RAILS IN THE ROAD A HISTORY OF TRAMWAYS IN BRITAIN AND IRELAND

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Rails In The Road

Author : Oliver Green
ISBN : 9781473869400
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 90.49 MB
Format : PDF
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There have been passenger tramways in Britain for 150 years, but it is a rollercoaster story of rise, decline and a steady return. Trams have come and gone, been loved and hated, popular and derided, considered both wildly futuristic and hopelessly outdated by politicians, planners and the public alike. Horse trams, introduced from the USA in the 1860s, were the first cheap form of public transport on city streets. Electric systems were developed in nearly every urban area from the 1890s and revolutionised town travel in the Edwardian era. A century ago, trams were at their peak, used by everyone all over the country and a mark of civic pride in towns and cities from Dover to Dublin. But by the 1930s they were in decline and giving way to cheaper and more flexible buses and trolleybuses. By the 1950s all the major systems were being replaced. London’s last tram ran in 1952 and ten years later Glasgow, the city most firmly linked with trams, closed its network down. Only Blackpool, famous for its decorated cars, kept a public service running and trams seemed destined only for scrapyards and museums. A gradual renaissance took place from the 1980s, with growing interest in what are now described as light rail systems in Europe and North America. In the UK and Ireland modern trams were on the streets of Manchester from 1992, followed successively by Sheffield, Croydon, the West Midlands, Nottingham, Dublin and Edinburgh (2014). Trams are now set to be a familiar and significant feature of twenty-first century urban life, with more development on the way.
Category: Transportation

Trams And Trolleybuses

Author : Oliver Green
ISBN : 9781784422493
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 71.15 MB
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From the horse-drawn trams of the nineteenth century to the larger electric models of the early twentieth, this reliable form of public transport revolutionised town travel by making it affordable enough for working people to use. From the 1930s, the rise of the trolleybus, which also picked up power from overhead cables but ran without expensive tracks, looked set to supersede the tram – but ultimately, by the 1950s, both fell victim to motor buses and private cars. However, since the 1980s the environmental benefits of light rail have encouraged a growing comeback for trams on our crowded and polluted city streets. Using beautiful contemporary photographs, this is the fascinating story of the rise, fall and revival of this everyday, yet sometimes controversial, mode of urban transport.
Category: Transportation

An Historical Geography Of Railways In Great Britain And Ireland

Author : David Turnock
ISBN : 9781351958936
Genre : History
File Size : 40.43 MB
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Although a great deal has been published on the economic, social and engineering history of nineteenth-century railways, the work of historical geographers has been much less conspicuous. This overview by David Turnock goes a long way towards restoring the balance. It details every important aspect of the railway’s influence on spatial distribution of economic and social change, providing a full account of the nineteenth-century geography of the British Isles seen in the context of the railway. The book reviews and explains the shape of the developing railway network, beginning with the pre-steam railways and connections between existing road and water communications and the new rail lines. The author also discusses the impact of the railways on the patterns of industrial, urban and rural change throughout the century. Throughout, the historical geography of Ireland is treated in equal detail to that of Great Britain.
Category: History

Rail Versus Road In Ireland 1900 2000

Author : Michael Collins
ISBN : STANFORD:36105029495624
Genre : Bus lines
File Size : 89.80 MB
Format : PDF
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In 1900 the railways enjoyed an unrivalled monopoly but, within a few years, first urban electric tramways and then bus competition, offered a challenge that had to be faced. This book charts the uneasy relationship between rail and road transport in both parts of Ireland. It details all major reports and enquiries into public transport in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland with pointers to ow transport policy might develop in the 21st century.
Category: Bus lines

Ottley S Bibliography Of British Railway History

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105024867041
Genre : Railroads
File Size : 31.5 MB
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For over thirty years the Bibliography of British Railway History has been an essential tool for anyone wanting to study the history of rail transport and one of the foundations for the best of recent railway historical research. The continuing output of new publications about railways is such that a substantial supplement is required from time to time to maintain the work's utility. This is the second such supplement. As well as providing addenda to some of the 13,000 entries in the previous volumes, this volume has 6600 new entries.
Category: Railroads