Rationale Based Software Engineering

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Rationale Management In Software Engineering

Author : Allen H. Dutoit
ISBN : 9783540309987
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45.87 MB
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This is a detailed summary of research on design rationale providing researchers in software engineering with an excellent overview of the subject. Professional software engineers will find many examples, resources and incentives to enhance their ability to make decisions during all phases of the software lifecycle. Software engineering is still primarily a human-based activity and rationale management is concerned with making design and development decisions explicit to all stakeholders involved.
Category: Computers

Rationale Based Software Engineering

Author : Janet E. Burge
ISBN : 3540775838
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55.85 MB
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The authors describe in detail the capture and use of design rationale in software engineering to improve the quality of software. Their book is the first comprehensive and unified treatment of rationale usage in software engineering. It provides a consistent conceptual framework and a unified terminology for comparing, contrasting and combining the myriad approaches to rationale in software engineering. It is both an excellent introductory text and a uniquely valuable reference.
Category: Computers

Collaborative Software Engineering

Author : Ivan Mistrík
ISBN : 3642102948
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.93 MB
Format : PDF
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Collaboration among individuals – from users to developers – is central to modern software engineering. It takes many forms: joint activity to solve common problems, negotiation to resolve conflicts, creation of shared definitions, and both social and technical perspectives impacting all software development activity. The difficulties of collaboration are also well documented. The grand challenge is not only to ensure that developers in a team deliver effectively as individuals, but that the whole team delivers more than just the sum of its parts. The editors of this book have assembled an impressive selection of authors, who have contributed to an authoritative body of work tackling a wide range of issues in the field of collaborative software engineering. The resulting volume is divided into four parts, preceded by a general editorial chapter providing a more detailed review of the domain of collaborative software engineering. Part 1 is on "Characterizing Collaborative Software Engineering", Part 2 examines various "Tools and Techniques", Part 3 addresses organizational issues, and finally Part 4 contains four examples of "Emerging Issues in Collaborative Software Engineering". As a result, this book delivers a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview and empirical results for researchers in academia and industry in areas like software process management, empirical software engineering, and global software development. Practitioners working in this area will also appreciate the detailed descriptions and reports which can often be used as guidelines to improve their daily work.
Category: Computers

Software Project Management In A Changing World

Author : Günther Ruhe
ISBN : 9783642550355
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56.20 MB
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By bringing together various current directions, Software Project Management in a Changing World focuses on how people and organizations can make their processes more change-adaptive. The selected chapters closely correspond to the project management knowledge areas introduced by the Project Management Body of Knowledge, including its extension for managing software projects. The contributions are grouped into four parts, preceded by a general introduction. Part I “Fundamentals” provides in-depth insights into fundamental topics including resource allocation, cost estimation and risk management. Part II “Supporting Areas” presents recent experiences and results related to the management of quality systems, knowledge, product portfolios and global and virtual software teams. Part III “New Paradigms” details new and evolving software-development practices including agile, distributed and open and inner-source development. Finally, Part IV “Emerging Techniques” introduces search-based techniques, social media, software process simulation and the efficient use of empirical data and their effects on software-management practices. This book will attract readers from both academia and practice with its excellent balance between new findings and experience of their usage in new contexts. Whenever appropriate, the presentation is based on evidence from empirical evaluation of the proposed approaches. For researchers and graduate students, it presents some of the latest methods and techniques to accommodate new challenges facing the discipline. For professionals, it serves as a source of inspiration for refining their project-management skills in new areas.
Category: Computers

Software Engineering For Variability Intensive Systems

Author : Ivan Mistrik
ISBN : 9780429664021
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63.29 MB
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This book addresses the challenges in the software engineering of variability-intensive systems. Variability-intensive systems can support different usage scenarios by accommodating different and unforeseen features and qualities. The book features academic and industrial contributions that discuss the challenges in developing, maintaining and evolving systems, cloud and mobile services for variability-intensive software systems and the scalability requirements they imply. The book explores software engineering approaches that can efficiently deal with variability-intensive systems as well as applications and use cases benefiting from variability-intensive systems.
Category: Computers

Relating System Quality And Software Architecture

Author : Ivan Mistrik
ISBN : 9780124171688
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61.42 MB
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System Quality and Software Architecture collects state-of-the-art knowledge on how to intertwine software quality requirements with software architecture and how quality attributes are exhibited by the architecture of the system. Contributions from leading researchers and industry evangelists detail the techniques required to achieve quality management in software architecting, and the best way to apply these techniques effectively in various application domains (especially in cloud, mobile and ultra-large-scale/internet-scale architecture) Taken together, these approaches show how to assess the value of total quality management in a software development process, with an emphasis on architecture. The book explains how to improve system quality with focus on attributes such as usability, maintainability, flexibility, reliability, reusability, agility, interoperability, performance, and more. It discusses the importance of clear requirements, describes patterns and tradeoffs that can influence quality, and metrics for quality assessment and overall system analysis. The last section of the book leverages practical experience and evidence to look ahead at the challenges faced by organizations in capturing and realizing quality requirements, and explores the basis of future work in this area. Explains how design decisions and method selection influence overall system quality, and lessons learned from theories and frameworks on architectural quality Shows how to align enterprise, system, and software architecture for total quality Includes case studies, experiments, empirical validation, and systematic comparisons with other approaches already in practice.
Category: Computers

Making Claims

Author : D. Scott McCrickard
ISBN : 9781608459049
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66.6 MB
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Human-centered informatics (HCI) is a young discipline that is still defining its core components, with approaches rooted in engineering, science, and creative design. In the spirit of this book series, this book explores HCI as an intersection point for different perspectives of computing and information technology, seeking to understand how groups of designers can communicate with an increasingly diverse set of colleagues on a broadening set of problems. In so doing, this book traces the evolution of claims as a way to capture and share knowledge, particularly in comparison to other approaches like patterns and issues. Claims can be a centrally important aspect in HCI design efforts, either consciously by targeted design techniques or through ingrained habits of experienced designers. An examination of claims, their uses in design, and the possibilities for explicit use in future collaborative design endeavors seeks to inspire their further development use in HCI design. Table of Contents: What are Claims? / Knowing and Sharing / Evolution of Claims / Using Claims / Looking Forward
Category: Computers

Economics Driven Software Architecture

Author : Ivan Mistrik
ISBN : 9780124105072
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62.63 MB
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Economics-driven Software Architecture presents a guide for engineers and architects who need to understand the economic impact of architecture design decisions: the long term and strategic viability, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of applications and systems. Economics-driven software development can increase quality, productivity, and profitability, but comprehensive knowledge is needed to understand the architectural challenges involved in dealing with the development of large, architecturally challenging systems in an economic way. This book covers how to apply economic considerations during the software architecting activities of a project. Architecture-centric approaches to development and systematic evolution, where managing complexity, cost reduction, risk mitigation, evolvability, strategic planning and long-term value creation are among the major drivers for adopting such approaches. It assists the objective assessment of the lifetime costs and benefits of evolving systems, and the identification of legacy situations, where architecture or a component is indispensable but can no longer be evolved to meet changing needs at economic cost. Such consideration will form the scientific foundation for reasoning about the economics of nonfunctional requirements in the context of architectures and architecting. Familiarizes readers with essential considerations in economic-informed and value-driven software design and analysis Introduces techniques for making value-based software architecting decisions Provides readers a better understanding of the methods of economics-driven architecting
Category: Computers

Aligning Enterprise System And Software Architectures

Author : Mistrik, Ivan
ISBN : 9781466622005
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84.44 MB
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"This book covers both theoretical approaches and practical solutions in the processes for aligning enterprise, systems, and software architectures"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Computers

Agile Software Architecture

Author : Muhammad Ali Babar
ISBN : 9780124078857
Genre : Computers
File Size : 50.74 MB
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Agile software development approaches have had significant impact on industrial software development practices. Today, agile software development has penetrated to most IT companies across the globe, with an intention to increase quality, productivity, and profitability. Comprehensive knowledge is needed to understand the architectural challenges involved in adopting and using agile approaches and industrial practices to deal with the development of large, architecturally challenging systems in an agile way. Agile Software Architecture focuses on gaps in the requirements of applying architecture-centric approaches and principles of agile software development and demystifies the agile architecture paradox. Readers will learn how agile and architectural cultures can co-exist and support each other according to the context. Moreover, this book will also provide useful leads for future research in architecture and agile to bridge such gaps by developing appropriate approaches that incorporate architecturally sound practices in agile methods. Presents a consolidated view of the state-of-art and state-of-practice as well as the newest research findings Identifies gaps in the requirements of applying architecture-centric approaches and principles of agile software development and demystifies the agile architecture paradox Explains whether or not and how agile and architectural cultures can co-exist and support each other depending upon the context Provides useful leads for future research in both architecture and agile to bridge such gaps by developing appropriate approaches, which incorporate architecturally sound practices in agile methods
Category: Computers

Software Architecture For Big Data And The Cloud

Author : Ivan Mistrik
ISBN : 9780128093382
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89.7 MB
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Software Architecture for Big Data and the Cloud is designed to be a single resource that brings together research on how software architectures can solve the challenges imposed by building big data software systems. The challenges of big data on the software architecture can relate to scale, security, integrity, performance, concurrency, parallelism, and dependability, amongst others. Big data handling requires rethinking architectural solutions to meet functional and non-functional requirements related to volume, variety and velocity. The book's editors have varied and complementary backgrounds in requirements and architecture, specifically in software architectures for cloud and big data, as well as expertise in software engineering for cloud and big data. This book brings together work across different disciplines in software engineering, including work expanded from conference tracks and workshops led by the editors. Discusses systematic and disciplined approaches to building software architectures for cloud and big data with state-of-the-art methods and techniques Presents case studies involving enterprise, business, and government service deployment of big data applications Shares guidance on theory, frameworks, methodologies, and architecture for cloud and big data
Category: Computers

Software Quality Assurance

Author : Ivan Mistrik
ISBN : 9780128025413
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43.94 MB
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Software Quality Assurance in Large Scale and Complex Software-intensive Systems presents novel and high-quality research related approaches that relate the quality of software architecture to system requirements, system architecture and enterprise-architecture, or software testing. Modern software has become complex and adaptable due to the emergence of globalization and new software technologies, devices and networks. These changes challenge both traditional software quality assurance techniques and software engineers to ensure software quality when building today (and tomorrow’s) adaptive, context-sensitive, and highly diverse applications. This edited volume presents state of the art techniques, methodologies, tools, best practices and guidelines for software quality assurance and offers guidance for future software engineering research and practice. Each contributed chapter considers the practical application of the topic through case studies, experiments, empirical validation, or systematic comparisons with other approaches already in practice. Topics of interest include, but are not limited, to: quality attributes of system/software architectures; aligning enterprise, system, and software architecture from the point of view of total quality; design decisions and their influence on the quality of system/software architecture; methods and processes for evaluating architecture quality; quality assessment of legacy systems and third party applications; lessons learned and empirical validation of theories and frameworks on architectural quality; empirical validation and testing for assessing architecture quality. Focused on quality assurance at all levels of software design and development Covers domain-specific software quality assurance issues e.g. for cloud, mobile, security, context-sensitive, mash-up and autonomic systems Explains likely trade-offs from design decisions in the context of complex software system engineering and quality assurance Includes practical case studies of software quality assurance for complex, adaptive and context-critical systems
Category: Computers

Advances In Software Engineering

Author : Hakan Erdogmus
ISBN : 0387951091
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30.90 MB
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This book contains both relevant real-world research, as well as reviews of different areas of interest in the software engineering literature, such as clone identification. The contents of the various sections will provide a better understanding of known problems and detailed treatment of advanced topics. Consequently, the book consolidates the work and findings from leading researchers in the software research community in key areas such as maintainability, architectural recovery, code analysis, software migration, and tool support.
Category: Computers

Tool Based Requirement Traceability Between Requirement And Design Artifacts

Author : Bernhard Turban
ISBN : 9783834824745
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55.65 MB
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Processes for developing safety-critical systems impose special demands on ensuring requirements traceability. Achieving valuable traceability information, however, is especially difficult concerning the transition from requirements to design. Bernhard Turban analyzes systems and software engineering theories cross-cutting the issue (embedded systems development, systems engineering, software engineering, requirements engineering and management, design theory and processes for safety-critical systems). As a solution, the author proposes a new tool approach to support designers in their thinking in order to achieve traceability as a by-product to normal design activities and to extend traceability information with information about design decision rationale.
Category: Computers

Software Architecture Knowledge Management

Author : Muhammad Ali Babar
ISBN : 9783642023743
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60.68 MB
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A software architecture manifests the major early design decisions, which determine the system’s development, deployment and evolution. Thus, making better architectural decisions is one of the large challenges in software engineering. Software architecture knowledge management is about capturing practical experience and translating it into generalized architectural knowledge, and using this knowledge in the communication with stakeholders during all phases of the software lifecycle. This book presents a concise description of knowledge management in the software architecture discipline. It explains the importance of sound knowledge management practices for improving software architecture processes and products, and makes clear the role of knowledge management in software architecture and software development processes. It presents many approaches that are in use in software companies today, approaches that have been used in other domains, and approaches under development in academia. After an initial introduction by the editors, the contributions are grouped in three parts on "Architecture Knowledge Management", "Strategies and Approaches for Managing Architectural Knowledge", and "Tools and Techniques for Managing Architectural Knowledge". The presentation aims at information technology and software engineering professionals, in particular software architects and software architecture researchers. For the industrial audience, the book gives a broad and concise understanding of the importance of knowledge management for improving software architecture process and building capabilities in designing and evaluating better architectures for their mission- and business-critical systems. For researchers, the book will help to understand the applications of various knowledge management approaches in an industrial setting and to identify research challenges and opportunities.
Category: Computers

Object Oriented Software Engineering

Author : Bernd Bruegge
ISBN : 9780136061250
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.87 MB
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For courses in Software Engineering, Software Development, or Object-Oriented Design and Analysis at the Junior/Senior or Graduate level. This text can also be utilized in short technical courses or in short, intensive management courses. Object-Oriented Software Engineering Using UML, Patterns, and Java, 3e, shows readers how to use both the principles of software engineering and the practices of various object-oriented tools, processes, and products. Using a step-by-step case study to illustrate the concepts and topics in each chapter, Bruegge and Dutoit emphasize learning object-oriented software engineer through practical experience: readers can apply the techniques learned in class by implementing a real-world software project. The third edition addresses new trends, in particular agile project management (Chapter 14 Project Management) and agile methodologies (Chapter 16 Methodologies).
Category: Computers

Creativity And Rationale

Author : John M. Carroll
ISBN : 9781447141112
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.49 MB
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Creativity and rationale comprise an essential tension in design. They are two sides of the coin; contrary, complementary, but perhaps also interdependent. Designs always serve purposes. They always have an internal logic. They can be queried, explained, and evaluated. These characteristics are what design rationale is about. But at the same time designs always provoke experiences and insights. They open up possibilities, raise questions, and engage human sense making. Design is always about creativity. Creativity and Rationale: Enhancing Human Experience by Design comprises 19 complementary chapters by leading experts in the areas of human-computer interaction design, sociotechnical systems design, requirements engineering, information systems, and artificial intelligence. Researchers, research students and practitioners in human-computer interaction and software design will find this state of the art volume invaluable.
Category: Computers

Human Centered Software Engineering Integrating Usability In The Software Development Lifecycle

Author : Ahmed Seffah
ISBN : 140204027X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86.56 MB
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Human-CenteredSoftwareEngineering: BridgingHCI,UsabilityandSoftwareEngineering From its beginning in the 1980’s, the ?eld of human-computer interaction (HCI) has beende?nedasamultidisciplinaryarena. BythisImeanthattherehas beenanexplicit recognition that distinct skills and perspectives are required to make the whole effort of designing usable computer systems work well. Thus people with backgrounds in Computer Science (CS) and Software Engineering (SE) joined with people with ba- grounds in various behavioral science disciplines (e. g. , cognitive and social psych- ogy, anthropology)inaneffortwhereallperspectiveswereseenasessentialtocreating usable systems. But while the ?eld of HCI brings individuals with many background disciplines together to discuss a common goal - the development of useful, usable, satisfying systems - the form of the collaboration remains unclear. Are we striving to coordinate the varied activities in system development, or are we seeking a richer collaborative framework? In coordination, Usability and SE skills can remain quite distinct and while the activities of each group might be critical to the success of a project, we need only insure that critical results are provided at appropriate points in the development cycle. Communication by one group to the other during an activity might be seen as only minimally necessary. In collaboration, there is a sense that each group can learn something about its own methods and processes through a close pa- nership with the other. Communication during the process of gathering information from target users of a system by usability professionals would not be seen as so- thing that gets in the way of the essential work of software engineering professionals.
Category: Computers

High Quality Software Engineering

Author : David Drysdale
ISBN : 9781847533005
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.28 MB
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This book describes the processes involved for high-quality software engineering, both from a software development perspective and from a project management perspective. The book is organized around the different phases of software development, from requirements to support. Key themes are also highlighted throughout the book: a) Understanding rationales to allow rational decisions. b) Programming in the future tense by focusing on maintainability. c) Developing the developers, since their calibre is the most important single factor in achieving software quality.
Category: Computers

Proceedings Of The 11th Knowledge Based Software Engineering Conference

Author : IEEE Computer Society
ISBN : UCSC:32106014440959
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.94 MB
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Presents papers from the September 1996 conference discussing the application of automated reasoning, knowledge representation, and other artificial intelligence techniques to software engineering problems, with emphasis on constructing and working with software artifacts and processes using knowledge-based techniques. Coverage includes synthesis, verification and validation, knowledge-based environments, and reverse engineering, with papers on areas including applying plan recognition algorithms to program understanding, and synthesis of local search algorithms by algebraic means. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Category: Computers