Renewable Energy In The Middle East

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Renewable Energy In The Middle East

Author : Michael Mason
ISBN : 9781402098901
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.17 MB
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Energy insecurity is not normally associated with the Middle East. However, away from the oil-rich Persian Gulf, the countries of the eastern Mediterranean are particularly vulnerable. Their fossil fuel endowments are low, while their fractious relationships with each other have long fostered wider political insecurities. Focusing on the Jordan Basin (Israel, the Palestinian Territories, Lebanon and Jordan), this timely volume addresses the prospects for the adoption of renewable energy in the oil-poor Middle East. Featuring regional energy experts, it offers an invaluable survey. After outlining the regional security context, this book first reviews renewable energy policy and practices in the Jordan Basin. It then considers options for greening energy use, including promising pilot projects in North Africa. The initiatives discussed encompass renewable energy finance, energy-efficient rural communities, and solar and wind energy. There is significant potential for an increase in the uptake of renewable energy technologies in the eastern Mediterranean. This window of opportunity has been created by high oil prices, energy infrastructure investment opportunities, and the UN climate change regime. In conclusion, the book considers the institutional conditions for collaborative decision-making on renewable energy. Such cooperation would deliver substantial security and human development benefits to the region, and indeed the world.
Category: Science

Alternative Energy In The Middle East

Author : G. Bahgat
ISBN : 9781137264589
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 30.82 MB
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Gawdat Bahgat examines alternative energy (renewable and nuclear) in the Middle East. These largely under-utilized resources represent tremendous economic and environmental opportunities.
Category: Political Science

The Political And Economic Challenges Of Energy In The Middle East And North Africa

Author : David Ramin Jalilvand
ISBN : 9781351783484
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.27 MB
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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are in disarray, and shifts in the field of energy have the potential to drastically affect the course of political and economic developments in the region. Declining oil prices, skyrocketing domestic demand, the rise of unconventional oil and natural gas production in North America, as well as shifting patterns of global energy trade all put severe pressures on both producing and importing countries in the MENA region. Policy-makers are facing fundamental challenges in light of the duality of grand transformations in (geo)politics and energy. Changes in the field of energy require substantial political and economic reforms, affecting the very fabric of sociopolitical arrangements. At the same time, the MENA region’s geopolitical volatility makes any such reforms extremely risky. Including contributions by academics and analysts from both inside and outside the MENA region, this volume explores the changes in global and regional energy, the impact of changing international energy dynamics on politics and economies in the MENA region, and the challenges that will result. This is essential reading for researchers, postgraduates, and professionals in Middle Eastern and North African politics, global energy governance and regionalism.
Category: Political Science

Emerging Security Threats In The Middle East

Author : Ashok Swain
ISBN : 9781442247659
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.73 MB
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Increasingly the Middle East and its growing population face a highly complex and fragile security system. The rich deposits of natural resources, such as oil and gas, suffer from a strained renewable resource base that includes water and arable land. This leads to water scarcity, desertification, and land degradation. Increasing population, industrialization, and urbanization put more and more demand on the food supply. Energy insecurity may not be generally associated with the Middle East, but the countries in the eastern Mediterranean part have been traditionally vulnerable to it as their fossil fuel endowments have been low. Another issue is the large-scale temporary labor migration and the large number of forced migrants, refugees, and internally displaced persons. The book analyzes these emerging security challenges in a comprehensive and systematic manner. It draws national and regional security issues into both the global security and human security perspectives.
Category: Political Science

The Sun Is Rising In Africa And The Middle East

Author : Peter F. Varadi
ISBN : 9781351007306
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.11 MB
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Both Africa and the Middle East are blessed with enormous solar energy resources. Electrification is an urgent need in Africa, where many of its 54 countries are among the world’s fastest-growing economies, but where half the population still has no access to electricity. Solar energy is seen as the fastest and cheapest path to addressing this need. Oil-rich countries in the Middle East are turning to solar energy to meet the growing domestic demand for electricity, freeing up hydrocarbons for export. This book describes the energy transition in Africa and the Middle East, from dependence on fossil fuels to increasing reliance on solar energy. The authors were assisted by the contributions of top experts Wolfgang Palz, Anil Cabraal, and Richenda Van Leeuwen in their efforts to provide a sound basis for understanding where solar energy is heading in these two important global regions.
Category: Science

Water Energy Food Sustainability In The Middle East

Author : Sohail Murad
ISBN : 9783319489209
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.71 MB
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This book provides a survey of technologies available to tackle the problems associated with climate change in the energy, water and food security nexus with a special focus on the Middle East. It is divided into three main sections. The energy Section consists of six chapters, the water section of seven chapters and finally the food security section has six chapters. The individual chapters are authored by experts and provide discussions and in-depth views on the current status of each topic.
Category: Science

Renewable Energy Desalination

Author : Bekele Debele Negewo
ISBN : 9780821394571
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67.97 MB
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The book looks at water availability and water demand in various sectors till 2050, presenting a methodology to prioritize options both on the demand and on the supply side, with a special focus on renewable energy desalination.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Renewable Energy

Author : Dmitry Kurochkin
ISBN : 9783030142070
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.45 MB
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This book bringing together leading researchers in the field of renewable energy to discuss sustainability on a broad scale and to examine the status quo of renewable energy industry development in a global context. The volume starts with the European Union, then reviews current trends in the United States as well as the Middle East, Central Asia, and Latin America. It moves on to analyze the German transition to one hundred percent renewable energy economy and energy systems (Energiewende) with a climate protection plan and sustainable economic development; and continues on to examine the determinants of the adoption of sustainable solutions in Finland and discuss the renewable energy agenda in the European Union with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals at its core. Climate change has become one of the main global drivers for policy and this book discusses both it’s over all global development as well as spotlighting localized progress across multiple continents. Over one hundred and fifty countries have developing sustainable energy policies, tax incentives, and laws. China remains the leader in renewable energy generation; and countries including the United States, the UK, India, Spain, and Turkey, compete in the Renewable Energy Sector to attract investments. In 2018, global investments in renewables exceeded $200 billion. The state of Bahia in Brazil has been experiencing a surge in wind energy production; and public policy has had a positive effect on that expansion. Kazakhstan is a country with great renewable energy prospects, particularly in wind, hydropower plants, and solar energy. This book is a comprehensive overview and invaluable reference for all those in the renewable energy sector.
Category: Social Science

Advances In Solar Energy

Author : D. Yogi Goswami
ISBN : 9781844073146
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.93 MB
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'Essential for any serious technical library'PROFESSOR MARTIN GREEN, UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTHWALES, AUSTRALIA'Valuable, detailed information that helps me plan for the future'DON OSBORN, FORMERLY OF SACRAMENTO MUNICIPAL UTILITY DISTRICTThe Advances in Solar Energy series offers state-of-the-art information on all primary renewable energy technologies, including solar, wind and biomass, bringing together invited contributions from the foremost international experts in renewable energy. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this volume and series is a 'must-have' reference on global developments in the field of renewable energy.Volume 17 focuses primarily on solar energy, with respect to heating, hot water, drying and detoxification. Specific chapter subjects include:? Alternative World Energy Outlook 2006: A Possible Path towards a Sustainable Future? Quantum Well Solar Cells? Recent Progress of Organic Photovoltaics? Thermal and Material Characterization of Immersed Heat Exchangers for Solar Domestic Hot Water? Photocatalytic Detoxification of Water with Solar Energy? Solar-Hydrogen: A Solid-State Chemistry Perspective? Solar Heat for Industrial Processes? Solar Energy Technology in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) for SustainableEnergy, Water and Environment
Category: Technology & Engineering

Icrega 14 Renewable Energy Generation And Applications

Author : Mohammad O. Hamdan
ISBN : 9783319057088
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.68 MB
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This book collects the edited and reviewed contributions presented in the 3rd International Conference on Renewable Energy: Generation and Applications” ICREGA’14, organized by the UAE University in Al-Ain. This conference aims to disseminate knowledge on methods, policies and technologies related to renewable energy and it acknowledges the leadership of the UAE which committed to a 7% renewable energy target by 2020. The demands and developments in renewable energy generations and applications are rapidly growing and are facing many challenges on different levels such as basic science, engineering system design, energy policies and sustainable developments. This edition presents new contributions related to recent renewable energy case studies, developments in biofuel, energy storage, solar and wind energy, integrated systems and sustainable power production. In the spirit of the ICREGA’14, the volume has been produced after the conference so that the authors had the possibility to incorporate comments and discussions raised during the meeting. The contributions have been grouped in the following topics: - Efficient Energy Utilization - Electrical Energy Market, Management and Economics - Energy Storage Systems - Environmental Issues - Fuel Cells Systems - Green Buildings - Intelligent Energy/Power Transmission and Distribution - Solar Photovoltaic and Thermal Energy - Wind Energy Systems.
Category: Science

Investment Potentials In The Energy Sector Of The Middle East

Author : Asgar Abdullazade
ISBN : 9783668618862
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.11 MB
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Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1.6, TU Dortmund, language: English, abstract: The Middle East countries Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia that were analyzed for investment potentials possess natural energy resources in copious amounts, share a high dependency on oil or gas while renewables barely play any role and have strong religious tendencies in politics as well as differences compared to western countries when it comes to aspects of cultural, religion, understanding and business practices. The most promising investments that were stated out are: LNG liquefication facility in Iran, since Iran has large natural gas reserves and production capacities, but doesn’t export gas at all. PV modules for Iraq, since expensive projects are comparably risky in this country and some of the population has no or just limited access to electricity – the demand exceeds the supply. For Saudi Arabia, larger scale solar power plant projects like Parabolic Troughs are most promising, since Saudi Arabia is very dependent on oil and has a very high carbon dioxide emission and a weak energy diversity. Especially the liquefication facility in Iran seems to have enormous potential on the long run. The implementation of PV in Iraq is highly dependent on the business model and governmental support. Such support is also needed for the solar power plant in Saudi Arabia, since the electricity prices are subsidized in a way, that the electricity generated through a Parabolic Trough would most likely be not competitive without any form of support. However, such support is likely, since the project is very beneficial for Saudia Arabia and huge investments in the energy sector are planned anyways. For the further realization of such projects its mandatory to make a sophisticated economically and feasibility analysis that considers all the relevant variables and more specific information and data. But especially renewable energies which are massively underrepresented in the Middle East seem to have a good potential which will probably increase further since more experience and better technologies are achieved. The Middle East is a region with large natural resources and therefore with a theoretically enormous amount of investment possibilities. However, big players, state-owned companies, restrictions and difficulties regarding law, culture and business practices can overall decrease the attractivity of investments in this area.
Category: Business & Economics

Renewable Energy Applications For Freshwater Production

Author : Jochen Bundschuh
ISBN : 9780415620895
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.20 MB
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Worldwide, many regions have a great potential to cover part of their pressing water needs by renewable energy powered water treatment processes using either thermal or membrane based technologies. Not only arid and semiarid regions are increasingly suffering from water shortage but also many other regions face a limitation of freshwater resources either by increasing contamination of surface water bodies or groundwater resources unsuitable for drinking and irrigation purposes either due to their high grade of mineralization or their contents of toxic components. In many areas without centralized water supply, treatment techniques using locally available renewable energy resources such as wind, solar and geothermal can provide an economical, social and environmentally sustainable option for clean water production from seawater and from highly mineralized or otherwise unsuitable ground- and surface water. This book provides an overview on possible cost-efficient techniques and application opportunities for different scales and shows why the implementation of these technologies faces numerous technological, economic and policy barriers and provides suggestions how they can be overcome. It serves as a synoptic compendium of the fundamentals of freshwater production using renewable energies, applicable to all types of water, ranging from brackish to marine water and also including industrial and communal residual water. The book is aimed at professionals, academics and decision makers worldwide, working in the areas of water resources, water supply,land planning, energy planning, greenhouse gases emission mitigation and rural development.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Solar Economy

Author : Hermann Scheer
ISBN : 9781136547614
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85.82 MB
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The global economy and our way of life are based on the exploitation of fossil fuels, which not only threaten massive environmental and social disruption through global warming but, at present rates of consumption, will run out within decades, causing huge industrial dislocation and economic collapse. Even before then, the conflicts it causes in the Middle East and elsewhere will be frighteningly exacerbated. The alternative exists: renewable energy from renewable sources - above all, solar. Substituting renewable for fossil resources will take a new industrial revolution to avert the worst of the damage and establish a new international order. It can be done, and it can be done in time. The Solar Economy, by one of the world's most effective analysts and advocates, lays out the blueprints, showing how the political, economic and technological challenges can be met using indigenous, renewable and universally available resources, and the enormous opportunities and benefits that will flow from doing so.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Progress In Sustainable Energy Technologies Generating Renewable Energy

Author : Ibrahim Dincer
ISBN : 9783319078960
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.7 MB
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This multi-disciplinary volume presents information on the state-of-the-art in sustainable energy technologies key to tackling the world’s energy challenges and achieving environmentally benign solutions. Its unique amalgamation of the latest technical information, research findings and examples of successfully applied new developments in the area of sustainable energy will be of keen interest to engineers, students, practitioners, scientists and researchers working with sustainable energy technologies. Problem statements, projections, new concepts, models, experiments, measurements and simulations from not only engineering and science, but disciplines as diverse as ecology, education, economics and information technology are included, in order to create a truly holistic vision of the sustainable energy field. The contributions feature coverage of topics including solar and wind energy, biomass and biofuels, waste-to-energy, renewable fuels, geothermal and hydrogen power, efficiency gains in fossil fuels and energy storage technologies including batteries and fuel cells.
Category: Science