early Principate. In superbly clear style, Scullard brings vividly to life the Gracchi’s attempts at reform, the rise and fall of Marius and Sulla, Pompey and Caesar, society and culture in the late Roman Republic, the Augustan Principate, Tiberius and Gaius, Claudius and Nero, and economic and social life in the early Empire.
Category: History