REASONING ABOUT UNCERTAINTY

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Reasoning About Uncertainty

Author : Joseph Y. Halpern
ISBN : 9780262533805
Genre : Computers
File Size : 50.69 MB
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Formal ways of representing uncertainty and various logics for reasoning about it; updated with new material on weighted probability measures, complexity-theoretic considerations, and other topics.
Category: Computers

Symbolic And Quantitative Approaches To Reasoning With Uncertainty

Author : Khaled Mellouli
ISBN : 9783540752554
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85.31 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, ECSQARU 2007, held in Hammammet, Tunisia, Oktober 31 - November 2, 2007. The 78 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from over hundret submissions for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on Bayesian networks, graphical models, learning causal networks, planning, causality and independence, preference modelling and decision, argumentation systems, inconsistency handling, belief revision and merging, belief functions, fuzzy models, many-valued logical systems, uncertainty logics, probabilistic reasoning, reasoning models under uncertainty, uncertainty measures, probabilistic classifiers, classification and clustering, and industrial applications.
Category: Computers

Handbook Of Defeasible Reasoning And Uncertainty Management Systems

Author : Dov M. Gabbay
ISBN : 0792366727
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65.21 MB
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The Handbook of Defeasible Reasoning and Uncertainty Management Systems is unique in its masterly survey of the computational and algorithmic problems of systems of applied reasoning. The various theoretical and modelling aspects of defeasible reasoning were dealt with in the first four volumes, and Volume 5 now turns to the algorithmic aspect. Topics covered include: Computation in valuation algebras; consequence finding algorithms; possibilistic logic; probabilistic argumentation systems, networks and satisfiability; algorithms for imprecise probabilities, for Dempster-Shafer, and network based decisions.
Category: Computers

Symbolic And Quantitative Approaches To Reasoning And Uncertainty

Author : Michael Clarke
ISBN : 354057395X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36.37 MB
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In recent years it has become apparent that an important part of the theory of artificial intelligence is concerned with reasoning on the basis of uncertain, incomplete, or inconsistent information. A variety of formalisms have been developed, including nonmonotonic logic, fuzzy sets, possibility theory, belief functions, and dynamic models of reasoning such as belief revision and Bayesian networks. Several European research projects have been formed in the area and the first European conference was held in 1991. This volume contains the papers accepted for presentation at ECSQARU-93, the European Conference on Symbolicand Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning and Uncertainty, held at the University of Granada, Spain, November 8-10, 1993.
Category: Computers

The Argumentative Turn In Policy Analysis

Author : Sven Ove Hansson
ISBN : 3319808362
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.71 MB
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​This book describes argumentative tools and strategies that can be used to guide policy decisions under conditions of great uncertainty. Contributing authors explore methods from philosophical analysis and in particular argumentation analysis, showing how it can be used to systematize discussions about policy issues involving great uncertainty. The first part of the work explores how to deal in a systematic way with decision-making when there may be plural perspectives on the decision problem, along with unknown consequences of what we do. Readers will see how argumentation tools can be used for prioritizing among uncertain dangers, for determining how decisions should be framed, for choosing a suitable time frame for a decision, and for systematically choosing among different decision options. Case studies are presented in the second part of the book, showing argumentation in practice in the areas of climate geoengineering, water governance, synthetic biology, nuclear waste, and financial markets. In one example, argumentation analysis is applied to proposals to solve the climate problem with various technological manipulations of the natural climate system, such as massive dispersion of reflective aerosols into the stratosphere. Even after a thorough investigation of such a proposal, doubt remains as to whether all the potential risks have been identified. In such discussions, conventional risk analysis does not have much to contribute since it presupposes that the risks have been identified, whereas the argumentative approach to uncertainty management can be used to systematize discussions.
Category: Science

Real World Reasoning Toward Scalable Uncertain Spatiotemporal Contextual And Causal Inference

Author : Ben Goertzel
ISBN : 9789491216114
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43.44 MB
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The general problem addressed in this book is a large and important one: how to usefully deal with huge storehouses of complex information about real-world situations. Every one of the major modes of interacting with such storehouses – querying, data mining, data analysis – is addressed by current technologies only in very limited and unsatisfactory ways. The impact of a solution to this problem would be huge and pervasive, as the domains of human pursuit to which such storehouses are acutely relevant is numerous and rapidly growing. Finally, we give a more detailed treatment of one potential solution with this class, based on our prior work with the Probabilistic Logic Networks (PLN) formalism. We show how PLN can be used to carry out realworld reasoning, by means of a number of practical examples of reasoning regarding human activities inreal-world situations.
Category: Computers

Symbolic And Quantitative Approaches To Reasoning With Uncertainty

Author : European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning and Uncertainty
ISBN : 9783540424642
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40.55 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, ECSQARU 2001, held in Toulouse, France in September 2001. The 68 revised full papers presented together with three invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from over a hundred submissions. The book offers topical sections on decision theory, partially observable Markov decision processes, decision-making, coherent probabilities, Bayesian networks, learning causal networks, graphical representation of uncertainty, imprecise probabilities, belief functions, fuzzy sets and rough sets, possibility theory, merging, belief revision and preferences, inconsistency handling, default logic, logic programming, etc.
Category: Business & Economics

Symbolic And Quantitative Approaches To Reasoning With Uncertainty

Author : Claudio Sossai
ISBN : 9783642029059
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76.41 MB
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These are the proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty, ECSQARU 2009, held in Verona (Italy), July 1–3, 2009. The biennial ECSQARU conferences are a major forum for advances in the theory and practice of reasoning under uncertainty. The ?rst ECSQARU conf- ence was held in Marseille (1991), and since then it has been held in Granada (1993), Fribourg (1995), Bonn (1997), London (1999), Toulouse (2001), Aalborg (2003), Barcelona (2005) and Hammamet (2007). The 76 papers gathered in this volume were selected out of 118 submissions from 34 countries, after a rigorous review process. In addition, the conference included invited lectures by three outstanding researchers in the area: Isabelle Bloch (“Fuzzy and bipolar mathematical morphology, applications in spatial reasoning”), Petr Cintula (“From (deductive) fuzzy logic to (logic-based) fuzzy mathematics”),andDaniele Mundici(“Conditionalsandindependence inma- valued logics”). Twospecialsessionswerepresentedduringtheconference:“Conditioning,- dependence, inference” (organizedby Giulianella Coletti and BarbaraVantaggi) and “Mathematicalfuzzy logic” (organizedby Stefano Aguzzoli,Brunella Gerla, Llu´ ?s Godo, Vincenzo Marra, Franco Montagna) On the whole, the program of the conference provided a broad, rich and up-to-date perspective of the current high-level research in the area which is re?ected in the contents of this volume.
Category: Computers