Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technologies

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Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Author : Amel Alghrani
ISBN : 9781107160569
Genre : Law
File Size : 82.6 MB
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Examines emerging assisted reproductive technologies that will revolutionise the future of human reproduction and their regulation.
Category: Law

Saviour Siblings And The Regulation Of Assisted Reproductive Technology

Author : Malcolm K. Smith
ISBN : 9781317059356
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.87 MB
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Advances in the field of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) have been revolutionary. This book focuses on the use of ARTs in the context of families who seek to conceive a matching sibling donor as a source of tissue to treat an existing sick child. Such children have been referred to as 'saviour siblings'. Considering the legal and regulatory frameworks that impact on the accessibility of this technology in Australia and the UK, the work analyses the ethical and moral issues that arise from the use of the technology for this specific purpose. The author claims the only justification for limiting a family's reproductive liberty in this context is where the exercise of reproductive decision-making results in harm to others. It is argued that the harm principle is the underlying feature of legislative action in Western democratic society, and as such, this principle provides the grounds upon which a strong and persuasive argument is made for a less-restrictive regulatory approach in the context of 'saviour siblings'. The book will be of great relevance and interest to academics, researchers, practitioners and policy makers in the fields of law, ethics, philosophy, science and medicine.
Category: Medical

Assisted Reproductive Technology

Author : Christopher J. De Jonge
ISBN : 0521801214
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 31.76 MB
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This insightful and thought-provoking compilation describes the rapid advances that have revolutionised reproductive medicine and looks ahead at exciting new prospects for the future that stand at the watershed between basic science and clinical application. From oogenesis and spermatogenesis, through to fertilisation, embryogenesis, and cloning, this volume looks at cutting-edge technologies and scientific advances. Subsequent chapters focus on infertility and its diagnosis and treatment. A concluding section surveys the impact of these developments on the provision, regulation and financing of reproductive health care in the global community.
Category: Health & Fitness

Regulating Creation

Author : Trudo Lemmens
ISBN : 9781442614574
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 57.76 MB
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Regulating Creation is a collection of essays featuring contributions by Canadian and international scholars. It offers a variety of perspectives on the role of law in dealing with the legal, ethical, and policy issues surrounding changing reproductive technologies.
Category: Health & Fitness

Revisiting The Regulation Of Human Fertilisation And Embryology

Author : Kirsty Horsey
ISBN : 9781317664819
Genre : Law
File Size : 58.39 MB
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The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 was a major update to the UK’s laws on the use and regulation of reproductive technology and assisted reproduction. Since the enactment of the new law, the sector’s regulatory body, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA), has also consulted on various related topics including barriers to egg and sperm donation in the UK, multiple births/single embryo transfer and using IVF technology to prevent mitochondrial disease. This book critically considers recent developments in human fertilisation legislation, asking whether the 2008 Act has achieved its stated aim of being fit for purpose. Bringing together a range of international experts, the book evaluates the fresh risks and challenges emerging from both established and existing technologies and techniques in the field of human fertilisation and embryology, as well as offering valuable insights into the social and regulatory challenges that lie ahead. Key topics include problems with DIY assisted conception; the lack of reform in respect of the regulation of surrogacy arrangements; and mitochondrial DNA transfer. As a review of the status of assisted reproduction legislation, this book will be of great use and interest to students, researchers and practitioners in medical law, bioethics, medicine and child welfare.
Category: Law

Test Tube Families

Author : Naomi R. Cahn
ISBN : 0814717217
Genre : Law
File Size : 25.23 MB
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The birth of the first test tube baby in 1978 focused attention on the sweeping advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), which is now a multi-billion-dollar business in the United States. Sperm and eggs are bought and sold in a market that has few barriers to its skyrocketing growth. While ART has been an invaluable gift to thousands of people, creating new families, the use of someone else’s genetic material raises complex legal and public policy issues that touch on technological anxiety, eugenics, reproductive autonomy, identity, and family structure. How should the use of gametic material be regulated? Should recipients be able to choose the “best” sperm and eggs? Should a child ever be able to discover the identity of her gamete donor? Who can claim parental rights? Naomi R. Cahn explores these issues and many more in Test Tube Families, noting that although such questions are fundamental to the new reproductive technologies, there are few definitive answers currently provided by the law, ethics, or cultural norms. As a new generation of "donor kids" comes of age, Cahn calls for better regulation of ART, exhorting legal and policy-making communities to cease applying piecemeal laws and instead create legislation that sustains the fertility industry while simultaneously protecting the interests of donors, recipients, and the children that result from successful transfers.
Category: Law

Reproductive Technologies

Author : Thomas Anthony Shannon
ISBN : 0742531511
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.44 MB
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Over a decade ago, the field of bioethics was established in response to the increased control over the design of living organisms afforded by both medical genetics and biotechnology. As part of the Readings in Bioethics series, this volume collects critical essays by leading scholars on reproductive technologies, abortion, in vitro fertilization, prenatal diagnosis, and cloning. Visit our website for sample chapters!
Category: Medical

Assisted Reproductive Technology

Author : Maureen McBrien
ISBN : 1641052244
Genre : Artificial insemination, Human
File Size : 25.67 MB
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"As more people turn to assisted reproduction, the legal issues surrounding it have become increasingly complex. The updated edition of [this book] takes into account the significant changes to the law and the practice of [assisted reproductive technology]. Beyond representing patients or clinics, numerous legal problems are arising from the technology's application. Disputes about disposition of embryos and gametes in divorce are perhaps the most common, but assisted reproduction technology (ART) impacts many other areas of the law, including personal injury, insurance, criminal law, probate and estate planning, and government. Drawing from multiple legal sources, including the ever-evolving number of court decisions dealing with various aspects of ART, this book presents complex information in a direct, balanced and fair manner. Topics covered include: intrauterine insemination, including state statutes governing consent of husband to use donor sperm; in vitro fertilization; cryopreserved embryos; surrogacy laws in the United States; posthumous reproduction; cellular manipulation: cloning, MRT, and CRISPR; regulation of ART; standards of care and liability; and assisted reproduction contracts and documents. A final chapter covers the ABA’s model acts governing assisted reproductive technology. The book also features a glossary defining the most common terms used by the courts and in legal commentary."--
Category: Artificial insemination, Human

Textbook Of Assisted Reproductive Techniques

Author : David K. Gardner
ISBN : 1853178705
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43.83 MB
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Textbook of Assisted Reproductive Technologies is a truly comprehensive manual for the whole team at the IVF clinic. Information is presented in a highly visual manner, allowing both methods and protocols to be consulted easily. The text provides clinical and scientific teams with the A to Zs of setting up an embryology laboratory, gives research fellows insight into technical developments, and supplies seasoned professionals with a review of the latest techniques and advances. New to the Third Edition: fully revised and expanded chapters, with new information on: single embryo transfer artificial gametes pharmacogenetics
Category: Medical

Islam And Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Author : Marcia C. Inhorn
ISBN : 9780857454911
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.84 MB
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How and to what extent have Islamic legal scholars and Middle Eastern lawmakers, as well as Middle Eastern Muslim physicians and patients, grappled with the complex bioethical, legal, and social issues that are raised in the process of attempting to conceive life in the face of infertility? This path-breaking volume explores the influence of Islamic attitudes on Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) and reveals the variations in both the Islamic jurisprudence and the cultural responses to ARTs.
Category: Medical

Assisted Reproductive Technology

Author : Charles P. Kindregan
ISBN : 1590316118
Genre : Law
File Size : 72.27 MB
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As more people turn to assisted reproduction, the legal issues surrounding it have become increasingly complex. Beyond representing patients or clinics, numerous legal problems are arising from the technology's application. Disputes in divorce are the most common, but this technology impacts the law in other areas, including personal injury, insurance, criminal law, and estate planning. Drawing from multiple legal sources, this book presents complex information in a direct, balanced and fair manner. It includes glossary, sample forms and checklists, and bibliography.
Category: Law

Law Policy And Reproductive Autonomy

Author : Erin Nelson
ISBN : 9781782251552
Genre : Law
File Size : 25.76 MB
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Reproductive choices are at once the most private and intimate decisions we make in our lives and undeniably also among the most public. Reproductive decision making takes place in a web of overlapping concerns - political and ideological, socio-economic, health and health care - all of which engage the public and involve strongly held opinions and attitudes about appropriate conduct on the part of individuals and the state. Law, Policy and Reproductive Autonomy examines the idea of reproductive autonomy, noting that in attempting to look closely at the contours of the concept, we begin to see some uncertainty about its meaning and legal implications - about how to understand reproductive autonomy and how to value it. Both mainstream and feminist literature about autonomy contribute valuable insights into the meaning and implications of reproductive autonomy. The developing feminist literature on relational autonomy provides a useful starting point for a contextualised conception of reproductive autonomy that creates the opportunity for meaningful exercise of reproductive choice. With a contextualised approach to reproductive autonomy as a backdrop, the book traces aspects of the regulation of reproduction in Canadian, English, US and Australian law and policy, arguing that not all reproductive decisions necessarily demand the same level of deference in law and policy, and making recommendations for reform.
Category: Law

Reproductive Technologies As Global Form

Author : Stefan Beck
ISBN : 9783593391007
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.81 MB
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In the thirty-five years since the first +test-tube baby,[&½] in-vitro fertilization and other methods of reproductive assistance have become a common aspect of family life and medicine in affluent nations and, increasingly, throughout the world. How do persons seeking treatment, donors, and medical experts make use of these reproductive technologies? How in crossing borders between nations do they manage to evade legal and bioethical regulations? And how do they make sense of these new modes of making kinship against the backdrop of diverse world-views and social settings? --
Category: Social Science

From Ivf To Immortality

Author : Ruth Deech
ISBN : CORNELL:31924108022405
Genre : Law
File Size : 48.65 MB
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This text provides a clear, simple account of techniques involved in assisted reproduction and embryo research. It explores controversies raised by developments in reproductive technology since the first IVF baby in 1978, such as 'saviour siblings', designer babies, reproductive cloning and embryo research.
Category: Law

Reducing Risk In Fertility Treatment

Author : Raj Mathur
ISBN : 9781447152576
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 37.10 MB
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​​In the last 15 years, fertility treatment has become mainstream medical practice. With this evolution has come a change in focus from effectiveness (‘success rates’) to safety, patient acceptability and ethical questions. It is recognized that effectiveness also depends crucially on safety and good risk management. The purpose of this book is to address this wider change in focus. Reducing Risk in Fertility Treatment examines risk in assisted conception, covering a wide range of topics and areas. ‘Risk’ refers to situations in which an outcome of value to people is uncertain. Specifically for the purpose of this book, ‘Risk’ means situations where patients or professionals or society as a whole is at risk of an adverse outcome in relation to fertility treatment. It therefore encompasses clinical complications, risks inherent in laboratory practice, reputational and business risks to clinics and ethical risks to society as a whole. It will be an essential resource for all clinic staff to consult in reducing the risk associated with their work. It will provide practical resources such as ‘how to’ guides, but also a theoretical discussion of uncertainty where this exists.​ The book is primarily directed to practitioners in the area of fertility treatment, namely clinicians, embryologists, nurses, counsellors and administrators. However, it is likely also to be relevant to policy-makers, commissioners of health services, researchers in this field and biomedical ethicists.
Category: Health & Fitness

Rationing Health Care

Author : André den Exter
ISBN : 9789046605257
Genre : Law
File Size : 65.53 MB
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'Medical need' is a factor in health care access decision-making, but merit-considerations are becoming important too. In the shortening of waiting time, priority arrangements are considered and/or introduced, based on non-medical criteria. Simultaneously, in terms of financing, health status has become important due to payment arrangements, limited insurance package options, etc. At the same time, health status disparities, due to socioeconomic inequalities, seem to be increasing. Under these circumstances, confronted with increased health spending, it is expected that rationing will become more eminent. Due to this, the emerging relevant questions are: Who will be responsible for rationing (the market, governments, bureaucrats, physicians, or others)? * How does it function (explicit or implicit)? * What are relevant and acceptable selection criteria (QUALYs, DALYs, health status, sex, age, etc.)? * To what extent is current rationing just? * What can be done to make it more just? *
Category: Law

Ethical Dilemmas In Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Author : Joseph G. Schenker
ISBN : 9783110240214
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.49 MB
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Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) include the artificial or partially artificial methods to achieve pregnancy. These new technologies lead to substantial changes regarding of ethical and legal aspects in reproductive medicine. The book focuses on current hot topics about ethical dilemmas in ART, e.g. about the duties of ethical committees, guidelines regarding informed consent, ethical and legal aspects of sperm donation, embryo donation, ethics of embryonic stem cells, therapeutical cloning, patenting of human genes, commercialization.
Category: Medical

Regulating Autonomy

Author : Shelley Day Sclater
ISBN : 9781847314994
Genre : Law
File Size : 76.75 MB
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These essays explore the nature and limits of individual autonomy in law, policy and the work of regulatory agencies. Authors ask searching questions about the nature and scope of the regulation of 'private' lives, from intimacies, personal relationships and domestic lives to reproduction. They question the extent to which the law does, or should, protect individual autonomy. Recent rapid advances in the development of new technologies - particularly those concerned with human genetics and assisted reproduction - have generated new questions (practical, social, legal and ethical) about how far the state should intervene in individual decision making. Is there an inevitable tension between individual liberty and the common good? How might a workable balance between the public and the private be struck? How, indeed, should we think about 'autonomy'? The essays explore the arguments used to create and maintain the boundaries of autonomy - for example, the protection of the vulnerable, public goods of various kinds, and the maintenance of tradition and respect for cultural practices. Contributors address how those boundaries should be drawn and interventions justified. How are contemporary ethical debates about autonomy constructed, and what principles do they embody? What happens when those principles become manifest in law?
Category: Law

Regulating Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis In The United States

Author : M. Bayefsky
ISBN : 9781137515445
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28.39 MB
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Reproductive technology allows us to test embryos' genes before deciding whether to transfer them to a woman's uterus. Embryo selection raises many ethical questions but is virtually unregulated in the United States. This comprehensive study considers the ethical, medical, political, and economic aspects of developing appropriate regulation.
Category: Political Science