Risk Based Disease Surveillance

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Sustaining Global Surveillance And Response To Emerging Zoonotic Diseases

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309137348
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27.82 MB
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H1N1 ("swine flu"), SARS, mad cow disease, and HIV/AIDS are a few examples of zoonotic diseases-diseases transmitted between humans and animals. Zoonotic diseases are a growing concern given multiple factors: their often novel and unpredictable nature, their ability to emerge anywhere and spread rapidly around the globe, and their major economic toll on several disparate industries. Infectious disease surveillance systems are used to detect this threat to human and animal health. By systematically collecting data on the occurrence of infectious diseases in humans and animals, investigators can track the spread of disease and provide an early warning to human and animal health officials, nationally and internationally, for follow-up and response. Unfortunately, and for many reasons, current disease surveillance has been ineffective or untimely in alerting officials to emerging zoonotic diseases. Sustaining Global Surveillance and Response to Emerging Zoonotic Diseases assesses some of the disease surveillance systems around the world, and recommends ways to improve early detection and response. The book presents solutions for improved coordination between human and animal health sectors, and among governments and international organizations. Parties seeking to improve the detection and response to zoonotic diseases--including U.S. government and international health policy makers, researchers, epidemiologists, human health clinicians, and veterinarians--can use this book to help curtail the threat zoonotic diseases pose to economies, societies, and health.
Category: Medical

Rift Valley Fever Surveillance

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN : 9789251302446
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76.53 MB
Format : PDF
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Designed for veterinarians and animal health professionals, this guide to effective disease surveillance aims to reduce the socioeconomic consequences of Rift Valley fever outbreaks and prevent them where possible.
Category: Medical

Food Safety And Foodborne Disease Surveillance Systems

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization
ISBN : 0309180244
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43.11 MB
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In October 2004 the Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases of Shaheed Beheshti University hosted in Tehran an Iranian-American workshop on Food Safety and Surveillance Systems for Foodborne Diseases. The purposes of the workshop were to initiate contacts between Iranian and American specialists, exchange information about relevant activities in the two countries, and set the stage for future cooperation in the field. The participants also identified important aspects of food safety that should be addressed more intensively by both countries, including surveillance, research, international trade, and risk assessment. The framework for the workshop had been developed during a meeting of Iranian and American specialists in June 2003 in Les Treilles, France. More that 100 specialists participated in the workshop in their personal capacities, along with representatives of the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization. These proceedings include a number of papers that were presented at the workshop together with summaries of discussions following presentation of the papers.
Category: Medical

Infectious Disease Surveillance

Author : Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha
ISBN : 9781118543528
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69.18 MB
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This fully updated edition of Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is for frontline public health practitioners,epidemiologists, and clinical microbiologists who are engaged incommunicable disease control. It is also a foundational textfor trainees in public health, applied epidemiology, postgraduatemedicine and nursing programs. The second edition portrays both the conceptual framework andpractical aspects of infectious disease surveillance. It is acomprehensive resource designed to improve the tracking ofinfectious diseases and to serve as a starting point in thedevelopment of new surveillance systems. Infectious DiseaseSurveillance includes over 45 chapters from over 100contributors, and topics organized into six sections based on majorthemes. Section One highlights the critical role surveillanceplays in public health and it provides an overview of the currentInternational Health Regulations (2005) in addition to successesand challenges in infectious disease eradication. Section Two describes surveillance systems based onlogical program areas such as foodborne illnesses, vector-bornediseases, sexually transmitted diseases, viral hepatitis healthcareand transplantation associated infections. Attention is devoted toprograms for monitoring unexplained deaths, agents of bioterrorism,mass gatherings, and disease associated with internationaltravel. Sections Three and Four explore the uses of the Internetand wireless technologies to advance infectious diseasesurveillance in various settings with emphasis on best practicesbased on deployed systems. They also address molecular laboratorymethods, and statistical and geospatial analysis, and evaluation ofsystems for early epidemic detection. Sections Five and Six discuss legal and ethicalconsiderations, communication strategies and appliedepidemiology-training programs. The rest of the chapters offerpublic-private partnerships, as well lessons from the 2009-2010H1N1 influenza pandemic and future directions for infectiousdisease surveillance.
Category: Medical

Concepts And Methods In Infectious Disease Surveillance

Author : Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha
ISBN : 9781118928639
Genre : Medical
File Size : 25.47 MB
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Infectious disease surveillance has evolved at an extraordinarypace during the past several decades, and continues to do so. It isincreasingly used to inform public health practice in addition toits use as a tool for early detection of epidemics. It is thereforecrucial that students of public health and epidemiology have asound understanding of the concepts and principles that underpinmodern surveillance of infectious disease. Written by leaders in the field, who have vast hands-onexperience in conducting surveillance and teaching applied publichealth, Concepts and Methods in Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is comprised of four sections. The first sectionprovides an overview, a description of systems used by publichealth jurisdictions in the United States and legal considerationsfor surveillance. The second section presents chapters on majorprogram-area or disease-specific surveillance systems, includingthose that monitor bacterial infections, foodborne diseases,healthcare-associated infections, and HIV/AIDS. The followingsection is devoted to methods for conducting surveillance and alsoapproaches for data analysis. A concluding section summarizescommunication of surveillance findings, including the use oftraditional and social media, in addition to showcasing lessonslearned from the New York City Department of Health’sexperience in surveillance and epidemiology training. This comprehensive new book covers major topics at an introductoryto intermediate level, and will be an excellent resource forinstructors. Suitable for use in graduate level courses in publichealth, human and veterinary medicine, and in undergraduateprograms in public-health-oriented disciplines, Concepts andMethods in Infectious Disease Surveillance is also a usefulprimer for frontline public health practitioners, hospitalepidemiologists, infection control practitioners, laboratorians inpublic health settings, infectious disease researchers, and medicaland public health informaticians interested in a concise overviewof infectious disease surveillance.
Category: Medical

Towards A Risk Based Chain Control

Author : Frans J.M. Smulders
ISBN : 9789076998978
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20.58 MB
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This book is the fourth in the series of Food Safety Assurance and Veterinary Public Health which presents the latest findings in research on the topics of food safety in the entire agifood chain from table to stable.The themes in this volume range from epidemiological monitoring and surveillance in primary production and processing of foods of animal origin, to antimicrobial resistance and transfer in these foods, to risk modelling and management strategies. Finally, recent food legislation aspects are discussed. This volume is targeted towards scientists in academia and industry, graduate students in veterinary and food science as well as to governmental officials in veterinary public health and food safety.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Work Related Lung Disease Surveillance Report 1996

Author : Rochelle B. Althouse
ISBN : 0788137425
Genre :
File Size : 57.32 MB
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During the 25-year period from 1968 to 1992 there were a total of 100,890 deaths with pneumoconiosis among U.S. residents, age 15 & over. Overall pneumoconiosis mortality in the U.S. has been gradually declining over the past 2 decades. The pneumoconiosis conditions highlighted in this report include asbestosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, silicosis, byssinosis, & pneumoconioses classified as either unspecifiedÓ or otherÓ, as well as all pneumoconioses aggregated. Each state is discussed in detail. Extensive charts, tables & maps.

Eighth Report Of Session 2005 06

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: European Scrutiny Committee
ISBN : 0215026225
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.84 MB
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Pages 3 to 7 of this report discuss the Commission's communication on reducing the climate change impact of aviation. Although fuel efficiency of aircraft has increased by more than 70 per cent over the past 40 years, this has been more than offset by the even higher growth in traffic. Whilst the Community's total emissions of greenhouse gases controlled under the Kyoto protocol fell by 5 per cent between 1990 and 2003, those from international aviation increased by 73 per cent. Aviation, though, remains largely outside the measures which have been taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Commission proposes including aviation within the Community's emissions trading scheme, and will introduce legislative proposals to this effect by the end of 2006. The Committee recommends the communication for debate in European Standing Committee A.
Category: Political Science

Meat Inspection And Control In The Slaughterhouse

Author : Thimjos Ninios
ISBN : 9781118525845
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.26 MB
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Meat inspection, meat hygiene and official control tasks in the slaughterhouse have always been of major importance in the meat industry, and are intimately related with animal diseases and animal welfare. The history of meat inspection has largely been a success story. Huge steps have been taken over more than a century to prevent the transmission of pathogenic organisms and contagious diseases from animals to humans. Various factors influence the quality and safety of meat including public health hazards (zoonotic pathogens, chemical substances and veterinary drugs), animal health and welfare issues during transport and slaughter. Meat inspection is one of the most important programs in improving food safety, and its scope has enlarged considerably over the last decades. Globalization has affected the complexity of the modern meat chain and has provided possibilities for food fraud and unfair competition. During the last two decades many food fraud cases have been reported, which have caused concern among consumers and the industry. Subsequently meat inspection is faced with new challenges. Meat Inspection and Control in the Slaughterhouse is an up-to-date reference book that responds to these changes and reflects the continued importance of meat inspection for the food industry. The contributors to this book are all international experts in the areas of meat inspection and the official controls limited to slaughterhouses, providing a rare insight into the international meat trade. This book will be of importance to students, professionals and members of the research community worldwide who aim to improve standards of meat inspection procedures and food safety.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Risk Management Strategies Monitoring And Surveillance

Author : Frans J.M. Smulders
ISBN : 9789076998077
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.22 MB
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For the veterinarian, monitoring and surveillance represent the best means of ensuring sustainable animal production at a time when consumer demands reflect awareness that many of the hazards associated with food animal production can be minimised or avoided through proper management at the primary production level. Preventive medicine and quality and safety assurance programmes are primarily based on knowledge of the existing strengths and weaknesses of the clients' enterprise and their ability to enact effective intervention measures. Accordingly, the food animal veterinarian relies upon effective monitoring of current performance and herd health status both for the purpose of maximising efficiency of production and providing an assurance that the primary food product meets required health standards in terms of freedom from those agents of concern that have their origin on the farm. These agents include foodborne parasites, pathogenic bacteria, some of which display a resistance to antimicrobial agents, contaminants of environmental origin, as well as chemical and pharmaceutical residues. The more successful these hazards are addressed at the farm, the better the quality and safety of the final product and their marketing possibilities will be. Communication between the primary producer and the food processing industry that facilitates real-time exchange of information on these issues is essential for the practice of preventive medicine at the herd and flock level. Integrated food chain quality and safety control programmes, when linked to such monitoring and surveillance principles in regard to both human and animal health, represent the means of achieving sustainable food animal production on a global scale, in line with the conclusions of WTO and EU. Volume 3 of the "Food Safety Assurance and Veterinary Public Health" series addresses this collaborative approach. Leading international experts from academia, industry and governmental institutions have been identified to deal with the various aspects of this collaborative approach in monitoring and surveillance.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Improved Animal Health For Poverty Reduction And Sustainable Livelihoods

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Animal Production and Health Division
ISBN : UOM:39015056902243
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.71 MB
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This manual is one of the outcomes of the 1996 World Food Summit resolutions on the need to achieve global food security. It examines the serious problems of animal diseases and veterinary public health. Based on practical experience worldwide, particularly in developing countries, it looks at ways of reducing poverty and creating sustainable livelihoods among rural populations by improving the health of livestock. Aspects considered include: national animal health policies and delivery systems; training of personnel; the importance of raising public awareness; and the need for global response strategies to support national and local initiatives.
Category: Business & Economics

The Health Care Professional S Guide To Disease Management

Author : James B. Couch
ISBN : 0834211661
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52.48 MB
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The Health Care Professional's Guide to Disease Management is an essential reference for physicians, nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and public health practitioners working in the area of disease management. In today's health care market where pressure is on both providers and managed care organizations to deliver high quality care to defined populations efficiently, knowledge of disease management is crucial. The book includes discussions of evidence-based medicine, clinical practice guidelines, and outcomes management.
Category: Medical

Handbook Of Clinical Laboratory Testing During Pregnancy

Author : Ann M. Gronowski
ISBN : 9781592597871
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27.29 MB
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Practicing specialists in pathology, laboratory medicine, and obstetrics comprehensively summarize the latest scientific findings and their experiences in the use and interpretation of laboratory testing in patients who are pregnant or experiencing recurrent pregnancy loss. Topics of interest include the effects of normal physiological changes on test results, test selection for diagnosis, changes in reference ranges, monitoring the pregnant patient, new technologies, and the limitations of laboratory testing. The authors not only clearly explain currently used test methods and technologies for the nontechnical reader, but also provide comprehensive details for laboratory professionals. The comprehensive appendix that compiles published normal reference ranges by first, second, and third trimester consttitutes an excellent resource for professionals caring for pregnant women.
Category: Medical

Current Occupational Environmental Medicine

Author : Joseph LaDou
ISBN : 0838572197
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.80 MB
Format : PDF
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Complete yet concise clinical reference to common occupational and environmental illness. Covers diagnosis and treatment as well as preventative and remedial measures in the workplace and community. Features of the Third Edition: thoroughly updated discussion of diagnosis and treatment of common and important occupational and environmental diseases; more information on injury and illness prevention; advanced presentation of workplace ergonomics; current references, with PMID numbers to facilitate Web-based literature searchs, and URLs for Web resources.
Category: Medical

Fanaroff And Martin S Neonatal Perinatal Medicine E Book

Author : Richard J. Martin
ISBN : 9780323081115
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.75 MB
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Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine covers everything you need to improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh, along with a multi-disciplinary team of contributors guide you through the sweeping developments in diagnosis and treatment of the mother fetus, and neonate. The completely updated 9th edition keeps you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. See nuances and details in over 800 illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Find the information you need easily with indexing in both volumes that provides quick access to specific guidance. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns thanks to completely new section on this topic. Tackle the health problems associated with preterm births through a new chapter on The Late Preterm Infant. Understand the fetal origins of adult disease through a new chapter that focuses on conditions that originate in the womb. Stay current on the developments and research surrounding neonatal anemia from the entirely new chapter on Blood and Hematopoietic System highlights. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices from an increased number of international contributions in this edition.
Category: Medical

Disease Surveillance

Author : Joseph S. Lombardo
ISBN : 9781118569054
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.36 MB
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An up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of biosurveillancetechniques With the worldwide awareness of bioterrorism and drug-resistantinfectious diseases, the need for surveillance systems toaccurately detect emerging epidemicsis essential for maintainingglobal safety. Responding to these issues, Disease Surveillancebrings together fifteen eminent researchers in the fields ofmedicine, epidemiology, biostatistics, and medical informatics todefine the necessary elements of an effective disease surveillanceprogram, including research, development, implementation, andoperations. The surveillance systems and techniques presented inthe text are designed to best utilize modern technology, manageemerging public health threats, and adapt to environmentalchanges. Following a historical overview detailing the need for diseasesurveillance systems, the text is divided into the following threeparts: Part One sets forth the informatics knowledge needed toimplement a disease surveillance system, including a discussion ofdata sources currently used in syndromic surveillance systems. Part Two provides case studies of modern disease surveillancesystems, including cases that highlight implementation andoperational difficulties as well as the successes experienced byhealth departments in the United States, Canada, Europe, andAsia. Part Three addresses practical issues concerning the evaluationof disease surveillance systems and the education of futureinformatics and disease surveillance practitioners. It alsoassesses how future technology will shape the field of diseasesurveillance. This book's multidisciplinary approach is ideal for publichealth professionals who need to understand all the facets within adisease surveillance program and implement the technology needed tosupport surveillance activities. An outline of the componentsneeded for a successful disease surveillance system combined withextensive use of case studies makes this book well-suited as atextbook for public health informatics courses
Category: Medical

Risk Assessment Of Vibrio Vulnificus In Raw Oysters

Author : World Health Organization
ISBN : 9789241563109
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40.77 MB
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Vibrio vulnificus is one of three pathogenic Vibrio spp. on which FAO and WHO have undertaken risk assessment work. This pathogen is associated primarily with raw oysters but can occur in a variety of seafood products. As well as causing gastrointestinalillness, V. vulnificus can cause primary septicaemia which is a serious and often fatal disease in individuals with chronic pre-existing conditions. This volume provides an approach for undertaking quantitative risk assessment of V. vulnificus in raw oysters. This risk assessment model was also developed to evaluate the effectiveness of various interventions strategies aimed at reducing V. vulnificus levels in oysters and therefore the associated risk of illness.--Publisher's description.
Category: Medical

Risk Characterization Of Microbiological Hazards In Food

Author : World Health Organization
ISBN : 9789241547895
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74.35 MB
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These guidelines provide descriptive guidance on how to conduct risk characterization in various contexts, and utilizing a variety of tools and techniques. They have been developed in recognition of the fact that a reliable estimation of risk is critical to the overall risk assessment. This volume contains information that is useful to both risk assessors and risk managers, governments and food regulatory agencies, scientists, food producers and industries and other people or institutions with an interest in the area of microbiological hazards in food, their impact on human health and food trade and their control.--Publisher's description.
Category: Medical

Risk Assessments Of Salmonella In Eggs And Broiler Chickens

Author :
ISBN : 9251048738
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.83 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume contains the interpretative summary on the monographs on risk assessment of Salmonella in eggs and broiler chickens that have been prepared and reviewed by an international team of scientists. During their preparation input was received from several international fora including expert consultations and Codex Alimentarius committee meetings as well as via public and peer review. Co-published with WHO.
Category: Technology & Engineering