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Rational Choice Theory

Author : Margaret S. Archer
ISBN : 9781134546527
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.65 MB
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Rational Choice Theory is flourishing in sociology and is increasingly influential in other disciplines. Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within which decisions get made. The ciritique focuses on the four assumptions which are the bedrock of rational choice: rationality: the theory's definition of rationality is incomplete, and cannot satisfactorily incorporate norms and emotions individualism: rational choice is based upon atomistic, individual decision makers and cannot account for decisions made by ;couples', 'groups' or other forms of collective action process: the assumption of fixed, well-ordered preferences and 'perfect information' makes the theory inadequate for situations of change and uncertainty aggregation: as methodological individualists, rational choice theorists can only view structure and culture as aggregates and cannot incorporate structural or cultural influences as emergent properties which have an effect upon decision making. The critique is grounded in discussion of a wide range of social issues, including race, marriage, health and education.
Category: Social Science

Rational Choice Theory And Organizational Theory

Author : Mary Zey
ISBN : 0803951361
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55.62 MB
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This book addresses a question central to organizational analysis: Given the well-established differences between rational choice and organizational theories, what are the limits of fruitful dialogue and collaboration between the two fields? Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory is written in response to the neoclassical economic rational choice theories and organizational economic theories which have emerged in the past decade. Rational choice theory exemplifies a highly abstract, deductive approach characterized by the development of models based on deliberately, rigidly simplified assumptions. In contrast, Mary Zey argues that the empirical validity of the structure of organizations
Category: Business & Economics

Pathologies Of Rational Choice Theory

Author : Donald Green
ISBN : 0300066368
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33.6 MB
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A critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. In this text, the authors assess this theory where it is believed to be most useful: the study of collective action, the behaviour of political parties, and phenomena such as voting cycles and prisoners' dilemmas.
Category: Political Science

Rational Choice Theory And Religion

Author : Lawrence Alfred Young
ISBN : 0415911923
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.84 MB
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Often our practices of worship are determined by birth, but why do we choose a particular religion? Applying the theory of rational choice - that each individual will make her choice to maximize gain and minimize cost - to the study of religion, the essays in Rational Choice Theory and Religion find that an individual's choice has as much to do with demand for religious meaning as it does with the plurality of religions one can choose from. The contributors speak from a depth and breadth of knowledge almost unmatchable in the discipline of sociology, and the works contained in this volume present rational choice theory as a powerful, attractive, and useful theory for scholars of religion. The book is an important, original, and exciting contribution to sociology in general and to sociology of religion in particular.
Category: Social Science

Is Rational Choice Theory All Of Social Science

Author : Mark I. Lichbach
ISBN : 047202485X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76.85 MB
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Advocates of rational choice theory in political science have been perceived by their critics as attempting to establish an intellectual hegemony in contemporary social science, to the detriment of alternative methods of research. The debate has gained a nonacademic audience, hitting the pages of the New York Times and the New Republic. In the academy, the antagonists have expressed their views in books, journal articles, and at professional conferences. Mark I. Lichbach addresses the question of the place of rational choice theory in the social sciences in general and in political science in particular. He presents a typology of the antagonists as either rationalist, culturalist, or structuralist and offers an insightful examination of the debate. He reveals that the rationalist bid for hegemony and synthesis is rooted in the weaknesses, not the strengths, of rationalist thought. He concludes that the various theoretical camps are unlikely to accept the claimed superiority of the rationalist approach but that this opposition is of value in itself to the social sciences, which requires multiple perspectives to remain healthy. With its penetrating examination of the assumptions and basic arguments of each of the sides to this debate, this book cuts through the partisan rhetoric and provides an essential roadmap for the future of the discipline. Mark I. Lichbach is Professor of Government and Politics, University of Maryland.
Category: Political Science

Intentional Social Change

Author : Yoshimichi Satō
ISBN : 1876843187
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.92 MB
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Why do some efforts to implement social change succeed while others fail? Yoshimichi Sato observes in this book that existing theories focus on social action at either the micro- or the macro-level, but are unable to explain the multi-level transitions. Sato argues that efforts to effect social change at the macro-level stimulate responses at the micro-level, and it is the accumulation of these micro-level social actions that determines the macro- level social outcomes. Turning to game theory to analyze these multi-level transitions, Sato concludes that intentional social change is successful when the change agents anticipate and control the range of responses of micro-level social actors such that the responses to the change agent's endeavors accumulate towards the desired outcome.
Category: Social Science

Rational Choice Theory

Author : Lina Eriksson
ISBN : 9780230343795
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33.89 MB
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Few approaches in political science have generated so much controversy as rational choice theory. Some claim that the approach has made political science scientific. Its critics argue that it involves unrealistic assumptions about individual behaviour. While its tenets and benefits remain the subject of heated debate, rational choice theory is now established as a core approach in political science and one that is vital for contemporary students of the discipline to understand. With an impressive degree of clarity, the book introduces the philosophical foundations, the methodology and the key issues of rational choice theory. It shows how the approach has been constructively used to explain political phenomena and also reflects more broadly on how theories are developed and used in political science. Balanced and insightful, this important new text gives a nuanced and elegant evaluation of the potential and limits of rational choice theory.
Category: Political Science

Rational Choice And Politics

Author : Stephen Parsons
ISBN : 0826477216
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65.62 MB
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Rational Choice Theory claims to be able to explain how all individuals make not just some of their choices, but all of their choices, all of the time. According to the theory, there is no difference in principle between choosing whether to buy apples rather than bananas or choosing whether to join a political revolution instead of staying at home and watching television. Given these claims to universal applicability, it is perhaps not surprising to find that over the last three or four decades Rational Choice Theory has become increasingly influential as a means of providing explanations in politics. The textbook introduces the premises of Rational Choice Theory and illustrates how this theory can be applied to political studies. The book concludes with an assessment of the usefulness of the model in the light of the problems highlighted. -"Parson's book provides a lucid presentation and a cogent critique of Rational Choice Theory in economics and politics." Professor Steve Pressman, Department of Economics and Finance, Monmouth University, USA
Category: Political Science

Rational Choice Theories Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 0199803552
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.43 MB
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
Category: Social Science