Representing Reality

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Representing Reality

Author : Bill Nichols
ISBN : 0253206812
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 70.43 MB
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This book offers a conceptual overview of documentary filmmaking practice. It addresses numerous social issues and how they are presented to the viewer by means of style, rhetoric, and narrative technique. The volume poses questions about the relationship of the documentary tradition to power, the body, authority, knowledge, and our experience of history. This study advances the pioneering work of Nichols's earlier book, Ideology and the Image. The rigorous discussion of modes of documentary representation, the relationship between narrative and nonfiction, and the representation of the body (including a chapter on pornography, ethnography, and power), give this book enormous value for the study of visual anthropology and ethnographic film. The often neglected relationship between signifier and referent is the special focus of this intensive study of documentary film. The concluding discussion of the representation of the body will also be of special interest to semioticians.
Category: Performing Arts

Representing Reality

Author : Jonathan Potter
ISBN : 9781446234471
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 23.84 MB
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`This is an admirable book which can be recommended to students with confidence, and is likely also to become an indispensable source of reference for those researching fact construction' - Discourse & Society How is reality manufactured? The idea of social construction has become a commonplace of much social research, yet precisely what is constructed, and how, and even what constructionism means, is often unclear or taken for granted. In this major work, Jonathan Potter offers a fascinating tour of the central themes raised by these questions. Representing Reality overviews the different traditions in constructionist thought. Points are illustrated throughout with varied and engaging examples taken from newspaper stories, relationship counselling sessions, accounts of the paranormal, social workers' assessments of violent parents, informal talk between programme makers, political arguments and everyday conversations. Ranging across the social and human sciences, this book provides a lucid introduction to several key strands of work that have overturned the way we think about facts and descriptions, including: the sociology of scientific knowledge; conversation analysis and ethnomethodology; and semiotics, post-structuralism and postmodernism.
Category: Psychology

On Truth And The Representation Of Reality

Author : Dan Nesher
ISBN : 0761824545
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48.70 MB
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In On Truth and the Representation of Reality, Dan Nesher develops a new theory of truth in the framework of pragmatist theory of representation. Using the pragmatist theory of perception for the basis of his epistemological explanation of our confrontation with external Reality and how it's represented, Nesher shows that in our perceptual operations we quasi-prove the truth of our perceptual judgments. He explains how- through our proving the truth of our propositions and theories, we know that they correspond to Reality, and through our proving their falsity, we know that they don't correspond to it.
Category: Philosophy

Representation And Reality In Wittgenstein S Tractatus

Author : José L. Zalabardo
ISBN : 9780198743941
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 22.80 MB
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Jos� L. Zalabardo puts forward a new interpretation of central ideas in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus concerning the structure of reality and our representations of it in thought and language. He shows the origins of Wittgenstein's picture theory of propositional representation in Russell's theories of judgment, arguing that the picture theory is Wittgenstein's solution to some of the problems that he found in Russell's position. Zalabardo defends the view that, for Wittgenstein, facts in general, and the facts that play the role of propositions in particular, are not composite items, arising from the combination of their constituents. They are ultimate, irreducible units, and what we think of as their constituents are features that facts have in common with one another. These common features have built into them their possibilities of combination with other features into possible situations. This is the source of the Tractarian account of non-actual possibilities. It is also the source of the idea that it is not possible to produce propositions answering to certain descriptions, including those that would give rise to Russell's paradox. Zalabardo then considers Wittgenstein's view that every proposition is a truth function of elementary propositions. He argues that this view is motivated by Wittgenstein's epistemology of logic, according to which we should be able to see logical relations by inspecting the structures of propositions. Finally, Zalabardo considers the problems that we face if we try to extend the application of the picture theory from elementary propositions to truth functions of these.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Introduction To Visual Culture

Author : Nicholas Mirzoeff
ISBN : 9780415158763
Genre : Art
File Size : 56.83 MB
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The author traces the history and theory of visual culture asking how and why visual media have become so central to contemporary everday life. He explores a wide range of visual forms, including painting, sculpture, photography, television, cinema, virtual reality, and the Internet while addressing the subjects of race, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, the body, and the international media event that followed the death of Princess Diana.
Category: Art

The Television Handbook

Author : Patricia Holland
ISBN : 0415212812
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.93 MB
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The Television Handbookprovides a critical introduction to both the theory and practice of the television industry, offering practical advice on many aspects of program making from commissioning through to the post-production process. Patricia Holland considers the history and structure of British television, explores the implications of the digital revolution, and discusses important genres and concepts such as narrative, documentary and news. This new edition includes updated and illustrated advice on camera, sound and editing practice; interviews with directors, editors, producers and trainees; updated chapters on television journalism, access programming and production management; a new chapter on television studies and media theory; and a revised glossary of specialist terms.
Category: Social Science

Representing Rape

Author : Susan Ehrlich
ISBN : 9781134627653
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.93 MB
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Representing Rape is the first feminist analysis of the language of sexual assault trials from the perspective of linguists. Susan Ehrlich argues that language is central to all legal settings - specifically sexual harassment and acquaintance rape hearings where linguistic descriptions of the events are often the only type of evidence available. Language does not simply reflect but helps to construct the character of the people and events under investigation. The book is based around a case study of the trial of a male student accused of two instances of sexual assault in two different settings: a university tribunal and a criminal trial. This case is situated within international studies on rape trials and is relevant to the legal systems of the US, Canada, Britain, Australia, and New Zealand. She shows how culturally-dominant notions about rape percolate through the talk of sexual assault cases in a variety of settings and ultimately shape their outcome. Ehrlich hopes that to understand rape trials in this way is to recognize their capacity for change. By highlighting the underlying preconceptions and prejudices in the language of courtrooms today, this important book paves the way towards a fairer judicial system for the future.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Representing Consumers

Author : Barbara Stern
ISBN : 9781134669868
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.46 MB
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Consumer research has traditionally focused on issues of epistemology in the collection and analysis of data. As a consequence, the crisis in representation which has radically reshaped understanding in the social sciences, has, so far, had very little impact on consumer research. This book redresses the balance with an investigation of representation and constructions of 'truth' in consumer research. Subjects covered include: * construction of the researcher and consumer voice * quantitative tools and representation * advertising narratives * poetic representation of consumer experience * the crisis in the crisis concept * consumer-oriented ethnographic research. The essays are written by experts from Britain and the United States and draw on a broad range of theoretical approaches.
Category: Business & Economics

The Religion Of Reality

Author : Didier Maleuvre
ISBN : 9780813214542
Genre : Art
File Size : 85.98 MB
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The book first argues that religious feeling persists in the secular western mind; that it has taken refuge in the unlikeliest of camps, indeed with the supposed debunker of religious creed: the rationalist existential ego.
Category: Art

Organization Representation

Author : John Hassard
ISBN : 0761953922
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.79 MB
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The representation of organizations and working life in the popular media signifies, but also helps shape, contemporary practice and institutions. Organization-Representation unravels the complex social relationship between organization and its representation, offering new insights into the interaction between the popular images we create and receive, and the power relations that govern society, working life and culture. Representations in Hollywood movies, ethnographic and documentary films, children's literature and the popular and `quality' press replicate the power structures they supposedly describe and consequently help shape contemporary realities. This volume offers rich insights into the relations between cu
Category: Social Science

The Reality Effect

Author : Joel Black
ISBN : 9781135354398
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.77 MB
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It used to be only movies were on film; now the whole world is. The most intimate and most banal moments of our lives are constantly recorded for public consumption. In The Reality Effect, Joel Black argues that the desire to make visible every aspect of our lives is an impulse derived from cinema- one that has made life both more graphic and less "real." He approaches film as a documentary medium that has obscured-if not obliterated- the line between reality and fiction. To illustrate this effect, Black traces the uncanny interplay between movies and real-life events through a series of comparative analyses-from Lolita and the murder of JonBenét Ramsey to Wag the Dog and the Clinton scandal to Crash and Princess Diana's violent death.
Category: Social Science

The Logic Of Mind

Author : R.J. Nelson
ISBN : 9789400925953
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 30.46 MB
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This book presents a mechanist philosophy of mind. I hold that the human mind is a system of computational or recursive rules that are embodied in the nervous system; that the material presence of these rules accounts for perception, conception, speech, belief, desire, intentional acts, and other forms of intelligence. In this edition I have retained the whole of the fIrst edition except for discussion of issues which no longer are relevant in philosophy of mind and cognitive psychology. Earlier reference to disputes of the 1960's and 70's between hard-line empiricists and neorationalists over the psychological status of grammars and language acquisition, for instance, has simply been dropped. In place of such material I have entered some timely or new topics and a few changes. There are brief references to the question of computer versus distributed processing (connectionist) theories. Many of these questions dissolve if one distinguishes as I now do in Chapter II between free and embodied algorithms. I have also added to my comments on artifIcal in telligence some reflections. on Searle's Chinese Translator. The irreducibility of machine functionalist psychology in my version or any other has been exaggerated. Input, output, and state entities are token identical to physical or biological things of some sort, while a machine system as a collection of recursive rules is type identical to representatives of equivalence classes. This nuld technicality emerges in Chapter XI. It entails that so-called "anomalous monism" is right in one sense and wrong in another.
Category: Philosophy

Lorca Bu Uel Dal

Author : Manuel Delgado
ISBN : 0838755089
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 86.28 MB
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This volume of essays commemorates and celebrates the creative works of Frederico Garcia Lorca, Salvador Dali, and Luis Bunel, three contemporaries and friends. The essays suggest that the artistic creations of Lorca, Dali, and Bunel feature theoretical ideas on (their) contemporary art in general, as well as on the particualr art form cultivated by each- ideas that help us to better understand their work as it relates to a wide rane of aesthetic theories.
Category: Literary Criticism

Appearance And Reality

Author : Francis Herbert Bradley
ISBN : UVA:X001872573
Genre : Knowledge, Theory of
File Size : 66.24 MB
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Appearance and Reality: A Metaphysical Essay by Francis Bradley Herbert, first published in 1908, is a rare manuscript, the original residing in one of the great libraries of the world. This book is a reproduction of that original, which has been scanned and cleaned by state-of-the-art publishing tools for better readability and enhanced appreciation. Restoration Editors' mission is to bring long out of print manuscripts back to life. Some smudges, annotations or unclear text may still exist, due to permanent damage to the original work. We believe the literary significance of the text justifies offering this reproduction, allowing a new generation to appreciate it.
Category: Knowledge, Theory of

A Thing Divided

Author : John Landau
ISBN : 0838636268
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 75.86 MB
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This book approaches a fundamental dilemma in James's late work: how to represent a fictional world in which characters struggle to crystallize a self and find a way to fulfill that self through expression and action in a world involving relationships with other characters, that is, in a world that, because it is social, is irreducibly and impossibly ethical. The subject of the book is representation in the three major novels of the late phase of James's work: The Ambassadors, The Wings of the Dove, and The Golden Bowl. A chapter is also devoted to a discussion of The Tragic Muse written some ten years earlier, which shows James's schematic focus on this question at the middle stage of his career. Landau claims that James reflects the experience implicit in the problem of representation, namely, the way representation generates further representation. The argument suggests that James's mode of accommodation to this problem is critical in any attempt to understand the increasing complexity of his fictional world in terms of plot and style, as well as the responses developed by the characters to their represented worlds.
Category: Literary Criticism

Laruelle And Non Philosophy

Author : John Mullarkey
ISBN : 9780748664764
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49.65 MB
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The first collection of critical essays on the work of Francois Laruelle.
Category: Philosophy

What Is Reality

Author : Francis Howe Johnson
ISBN : NYPL:33433068238595
Genre : Reality
File Size : 77.82 MB
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Category: Reality

Reality Tv

Author : Anita Biressi
ISBN : 9780231850261
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.83 MB
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This book analyses new and hybrid genres of television including observational documentaries, talk shows, game shows, docu-soaps, dramatic reconstructions, law and order programming and 24/7 formats such as Big Brother and Survivor.
Category: Social Science

The Politics Of Reality Television

Author : Marwan M. Kraidy
ISBN : 9781136913884
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 29.22 MB
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The Politics of Reality Television encompasses an international selection of expert contributions who consider the specific ways media migrations test our understanding of, and means of investigating, reality television across the globe. The book addresses a wide range of topics, including: the global circulation and local adaptation of reality television formats and franchises the production of fame and celebrity around hitherto "ordinary" people the transformation of self under the public eye the tensions between fierce loyalties to local representatives and imagined communities bonding across regional and ethnic divides the struggle over the meanings and values of reality television across a range of national, regional, gender, class and religious contexts. This book will be of interest to undergraduate and postgraduate students on a range of Media and Television Studies courses, particularly those on the globalisation of television and media, and reality television.
Category: Performing Arts