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Reclaiming Food Security

Author : Michael S. Carolan
ISBN : 9781135067656
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.2 MB
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In this challenging work, the author argues that the goal of any food system should not simply be to provide the cheapest calories possible. A secure food system is one that affords people and nations – in both the present and future – the capabilities to prosper and lead long, happy, and healthy lives. For a variety of reasons, food security has come to be synonymous with cheap calorie security. On this measure, the last fifty years have been a remarkable success. But the author shows that these cheap calories have also come at great cost, to the environment, individual and societal well-being, human health, and the food sovereignty of nations. The book begins by reviewing the concept of food security, particularly as it has been enacted within agrifood and international policy over the last century. After proposing a coherent definition the author then assesses empirically whether these policies have actually made us and the environment any better off. One of the many ways the author accomplishes this task is by introducing the Food and Human Security Index (FHSI) in an original attempt to better measure and quantify the affording qualities of food systems. A FHSI score is calculated for 126 countries based on indicators of objective and subjective well-being, nutrition, ecological sustainability, food dependency, and food system market concentration. The final FHSI ranking produces many counter-intuitive results. Why, for example, does Costa Rica top the ranking, while the United States comes in at number fifty-five? The author concludes by arguing for the need to reclaim food security by returning the concept to something akin to its original spirit, identified earlier in the book. While starting at the level of the farm the concluding chapter focuses most of its attention beyond the farm gate, recognizing that food security is more than just about issues surrounding production. For example, space is made in this chapter to address the important question of, "What can we eat if not GDP?" We need, the author contends, a thoroughly sociological rendering of food security: a position that views food security not as a thing – or an end in itself – but as a process that ought to make people and the Planet better off.
Category: Social Science

Global Food Security Governance

Author : Jessica Duncan
ISBN : 9781317623205
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72.74 MB
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In 2007/8 world food prices spiked and global economic crisis set in, leaving hundreds of millions of people unable to access adequate food. The international reaction was swift. In a bid for leadership, the 123 member countries of the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security (CFS) adopted a series of reforms with the aim of becoming the foremost international, inclusive and intergovernmental platform for food security. Central to the reform was the inclusion of participants (including civil society and the private sector) across all activities of the Committee. Drawing on data collected from policy documents, interviews and participant observation, this book examines the re-organization and functioning of a UN Committee that is coming to be known as a best practice in global governance. Framed by key challenges that plague global governance, the impact and implication of increased civil society engagement are examined by tracing policy negotiations within the CFS, in particular, policy roundtables on smallholder sensitive investment and food price volatility and negotiations on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, and the Global Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition. The author shows that through their participation in the Committee, civil society actors are influencing policy outcomes. Yet analysis also reveals that the CFS is being undermined by other actors seeking to gain and maintain influence at the global level. By way of this analysis, this book provides empirically-informed insights into increased participation in global governance processes.
Category: Political Science

Food Security And Development

Author : Udaya Sekhar Nagothu
ISBN : 9781317596486
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46.48 MB
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The global food system is characterized by large numbers of people experiencing food insecurity and hunger on the one hand, and vast amounts of food waste and overconsumption on the other. This book brings together experiences from different countries addressing the challenges associated with food security. Seen through various disciplinary lenses the different cases included are countries at various stages of food security, with diverse stories of success as well as failures in their efforts. China, Brazil and India, as well as less developed countries in Africa and Asia, such as Malawi, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Myanmar, Bangladesh and the Philippines. The authors pay special attention to the environmental and socio-economic challenges in the respective chapters and how they contribute to food insecurity. Each of the case studies identifies and analyzes which factors or drivers (environmental, economic, policy, technology, markets) have been the most powerful shapers of the food system and their future impact. The case studies identify interventions at regional, national and local level that contribute positively to food security, highlighting solutions that are effective and easy to implement for all levels of decision makers, from farmers to policy makers. Overall, the book provides insights in order to foster a greater understanding of the issues surrounding food security and support progress towards the goal of a sustainable food system for all.
Category: Business & Economics

No One Eats Alone

Author : Michael S. Carolan
ISBN : 9781610918060
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.49 MB
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In today's fast-paced, fast food world, everyone seems to be eating alone, all the time—whether it's at their desks or in the car. Michael Carolan argues that needs to change if we want healthy, equitable, and sustainable food. We can no longer afford to ignore human connections as we struggle with dire problems like hunger, obesity, toxic pesticides, antibiotic resistance, depressed rural economies, and low-wage labor. In No One Eats Alone he tells the stories of people getting together to change their relationship to food and to each other—from community farms where suburban moms and immigrant families work side by side, to online exchanges where entrepreneurs share kitchen space, to "hackers” who trade information about farm machinery repairs. This is how real change happens, Carolan contends: when we start acting like citizens first and consumers second.
Category: Social Science

Trusting Trade And The Private Sector For Food Security In Southeast Asia

Author : Hamid R. Alavi
ISBN : 9780821386484
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.53 MB
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The study examines private sector participation in rice and (yellow) maize markets in five (5) ASEAN countries, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, with the objective of identifying the potential role that it could play to provide greater regional food security.
Category: Business & Economics

Society And The Environment

Author : Michael Carolan
ISBN : 9780813350455
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.33 MB
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Society and the Environment examines today's environmental controversies within a socio-organizational context. After outlining the contours of “pragmatic environmentalism,” Carolan explores the material world: air, water, biodiversity, and trash. He considers the pressures that exist where ecology and society collide, such as population growth and its associated increased demands for food and energy. Carolan also investigates how various ecological issues, such as climate change, are affecting our very own personal health. Finally, he drills into the social/structural dynamics—including political economy and the international legal system—that create ongoing momentum for environmental ills. This interdisciplinary text features a three-part structure in each chapter that covers “fast facts” about the issue at hand, examines its wide-ranging implications, and offers balanced consideration of possible real-world solutions. Bolstering that analysis, a variety of boxes highlight relevant case studies as well as the value judgments which lurk everywhere in talk about environmental phenomena. New to this edition are “Movement Matters” boxes, which showcase grassroots movements that have affected legislation. Discussion questions and key terms enhance the text's usefulness, making Society and the Environment the perfect learning tool for courses on environmental sociology.
Category: Social Science

Future Impact Of Genetically Modified Food On Crops Sustainability In Australia

Author : Patrick Kimuyu
ISBN : 9783668585317
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.5 MB
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Scientific Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Biology - Genetics / Gene Technology, grade: 1, , language: English, abstract: Australia has been experiencing immense food shortages over the decades and this problem appears to challenge demographic transition of the Australian population. The problem of food shortage can be traced back to the mid 19the Century, especially in the post World War II when food was believed to be a rare commodity to the Australian soldiers. State Library of Victoria reports that, “Australians began to experience shortages of almost everything they needed in daily life. At the time of World War II, most of them drank tea, not coffee”. This problem seems to have persisted over decades because Australia has not established sustainable Agriculture for mass production of food for the Australian population. In the 1960’s, Australia relied solely on foodstuff imports from the Pacific countries but, its dependence on food imports have decreased significantly owing to the country’s effort to attain food sustainability through embarking on food security policies. Therefore, this essay will explain the issue of food shortages in the future and, how Australia can solve this problem by genetic modified food.
Category: Science

Reclaiming Development In The World Trading System

Author : Yong-Shik Lee
ISBN : 1139446800
Genre : Law
File Size : 79.95 MB
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Prevalent poverty in less developed countries is one of the most pressing issues of our time and economic development in these countries is necessary to bring them out of poverty. As seen in the successful development cases of East Asian countries, international trade is closely relevant to economic development, and export facilitation and effective industrial policies have been the key to the successful development. Current GATT/WTO provisions facilitating development are insufficient and some WTO provisions prevent developing countries from adopting effective development policies. This book is the first attempt to suggest a comprehensive modification of the current GATT/WTO disciplines to better facilitate development. The book also examines the need to elevate the level of regulatory treatment of development issues by the WTO and proposes the Agreement on Development Facilitation and the Council for Trade and Development within the WTO.
Category: Law

Reclaiming The Commons For The Common Good

Author : Heather Menzies
ISBN : 9781550925586
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 83.41 MB
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Commoning was a way of life for most of our ancestors. In Reclaiming the Commons for the Common Good, author Heather Menzies journeys to her roots in the Scottish Highlands, where her family lived in direct relation with the land since before recorded time. Beginning with an intimate account of unearthing the heritage of the commons and the real tragedy of its loss, Menzies offers a detailed description of the self-organizing, self-governing, and self-informing principles of this nearly forgotten way of life, including its spiritual practices and traditions. She then identifies pivotal commons practices that could be usefully revived today. A final "manifesto" section pulls these facets together into a unified vision for reclaiming the commons, drawing a number of current popular initiatives into the commoning frame, such as local food security, permaculture, and the Occupy Movement. An engaging memoir of personal and political discovery, Reclaiming the Commons for the Common Good combines moving reflections on our common heritage with a contemporary call to action, individually and collectively; locally and globally. Readers will be inspired by the book's vision of reviving the commons ethos of empathy and mutual respect, and energized by her practical suggestions for connection people and place for the common good. Heather Menzies is an award-winning writer and scholar and member of the Order of Canada. She is the author of nine books, including Whose Brave New World? and No Time.
Category: Biography & Autobiography